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Utilization of Commercial Byproducts in Place of Virgin Chemicals


Product description presentation for Environmental Management Alternatives, Inc.

Product description presentation for Environmental Management Alternatives, Inc.

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  • 1. Environmental Management AlternativesUtilization ofCommercialByproducts inPlace of VirginChemicals 1
  • 2. Utilization of commercial byproducts inplace of virgin chemicalsQuestion #1 Is it legal? YESQuestion #2 Will I save money? YESQuestion #3 Will you help me? YES 2
  • 3. When it startedThe Resource Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA)In 1976 Congress passed the Resource ConservationRecovery Act which directed the United States EnvironmentalProtection Agency (EPA) to develop and implement a programto protect human health and the environment from improperhazardous waste management practices.The program was designed to control themanagement of hazardous waste from itsgeneration to its ultimate disposal from its“cradle-to-grave”. 3
  • 4. Four Major ProgramsCongress outlined four major programs in RCRA:• Solid Waste (Subtitle D) — focuses on nonhazardous solid waste, such as municipal garbage and industrial waste not classified as hazardous waste• Hazardous Waste (Subtitle C) — required by EPA to develop and manage a nationwide program that identifies wastes that are hazardous and set standards for safely managing this waste from the moment it is generated, through storage, transportation, recycling, treatment, and ultimate disposal. 4
  • 5. Four Major Programs• Medical Waste (Subtitle J) — focusing on the management of infectious waste.• Underground Storage Tanks UST (Subtitle I) — required by EPA to set standards for the operation and design of USTs to prevent leaks into the ground. 5
  • 6. Definitions• Generator — is any person, by site, whose act or process produces hazardous waste or whose act first causes a hazardous waste to become subject to regulation under EPA (40CFR 260.10)• EPA ID # — this number, issued by the US Environmental Protection Agency, identifies each handler of hazardous waste on hazardous waste manifests and other paperwork. The ID # enables regulators to track waste from its “cradle to grave”.• Manifest — the documentation of tracking your waste from cradle to grave.• TSDF (Treatment Storage & Disposal Facility) — managed the wastes that generators produced.• Commercial and Chemical — made from industry. 6
  • 7. Byproduct definitiona. a product made during the manufacture of something elseb. a secondary or incidental product deriving from a manufacturing process. This material can be useful and marketable. 7
  • 8. Byproduct definitionc. RCRA definition By-products are secondary materials subject to RCRA regulation as solid wastes unless, as you note, they are recycled by being “(i) used or reused as ingredients in an industrial process to make a product, provided the materials are not being reclaimed; (ii) used or reused as effective chemical substitutes for commercial products; or (iii) returned to the original process from which they are generated without first being reclaimed” 40 CFR Section 261.2(e) (1). Also, by- products that are hazardous only because they exhibit a hazardous characteristic are not solid wastes when reclaimed (40 CFR Section 261.2(c) (3)). 8
  • 9. Byproduct definition continued… A by-product is defined in RCRA as "a material that is not one of the primary products of a production process and is not solely or separately produced by the production process" (40 CFR Section 261.1(c) (3)). The preamble to the 1985 Definition of Solid Waste final rule provides clarification of the Environmental Protection Agencys (EPAs) intent regarding what constitutes a by-product. It explains that EPA means to include as by products, "materials, generally of a residual character, that are not produced intentionally or separately, and that are unfit for end use without substantial processing" (50 FR 625, January 4, 1985). 9
  • 10. Examples of RCRA Definition• Examples • hydrochloric acid byproduct from chemical manufacturing used by the steel industry in pickling steel; • sodium hydroxide byproduct from chemical milling of aluminum and aluminum extrusion operations. 10
  • 11. Understanding the marketUnder EPA-regulated waste minimizationgoals, generators try to manage waste materialsresponsibly while following the government’srequest to reduce, reuse and recycle.Every time a waste manifest is signed, thegenerator must exhaust this resource ofreducing, reusing and recycling that material perEPA. 11
  • 12. Understanding the marketUnfortunately, there is minimal support for that lineof business called recycling. TSDFs are typicallythe only option for waste generators. TSDFs haveone goal in mind, for you to send them your wasteso they can process the material and increasetheir revenue. Seldom do they offer the wastegenerator, an option to find a reuse for anybyproduct or hazardous waste stream and removethe generator out of the hazardous waste cycle. 12
  • 13. Where are we now?As virgin materials became more expensive and scarce,byproduct chemicals became more attractive for utilization. Oursociety generates billions of pounds of byproducts everydaywhich are commonly destined for hazardous waste disposalthrough TSDF’s. Experience and knowledge regarding theproper use of these chemicals vary from material to material aswell as from state to state. To properly recover these materialsfor potential beneficial reuse, everyone from the generator to theregulators need to be aware of the properties of the materials,how they can be utilized, and what if any limitations may beassociated with their use. 13
  • 14. Advantages of commercial byproducts1. Protects our scarce natural resources2. Avoid environmental hazards3. Reduces our nation’s reliance on raw materials & energy4. Reduces your costs for products purchased5. Avoid disposal costs6. Safe recycling of hazardous waste helps to meet corporate environmental stewardship policies and goals, promoting environmental success to preserve an environmentally friendly reputation or as an environmental leader in their sector. 14
  • 15. How to get started utilizingcommercial byproducts1. Supply customer with Certificate of Analysis (CofA) and or copy of analysis from a certified laboratory.2. Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)3. Origin of byproduct — supplier should give you a general description of the material and its industrial origin and current supply of subject material. 15
  • 16. How to get started utilizingcommercial byproducts4. Environmental Considerations—make sure your supplier provides a description of the potential environmental issues related to the use of the specific material for all applications. (should be provided in the MSDS). For instance alum caustic is an excellent source for ph adjustment but can also have superior qualities in the removal of phosphates in a waste water treatment system. 16
  • 17. How to get started utilizingcommercial byproducts5. Documentation of Claims—Supplier should provide proof that the material is being used in a production process of that there is a known market for the material. Having contract in place is another good example of documentation of claim.6. Testimonials—regulatory approval of the program and other byproducts that are currently being purchased for an equivalent application. 17
  • 18. Reducing your environmental footprintCompanies and organizationsaround the globe are desperatelyseeking to reduce their globalenvironmental footprint. Many ofthem are achieving this by: 18
  • 19. Reducing your environmental footprint1. Meeting their waste minimization goals RCRA required facilities that generate or manage hazardous waste to certify that they have a waste minimization program in place that reduces the quantity and toxicity of hazardous waste generated to the extent economically practicable. In 1990 Congress passed the Pollution Prevention Act and expanded waste prevention policy beyond RCRA. 19
  • 20. Reducing your environmental footprint2. ISO 14001 certification Manufacturing practices for environmental responsibility and sustainability. Prevention of pollution is linked to your environmental objectives. Anytime someone has an opportunity to change their waste classification to recycling, this is considered an effective OFI (Opportunity for Improvement). Continuance improvement is a must within any ISO system. 20
  • 21. Reducing your environmental footprint3. Green Initiatives Reducing operating costs through energy conservation and reducing the impact on the climate through reduced water, reduced internet technology server power consumption, utilizing wind energy as alternative power sources, reduced energy consumption per location, reduced speed motors, modified temperature sensors, installing sky lights, and turning off equipment when not and use, etc. 21
  • 22. Contact EMA today Environmental Management Alternatives (314) 785-6425 22