T he site of the battle of Marathon in 49 0 BC, in which the heavily outnumbered Athenian army defeated the Persians. The leaders of the Athenian army were Miltiadis and Kallimaxos. The tumulus or burial mound for the 192 Athenian dead that was erected near the battlefield remains a feature of the coastal plain.The Tymbos is now marked by a marble memorial stele and surrounded by a small park.
Marathon Lake Lake Marathon i s a water supply reservoir formed from the construction of Marathon Dam at the junction of Charadros and Varnavas Torrents near the town of Marathon, Greece. It was the primary water supply for Athen s from 1931, when it became operational, until 1959.
The traditional story relates that Pheidippides (530 BC–490 BC), an Athenian herald, was sent to Sparta to request help when the Persians landed at Marathon, Greece. He ran 240 km (150 miles) in two days. He then ran the 40 km (25 miles) from the battlefield near Marathon to Athens to announce the Greek victory over Persia in the Battle of Marathon (490 BC) with the word "Νενικήκαμεν" ("We have won") and collapsed and died on the spot from exhaustion . For the honour which Pheidippides showed, many people in the world run this race to praise him. The distance is 42.195 meters and the first race took place during the first modern Olympic games in 1896. The first marathon winner was Spyros Luis.