DRM Interoperability       HMJ
I.
Interoperability      and  Flexible Use
1. Personal Use Freedoms      Semiotic democracyCultural diversity and autonomy
DRM+ DMCA 1201(a): “accessto a work” 1201(b): “rights of the copyright owner”
2.    InteroperabilityCultural diversity, autonomy         Innovation
II.
Flexible DRMs
TPM/DRM  Non-TPM DRMsTPM-enabled-DRMs
TPM/DRM4 Categories    Access     Copy Distribution  Ancillary
TPM/DRM            4 CategoriesAncillary            Identification metadata                  Watermarks                   ...
TPM/DRM          4 CategoriesAccess         Conditional Access (STB)              DVD encoding      Content Scramble Syste...
TPM/DRM         4 CategoriesCopy  Analog Copy Protection (Macrovision)  Copy Generation Management System                (...
TPM/DRM           4 CategoriesDistribution       Digital Transmission Content            Protection (DTCP)      High-bandw...
TPM/DRM    Systems–Encoding Fair Use
III.
Incompatibility
IncompatibilityXrML (REL)
IncompatibilityXrML (REL)        ContentGuard
IncompatibilityXrML (REL)        ContentGuard   ISO, MPEG 21
IncompatibilityXrML (REL)         ContentGuard   ISO, MPEG 21   Microsoft
IncompatibilityXrML (REL)         ContentGuard   ISO, MPEG 21   Microsoft                                  ODRL
IncompatibilityXrML (REL)         ContentGuard   ISO, MPEG 21   Microsoft                                  ODRL           ...
IncompatibilityXrML (REL)         ContentGuard   ISO, MPEG 21   Microsoft                                  ODRL           ...
IncompatibilityXrML (REL)           ContentGuard   ISO, MPEG 21     Microsoft                                    ODRL     ...
IncompatibilityXrML (REL)          ContentGuard   ISO, MPEG 21    Microsoft                                      ODRL     ...
IncompatibilityXrML (REL)          ContentGuard   ISO, MPEG 21    Microsoft                                   ODRL        ...
IV.
Why?     Network EffectsStandards war pre-tipping    De Facto Standard
Breaking Deadlock   Standards       &   Converters
Breaking Deadlock    Standards(open / proprietary)    • De facto       • SSO
Breaking Deadlock   Converters     CORAL
Conclusions and Trends   Interoperability:  Not any time soon
Conclusions and TrendsTech. alternatives available:Converters, open standards
Conclusions and Trends   Interoperability      Flexibility          ¿?
DRM Interoperability
DRM Interoperability
DRM Interoperability
DRM Interoperability
DRM Interoperability
DRM Interoperability
DRM Interoperability
DRM Interoperability
DRM Interoperability
DRM Interoperability
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DRM Interoperability

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  • DescribeNetflix.
  • Describe warning and problem
  • Current issue: I have apple. Why is this happening?What are consequences for innovation?For creativity?
  • Dual goals.
  • DRM Interoperability

    1. 1. DRM Interoperability HMJ
    2. 2. I.
    3. 3. Interoperability and Flexible Use
    4. 4. 1. Personal Use Freedoms Semiotic democracyCultural diversity and autonomy
    5. 5. DRM+ DMCA 1201(a): “accessto a work” 1201(b): “rights of the copyright owner”
    6. 6. 2. InteroperabilityCultural diversity, autonomy Innovation
    7. 7. II.
    8. 8. Flexible DRMs
    9. 9. TPM/DRM Non-TPM DRMsTPM-enabled-DRMs
    10. 10. TPM/DRM4 Categories Access Copy Distribution Ancillary
    11. 11. TPM/DRM 4 CategoriesAncillary Identification metadata Watermarks Fingerprint RELs (XrML / ODRL / CC)
    12. 12. TPM/DRM 4 CategoriesAccess Conditional Access (STB) DVD encoding Content Scramble System (CSS) Advanced Access Content System (AACS)
    13. 13. TPM/DRM 4 CategoriesCopy Analog Copy Protection (Macrovision) Copy Generation Management System (CGMS)
    14. 14. TPM/DRM 4 CategoriesDistribution Digital Transmission Content Protection (DTCP) High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDTP)
    15. 15. TPM/DRM Systems–Encoding Fair Use
    16. 16. III.
    17. 17. Incompatibility
    18. 18. IncompatibilityXrML (REL)
    19. 19. IncompatibilityXrML (REL) ContentGuard
    20. 20. IncompatibilityXrML (REL) ContentGuard ISO, MPEG 21
    21. 21. IncompatibilityXrML (REL) ContentGuard ISO, MPEG 21 Microsoft
    22. 22. IncompatibilityXrML (REL) ContentGuard ISO, MPEG 21 Microsoft ODRL
    23. 23. IncompatibilityXrML (REL) ContentGuard ISO, MPEG 21 Microsoft ODRL OMA-REL
    24. 24. IncompatibilityXrML (REL) ContentGuard ISO, MPEG 21 Microsoft ODRL OMA-RELApple
    25. 25. IncompatibilityXrML (REL) ContentGuard ISO, MPEG 21 Microsoft ODRL OMA-RELApple, Sun Microsystems
    26. 26. IncompatibilityXrML (REL) ContentGuard ISO, MPEG 21 Microsoft ODRL OMA-RELApple, Sun Microsystems, CORAL/DLNA
    27. 27. IncompatibilityXrML (REL) ContentGuard ISO, MPEG 21 Microsoft ODRL OMA-RELApple, Sun Microsystems, CORAL/DLNA, DVB
    28. 28. IV.
    29. 29. Why? Network EffectsStandards war pre-tipping De Facto Standard
    30. 30. Breaking Deadlock Standards & Converters
    31. 31. Breaking Deadlock Standards(open / proprietary) • De facto • SSO
    32. 32. Breaking Deadlock Converters CORAL
    33. 33. Conclusions and Trends Interoperability: Not any time soon
    34. 34. Conclusions and TrendsTech. alternatives available:Converters, open standards
    35. 35. Conclusions and Trends Interoperability Flexibility ¿?

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