TSL 590 Methodology inTeaching Listening & Speaking Chapter 1 Listening in the world and language learning
The why and how of listening• Primary purposes of human listening- information gathering, pleasure, empathy, assessment and criticism,• Types of listening - Listening for gist - Listening for specific information - Listening in detail - Inferential listening
Ctnd• How do we listen? Sound waves produced Sound waves received Outer ear catches vibration Pass through middle ear Through cochlea (inner ear) Sound waves interpreted brain
Characteristics of spoken English• Elision (next to)• Assimilation (heart breaker)• Intrusion (idea in)• Formulaic phrases (know what I mean)• Interactivity (face-to-face)
Bottom-up versus top-down approaches to listening• Bottom-up: emphasizes the decoding of the smallest unit to lead to meaning• Top-down: Emphasizes on the use of background knowledge to predict content
Communicative Language Teaching• Emphasizes on the use of English as a tool for real communication rather than demonstration of target grammar and vocabulary• Emphasizes authenticity of materials, contexts and responses• Less emphasis on drilling and repetition
Listening and language learning• 6 myths concerning listening:1) You can’t teach people how to listen2) Listening is a ‘passive’ skill3) It is easier for students to u/stand native speakers of English than foreign speakers of English4) The skills involved in listening to a foreign language are the same as those that we use for listening to our native language5) While listening in class, students shouldn’t try to understand every word6) Students should not be allowed to read the scripts of recordings
Discussion• Talk about a particular English lesson that you remember the most. What makes it very memorable?