Mg. Elsa Magdalena Diez PachasCICLO 2013-II Módulo:Unidad:4 Semana:4ENGLISH III
COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVEADJECTIVES.AS ADJECTIVE AS.
ORIENTACIONES Review your guide Review your book Listen to the cd. Do your homework
• Comparative and Superlative adjectives.• As adjective as.INDEX
A: Where do you buy shoes?B: I like Bata Department store.A: Is Bata better than Vilma’s?B: I think so. It has a bigger selection.Note: For more vocabulary open your book to page 62.
I like thisone.It’s more expensive than this one. Thatis cheaper, look. You always want themost expensive.Well, I’m not goingto buy the cheapestcar here.
ComparativesComparatives are used to compare two things. You can usesentences with THAN, or you can use a conjunction like BUT.Examples:•Jiro is taller than Yukio.•Yukio is tall, but Jiro is taller.SuperlativesSuperlatives are used to compare more than two things. Superlativesentences usually use THE, because there is only one superlative.Examples:•Masami is the tallest in the class.•Yukio is tall, and Jiro is taller, but Masami is the tallest.JiroYukioMasami
We form the comparative and superlative adjective (Cheap) and long Ajectives (expensive) indifferent ways.Adjective form Comparative SuperlativeOnly one syllable, ending in E.Examples:wide, fine, cuteAdd -R:wider, finer, cuterAdd -ST:widest, finest, cutestOnly one syllable, with one voweland one consonant at the end.Examples:hot, big, fatDouble the consonant, andadd -ER:hotter, bigger, fatterDouble the consonant, and add-EST:hottest, biggest, fattestOnly one syllable, with more thanone vowel or more than oneconsonant at the end. Examples:light, neat, fastAdd -ER:lighter, neater, fasterAdd -EST:lightest, neatest, fastestTwo syllables, ending in Y.Examples:happy, silly, lonelyChange Y to I, then add -ER:happier, sillier, lonelierChange Y to I, then add -EST:happiest, silliest, loneliestTwo syllables or more, not ending inY. Examples:modern, interesting, beautifulUse MORE before theadjective:more modern, moreinteresting, more beautifulUse MOST before the adjective:most modern, most interesting,most beautiful
ExamplesAdjectiveslarge larger largestThe first apple is large.The second apple is larger than the first.The third apple is the largest of the three.
A few of the comparatives and superlatives in English do not follow the usual pattern.Here is a list of common exceptions.Irregular Adjective Comparative Form Superlative Formgood better bestbad worse worstfar farther farthestlittle less leastmany more most
Exercises1. Fill in the gaps. Use the comparative of the word inbrackets.• My house is ______ than yours (small)• Sara is ______ than Tom (young)• Teresa is ______ than John (old)2. Write sentences. Use comparatives.– Karol/ thin/ Maria __________________________– Rob /funny/ Sam __________________________– My classroom/big/yours _____________________– Mary/happy/ Johanna _______________________
3. Complete the sentences. Use thecomparative of the word in brackets.– Chemistry is ________ than English (difficult)– Brad Pitt is ________ than Marc Anthony(handsome)– Frank is __________ than Susan (intelligent)– Jennifer is ___________ than Angeline(beautiful)
4. Fill in the gaps. Use the comparative form ofgood, bad and far.– Italian food is ______ than American food (good)– His handwriting is ______ than Mabel’s (bad)– My school is _______ from here than the park (far)
5. Click on the answer you think is correct.A. Argentina is _____ than England.• Bigger• more big• biggestB. Tomas is _____ than his brother.• Attractiver• more attractive• most attractiveC. Villages are _____ than cities.• Noisier• Busier• more peaceful
Exercise 1. Write the comparative form of the words in brackets.They´ve made these chocolate bars smaller (small).Sports is more interesting (interesting) than politics.1. Can´t you think of anything ………………(intelligent) to say?2. Well, the place looks………………(clean) now.3. Olive looks……………………….(thin) that she did.4. You need to draw it………………..(carefully).5. The weather is getting ……………….(bad).6. The programme will be shown at a ……………………...(late) date.7. I can´t stay………………..(long) than half an hour.8. A mobile phone would be a…………………(useful) present.9. I´ll try to finish the job……………..(soon)10. It was………………. (busy) than usual in town today.11. I´ll been even……………..(annoyed) if you do that again.12. Since the break-in I feel ……………… (nervous)
Exercises1. Complete the sentences. Use the superlatives ofthe words in brackets– Mary is ______ of all the students (tall)– Maxs story is _______ story Ive ever heard. (long)– My grandmother is ________ person I know (old)2. Write sentences. Use superlatives.• My dog/big/all the dogs in the neighborhood.• Mary/fat/in the school• John/happy boy/ in the world.
3. Write sentences.– English/is/interesting/school subjects– My mom/is beautiful/woman/I know– Valentina/is/intelligent/person/I’ve seen– Chemistry/is/difficult/school subject4. Fill in the gaps. Use the correct superlative.– Sam has _______ grades in the class (good)– Teresa had _______ day ever (bad)– The North Pole is ________ place in the world (far)
Exercise 4. Write the superlative form of the words in brackets. It’s the shortest (short) day of the year. It´s the most beautiful (beautiful) in the world.1. That was the ……..(funny) film I´ve ever seen.2. It was the …….. (horrible) feeling I´ve ever had.3. Have you heard her ………..(recent) book?4. It´s the …………(large) company in the country.5. It was the ……… (boring) speech I´ve ever heard.6. You´ve got the ………...(far) to travel.7. That´s the ……….. (helpful) idea so far.8. The factory uses the …….. (modern) production methods.9. This is the ……….. (early) I´ve ever got up.10. It was the ……………. (sad) day in my life.
AdjectiveAdjective ComparativeComparative SuperlativeSuperlativeHeavy Heavier heaviestGoodFat The fattestdifficultFunnierThe worstThinBiggerThe mostintelligent
12.. Fill in the correct form of the words in brackets(comparative or superlative).• My house is (big) ____ than yours.• This flower is (beautiful) _______ than that one.• This is the (good) ______ book I have ever read.• Non-smokers usually live (long) _______ than smokers.• Which is the (dangerous) _______ animal in the world?• A holiday by the sea is (good) ______ than a holiday inthe mountains.• It is strange but often a coke is (expensive) ________than a beer.• Who is the (rich) _________ woman on earth?• The weather this summer is even (bad) _______ thanlast summer.• He was the (intelligent) _________ thief of all.
As adjective asCOMPARATIVE OF EQUALITY-This book is as interesting as that magazine.-Charles isn’t as tall as John.• Esta estructura se usa para decir que dossustantivos son de iguales.AS+ adjective + AS = TAN + adjetivo + COMO