Grammer book


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Grammer book

  1. 1. By: Enrique Matthews
  2. 2.  1. Qué vs. Cuál 2. Transitional Words 3. Ser 4. Gustar 5. Estar 6. Imperfect Verbs 7. Trigger words 8. Acabar de … 9. Hacer Expressions 10. Verbos Como Gustar
  3. 3. Qué Cuál“What” “Which”Used when asking for definitions FormalMost often used before nouns Used before nounsInformal Used before ser when not asking a definition
  4. 4. Descriptions Un LibroOrigin MexicoCharacteristics GordoTime Es La UnaOccupation DoctorRelationships Es HermanaPossession La CamisetaEvents La FiestaDates Miercoles Yo Soy Nosotros Somos Tū Eres Vosotros Sois -Means to be Ēl/Ella/Usted-es Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes- Son
  5. 5.  Present Condition Health  Abierto  Bien  Cerrado  Mal  ING Emotions To be JumpING  Enojada  AR-Ando  Triste  IR-Iendo Locations  Er-Iendo  La Oficina  La Casa
  6. 6.  Means “To Like” Indirect Pronouns Me Nos Te Os Le Les Gustar Conjugation Gusto Gustamos Gustas Gustáis Gusta Gustan-Gustar conjugation describes what is being liked -EX- Me gustas tū.(Gustas modifies tū, instead of Me)
  7. 7. No NoO OrPero ButTambién Alsoy AndNi NeitherE AndQue What
  8. 8. -ar -er -irYo -aba -ía -íaTú -abas -ías -íasÉl/ella/usted -aba -ía -íaNosotros -ábamaos -íamos -íamosVosotros -abais -íais -íaisEllos/ellas/ustedes -aban -ían -ían
  9. 9. - Trigger words signal the use of an imperfect verbTriggers MeaningTodos Los Dīas Every dayA menudo OftenA Veces SometimesSiempre AlwaysCada Dīa EverydayLos Lunes MondaysGeneralmente GenerallyMientras WhileDe Vez En Cuando OccasionallyMuchas Veces OftenFrecuentemente Frequently
  10. 10.  Means to have just done something Acabar de Infinitive  Never conjugate infinitive, only acabar Acabo Acabamos Acabas acabáis, Acaba Acaban Nosotros acabamos de leer el libro. We just read the book.
  11. 11.  Hacer + Time + Que + Conjugated Verb  Used to tell how much time you have done something EX: Hace un año que estudio español. I have been studying Spanish for one year. Hace dos años que ellas estudian inglés. They have been studying English for two years.
  12. 12. Verbo MeaningGustar To LikeDisgustar To DislikeFaltar To FailMolestar To DisturbDoler To HurtEncantar To LoveImportar To Matter -Verb is conjugated to modify the object of the sentence, not the subject EX: Me gustan los libros. Gustar in the 3rd plural is conjugated for los libros, 3rd Plural
  13. 13.  Verb that reverts back to the subject with the action Me Nos Te Os Se Se- Yo me visto. - I dress MYSELF. Tu te lavas. -you dress yourself.
  14. 14. Tu Affiramtive Tu NegativeMake ver into Tu form then drop the Put verb into first person, then switch“s” and add the DOP to the word vowels, then add an “s”-Comer->Comes->Come->Comelo -the DOP has to be before theEat It! conjugated verb. Comer->Como->Coma->Comas No Lo Comas! Ar->e ER/IR->a Do not eat it! Irregulares Di No Digas Haz No Hagas Ve No Vengas Pon No Pongas Sal No Salgas Sè No Segas Ten No Tengas Ven No Vengas
  15. 15. Me NosTe OsLo/La Los/Las-When you change syllabification put „ on third to last syllable 1.Infinitive-Comerlo 2.Affiramtive Command- Cómelo 3.Present Proggresive- Está Comiendolo
  16. 16.  Preterite tense is a tense that shows past actions that have been completed before the present time. Endings: AR ER/IR é í aste iste ó ió amos imos asteis isteis aron ieron