Weaving ( cordillera and region 1)

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Weaving ( cordillera and region 1)

  1. 1. WEAVING
  2. 2. Weaving is a method of fabric production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
  3. 3. Weaving is done by intersecting the longitudinal threads, the warp, with the transverse threads, the weft,
  4. 4. Warp- longitudinal threads, the
  5. 5. Weft- transverse threads
  6. 6. The weft is threaded through the warp using a "shuttle",
  7. 7. Shuttle, In the weaving of cloth a spindle-shaped device used to carry the crosswise threads (weft) through the lengthwise threads (warp).
  8. 8. Loom
  9. 9. A loom is a device used to weave cloth.
  10. 10. The basic purpose of any loom is to hold the warp threads under tension to facilitate the interweaving of the weft threads.
  11. 11. The word "loom" is derived from the Old English "geloma" formed from ge- (perfective prefix) and loma, a root of unknown origin; this meant utensil or tool of any kind.
  12. 12. IKAT or IFUGAO TEXTILE
  13. 13. Ikat is characterized by diamond stripes of white and red stripes
  14. 14. Ikat or ikkat, is a style of weaving that uses a resist dyeing process similar to tie- dye on either the warp or weft before the threads are woven to create a pattern or design.
  15. 15. Ikat which means “to tie” or “to bind” in the Indonesian language has a Philippine variant known for its colors and striking designs.
  16. 16. This ancient style of weaving uses a resist dyeing process similar to tie-dye where the warp and/or the weft yarns are dyed before the fabric is woven on the loom.
  17. 17. The result of this process is a motif which is “blurred” in appearance. This „cloudy‟ look comes from the slight bleeding of the dyes into the resist areas.
  18. 18. Types of Ikat Weaving
  19. 19. Warp Ikat After the yarn bundles are dyed, they are tied on to the longitudinal – warped strings of the loom.
  20. 20. Weft Ikat In the Weft Ikat, resist- dye is used in the weft alone. Because of the variance in color in the weft, the precision in the delineated patterns are very difficult to weave.
  21. 21. Weft Ikat is used more when pattern precision is a lesser concern in the overall resultant fabric, thereby transforming into a hand quality irregular and erratic designs
  22. 22. Double Ikat In the Double Ikat, both the Warp and Weft are dyed together. This form of the Ikat requires the most precision and hand skill.
  23. 23. In 1404 it was used to mean a machine to enable weaving thread into cloth.
  24. 24. Inabel Fabric
  25. 25. Inabel (locally known as “abel Iloko”) is a textile made of cotton and other natural fibers woven in pedal frame looms.
  26. 26. Abel in Ilocano refers to the process of weaving while inabel is the final woven product made from cotton and other
  27. 27. Inabel can refer to a variety of products including table runners, pillow cases and even dresses
  28. 28. Ilocano blankets (also called Inabel) are made from yarns of either cotton or acrylic and polyester.
  29. 29. The different colored yarns are arranged in a wooden handloom to create varied and unique designs.
  30. 30. The process is intricate and labor-intensive. Weavers must master synchronizing the movements of their hands and feet to properly use the wooden handloom.
  31. 31. The various abel weave designs are inspired by natural elements.
  32. 32. It maybe land formation patterns, the colors of flowers and vegetation, the ripples of a calm blue ocean, or the sky on a bright night.
  33. 33. KALINGA TEXTILE
  34. 34. Kalinga Textile are characterized by dominant red stripes and motif‟s of geometric patterns as well as nature symbols interlaced with white yellow and black fibers.
  35. 35. The gilamat ka-in (skirt) was traditionally woven in Lubuagan, but has become universally used all over Kalinga.
  36. 36. The colours indigo and red symbolise sky and ground - the national colours of Kalinga.
  37. 37. A lone coin is attached as a pendant.
  38. 38. The yellow portion is embroidered and depicts mountains. Yellow symbolises wealth, as do the embroidered plants that refer to growth and fertility.
  39. 39. The colorful beads or "bongol" is a part of the native costume. It is always worn during fiestas , weddings and important occasions.
  40. 40. Ginamat- a beautiful, native costume from Kalinga.
  41. 41. GINAMAT
  42. 42. The Bahag or G-String Of Kalinga
  43. 43. Bontoc Textile
  44. 44. Their motifs include geometric shapes of things around them such as man, lizard, .mountain, r ains and flower.
  45. 45. Siniwsiwan- Bontoc‟s blanket and clothing.
  46. 46. This fabric is used for wanes or men‟s G-string (Bahag) and getup or Lufid (Tapis)among women
  47. 47. Bontoc Blanket in traditional colours and with traditional motives.
  48. 48. BLANKET
  49. 49. FLORAL MOTIFS
  50. 50. SNAKE AND FROG MOTIFS
  51. 51. HUMAN FIGURES
  52. 52. Married women of Bontoc and Kankanaey wears a type of belt called ginaspala wanes with inawin
  53. 53. Inawin designs- composed of continous zigzag pattern.

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