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    Cn tu12 9_wb3_aveiro_participatory_slm_appraisal_svalente Cn tu12 9_wb3_aveiro_participatory_slm_appraisal_svalente Presentation Transcript

    • Methodology for participatory SLM appraisal and selection - the Portuguese experience - Sandra Valente, Celeste Coelho, António Ferreira, Jorge Moreira, Manuela Carreiras, João Soares, Gudrun Schwilch, Felicitas Bachmann & Teresa Carvalho LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt
    • LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China Portuguese study sites: Mação and Góis Municipalities
      • Mação Municipality:
      • 6919 inhabitants and 17,7 inhab/km 2 (2009)
      • Rainfall between 600 and 1000 mm/year
      • Soils very shallow and stony
      • Step slopes (> 20º)
      • Agro-silvo-pasture systems in the middle 20th / at the present forestry of Pine and Eucalyptus and shrubland
      • Huge investments in fire fighting equipment and measures
      • Góis Municipality
      • 4321 inhabitants and 16,6 inhab/km 2 (2009)
      • Rainfall about 1200 mm, concentrated during winter season
      • Soils very shallow and stony
      • Slope about 20º
      • Land use is pasture on dense shrubland and forestry
      • Some experience in applying prescribed fire
    • DESIRE WB3 Methodology LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China Aim and Role: To identify, evaluate, document and share existing and potential SLM strategies and to select and negotiate promising strategies for implementation
      • Desertification Problems:
      • Overgrazing
      • Droughts
      • Flash floods
      • Water erosion
      • Wind erosion
      • Salinization
      • Forest Fires
      CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt
    • Decision Support for selecting SLM practices LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China Evaluation, documentation and sharing of the identified strategies Participatory Learning Approach To share experiences To identify existent and potential strategies To increase trust and collaboration Selection and negotiation of the strategies To select the best options Using a decision support tool Dissemination Evaluation of the Implemented strategies Part I – Identification : Stakeholder workshop 1 Part II – Assessment : Standardised questionnaires Part III – Selection : Stakeholder workshop 2 WB4 WB6 CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt
    • Researchers LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China Portuguese study sites: Stakeholders Common lands National Authority to Forest Forest associations Forest owners Hunter associations Regional Department for Agriculture and Fisheries Parishes ZIF Technical Forest Office Fire brigade and civil protection bodies City Council CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt
    • Researchers LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China Portuguese study sites: Stakeholders Common lands National Authority to Forest Forest associations Forest owners Hunter associations Regional Department for Agriculture and Fisheries Parishes ZIF Technical Forest Office Fire brigade and civil protection bodies City Council CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China Stakeholder Workshop 1 – Participatory Learning Approach Aim: Identify promising existing and potential strategies for land conservation WS duration: Two days; 15-16 March 2008 Participants: 17 participants (77% were male and 71% were from local level) Main aim concerning SLM identified in the WS1: Reduction of burned area @ UA, 2008 Mação, 2008 Mação, 2008 @ CM Mação, 2005
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China
      • Picture gallery : Land degradation and land conservation issues
      Stakeholder Workshop 1 – Participatory Learning Approach @ UA/ESAC, 2008 WS1 - Mação, 2008 @ UA/ESAC, 2008 WS1 - Mação, 2008
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China
      • Picture gallery : Land degradation and land conservation issues
      • The water and biomass cycles : Disturbances
      Stakeholder Workshop 1 – Participatory Learning Approach @ UA/ESAC, 2008 WS1 - Mação, 2008 @ UA/ESAC, 2008 WS1 - Mação, 2008
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China
      • Picture gallery : Land degradation and land conservation issues
      • The water and biomass cycles : Disturbances
      • Local indicators for land degradation and conservation
      Stakeholder Workshop 1 – Participatory Learning Approach @ UA, 2009 Mação, 2009 @ UA, 2009 Caratão - Mação, 2009
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China
      • Picture gallery : Land degradation and land conservation issues
      • The water and biomass cycles : Disturbances
      • Local indicators for land degradation and conservation
      • Stakeholders’ influence and interest in SLM
      Stakeholder Workshop 1 – Participatory Learning Approach WS1 - Mação, 2008 @ UA/ESAC, 2008
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China
      • Picture gallery : Land degradation and land conservation issues
      • The water and biomass cycles : Disturbances
      • Local indicators for land degradation and conservation
      • Stakeholders’ influence and interest in SLM
      • Already applied and potential solutions to problems of land degradation
      Stakeholder Workshop 1 – Participatory Learning Approach @ UA, 2008 WS1 - Mação, 2008 @ UA, 2008 Terraces - Mação, 2008 @ UA, 2008 WS1 - Mação, 2008 @ UA, 2008 Alto da Caldeirinha - Mação, 2009
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China Stakeholder Workshop 1 – Participatory Learning Approach
      • Outline of a strategy for sustainable land management
      • Approach : ZIF (Forest Intervention Area)
      • Technologies : Primary Strip Network System for Fuel
      • Management and Prescribed Fire
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China WOCAT Questionnaires Evaluation, Documentation and Sharing the identifying strategies
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China Stakeholder Workshop 2 – Selection and decision support Aim: Select jointly 1-2 options from the WOCAT database to be implemented under DESIRE framework and to strengthen collaboration among the stakeholders involved WS duration: Two days; 19-20 February 2009 Participants: 12 participants (67% were male and 83% were from local level) Main aim concerning SLM identified in the WS1: Reduction of the burned area Problem: Few technologies in the WOCAT database to mitigate or prevent burned area Need to document several technologies to address this problem
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China Stakeholder Workshop 2 – Selection and decision support
      • Selection of options
      • - Strategic management of fuel strips;
      • - Prescribed fire;
      • - Preventive forestry;
      • - Infrastructures for Forest Support
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China
      • Selection of options
      • Identification of economic, social and ecological criteria to evaluate the options
      • Examples: implementation costs; production increase; soil conservation; increase water availability; increase employment; social acceptance of the technology; etc.
      Stakeholder Workshop 2 – Selection and decision support
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China
      • Selection of options
      • Identification of economic, social and ecological criteria to evaluate the options
      • Scoring the options and ranking using the Facilitator
      Stakeholder Workshop 2 – Selection and decision support @ UA/ESAC, 2008 WS2 - Góis, 2009 @ UA/ESAC, 2008 WS2 - Góis, 2009
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China Stakeholder Workshop 2 – Selection and decision support
      • Overlap between the technologies
      • Three of them are located above 0,5 - good options concerning sustainable development
      • There is no clear identification of the best technology
      • The participants concluded that all the technologies are important to achieve the objective – reduce burned area
      • Selection of options
      • Identification of economic, social and ecological criteria to evaluate the options
      • Scoring the options and ranking using the Facilitator
      • Final decision – Which technologies should be field-tested?
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China
      • Final Decision
      Stakeholder Workshop 2 – Selection and decision support Prescribed Fire Preventive Forestry - Primary Strip Network System for Fuel Management @ UA, 2009 Mação, 2009 @ ESAC, 2009 Góis, 2009
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China
      • The WS initiative and methodology were highly appreciated;
      • The methods promoted equal participation and an informal work environment;
      • The field visits are very important, since they have the potential of putting technical, scientific and local knowledge together;
      • There is a high expectation in the implementation of these technologies, however the short financial capacity is a huge constraint.
      Lessons learned from this approach… stakeholders’ visions
      • A third workshop to evaluate the technologies implementation;
      • The need of further discussion and research on these topics.
      Lessons learned from this approach… in the future
    • CESAM Centre for environmental and marine studies Associate Laboratory | w w w .cesam.ua.pt LANDCON 1010 International Conference on Combating Land Degradation and Annual Councilor Meeting of WASWAC 11-15 October 2010, Xi’An, Shaanxi Province, China Our greatest thanks…