What is eating disorders ?• Eating disorders are associated with psychological that affected seriously the body. People who suffer from these disorders are commonly teenagers and more specific girls.• The most common forms of eating disorders are: Bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa and binge eating disorder.
Main causes• The main causes of eating disorders are emotional and personality problems. A great role plays the family pressure and the stress that in most cases is a result of the many responsibilities of teenagers. Moreover genetics and biological factors may also play a role.
Bulimia nervosaThe term bulimia comes from Greek βουλιμία (boulimia;ravenous hunger), a compound of βους (bous)=ox+ λιμός (līmos)=hunger.• Bulimia is an eating disorder characterised by repeated episodes of consuming a large amount of food in a short amount of time (binge eating) and by behaviour intended to cause rapid weight loss (including vomiting, purging, fasting or excessive exercising).• Binge eating is accompanied by a feeling of loss of control over eating.
Anorexia nervosa• Anorexia nervosa, commonly referred to simply as anorexia, is also a type of eating disorder. More importantly, it is a psychological disorder.• Anorexia is characterized by excessive weight loss, irrational fear of gaining weight and a distorted body self-perception. Anorexia nervosa usually develops during adolescence and early adulthood. Due to the fear of gaining weight, people with this disorder restrict the amount of food they intake. This restriction of food intake causes metabolic and hormonal disorders.
Causes of bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa The causes of bulimia nervosa and anorexianervosa are the same. The most common causesare emotional problems such as :• Low self-esteem• Poor body image• Depression• Difficulty expressing feelings• Perfectionism• Stress• Need to feel special or unique
Statistics Amount of people affected by specific eating disorders: 0.5% - 3.7% of females suffer from Anorexia Nervosa in their lifetime 1.1% - 4.2% of females suffer from Bulimia Nervosa in their lifetime10%-25% of all those battling anorexia will die as a direct result of the eating disorderUp to 19% of college aged women in America are bulimic Age at onset of an eating disorder: 10% report onset at 10 years or younger 33% report onset between ages of 11-15 43% report onset between ages of 16-20 86% report onset of illness by the age of 20