Cn 5 wed13_medes_wb6_feedback_on_wb6_sessions_geeson


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  • The DESIRE Project Harmonised Information System (HIS) can be accessed directly, or through the DESIRE Project website
  • The HIS has the main menus at the top (Home, Overview, Policy, Themes, Study sites, Archive) and sub-menus at the side.
    The Overview, open in the illustration, has sub-menus listed in red on the left hand side. The Overview menu includes background on Desertification, the DESIRE project and related projects on desertification. DESIRE publicity includes brochures, newsletter and press releases, and information from conference and events. Then there is International Collaboration, Relevant European projects, and also a section on Facilitating dissemination. As well as the Manual of Communication and Dissemination, practical guides to involving stakeholders and using dissemination media are to be found here.
  • The HIS menus and sub-menus can be accessed through different linked pathways. For example, the work of WB3, Prevention and mitigation, both in general terms and relating to individual study sites, can be accessed either through the Theme menu or the Study Site menu.
  • The main substance of the HIS is to be found within the Theme and/or Study site menus. This example shows an Overview of field experiment design for all study sites. As this is quite detailed it is accessed as an Article below a more general introduction on Field experiments, which is a submenu of the Theme [WB4] Implementation and monitoring
  • The main substance of the HIS is to be found within the Theme and/or Study site menus. This example shows an Overview of field experiment design for all study sites. As this is quite detailed it is accessed as an Article below a more general introduction on Field experiments, which is a submenu of the Theme [WB4] Implementation and monitoring
  • The Overview of field experiment design for all study sites is accessed as an Article below a more general introduction on Field experiments, which is a submenu of the Theme [WB4] Implementation and monitoring. Scrolling down this Article reveals a tool that answers the question: “What technologies were implemented in which study sites?” For each Study site (in a list) the Technologies implemented will appear in a pop-up box. Alternatively, for each selected technology (in a list) the Study sites implementing that technology will be shown.
  • The Harmonised information system is now multi-lingual. An on-line translation facility has been added, making it easier for study site leaders to translate all the material relating to their study site into their local language. Already there are pages in Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Greek, Turkish, Arabic, Russian and Chinese. Once the English version of each page is finalised, the study sites can work on the translations at their own pace.
  • Newsletters and press releases can be viewed or downloaded from the DESIRE publicity menu, within the main Overview menu
  • This example of a DESIRE booklet looks at salinization, based on results from the DESIRE Greek and Russian study sites. This can be downloaded from ** and is written in non-scientific language to provide information for a wide range of audiences, from decision makers to schoolchildren.
  • The HIS uses a range of presentation methods to capture the interest of a wide range of readers. Power Point presentations are accessible through the HIS and are a good way of summarising information pictorially
  • The HIS uses video clips as an effective summary of key points, with further detail available in documents either made downloadable or formatted for easy reading on-line.
  • Training for stakeholder involvement and dissemination is very important, so that optimum use can be made of DESIRE results and products. This includes the theory of good participatory methods as well as practical advice on, for example, how to make a video or how to write a press release. These examples can be accessed through the Facilitating Dissemination menu within the main Overview menu.
  • Cn 5 wed13_medes_wb6_feedback_on_wb6_sessions_geeson

    1. 1. Xi’an, October 2010 WB 6: The Harmonised Information System and Dissemination Products Recent activities, Overview, and Plans Nichola Geeson, Jane Brandt, Giovanni Quaranta, Rosanna Salvia
    2. 2. Xi’an, October 2010 WB 6: Recent activities •Additions, re-organisation and refinements to the HIS, including use of drop-down menus •Compilation of products such as newsletters, the booklet on salinization (in the Russian and Nestos (Greece) sites), the leaflet on “Sustainable land management enhances our living soils” for Desertification Day, and the article on DESIRE for DesertNet (DNI) Posters and presentations for the recent DESURVEY conference in Rome A publication from the DESIRE project - funded by the European Union’s 6th Framework Program ‘Global Change and Ecosystems’ Newsletter 3 2010 - 2 Scientists and stakeholders learn to listen to one another How should scientists approach all the stakeholders that can contribute to ensuring that the research has practical uses? How can the interest of the stakeholders be maintained? By stakeholders we mean everyone who has an interest: from farmers to national policy makers, from schoolchildren to the UNCCD. The DESIRE Project has included a series of stakeholder workshops in all study sites. This has allowed full discussion of ideas to combat land degradation and desertification, many of which are now being trialed on experimental plots. Local stakeholders are involved in monitoring the trials where possible, and all stakeholders will be invited to consider the evaluation of success, and contribute to future recommendations. The most rewarding workshops are where there is full support for seeking sustainable options from a wide range of people. It is important to try and include a range of ages and standards of education, and as many women as men. Knowledge exchange is the key to sustainable action 1 Overgrazing can result in desertificationin Tunisia The DESIRE project (2007-2011) is funded by the European Commission, VI Framework Program, ‘Global Change and Ecosystems’ and brings together the expertise of 26 international research institutes and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). This project is implemented by ALTERRA - research institute for the green living environment in the Netherlands. Copyright and Disclaimer: Contact DESIRE coordinator: Contact DESIRE Communications: The opinions expressed in this newsletter and on the website are those of the DESIRE project consortium and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission. Each page is from a DESIRE study site partner: University of Aveiro, Portugal (Mação site); Democritus University of Thrace, Greece (Nestos river basin); University of Botswana (Boteti site); L'Institut de recherchepour le développement (IRD), France (Cointzio site, Mexico); Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecurarias(INIA), Chile (Secano interior) Edited by Nichola Geeson, July 2010 For more information and contact details see: • The DESIREHarmonisedInformationSystem: and DESIRE website: www.desire- ©IRD,Prat,C.
    3. 3. Xi’an, October 2010 We need your help to present your work to best advantage. We want your results to be used by non- scientists as well as scientists, to find sustainable solutions to real problems
    4. 4. Xi’an, October 2010  Scientific papers you have written about DESIRE work  Material you have developed, particularly in your own languages for use with stakeholders  Links to local and other useful websites As well as the results directly from work packages, please continue to send us other material for the HIS: I. Martinez I.Martinez I.Martinez Un sistema de siembra sin preparación tradicional del suelo que evita la erosión F.VanHulst INIA – Quilamapu y el proyecto DESIRE han trabajado en el secano interior durante más de 5 años en el perfeccionamiento de la tecnología de la cero labranza. Se denomina cero labranza al establecimiento de un cultivo sin laboreo tradicional del suelo, para realizar esta práctica es necesario ejecutar una serie sucesiva de labores, que permitan en primera instancia adecuar el suelo para luego implementar la cero labranza propiamente tal. La adecuación de suelo consiste en eliminar y/o identificar los grandes obstáculos como piedras, y troncos, luego es recomendable realizar un subsolado al suelo en el mes de agosto – septiembre con el propósito de mejorar la infiltración de agua y el desarrollo de raíces. Éste se puede ejecutar con un arado subsolador traccionado por tractor. En suelos menos arcillosos y con la humedad apropiada se puede descompactar el suelo con un arado subsolador de tracción animal. El subsolado se debe realizar a comienzo de primavera del año anterior a la siembra. Si las condiciones climáticas lo permiten también se podría ejecutar a fines de abril del año que se va a sembrar. Previo a la siembra se realiza un rastraje que deja el suelo en condiciones de sembrar en cero labranza por al menos 4 años consecutivos, sin volver a realizar la labor de subsolado. Para controlar las malezas previo a la siembra, lo que también se llama barbecho químico, se deben esperar las primeras lluvias para que estimulen la emergencia de las malezas y luego aplicar un herbicida total para su control. Para siembras de grano fino y semillas de praderas se puede utilizar una sembradora de tracción animal, que tiene tres depósitos, uno permite sembrar trigo, avena, cebada, lentejas arvejas y lupino; otro para praderas como hualputras y tréboles, y otro para fertilizantes, también la siembra se puede efectuar con máquinas sembradoras de discos accionadas por tractor. Para facilitar el establecimiento y la emergencia del cultivo que continua al del trigo al año siguiente, se requiere dejar del orden de 2.500 kilos de rastrojo de trigo sobre el suelo, cantidades superiores generan ciertos ácidos que inhiben la emergencia del cultivo sembrado sobre el rastrojo. Cuando la caña de trigo queda parada este daño no es tan severo. Una solución para mitigar éste problema es que se manejen animales sobre los rastrojos después de la cosecha y consuman parte de este. Sin embargo aquellos productores que no tienen animales o poseen superficies más extensas deben retirar parte del rastrojo. Ubicación: Yumbel, San José de Ninhue, y San Carlos en Región del Bio-Bío y Cauquenes y San Javier en Región del Maule, Chile. Área aplicación Tecnología: Secano interior mediterráneo de Chile central. Medidas de Conservación de suelo y agua: Agronómicas y de manejo de cultivos. Uso del suelo: cultivos en suelos con menos de un 20% de pendiente y praderas y/o sistemas agroforestales en pendientes superiores. Clima: Subhumedo Comentario: La cero labranza es un sistema prometedor, ya existe un cierto nivel de adopción en el país. No obstante éste se encuentra en fase de desarrollo técnico en Chile, resta por determinar un sistema técnico- económico apropiado del manejo de rastrojos,. En países de América Latina, como Brasil, Argentina, Paraguay y Bolivia se siembran con éste sistema sobre 33,5 millones de hectáreas. En Chile, sin manejo adecuado de rastrojo se siembran alrededor de 130.000 ha. Izquierda: Siembras trigo con maquina cero labranza de 10 hileras, marca Juber, accionada por tractor 90 HP con tracción asistida, Actividades proyecto DESIRE Yumbel, Secano interior mediterráneo de Chile central. Derecha: Cultivo de lentejas establecido con cero labranza en San José de Ninhue, obsérvese restos de cereal que cubren el suelo entre hileras. TECNOLOGÍA DE LA CERO LABRANZA EN EL SECANO INTERIOR DE CHILE
    5. 5. Xi’an, October 2010 Your Dissemination Plan In January 2011 we will have one year of DESIRE left to run So that is when I would like to ask each DESIRE partner group (not just study sites) to write a brief plan for how their results can be presented to a wide range of audiences
    6. 6. Xi’an, October 2010 Your Dissemination Plan Perhaps include:  Maps, with written explanations  Factsheets or leaflets, about challenges as well as successes  Interesting work from PhD students  All manner of other contributions to the HIS: photos, video clips, links to other websites, etc. See the updated Manual of Communication and Dissemination for ideas
    7. 7. Xi’an, October 2010 Your Dissemination Plan The HIS is growing, to become the complete story of DESIRE in each study site:  Details of desertification issues in each study site  How strategies to combat desertification were chosen, trialled and evaluated  Conclusions for each study site, locally and in a wider regional context  Recommendations for land users and policy makers
    8. 8. Find out all about DESIRE in the Harmonised Information System
    9. 9. The main menus and sub-menus of the Harmonised Information System provide access to all DESIRE results, products and recommendations as they become available
    10. 10. Themes can be accessed through the Study Site menu as well as the main menu
    11. 11. Find summaries of the aims and progress in each WB
    12. 12. Find a useful overview of the DESIRE field experiments to test strategies to combat desertification
    13. 13. This useful summary tool shows the technologies implemented at each site, or where any particular strategy is being tested
    14. 14. ... in Spanish ... in Russian …… The Information System is now multi-lingual
    15. 15. Newsletters and other products can be downloaded
    16. 16. A publication from the DESIRE project - funded by the European Union’s 6th Framework Program ‘Global Change and Ecosystems’ Info-brief 2 2010 - 2 Sustainable Land Management enhances our living soils We rely on land based ecosystems to provide important benefits for human livelihoods such as: our food, fodder for animals, construction materials, climate regulation and clean water. To achieve this provision sustainably, it is important to promote a balance between activities such as agricultural production, and respect for nature and the environment. The EU’s legal framework for Rural development 2007-2013 emphasises the need for better integration of agricultural and environmental policies. The DESIRE Project ( is extending this approach to a number of regions around the world, with a range of land uses affected by desertification. An important benefit of sustainable land use is the maintenance or improvement of biodiversity. New initiatives such as the EU’s Biodiversity Information System for Europe will help improve the integration of coherent land use policies and synergies around the world. Land degradation in dryland areas dramatically affects the biological diversity of landbased ecosystems. This is because of the effects on plant organic matter, plant roots, and organisms in the soil: like termites, moles and earthworms, fungi and bacteria. This living system below the ground determines the biological diversity of land above the ground, and ultimately land productivity and other benefits that land provides. The synergies between soil biodiversity and sustainable land management mean that any action that conserves water and improves soil quality will also enhance soil habitats. The DESIRE Project is developing strategies to remediate land degradation in dryland areas. The following examples demonstrate how these strategies maintain or enhance soil biodiversity. The DESIRE Project shows how this can be achieved 1 Regular resting of rangeland allows vegetation and soils to recover from grazing In Médenine, Tunisia areas of rangeland left without grazing for 3-5 years improve the plant cover and diversity for the next period of grazing. This helps to avoid land degradation from over- grazing. An increase of infiltration, soil organic matter and runoff control are secondary benefits. Resting rangeland in Béni Khédache,-El Athmane, Tunisia OuledBelgacem,IRA© OuledBelgacem,IRA© Overgrazing can result in desertificationin Tunisia Booklets and leaflets in non-scientific language will inform a wide range of audiences about desertification problems and how DESIRE research can help
    17. 17. The Information System provides access to PowerPoint presentations ……
    18. 18. and video clips to summarise key points…and documents that can be read on-line or downloaded
    19. 19. Training and practical instructions to disseminate recommendations further are accessible in various formats
    20. 20. Xi’an, October 2010 WB 6: The Plan Dissemination in WB6 depends on YOU! Can you supply material, (for direct use, or to be re-organised for different uses), for a wide range of stakeholders ? Thank you very much !
    21. 21. Xi’an, October 2010 WB 6: The Plan Dissemination in WB6 depends on YOU! Can you supply material, (for direct use, or to be re-organised for different uses), for a wide range of stakeholders ? Thank you very much !
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