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Vocabulary List 1

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  • 1. al-listaal’uulallkalimatاللستة الأولى للكلمات
    First Vocabulary List
    Greetings
  • 2. Cultural Notes
    Greetings are essential for everyday interactions in Egypt; they are used to show respect and the acquaintance level between the interlocutors.
    Neglecting appropriate greetings may lead miscommunications.
    Notice the following greeting examples that range depending on time, formality, and beginning/end of a conversation or a small talk.
  • 3. Expression in Focusas-salaamu ‘alaykumالسَّلام عَلَيكُم
    Note
    You want to make sure that your response matches in terms of length and enthusiasm because you might be misunderstood as being disrespectful or angry with your addressee.
    • The literal meaning is peace be upon you.
    • 4. The complete form of this formal greeting is:
    Joseph يوسف
    Sarah سارة
    السَّلام عَلَيكُم وَ رَحْمَة الله و بَرَكاتهُ
    وَ رَحْمَة الله و بَرَكاتهُوعَلَيكُم السَّلام
    The longer the greeting, the more formal it is. The full form means: May peace , mercy, and the blessings of God be upon you.
  • 5. Expression in Focus (cont.)
    This greeting is the most commonly used greeting in Egypt (and all over the Arabic- speaking countries). It can be used when meeting people or taking leave. Notice how Egyptians change alikom to aliko.
    Sarah سارة
    Joseph يوسف
    وعَلَيكُو السَّلام
    سَّلامو عَلَيكُو
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XtVvza-ex2s
  • 6. Good Morning
    Joseph يوسف
    Sarah سارة
    صباح الخير
    SabaHil-khiir
    Notice
    It is always permissible to repeat the same greeting. Again, you are encouraged to wish people “light” as much as “good”.
    صباح النور
    SabaH in-nuur
  • 7. Good Evening
    Joseph يوسف
    Sarah سارة
    مساء الخير
    masa’il-khiir
    مساء النور
    masa’nuur
  • 8. How are you?
    Joseph يوسف
    Sarah سارة
    إزَّيَّك ؟
    إزَّيِّك ؟
    Note
    The amount of respectis usually determined by age, education, and social roles. To illustrate, it is considered impolite to address you parent or teacher saying أنت or ﺇنتي. Instead, it is expected and more acceptable to say حضرتَك and حضرتِك
  • 9. How are doing?
    Joseph يوسف
    Sarah سارة
    عامل إيه ؟
    ‘ameleeh?
    عاملة إيه ؟
    ‘amelheeh?
  • 10. Ok, fine
    Joseph يوسف
    Sarah سارة
    An informal response might be:
    Kullotmamكُله تمام
    بخير
    bikheer
    بخير
    bikheer
    al-Hamedllilahالحمد لله
    This is the most common response and it can be used with any other response. The literal meaning is “thankful to God”.
  • 11. Good
    Joseph يوسف
    Sarah سارة
    كويَّسة
    kowayysa
    A very informal response might be:
    miyyamiyyaمِيَّه مِيَّه
    (% 100 good)
    كويَّس
    kowayyas
  • 12. Nice meeting you
    Joseph يوسف
    تَشرفنا
    tasharafna
    Sarah سارة
    فُرصة سَعيدة
    furSasa‘iida
  • 13. See you tomorrow
    Joseph يوسف
    Sarah سارة
    Notice
    the expression
    “ ‘n sha’Allaah “
    means
    God WILLING
    is very popular response by Arabic-speakers referring to something to happen in the future.
    أشوفك بكرة !
    ’shoofakbokra
    إن شاء الله
    ‘n sha’Allaah
  • 14. Good bye
    Joseph يوسف
    Sarah سارة
    مَع السلامة
    ma‘as-salaama
    Notice
    The response literary means:
    “may God keep you safe”.
    الله يسلمِك
    Allaahysalimik
  • 15. Practice Dialogues
    Formal Dialogue
    Listen to this sound file and notice the formality level between the interlocutors.
    Informal Dialogue
    Listen to this sound file and notice the formality level between the interlocutors.