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Weaving ( cordillera and region 1)
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Weaving ( cordillera and region 1)


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  • 1. WEAVING
  • 2. Weaving is a method of fabric production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
  • 3. Weaving is done by intersecting the longitudinal threads, the warp, with the transverse threads, the weft,
  • 4. Warp- longitudinal threads, the
  • 5. Weft- transverse threads
  • 6. The weft is threaded through the warp using a "shuttle",
  • 7. Shuttle, In the weaving of cloth a spindle-shaped device used to carry the crosswise threads (weft) through the lengthwise threads (warp).
  • 8. Loom
  • 9. A loom is a device used to weave cloth.
  • 10. The basic purpose of any loom is to hold the warp threads under tension to facilitate the interweaving of the weft threads.
  • 11. The word "loom" is derived from the Old English "geloma" formed from ge- (perfective prefix) and loma, a root of unknown origin; this meant utensil or tool of any kind.
  • 13. Ikat is characterized by diamond stripes of white and red stripes
  • 14. Ikat or ikkat, is a style of weaving that uses a resist dyeing process similar to tie- dye on either the warp or weft before the threads are woven to create a pattern or design.
  • 15. Ikat which means “to tie” or “to bind” in the Indonesian language has a Philippine variant known for its colors and striking designs.
  • 16. This ancient style of weaving uses a resist dyeing process similar to tie-dye where the warp and/or the weft yarns are dyed before the fabric is woven on the loom.
  • 17. The result of this process is a motif which is “blurred” in appearance. This „cloudy‟ look comes from the slight bleeding of the dyes into the resist areas.
  • 18. Types of Ikat Weaving
  • 19. Warp Ikat After the yarn bundles are dyed, they are tied on to the longitudinal – warped strings of the loom.
  • 20. Weft Ikat In the Weft Ikat, resist- dye is used in the weft alone. Because of the variance in color in the weft, the precision in the delineated patterns are very difficult to weave.
  • 21. Weft Ikat is used more when pattern precision is a lesser concern in the overall resultant fabric, thereby transforming into a hand quality irregular and erratic designs
  • 22. Double Ikat In the Double Ikat, both the Warp and Weft are dyed together. This form of the Ikat requires the most precision and hand skill.
  • 23. In 1404 it was used to mean a machine to enable weaving thread into cloth.
  • 24. Inabel Fabric
  • 25. Inabel (locally known as “abel Iloko”) is a textile made of cotton and other natural fibers woven in pedal frame looms.
  • 26. Abel in Ilocano refers to the process of weaving while inabel is the final woven product made from cotton and other
  • 27. Inabel can refer to a variety of products including table runners, pillow cases and even dresses
  • 28. Ilocano blankets (also called Inabel) are made from yarns of either cotton or acrylic and polyester.
  • 29. The different colored yarns are arranged in a wooden handloom to create varied and unique designs.
  • 30. The process is intricate and labor-intensive. Weavers must master synchronizing the movements of their hands and feet to properly use the wooden handloom.
  • 31. The various abel weave designs are inspired by natural elements.
  • 32. It maybe land formation patterns, the colors of flowers and vegetation, the ripples of a calm blue ocean, or the sky on a bright night.
  • 34. Kalinga Textile are characterized by dominant red stripes and motif‟s of geometric patterns as well as nature symbols interlaced with white yellow and black fibers.
  • 35. The gilamat ka-in (skirt) was traditionally woven in Lubuagan, but has become universally used all over Kalinga.
  • 36. The colours indigo and red symbolise sky and ground - the national colours of Kalinga.
  • 37. A lone coin is attached as a pendant.
  • 38. The yellow portion is embroidered and depicts mountains. Yellow symbolises wealth, as do the embroidered plants that refer to growth and fertility.
  • 39. The colorful beads or "bongol" is a part of the native costume. It is always worn during fiestas , weddings and important occasions.
  • 40. Ginamat- a beautiful, native costume from Kalinga.
  • 41. GINAMAT
  • 42. The Bahag or G-String Of Kalinga
  • 43. Bontoc Textile
  • 44. Their motifs include geometric shapes of things around them such as man, lizard, .mountain, r ains and flower.
  • 45. Siniwsiwan- Bontoc‟s blanket and clothing.
  • 46. This fabric is used for wanes or men‟s G-string (Bahag) and getup or Lufid (Tapis)among women
  • 47. Bontoc Blanket in traditional colours and with traditional motives.
  • 48. BLANKET
  • 52. Married women of Bontoc and Kankanaey wears a type of belt called ginaspala wanes with inawin
  • 53. Inawin designs- composed of continous zigzag pattern.