18019469 history-as-a-discipline

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18019469 history-as-a-discipline

  1. 1. HISTORY AS A DISCIPLINE
  2. 2. WHAT IS HISTORY? ♦ History comes from the Greek word “historie” or “historia” which means learning, inquiry and/ or investigation. ♦ In general, it is the past of mankind. (Gottchalk) ♦ It is the story of human experience.
  3. 3. NATURE OF HISTORY ♦ IT HAS NO SUBJECT MATTER OF ITS OWN. ♦ IT SYNTHESIZES KNOWLEDGE FROM MANY FIELDS. ♦ IT ILLUMINATES PIECES OF THE PAST, NOT THE PAST ITSELF. ♦ IT IS CONSTANTLY CHANGING. ♦ IT IS SUBJECTIVE. ♦ IT SEARCHES FOR THE TRUTH. (ABSOLUTE TRUTH IS A RARE COMMODITY)
  4. 4. ELEMENTS OF HISTORY ♦ MAN ♦ PLACE ♦ PERIOD (TIME ELEMENT) ♦ SOURCES - PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SOURCES
  5. 5. HISTORICAL METHODOLOGY ♦ CHOOSE A TOPIC FOR INVESTIGATION OR INQUIRY (STUDIES). ♦ IDENTIFY ALL RELEVANT INFORMATION ABOUT THE HISTORICAL EVENT. ♦ EXAMINE SOURCES FOR VALIDITY AND BIAS. ♦ SELECT AND ORGANIZE INFORMATION INTO A WELL- CRAFTED NARRATIVE.
  6. 6. USES AND IMPORTANCE OF HISTORY ♦ HISTORY SHOWS US WHAT IT MEANS TO BE HUMAN. ♦ HISTORY IMPROVES JUDGEMENT. ♦ HISTORY PROVIDES INSTRUCTIVE EXAMPLES. ♦ HISTORY MAKES US BETTER THINKERS. ♦ HISTORY SUPPORTS COMMON CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING AND DIALOGUE.
  7. 7. USES AND IMP’T. CONT’D… ♦ HISTORY SATISFIES A NEED FOR IDENTITY. ♦ HISTORY GIVES PLEASURE. ♦ STUDYING THE PAST IS PREPARATION FOR THE FUTURE.
  8. 8. ISSUES/PROBLEMS OF HISTORY AS A DISCIPLINE ♦ CORRECTING THE ERRORS OF PUBLISHED HISTORICAL WORKS. ♦ RE- INTERPRETATION OF HISTORICAL FACTS OR EVENTS. ♦ FILLING THE GAPS IN PHILIPPINE HISTORY. ♦ REWRITING PHILIPPINE HISTORY IN THE FILIPINO POINT OF VIEW.
  9. 9. IMPORTANT QOUTES TO REMEMBER ♦ “TO FORETELL THE DESTINY OF A NATION, IT IS NECESSARY TO OPEN THE BOOK THAT TELLS OF HER PAST” – DR. JOSE RIZAL ♦ “WHO CONTROLS THE PAST CONTROLS THE FUTURE; WHO CONTROLS THE PRESENT CONTROLS THE PAST” – GEORGE ORWELL
  10. 10. QOUTES CONT’D… ♦ “THE DISADVANTAGE OF MEN NOT KNOWING THE PAST IS THAT THEY DO NOT KNOW THE PRESENT” – G. K. CHESTERTON ♦ “THOSE WHO CANNOT LEARN FROM HISTORY ARE DOOMED TO REPEAT IT” – GEORGE SANTAYANA ♦ “THE SUPREME PURPOSE OF HISTORY IS A BETTER WORLD” – HERBERT HOOVER

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