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2012 04-19 (educon2012) emadrid uc3m cdkloos quo vadis e-learning

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2012 04-19 …

2012 04-19
(educon2012)
emadrid uc3m
cdkloos
quo vadis e-learning

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  • 1. Quo Vadis, e-Learning? Carlos Delgado Kloos Universidad Carlos III de Madrid www.it.uc3m.es/cdk
  • 2. 2 Industrial Age Expansion of secondary sector Increase in Gross Domestic Product Rising income levelsCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 3. 3 Mass Production Efficient division of labour Specialization and synchronization Importance of following the rulesCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 4. 4 (Mass) Instruction Prussian education system Controlled by the state Compulsory education Teacher certificationCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 5. 5 Skills Reading, writing and arithmetic Strict education in ethics, duty, discipline and obedience Efficiency through division of students by age ideas into subjects school days into periodsCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 6. 6 The Chalkboard was invented 1814 by James Pillans, a Scottish teacher. He wanted all the students to see what he was writing.Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 7. 7 Education = Information Transfer Information was scarce A few gifted ones (the professors) were the source of information The goal of the students was to swallow the information Assessment was expensive and therefore done for final markCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 8. 8 Radical change! Context has changed Education  Society has changed:  should respond to New skills are needed needed skills  Technologies have  can harness new new affordances affordances of technologiesCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 9. 9 Information Age Knowledge Society Data, Information and Knowledge Information is easy to access The advances in IT have been tremendous in the last 40 yearsCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 10. 10  Memory  1970: 128 KB  1980: 512 KB  1990: 4 MB  2000: 512 MB  2010: 4 GB  19702010: 104 Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)Flickr by derekGavey
  • 11. 11 Connection speed (Modem)  1970: 0,3 Kbit/s  1980: 1,2 Kbit/s  1990: 19,2 Kbit/s  2000: 56 Kbit/s  2010 (VSDL2): 50.000 Kbit/s 19702010: 105Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 12. 12 Computation  1970: 0,1 MIPS  1980: 1 MIPS  1990: 100 MIPS  2000: 1.000 MIPS  2010: 100.000 MIPS 19702010: 106 Source: WikipediaCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 13. Disk 13  1970: 0,01 GB  1980: 0,03 GB  1990: 0,1 GB  2000: 10 GB  2010: 10.000 GB 19702010: 106 Source: Wikipedia Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)Flickr by dtrimarchi
  • 14. 14 Cost reduction  1970: 5.000.000 $  1980: 200.000 $  1990: 20.000 $  2000: 2.000 $  2010: 500 $ 19702010: 104 Source: WikipediaCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 15. 15 Wait a Minute: Am I Lecturing? provement How big was the im ompSpeed from 1970 to 2010 in C Memory *C ommSpeed*Disk* *CostRed? 1025 18 10 Left hand: Right hand: 1018 1025Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 16. 16 Are we ready for (teaching and learning in) the information age?Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 17. 17 Implications of New Era Less friction Smaller granularity Faster adaptability Personalization Globalization New challengesCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 18. 18 Less Friction Bill Gates (The Road Ahead): Friction-free capitalism Friction is everything that keeps markets from functioning as the perfect competition Friction can be distance, costs, wrong info, …Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 19. 19 Granularity of Communication Postal letter  100 Kbyte, 30 min to write (3 days to receive) E-mail message (1971)  10 Kbyte, 3 min to write (instantaneous) SMS text (1992), Twitter tweet (2006)  100 Bytes, 30 sec to write (instantaneous) Like recommendation (2010)  1 Byte, 3 sec to write (instantaneous)Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 20. 20 Increased Pace Speed in Stock Exchanges Different way of working Research literature Different learning needs and habits?Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 21. 21 Mass Customization You are unique You are not normal Snowflake effectCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 22. 22 Globalization No distances No bordersCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 23. 23 New Skills needed New challenges: new expertise needed Solve wicked problems Globalised world Multidisciplinary approach Work in teamsCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 24. 24 Digitize everything 1. Digitize educational material 2. Digitize actors & context 3. Digitize the educational processCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 25. 25 1. Digitize educational material Educational multimedia (content and assessment) Electronic textbooks  FlexbooksCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 26. 26 Digital Images of Documents Works without electricity Perfectly copiable Burnable to make fire SearchableCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 27. 27 Educational Material OpenCourseWare Connexions, cnx.org SMETE, www.smete.org MERLOT, www.merlot.org Gooru, www.goorulearning.org www.watchknowlearn.org Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)Flickr by OliverN5
  • 28. 28 www.khanacademy.orgCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 29. 29 eBooks aCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 30. 30 iBooks Creation Distribution .itmsp .ibooks Consumption .iba Only on Mac Only on iPadCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 31. 31 iBooks  Multimedia content  Videos  3D models  Image galleries  Interactive animation  Review (assessment)  Highlights and notes  User-made flashcards  Distribution … Still too rigid?Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 32. 32 Flexbooks Customizable books, www.ck12.orgCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 33. 33 2. Digitize Actors & Context Social networks & Who was MOOCs fascinated by the animation? 3D virtual worlds, Augmented Reality & GamesCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 34. Digital Image of 34 Persons & ContextCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 35. Ed. Social Networks: 35 Mixable From Purdue U for their students  www.purdue.edu/mixableCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 36. Ed. Social Networks: 36 HotSeat Micro-discussions in and out of class Integrates with Facebook and Twitter Also from Purdue U  www.itap.purdue.edu/studio/hotseat/Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 37. Educational Social Networks: 37 OpenStudy openstudy.comCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 38. 38 MOOCs Massive Open Online Courses  Sebastian Thrun  Stanford U  Udacity  MITx: www.mitx.mit.eduCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 39. 39 3D Worlds Complete digitization of  Persons (through avatars) and  environmentCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 40. 40 Examples Open Wonderland Croquet, Qwaq Open Sim Second LifeCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 41. 41 Hype Cycle: Virtual WorldsCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 42. 42 AR: Definition Augmented reality (AR) is a term for a live direct or indirect view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented by computer-generated sensory input, such as sound or graphics.Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 43. 43 Hype Cycle: Augmented RealityCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 44. 44 3. Digitize educational process Learning analytics  Really learning? Gamification  Emotion Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)Flickr by DarkB4Dawn
  • 45. 45 Digital Image of Learning ProcessCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 46. 46 www.khanacademy.orgCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 47. 47 Open Learning Initiative (CMU) oli.web.cmu.edu/openlearning/Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 48. 48 Analytics Process of developing optimal or realistic decision recommendations based on insights derived through the application of statistical models and analysis against existing and/or simulated future data Useful in many fields  Business  Health  EducationCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 49. 49 Learning Analytics Get information of the educational process and use it to improve it Knowledge Media Institute, The Open UniversityCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 50. 50 Hype Cycle: Social AnalyticsCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 51. 51 Initiatives solaresearch.org, lak12.sites.olt.ubc.caCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 52. 52 Big data initiativesCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 53. 53 Gamification Use of game design techniques to solve problems and engage audiences "By 2015, more than 50% of all organizations that manage innovation processes will gamify those processes" -- Gartner, April 2011 Elements:  Game mechanics  Game dynamics  Game aestheticsCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 54. 54 Hype Cycle: GamificationCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 55. 55 Game Mechanics Constructs used in games to encourage gameplay  Challenges, Missions  Points  Virtual currency  Leaderboards  Achievements  Badges, Levels  Progress barCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 56. 56 Game Dynamics Game dynamics are feedback mechanisms that motivate players to progress through a game/scenarioCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 57. 57 Game Aesthetics Aesthetics describes the desirable emotional responses evoked in the players, when they interact with the game systemCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 58. 58 Examples www.codecademy.com www.happyprog.com/pairhero www.busuu.com www.commendablekids.comCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 59. 59 aCarlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)
  • 60. 60 Further changes ahead Badges  Accreditation New players will appear in the educational sector or existing ones will change/extend their roles Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)Flickr by Cocoabiscuit
  • 61. 61 Summary From Industrial to Information Age Tremendous advances in terms of Computing and Communication capabilities Implications in pace, challenges, and needs Digitalization of  Educational material  Actors and context  Learning process New order in education Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)Flickr by dwrawlinson
  • 62. 62 Skills and Technologies Industrial Age Information Age  Skills needed  Skills needed  Obedience  Creativity  Rigid curriculum  Flexibility  Global context  Local context  Technologies  Technologies  Instant communication  Slow communication  Pervasiveness  Difficult access  Education  Education  Construction  Instruction Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)Flickr by marcp_dmoz
  • 63. 63 Conclusion Lets get liberated from Industrial Age style education Lets use Information Age tools to teach Information Age skills Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)Flickr by Catherine Murray
  • 64. 64 Thank you very much!Carlos Delgado Kloos EDUCON 2012 Keynote (Marrakesh, Morocco, 2012-04-20)

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