Conditional type2

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Presentation on the 2nd conditional

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Conditional type2

  1. 1. Elsa Maximiano 2012
  2. 2. Conditional Sentences Elsa Maximiano 2012
  3. 3. Conditional Sentences Type 2 Elsa Maximiano 2012
  4. 4. 1. FormIn a Type 2 conditional sentence, the tensein the if clause is the simple past, and thetense in the main clause is the conditional:
  5. 5. 1. FormIn a Type 2 conditional sentence, the tensein the if clause is the simple past, and thetense in the main clause is the conditional:IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSEIf + simple past ConditionalIf it rained you would get wet.If you went to bed earlier you wouldnt be so tired.
  6. 6. 1. FormIn a Type 2 conditional sentence, the tensein the if clause is the simple past, and thetense in the main clause is the conditional:IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSEIf + simple past ConditionalIf it rained you would get wet.If you went to bed earlier you wouldnt be so tired.
  7. 7. Conditional - form
  8. 8. Conditional - formThe present conditional of any verb is composedof two parts:
  9. 9. Conditional - formThe present conditional of any verb is composedof two parts: 1. the modal auxiliary would;
  10. 10. Conditional - formThe present conditional of any verb is composedof two parts: 1. the modal auxiliary would; 2. the infinitive of the main verb (without to.)
  11. 11. Conditional - formThe present conditional of any verb is composedof two parts: 1. the modal auxiliary would; 2. the infinitive of the main verb (without to.) Affirmative I would go Negative I wouldnt ask Interrogative Would she come? Interrogative negative Wouldnt they accept?
  12. 12. Contractions of WOULD
  13. 13. Contractions of WOULDIn spoken English, would is contracted to d.
  14. 14. Contractions of WOULDIn spoken English, would is contracted to d. The negative contraction = wouldnt.
  15. 15. Contractions of WOULDIn spoken English, would is contracted to d. The negative contraction = wouldnt. Id Wed youd youd hed, shed theyd
  16. 16. Contractions of WOULDIn spoken English, would is contracted to d. The negative contraction = wouldnt. Id Wed youd youd hed, shed theyd
  17. 17. 2. Function
  18. 18. 2. Function✴ In these sentences, the time is now or any time, and the situation is unreal. They are not based on fact, and they refer to an unlikely or hypothetical condition and its probable result.
  19. 19. 2. Function✴ In these sentences, the time is now or any time, and the situation is unreal. They are not based on fact, and they refer to an unlikely or hypothetical condition and its probable result.✴ The use of the past tense after if indicates unreality.
  20. 20. We can nearly always add a phrasestarting with "but", that expresses the realsituation:
  21. 21. We can nearly always add a phrasestarting with "but", that expresses the realsituation:•If the weather wasnt so bad, we wouldgo to the park (...but it is bad, so we cantgo)
  22. 22. We can nearly always add a phrasestarting with "but", that expresses the realsituation:•If the weather wasnt so bad, we wouldgo to the park (...but it is bad, so we cantgo)•If I was the Queen of England, I wouldgive everyone £100. (...but Im not, so Iwont)
  23. 23. Examples of use:
  24. 24. Examples of use:1. To make a statement about somethingthat is not real at present, but is possible:
  25. 25. Examples of use:1. To make a statement about somethingthat is not real at present, but is possible:✴ I would visit her if I had time. (= I havent got time but I might have some time)
  26. 26. Examples of use:1. To make a statement about somethingthat is not real at present, but is possible:✴ I would visit her if I had time. (= I havent got time but I might have some time)2. To make a statement about a situationthat is not real now and never could bereal:
  27. 27. Examples of use:1. To make a statement about somethingthat is not real at present, but is possible:✴ I would visit her if I had time. (= I havent got time but I might have some time)2. To make a statement about a situationthat is not real now and never could bereal:✴ If I were you, Id give up smoking (but I could never be you)
  28. 28. Examples: Elsa Maximiano 2012
  29. 29. Examples:a. If I was a plant, I would love the rain. Elsa Maximiano 2012
  30. 30. Examples:a. If I was a plant, I would love the rain.b. If you really loved me, you would buy me adiamond ring. Elsa Maximiano 2012
  31. 31. Examples:a. If I was a plant, I would love the rain.b. If you really loved me, you would buy me adiamond ring.c. If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her. Elsa Maximiano 2012
  32. 32. Examples:a. If I was a plant, I would love the rain.b. If you really loved me, you would buy me adiamond ring.c. If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her.d. You wouldnt need to learn this if you understoodEnglish grammar. Elsa Maximiano 2012
  33. 33. Examples:a. If I was a plant, I would love the rain.b. If you really loved me, you would buy me adiamond ring.c. If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her.d. You wouldnt need to learn this if you understoodEnglish grammar.e. Would he go to the concert if I gave him a ticket Elsa Maximiano 2012
  34. 34. Examples:a. If I was a plant, I would love the rain.b. If you really loved me, you would buy me adiamond ring.c. If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her.d. You wouldnt need to learn this if you understoodEnglish grammar.e. Would he go to the concert if I gave him a ticketf. They wouldnt invite her if they didnt like her Elsa Maximiano 2012
  35. 35. Examples:a. If I was a plant, I would love the rain.b. If you really loved me, you would buy me adiamond ring.c. If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her.d. You wouldnt need to learn this if you understoodEnglish grammar.e. Would he go to the concert if I gave him a ticketf. They wouldnt invite her if they didnt like herg. We would be able to buy a larger house if we hadmore money Elsa Maximiano 2012
  36. 36. Examples:a. If I was a plant, I would love the rain.b. If you really loved me, you would buy me adiamond ring.c. If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her.d. You wouldnt need to learn this if you understoodEnglish grammar.e. Would he go to the concert if I gave him a ticketf. They wouldnt invite her if they didnt like herg. We would be able to buy a larger house if we hadmore money NOTE: It is correct, and very common, to say: "If I were" instead of "If I was". Elsa Maximiano 2012

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