AN ANALYSIS OF SPEECH ACT IN CHANGELING MOVIE SCRIPT By: Elly Fina Muthohar (2008- 32- 205) DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH EDUCATIONFACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATIONTHE UNIVERSITY OF MURIA KUDUS 2011/ 2012
I. Introduction1.1 Background of the study1.2 Statement of the problem 1. What is the most dominant function of speech acts used in the Changeling movie script? 2. How are the speech act realized in the Changeling movie script?1.3 Objective of the Study 1.4 Significance of the Study 1.5 Scope of the Study 1.6 Definition of Key Terms
II. Review of Related to Literature2.1 Language “Language is a systemic sound sign and words about namely things to make a social media communication among the people on the rule fixed area.”2.2 Pragmatics “Pragmatic is a branch of linguistics which concerns with the study of meaning related to the context or situation of language it use.”2.3 Speech Act Speech acts are the act of utterances (with saying something and doing something). For example: (1) “The boy felt difficult to do his homework!”. The statement is not only gives information of the speaker to the listener about “the boy condition”, but also requests the listener to help “the boy condition”
2.7 Movie Script2.7.1 Changeling Movie Changeling is a 2008 American drama film directed by Clint Eastwood and written by J. Michael Straczynski and stared by Angelina Jolie. Changeling released based on real- life events in 1928 Los Angeles, as a woman who is reunited with her missing son2.7.2 Synopsis of Changeling Movie Changeling explores female disempowerment, political corruption, child endangerment, and the repercussions of violence.2.8 Previous Research Lutfiana (2010) has conducted a research entitled “A Pragmatics Study on Speech Act in The Main Character of Twilight film Script by Melissa Rosenberg”. She explains the types and the classification function of speech acts in the main character of twilight film script2.9 Theoretical Framework This research conducted using theory proposed in Yule (1996: 53) that set up the following classification function of speech acts: declarations, representatives, expressive, directives, and commisives.
III. RESEARCH METHODE3.1 Design of the Research3.2 Data and Data Source3.3 Procedures of Collecting the Data a. Collecting the Changeling movie script. b. Watching the Changeling movie to compare between the film and script, and to understand about the story. c. Reading script of Changeling movie which contain of utterances. d. Writing down the utterances produced by the main character Christine Collins in the Changeling movie script.3.4 Techniques of Analyzing the Data a. Identifying the data in Changeling movie script. b. Categorizing speech act into each classification functions of speech acts are produced by the main character (Christine Collins). c. Categorizing speech acts into each structure of speech acts are produced by the main character (Christine Collins).
IV FINDINGS OF THE RESEARCH4.1 Research Findings4.1.1 Classification Function of Speech Act Found in Changeling Movie Script The researcher found that there are 5 classification functions of speech acts found in the 92 utterances. The totals of each classification are: Declarative: 2, Representative: 40, Directive: 38, Commissive: 3, and Expressive: 126.96.36.199 The Structure of Speech Act Found in Changeling Movie Script The researcher found that there are two ways of speech act realized in the Changeling movie script in 92 utterances produced by Christine, they are: Direct Speech Acts: 88 utterances, and Indirect Speech Act: 4 utterances.
V. DISCUSSION5.1 Classification Functions of Speech Act Found in Changeling Movie Script Produced by Christine 1. Declaration : “are those kinds of speech acts that change the world via their utterance.” Ex: declare 2. Representative :” speech acts that commit a speaker to the truth of the expressed proposition. Ex: believing, denying, stating, explaining, telling, rejecting. 3. Directive : “speech acts that are to cause the hearer to take a particular action. Ex: requesting, begging, calling, asking, advising, offering, warning, commanding. 4. Commissive : “speech acts that commit a speaker to some future action.” Ex: predicting, promising. 5. Expressive : “speech acts that express the speakers attitudes and emotions towards the proposition.” Ex: thanking, appreciating, apologizing.
VI. CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION6.1 Conclusion 1. The dominan classification function used by Christine is Representative. It may means that representative as the classification functions of speech act produced by Christine that state what the speaker believes to be the case or not. 2. There are two ways of speech acts realized in Changeling movie script in utterances produced by the main character (Christine Collins), they are: direct speech act and indirect speech acts. Here, direct speech act has more percentages than indirect speech acts. It means that the utterance shows there is a direct relationship between a structure and a function form are communicated.6.2 Suggestion1. The students of English Education Department can discuss or analyze of speech acts particularly on the play script, advertisement, speech and any other media.2. The lecturer should give more lessons about pragmatics (speech acts) in order to give more understanding about the sentences not only in the structure itself, but also in the contextual meaning.3. The readers can analyze the meaning of utterance by pragmatics and speech acts because pragmatics is a study of meaning and speech acts is a study of utterance.