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Name: Kong Qiu
Date of birth: September 28, 551BC
Died: 72 years old, 479BC
Tradition School: Established by his (Confucianism)
Interests: moral philosophy, social philosophy, ethics
Important idea: Confucianism
Influence: Zhou era of chinese thought
Influential with: All figures western philosophy
Place of birth: Qufu, the state of Lu
Family: born in poor family
When he was three years old her father died.
He was raised by his mother.
He has: nine sisters, a brother and he is the youngest.
Name of wife: Qi Quan, 19 years old.
Child's name: Kong Li.
Work has been done by
him: shepherd, clerk and book keeper.
Her mother died when he was 23 years old.
While still young he worked as manager of the
state administrator Lu.
At age 53, he worked as minister of justice in the state of
When 68, he taught discipline at home and
translating book. (Five Classics)
•He studied religion with Daoist Master Lao Dan.
Learn music with Chang Hong and
music master Xiang.
During 484BCE he worked as a teacher.
His titles when he worked as a teacher
is, 'Zhishengxianshi' The former teacher who arrived
at Sagehood, "Zhisheng 'The Greatest Sage,' Xianshi '
The teacher who assists the wise to
their Teacher," Wanshishibiao' The capital of a teache
r Myriad Ages in Taiwan.
He strengthen the importance of education.
Population China regards him as a 'Greatest Master'.
He stressed on Confucianism.
He put forward many theories such as:
1) Theory of value.
2) Theory of knowledge.
3) Theory of human nature.
4) Theory of learning.
5) Theory of transmission.
6) Theory of society.
7) Theory of opportunity.
8) Theory of consensus.
• Confucian temple in Shanghai and Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
• Popular image of confucius as an object of veneration,
Thian Hock Keng temple, Singapore.
Although Confucianism is often followed in a religious manner
by the Chinese, arguments continue over whether it is a
religion. Confucianism discusses elements of the afterlife and
views concerning Heaven, but it is relatively unconcerned with
some spiritual matters often considered essential to religious
thought, such as the nature of the soul(s).
The Analects of Confucius.
In the Analects, Confucius presents himself as a "transmitter
who invented nothing". He puts the greatest emphasis on the
importance of study, and it is the Chinese character for study
( 学 ) that opens the text. Far from trying to build a systematic
or formalist theory, he wanted his disciples to master and
internalize the old classics, so that their deep thought and
thorough study would allow them to relate the moral problems
of the present to past political events (as recorded in
the Annals) or the past expressions of commoners' feelings
and noblemen's reflections (as in the poems of the Book of
•‘When anger arises, think of the
• ‘Life is really simple, but men insist on
making it complicated.’
• ‘Before you embark on a journey of revenge,
dig two graves.’
• ‘It does not matter how slow you go so long as
you do not stop.’
• ‘Everything has beauty but not everyone sees
• ‘Respect yourself and others will respect you.’
a prominent educator and a leading philosopher of
China, stressed that education was the process to
promote the perfection of human behavior and this
can be achieved through:
•the practice of human behavior
•the practice of polite behavior
•respecting the elders
•caring for younger people
•obey the government and love the country.