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MINDANAO COURSE - Rainforestation Farming Strategy for Corporate Social Responsibility - Sabdulla Abubacar
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MINDANAO COURSE - Rainforestation Farming Strategy for Corporate Social Responsibility - Sabdulla Abubacar


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  • 1. Rainforest Farming strategy for Corporate Social Responsibility
  • 2. History of Rainforestation Visayas State University (VSU, formerly Visayas State College of Agriculture) and the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) started to develop an agroforestry system known as “Rainforestation Farming.” The VSU Institute of Tropical Ecology (VSU-ITE), pursued this work and received strong support from various local government units, peoples’ organizations, non-government organizations.
  • 3. History of Rainforestation This was adopted by the Philippine National Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) through Memorandum Circular 2004-06 as an official reforestation strategy.
  • 4. The Philippines Rainforest Farming Situationer
  • 5. LAND USE: In the Philippines Today…  About half the land is classified as alienable and disposable.  This land may be privately owned. The other half, which mostly has slopes of greater than 18 percent, is classified as public forestland.  Only 6 million ha has significant tree cover and less than 1 million ha of old-growth or primary forest remains
  • 6. Land Use in the Philippines (in Thousands of Hectares) LAND COVER AREA Forest 7,226 Pine 81 Mossy or unproductive 246 Dipterocarp 6,629 Closed 2,435 Open 4,194 Mangrove 149 Other 121 Extensive cultivation 11,958 Open in forest 31 Grassland 1,813 Mixeda 10,114
  • 7. LAND COVER AREA Intensive cultivation 9,729 Plantation 5,336 Coconut 1,133 Other 90 Coconut and cropland 3,748 Other and cropland 365 Cropland 4,393 Fish ponds 205 Fish ponds created from 195 mangroves Other fishponds 10 Other land or lakes 542 Unclassified area 546 TOTAL 30,206 grass, brush, plantation, and other a Mixed crops. SOURCE: Swedish Space Corporation. 1988. Mapping of the Natural Conditionsof the
  • 8. Intensification of Rice Production in the Lowlands  Lowland rice fields in the Philippines are about half irrigated and half rained. Initially, the green revolution (the breakthroughs in rice varietal technology in the late 1960s) increased labor use intensity in rice production.  More rice crops were produced each year (two instead of one), and more intensive management was applied.  But rained rice farming did not experience the extent of technical change that occurred in irrigated rice farming or the same gain in productivity.  Therefore, the economic disparity between the irrigated and rained rice fields increased.
  • 9. Agriculture and the Uplands Farmers to initiate farming in upland areas:  The expansion of land for raising sugarcane in the western Visayas from 1960 to 1975 was also primarily at the expense of small-scale upland rice and maize production  As effective control of agricultural land becomes more concentrated in the hands of wealthier farmers and corporations, small farms are becoming smaller, a process that has been accelerated by the subdivision of property through inheritance.  The end result has been increasing landlessness for the rural poor.
  • 10. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Philippine Rainforestation Farming
  • 11. CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY "Corporate Social Responsibility is the continuing commitment by business to behave ethically and contribute to economic development while improving the quality of life of the workforce and their families as well as of the local community and society at large"
  • 12. THE FOCUS ON SOCIO-ENVIRONMENT COMMITMENT A concept whereby companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis".
  • 13. Social responsibility becomes an integral part of the wealth creation process - which if managed properly should enhance the competitiveness of business and maximize the value of wealth creation to society.
  • 14. Social Responsibility Companies need to answer to two aspects of their operations. 1. The quality of their management - both in terms of people and processes (the inner circle). 2. The nature of, and quantity of their impact on society in the various areas.
  • 15. The emerging environment and social-economic controversies…
  • 16. ECONOMICS PHILIPPINES: Farming to Property Development or for an Easy Profits As the Philippines grapples with its worst food crisis in years, many farmers in its cradle of rice cultivation are abandoning farming .
  • 17. ECONOMICS PHILIPPINES: Farming to Property Development or for an Easy Profits  Instead of cultivating farmers’ own rice on the small patch of land inherited, farmers use the payment receive from tourists to buy cheap rice distributed by the government to poor communities.  Even though rice prices are high at the moment, farmers' profits are low due to the high cost of fertilizer.  The low prices farmers still receive for their crops from millers and other middlemen who often pocket most of the profits.
  • 18. ECONOMICS PHILIPPINES: Farming to Property Development or for an Easy Profits Currently, up to 2 million hectares of farmland are devoted to farming rice in the Philippines but the archipelago has less arable land per capita than other big rice-producing nations… and officials fear farms risk being gobbled up by property and leisure developers.
  • 19. … but as we progress, so did we start experiencing environmental problems. Strengthening Environmental Education to Make a Difference photo credit:
  • 20. Forest Denudation is at an Advanced Stage in the Philippines.  Total forest cover shrank from 10.5 million ha in 1968 to 6.1 million ha in 1991. The remaining old- growth forest covered less than 1 million ha in 1991 and possibly as little as 700,000 ha.  At current rates of logging, nearly all vestiges of the country's primary dipterocarp forest biota may be depleted in the next 10 to 15 years.
  • 21. Water Pollution The Philippines government to minimize the use of agrochemicals, warning that these products have polluted water sources in the country. A study has found that the widespread use of agrochemicals such as fertilizers, insecticides and herbicides in Philippine farms has led to widespread water pollution.
  • 22. Aerial Pesticide Row Tests Powers of LGU  The legal battle over the ban on aerial spraying of poisonous pesticides involving controversial pesticide use in banana plantations in1993 in Davao City.  This is not the first case in which farmers squared off against big agribusinesses over the issue of public health and environmental devastating impacts.
  • 23. Climate change and hunger: Evidence from the Philippines A fourth quarter survey put the hunger measure at 24% as of December 2009, equivalent to 4.4 million families. It surpassed the previous record high of 23.7% hit in December 2008.
  • 24. Child Labors -Studies say that several banana companies have admitted to having child laborers in banana plantations. -The practice usually entails the growers employing their own children or those of their neighbors to work in the plantations.
  • 25. Approaches and Policies Recognition to Rainforestation Farming
  • 26. The state shall promote national awareness on the role of natural resources in economic growth and the importance of environmental conservation and ecological balance towards sustained national development. Strengthening Environmental Education to Make a Difference
  • 27. The Corporate Social Responsibility Act of 2009, mandates corporations to "consider the interests of society by taking responsibility for the impact of their activities on customers, employees, shareholders, communities and the environment in all aspects of their operations."
  • 28. Proponents of the new bill say that the State recognizes the vital role of the private sector in nation building and should encourage its active participation in fostering sustainable economic development and environment protection in the Philippines.
  • 29. Reviews of Existing Policies There have been several recent reviews concerning natural resource management in the Philippines. These reviews examined government policy, the political climate, and the institutional framework and made numerous specific recommendations for a major reorientation.
  • 30. Reviews of Existing Policies Policy reviews under way at local, national, and international levels must be broadened to consider the negative effects that policies have had on sustainable land use.
  • 31. Reviews of Existing Policies  In addition, the Master Plan for Forestry Development (Department of Environment and Natural Resources, 1990) has recently been issued by the Philippine government.  It lays out a framework for forestland management over the next 25 years.  It sets a detailed, optimistic agenda that adopts a strategy of reduced public management in favor of increased private management of forest resources through people-oriented forestry.
  • 32. The National Disaster Management Program The Philippine disaster management program has a broad scope covering disaster preparedness, organization and training, construction of disaster reduction facilities, disaster response and rehabilitation, public information, and research and development.
  • 33. The National Disaster Management Program Flood control projects and watershed management projects, in additions to the broader reforestation effort, are all geared to mitigate the worst effects to natural disasters.
  • 34. Farming in the Rainforest can Preserve Biodiversity, Ecological Services RA 9512 Greening Programs
  • 35. Farming in the Rainforest can Preserve Biodiversity, Ecological Services To encourage market-driven and environmentally and socially responsible management of forests, tree farms and forest resources.
  • 36. Farming in the Rainforest can Preserve Biodiversity, Ecological Services Conserving biodiversity: Agriculture chemical producers are oftentimes frowned upon as causing biodiversity loss in the belief that the chemicals or the products they produce for farm use adversely affect the other living things in the farms.
  • 37. Farming in the Rainforest can Preserve Biodiversity, Ecological Services Less chemicals:  In helping conserve biodiversity, the agribusiness firm has invested money and intellectual property in developing more effective active ingredients so the farmers can use less chemicals and target specific issues or specific problems without having an impact on the rest of the environment.  Technology in crops is a good example when it deals with a very specific issue and has no other impact.  This can be done the same thing with crop chemicals by developing chemicals that are very specific to an issue or to a very broad spectrum.
  • 38. Water Stress: On the issue of water, we see the role agriculture can play in the two areas:  One is to enable plants deal with stress better. Water stress can be little water or too much water.  The second is helping farmers improve their efficiency in using water
  • 39. Farming in the Rainforest can Preserve Biodiversity, Ecological Services Lessen greenhouse-gas emission:  Through good agronomic practices, we can help lessen greenhouse-gas emission by encouraging farmers to adopt minimum-tillage or no-tillage farming.  Using herbicide-tolerant varieties, like in corn, which allow farmers effectively retain stubble and retain organic matter and use herbicide to control the weeds,”
  • 40. The Importance of Information and Education Campaign
  • 41. IEC  Public information: Both through training and public education campaigns.  the Philippines has also included research and development.  Technical Assistance and direct interactions  Determines the existing problems that can recommends review of policies
  • 42. “It makes sense for a firm based in farm areas to have programs targeting the farmers who may not have access to needed agricultural inputs or information, which could make their livelihood easier”
  • 43. YOU! THANK YOU!