Lincoln was elected president of
the U.S. in 1860
During his presidency, Lincoln led the
country through the Civil War where the
Northern and Southern states fought each
other in battles between 1861-1865. The
south wanted to leave the United States!
Lincoln very much believed the U.S. needed
to stay together to stay strong!
Civil War quick facts
• Eleven Southern slave states seceded
(“Confederacy”) and formed their own
• Southern armies fought against the U.S.
federal government military (Union)
• Deadliest war in U.S. history
• Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation
ended slavery in the south.
The Civil War was the bloodiest
war in U.S. history!
Over half a million U.S. citizens lost their lives in
this horrific war!
After the Civil War…
• Many southerners were very angry that
the North had defeated them.
• Some blamed President Lincoln for their
• One such man was a Virginia native
named John Wilkes Booth
John Wilkes Booth snuck behind Lincoln
while Lincoln enjoyed a play in Ford’s
Theater and shot him in the back of the
Lincoln, bleeding and weak, was taken to a
hotel across the street from the theatre
where he died a couple of days later.
Rewards were offered for the capture of the
man who shot President Lincoln!
Finally, after two weeks, the military found Booth
hiding on a farm in a barn. They set fire to the
barn. Booth ran out and was shot to death!
A funeral train took Lincoln’s body across
the country where people would come out to
mourn his passing.
People around the nation mourned
the loss of a great leader.
In tribute to Lincoln, Walt Whitman, a
teacher and journalist, wrote a famous
poem about the President’s death.
Walt Whitman quick facts
*He was from New York.
*He was against slavery.
*His brother fought for the Union (Northern)
*Whitman visited over 100,000 wounded
Civil War veterans after the war ended.