Mg. Elsa Magdalena Diez PachasCICLO 2013-II Módulo:Unidad:3 Semana:3ENGLISH III
PRESENT PERFECT: SENTENCES ANDQUESTIONS.SIMPLE PAST AND PRESENT PERFECT.USED TO.
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INDEX• Present Perfect: sentences and questions.• Simple past and Present perfect.• Used to.
Three Main Uses of Present Perfect• Use 1• Something that started in the past and still truenowExamples:
Three Uses of Present Perfect• Use 2• Indefinite past action(time unspecified, unstated, or unknown)Examples:?
Three Uses of Present Perfect• Use 3• Repeated past actionExamples:
Form of Present PerfectSubject + have / has + past participleIYou HaveStudiedHeShe HasWeThey have
Past ParticiplesWhat is a past participle?• For regular past tense verbs, the –edform: liked, walked, worked, talked• For irregular past verbs, memorize:been, seen, had, eaten, shown, written
Here are some more examples!I have already eaten breakfast.She has seen that movie before.We have dealt with customers formany years.In these examples thepast participle has anirregular form. Justlike the lists you’vebeen studyingShe has used a cash register before.He has worked for that company sinceMay.We have already served their food.In these examplesthe past participlehas a regular formand looks just thethe simple pasttense, but it’s not.
Negative sentencesIYouHaven´tBeen sick this monthHeSheHasn´tWeTheyHaven´tI haven´t traveled to Miami since 1999My mother hasn´t work for 5 years.
We often use CONTRACTIONS with this tense.I have I’ve I haven´tYou have You’ve you haven´tWe have We’ve We haven´tThey have They’ve They haven´tHe has He’s He hasn´tShe has She’s She hasn´tIt has It’s It hasn´tI have lived in Florida for two years.I’ve lived in Florida for two years
When we want to ask a question aboutsomething that happened at any time beforenow, we say:Have you ever….?Have you ever worked at a job you really loved?Has she ever worked at a job she really hated?Have they ever used a cash register?Have you ever supervised other employees?The short answer is…Yes, I have.No, I haven’tYes, she has.No, she hasn’t.
EVER (alguna vez) NEVERUSED WITH THE PRESENT PERFECTEver means at any time, the specific time isunknown or unnecessary, and is used in questions.Example –Have you ever met a famous person ?(Did you meet a famous person at any time in thepast.)Never is originally a contraction of notever.Ever is also used with nothing, nobody for thingsthat havent happened before.Example- Nobody has ever travelled through time.Never means the subject hasnt had acertain experience before.Ex –ampleHave you ever been abroad? No, Ivenever been abroad.(Ive never had that experience before.)Ever is also used with the first time for firstexperiences.Example- This is the first time Ive ever eatensnake soup.Never can be used in negative questionsto show the surprise that youve neverhad a certain experience before.Example-Have you never played soccer?Ever or never?
ALREADY (ya) YET (aún, todavía no)USED WITH THE PRESENT PERFECTAlready means that something happenedearlier than we expected. With PresentPerfect already usually goes after haveor has and before the main verb.Examples- Weve already had our breakfast.- When are you going to do yourhomework?- But Ive already done it!- Do you want a cup of coffee?- No, thanks. Ive already had one."Yet means that something that weexpected has happened or hasnthappened. We usually put it at theend of a sentence.Examples- Has the post arrived yet?- Have you done your homework?- Not yet.- Havent you got ready yet? Lookat the time!Already or yet?
With the words “forfor” and “sincesince” to talk about somethingthat began in the past and continues to now.For example: I’ve studied at this school since last June.She’s lived in West Palm Beach for 2 months.1. SINCE + POINT IN TIMEUse the present perfect with “since” + point in time (since 5:00, sinceMonday, since 1994) to show when something started.2. SINCE can also introduce a time clause.I’ve worked at this job since last year.He’s lived in Florida since March.They’ve been married since 1985.I’ve lived in Lake Worth since I moved toFlorida.
FOR + LENGTH OF TIMEUse the Present perfect with “for” + length of time (for tenminutes, for two weeks, for years, for a long time) to show howlong a present condition has lasted.I’ve worked at this job for one year.He’s lived in Florida for 9 months.They’ve been married for a long time.So……How do we ask questions using this tense?When we want to know the length of timesomething has taken place we use thequestion words “HOW LONG?”How long has she studied English at the AEC?
Practice: since or for ?_______ January_______ 10 years_______ Monday_______ 12 noon_______ I got up_______ 5 minutes_______ a long time ago_______ four days_______ 6:00_______ Wednesday_______ a month_______ two days ago_______ November 1_______ 2004_______ an hour_______ I was young
a.a. He / lose / his passport. He’s lost his passport.b.b. We / not / finish / our work.c.c. They / buy / a new house.d.d. I / visit / New York / five times.e.e. They / go / to the cinema.f.f. You / eat / four bananas!g.g. She / not / travel / far.h.h. I / not / do / any homework / this week.i.i. We / not / study / French.Write affirmative and negativeWrite affirmative and negativesentences using the Present Perfectsentences using the Present Perfecttense using the words given.tense using the words given.
a.a. She / see / her sister? Has she seen her sister?b.b. They / phone / the doctor?c.c. You / take / any photographs?dd. He / make / any mistakes?e.e. We / watch / any television today?Write questions and answer them.Write questions and answer them.Make the answers true for YOUMake the answers true for YOU
a. She has worked as a secretary since 1991.b. They have been married ________ a few years.c. They have lived in Manchester ________ a long time.d. He’s written 5 books ________ I met him.e. We haven’t seen them ________ several weeks.f. I haven’t been to the beach ________ last summer.g. Have you used the phone ________ you arrived?h. We haven’t heard any noise ________ many hours.i. Has she studied hard ________ yesterday?Complete the following sentencesComplete the following sentenceswith since or forwith since or for.
a.a. I / not / play / tennis / last summer. I haven’t played tennis since last summer.b.b. I / know / her / more than ten years.c.c. I / not / eat / anything / lunchtime.d.d. You / live / in this town / a long time?e.e. Jill / be / a good friend / we were at school together.f.f. You / see / Jack / the party last week?Write sentences using the PresentWrite sentences using the PresentPerfect form and since or for.Perfect form and since or for.
Compare present perfect and past simple:Present perfectWe use the present perfect for aperiod of time that continuesfrom the past until now.For example, today, this week,since 1985.• It hasn’t rained this week.• Have you seen Ann recently?• Tom lives in London.• He has lived there for sevenyears.• I have never played golf.Past simpleWe use the past simple for afinished time in the past.For example, yesterday, lastweek, from 1985 to 1991.• It didn’t rain last week.• Did you see Ann on Sunday?• Tom lived in Scotland for tenyears. Now he lives inLondon.• I didn’t play golf when I wason holiday last summer.
I workedDid I work ?I didn’t workHe wentDid he go ?He didn’t goPresent Perfect TenseI have workedHave I worked?I haven’t workedHe has goneHas he gone?He hasn’t gonePast Simple TensePast Simple Tense
Are the underlined parts of these sentencesright or wrong? Correct the ones that arewrong.• How many plays has Shakespearewritten?• Have you read any of Shakespeare’splays• Aristotle has been a Greek philosopher.• Ow! I’ve cut my finger. It’s bleeding.• My grandparents have got married inLondon.• Where have you been born?
Put the verb into the correct form, presentperfect or past simple.• When I _____________ (get) home last night, I ______________ (be)very tired and I ______________ (go) straight to bed.• Your car looks very clean. ______________ (you/wash) it?• George ______________ (not/be) very well last week.• Mr Clark ______________ (work) in a bank for 15 years. Then he gaveit up.
• Molly lives in Dublin. She ______________ (live) there allher life.• ‘______________ (you/go) to the cinema last night?’‘Yes, but it ______________ (be) a mistake. The film______________ (be) awful.’• My grandfather ______________ (die) 30 years ago. I______________ (never/meet) him.• I don’t know Carol’s husband. I ______________(never/meet/him).
Practice!Do these exercises with your class.Do these exercises with your class.Choose the simple past or present perfect1. When I was a child, I ________ (swim) a lot.1. When I was a child, I ________ (swim) a lot.2. So far this week, we ________ (study) a lot.2. So far this week, we ________ (study) a lot.3. Theo __________ (be) very sick recently.3. Theo __________ (be) very sick recently.4. I _________ (have) a terrible headache4. I _________ (have) a terrible headacheyesterday.yesterday.5. It ________ (rain) a lot lately.5. It ________ (rain) a lot lately.6. They _______ (get) married ten years ago.6. They _______ (get) married ten years ago.7. I ________ (go) to Balboa Park many times.7. I ________ (go) to Balboa Park many times.8. My family ________ (take) a vacation last year.8. My family ________ (take) a vacation last year.
Used to• Se usa used to al hablar de algo que sucedió en elpasado pero ya no se realiza ahora. Significa “solia”Affirmative sentencesI used to eat a lot of junk food. (Now , Idon´t)Negative sentencesI didn´t use to ride her bike to work.(Now, I do)QuestionsDid you use to walk to school?What did you use to do?AnswersYes , I did.No, I didn´t