Revoda: Mobile Election App for Nigeria 2011 Elections

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Revoda Mobile app is a mobile application for citizens to monitor the electoral process including election.

ReVoDa turns eligible voters into informal election observers, and allows monitoring organizations to draw conclusions about the legitimacy and accuracy of the elections

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Revoda: Mobile Election App for Nigeria 2011 Elections

  1. 1. Revoda Mobile Application By Emeka Okoye CEO Vikantti / Co-Founder Next2.us
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>How a mobile application made a difference to the Nigerian 2011 elections </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introducing
  4. 4. Situation Analysis <ul><li>Nigeria ’ s elections have a history of manipulation </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately, voters are also disconnected from the process beyond voting in itself </li></ul><ul><li>Elections need to reflect the aggregate citizen preferences to be effective </li></ul><ul><li>Election results may be changed after they leave polling stations </li></ul>
  5. 5. Background <ul><li>EIE launched the Register | Select | Vote | Protect (RSVP) Campaign which has become popular among the electorate in general. </li></ul><ul><li>Victor Miclovich created the Naija tech for election Google group (Sept. 2010). </li></ul><ul><li>EIE organised a Forum to discuss technology for Nigeria ’ s Election in (Oct. 2010). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Background <ul><li>Mobile Web West Africa in Feb. 2011 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Summary of the Mobile Space <ul><li>Touch screen is outselling QWERTY phones </li></ul><ul><li>Blackberry is growing among the youths </li></ul><ul><li>2.9m Nigerians on facebook with 55% connecting through their mobile phones </li></ul><ul><li>600k Nigerians on twitter with about 85% connecting through their mobile phones </li></ul><ul><li>60% of Nigerians are youths </li></ul><ul><li>Local Mobile apps have not attained inflection points </li></ul><ul><li>85% of mobile web users use dumb phones </li></ul>
  8. 8. Summary of the Mobile Space <ul><li>Large population of Chinese knocks off and low-end phones </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Challenge <ul><li>EiE Coalition want to potentially turn the 30m Nigerians with mobile phones, 20m with Internet access or 2,985,680 on Facebook into informal election observers </li></ul>
  10. 10. What is ReVoDa? <ul><li>RE gistered VO ters DA tabase </li></ul>
  11. 11. What is Revoda Mobile App? <ul><li>It ’ s a mobile application that allows citizens to monitor the electoral processes by citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>It was designed to allow citizens report incidents, results, violence/fraud, police behaviour, INEC staff conduct, etc, from their respective polling units – and from the comfort of their mobile phones. </li></ul><ul><li>ReVoDa turns eligible voters into informal election observers, and allows monitoring organizations to draw conclusions about the legitimacy and accuracy of the elections. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Objectives <ul><li>Connect voters to the entire electoral process </li></ul><ul><li>Enable Parallel Vote Count (PVC) </li></ul><ul><li>Allow voters to collect results from their polling units </li></ul><ul><li>Collected results should be transmitted to a central location </li></ul><ul><li>Get additional information about entire electoral process, e.g. violence reports </li></ul>
  13. 13. Objectives <ul><li>PVC has to be done before the official results are announced </li></ul><ul><li>As results are announced officially, the electorate can identify manipulation, e.g. a location that reports multiple violence and late ballot materials can not have 100% voter turn out </li></ul>
  14. 14. App Design Philosophy <ul><li>Easy to use and idiot-friendly app </li></ul><ul><li>Create report through simple forms that allows users to select options </li></ul><ul><li>The only time the user needs to type is when they are typing results </li></ul><ul><li>No need for guide document </li></ul><ul><li>Game mechanics to encourage sharing to make it more viral </li></ul>
  15. 15. App Design Philosophy <ul><li>Click-to-call features </li></ul>
  16. 16. Benefits <ul><li>Mobile app equipped users with all necessary information needed for the election </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile app created a channel for the users to be notified of emergencies and information of high importance </li></ul>
  17. 17. Benefits <ul><li>More information available more quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Increases the voice of the citizens on conduct of elections </li></ul>
  18. 18. ReVoDa <ul><li>Citizen Reporting System via Mobile App </li></ul><ul><li>Users record information from their polling units a number of times during the day and transmit data to centralized database via SMS </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregates citizen data including electoral irregularities and results in an online database </li></ul>
  19. 19. ReVoDa <ul><li>Provides easy-to-use templates through native app that users can use to automatically generate the reports </li></ul><ul><li>Reports data by polling units, town, states and zones with possible hourly updates </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond the mobile app, a web-based social ecosystem makes the entire process more fun! </li></ul>
  20. 20. ReVoDa Report Elements <ul><li>Election Type </li></ul><ul><li>Election Officials Arrival </li></ul><ul><li>Material Availability </li></ul><ul><li>Fraud </li></ul><ul><li>Police Behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Election Results </li></ul>
  21. 21. Technology <ul><li>JavaMe (j2me) application </li></ul><ul><li>SMS integration </li></ul><ul><li>Runs on Symbian/Java environment </li></ul><ul><li>Works on both SmartPhones and non-SmartPhones </li></ul>
  22. 22. SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
  23. 23. ReVoDa Screenshot
  24. 24. ReVoDa: Register <ul><li>Register your phone with your Polling Unit code </li></ul><ul><li>Identify yourself with your name or choose to remain anonymous (though we encourage non-anonymous registration for credibility) </li></ul>
  25. 25. ReVoDa: Make Report <ul><li>Choose the Make Report menu option </li></ul><ul><li>Select the Election Type to update the type of election you are reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Update any other relevant election information </li></ul><ul><li>Click Send to update </li></ul>
  26. 26. ReVoDa: Share <ul><li>Make the app viral by sharing with your friends </li></ul><ul><li>Enter your friend ’ s number and click Send </li></ul>
  27. 27. ReVoDa: Spread the Word <ul><li>Make the app viral by sharing on Social Media </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facebook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter </li></ul></ul>
  28. 30. Distribution <ul><li>Via online downloads </li></ul><ul><li>MicroSD cards or offline App stores </li></ul>
  29. 31. Statistics <ul><li>10,000 downloads from ReVoDa & vikantti sites </li></ul><ul><li>Downloads from 35 out of 36 states </li></ul><ul><li>3 flavours of app (Smartphone, Lite and Blackberry) </li></ul><ul><li>60% used Nokia phones </li></ul><ul><li>30% used blackberry </li></ul><ul><li>2 TV stations used the ReVoDa data feed </li></ul>
  30. 32. Challenges <ul><li>Lack of publicity in the traditional media </li></ul><ul><li>Not enough time to spread the word </li></ul>
  31. 33. Impact <ul><li>Increased citizen participation in the monitoring of good governance via manifesto promise delivery, government projects, corruption reports, and many other problems that Nigerians have almost come to accept as human. </li></ul>
  32. 34. References <ul><li>http://tech42011.eventbrite.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http:// groups.google.com/group/naija -elections-tech </li></ul><ul><li>http:// revoda.org.ng </li></ul><ul><li>http:// eie.org.ng </li></ul><ul><li>http:// mobileactive.org </li></ul><ul><li>http:// eienigeria.org/rsvp </li></ul>
  33. 35. Thank you

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