Extreme Long ShotIn an Extreme long shot you are able to see the whole background, itcan be to help set the background story. In this picture it shows thesea and a medium sized boat telling us that only a few people aretravelling, there is also no land around the boat suggest they aresailing to the middle of nowhere. This can create mystery for theaudience.
Close UpClose ups are used to show detail or a persons physical state, in this screen ithas capture the facial expression of madness with a bit of anger. This close upcan also identify him as the main character. The camera shot producesdifferent emotions which helps the audience relate back to the maincharacter.
Medium ShotThis is print screen of a medium shot, its consists of a littlebackground and half of the character’s body, we can tell from thepicture that the actor is wearing a police badge on this trousers, andthat he is stressed by his body language. The background looks like heis in a cabin’s medical room or bathroom. This could mean that theactor is unwell or sick. This will create a start of a storyline for theaudience, as well as show the emotions the of illness or stress.
Long ShotThe print screen is showing an extreme long shot, this helps theaudience to understand what the person is doing and where thescene is, this shot is normally used too show full body language orto show crowds in different scenes. This shot is showing the backof a person looking in to the open space of the sea, which is neverending. The emotions let off in this scene is desire and lonelinessas the actor is looking out in the sea, with his hands in his pockets.
PANThe camera is placed on a tripod, where is can scan the scenehorizontally. This movement is often used when following anactor, so that they are kept in the middle of the frame, or soscan the scene. This helps the audience acknowledge wherethe scene is set, what the actors body language is doing forexample if they are running, are they running away fromsomeone, or are they simply just running to keep fit. Duringthe opening sequence of shutter island, a pan movement wasused to show the main character leave the thebathroom/medical room to the main deck. The charactersbody language was shown here as well as his facialexpression, which sternness but a hint of scariness.
TILTThis is very similar to a pan movement, it is when the camerascans the scene vertically. This movement is used for scanning abuilding in a frame, or even scanning a person for head to toe.For the audience it helps to either show the description of abuilding or character, or even to build up suspense in a thriller orhorror. This should could be used in a psychological thriller toslowly tilt up and show the audience who the killer, or victim is.Whilst doing this slowly there is a build up of suspense, which isa typical convention in a psychological thriller.
ZOOMIs literally when you zoom into or out of the scene/frame. It canbe used to zoom from an extreme long shot to an extreme close-up. The zoom pace however can vary it from a ‘smash zoom’ to a‘slow zoom’ where the camera zooms in inch by inch but thecamera remains stationary. The reason for this is to tell theaudience to focus on a specific, object, item, or part of the body.In a psychological thriller this would be a very conventional shotas it also creates a sense of mystery, and can also create a eeriemood.
CUT AND PACECUT is when the frame changes from one shot to another. Forexample from a ‘close up’ to a ‘medium shot’ as shown below.PACE is how fast this cut happens. Cut and pace are main keyselements in a psychological thriller opening, it reveals aneffect of speed and confusion for the audience. In ShutterIsland there aren’t a lot of Cuts because the director iscreating a slow pace to signify that the boat journey is verylong.
PERFORMANCEThe performance is all about the vocal delivery and the emotionsactors/actresses show, to try and make their performance asrealistic as possible. During the opening sequence of ShutterIsland Leonardo Di’Caprio who is the main character is very seasick, so he must convict his audience he is sick by how he talksand acts, for example he walks with a dizzy notion and is sick seawhen we first see him, this tells the audience that he is on animportant task as he does not like boats.
NON-DIEGECTICThis is when the actors cannot hear the sound but the audiencecan. For example in a psychological thriller the eerie musicplayed to emphasis the scene is non-diegetic, because it hasbeen added in after, so the actors do not here this only theaudience does. The background music in Shutter Island is verymysterious and eerie, which foreshadows mystery in the film.
DIEGETICThis is when the source of the sound is visible to the actors forexample, the voices of characters (dialogue), sound made byobjects in the story for example if a car is passing by in thebackground we and the actors can hear it, or if musicinstruments are playing. The diegetic sounds in Shutter Island ismainly the crashing waves upon the boat, this justifies that thescene is set out in the sea/ocean. This also helps the audience tounderstand the opening much more as they know where theyare without having to be told by an actor in the film.
MISE-EN-SCENEThis is the first scene of the opening sequence, it is showing a smallboat coming out of the fog. The fog represents mystery which is atypically convention in a psychological thriller, the small boat as wellshows mystery, because we why would you have a small boat in themiddle of nowhere. The audience can then straight away starts toquestion the film about where it might be heading.
How Will This Help Me?The different shots used in Shutter Island tells me what I need tomake my film more realistic and thrilling. For example, closes upare very popular in a psychological thriller as it tells the audiencewhat to focus, which could lead into something very big later onin the movie.The diegetic and non-diegetic sounds as well help to create theatmosphere of a psychological thriller and it links together thefilm and the genre. If there was no sound only dialogue duringthe film, it be uninteresting, therefore the audience would notwatch. I think a slow eerie piece of music for the backgroundwould emphasis the psychological thriller genre I am creating.