Selecting SLM Technologies Using Stakeholder Workshops in the Loess Plateau The 5th Plenary Meeting DESIRE International Conference on Combating Land Degradation in Agricultural Areas (LANDCON1010) Xi’an, China 依法以智，保持水土 山川秀美，泽今裕后 Gudrun Schwilch, Hanspeter Liniger University of Bern, CDE Dr. Wang Fei on behalf of DESIRE Team of ISWC
What is the project running ? The DESIRE initiative – project approach Graph: Coen Ritsema, Alterra
Objectives WP 3.1: To identify existing and potential strategies with a participatory learning approach (stakeholder workshop 1) WP 3.2: To evaluate, document and share strategies with the WOCAT tools WP 3.3: To select most promising strategies with a decision support tool (stakeholder workshop 2) Problems Strategies Approaches Assessment Public decision Qualitification Why to? How to?
List of workshop participants Workshop2 ： moderator (s): Wang Fei, Li Jinpeng, Zhang Jinxin, Wang Qunxing; 21 participants Workshop1 ： moderator (s): Wang Fei, Li Jinpeng, Zhang Jinxin; 17 Stakeholders
List of workshops participants GO : Soil and Water Conservation Bureau of Ansai, Land Management Bureau of Ansai, Forestry Bureau of Ansai, Fruit Bureau of Ansai, Official of Zhenwudong Town, Ansai, Education Bureau of Ansai, Office of “Grain for Green” of Ansai, Yanhe River Basin office Ansai Branch NGO : Ansai Science and Technology Association of the Senior Citizen Land user : head of village, Land users Researcher : staff of ISWC, CAS, Students from ISWC, CAS and Northwest A&F University
Mutual learning and understanding of land degradation and desertification
Trust and collaboration among local and external participants
Identification of existing and new strategies to prevent or mitigate land degradation and desertif.
Selection of a set of these identified strategies for further assessment
Objectives of stakeholder Workshop1
Results of Workshop1 UP: Improving awareness of each stakeholders: the water cycle is much easier to know and analysis in the study site, but the bio-mass is more difficult because the local people have no special attention to it. The multi-stakeholders participating is necessary. It would improve the awareness via knowledge exchange. Below: the judgement of different stakeholders would make the questions and problems clearer. Photo 3 The selection of main effects of biomass cycle
Results of Workshop1 Improvement of Awareness
Objectives of stakeholder WP2 ：
To select promising (existing and potential) strategies for land conservation to be implemented and tested in the selected study site
To jointly select 1-2 options (mitigation strategies) from the WOCAT database to be implemented / field-tested in the selected study site in the context of DESIRE WB 4.
To strengthen trust and collaboration among concerned stakeholders.
Step1 Review: Recall
+ decide /Get aware /
Review and adjust
Steps of WP2 Step 2 Options: Identify and visualize/Search based on WOCAT databases Step 3 Criteria: Identify /Environmental, economic and social criteria /criteria reflect the most important qualities Step 4 Scoring options: assess the option /compare carefully/ small stakeholder groups Step 5 Ranking criteria: organize criteria hierarchically /Assigning all criteria to categories / Ranking criteria Step 6 Analysis Visualization Step 7 Negotiation and Decision making Step 8 Embedding into overall strategy
Workshop 2 -Step 1 Slope crop land with gullies Converting grassland into orchard
Workshop 2 -Step 2 4 practices (T,RF,G and B) Checkdam land Checkdam (When will be land?)
Miaowan Watershed Workshop 2 -Step 2
Workshop 2 - Step 3 Criteria
Step 4 Indicators for Scoring options Step 5 Ranking criteria Workshop 2 - Step 4 and 5
Step 5 Ranking criteria Workshop 2 - Step 5
Step 6 Analysis Visualization Workshop 2
The difference impacts
Wide and narrow range
The WOCAT DESIRE method is powerful tool to select and evaluate the soil and water conservation practice. The criteria of option vary greatly. Only based on the plenary discussion, could the better option be selected.
The stakeholders should balance the option carefully all the time. If we want to change a the best conservation plan, we should do more.
Objectives of stakeholder Workshop1 Step 8 Embedding into overall strategy