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Visayas arts grade 7

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  • 1. Legend of the Ten Bornean Datus The Ten Bornean Datus Epic refers to the ten chieftains who allegedly ventured to the Island of Panay boarding a boat called balangay (or barangay) to evade the tyrannical ruler of Borneo, Datu Makatunaw. The datus, believed to be the fathers of precolonial Philippines, were the following: Datu Puti (and wife, Piangpangan), Datu Sumakwel (and wife, Kapinangan), Datu Bangkaya (and wife, Katurong), Datu Paiborong (and wife, Pabilaan), Datu Paduhinogan (and wife, Tibongsapay), Datu Dumangsol, Datu Libay, Datu Dumangsil, Datu Domalogdog, and Datu Balensuela.
  • 2. According to the legend, upon the arrival of the datus, the local inhabitants of the islands, the Aeta, grew terrified but the diplomatic Datu Puti said to Marikudo, the chief of the natives, that they had peaceful intentions. Later both parties entered into a trade alliance. Marikudo invited the datus to a feast, during which the ten chiefs negotiated the purchase of Panay Island for a golden salakot. Since the Aetas found the land overwhelmingly vast for them, they retreated to the forest, leaving the Datus with the land which they divided among themselves (namely Aklan, Irong Irong and Hamtik), leading to the birth of Philippine population and culture. However, recent studies discovered the irregularities of the said legend, and thus, it must not be believed as a reliable source of facts on precolonial Philippines.
  • 3. Arguments of Authenticity But still, these studies are contested, though History per se is limited to "written" historical accounts, the legend is is considered "spoken" historical account and part and parcel of Filipino Culture. The legend is important part of the life, culture and identity of Ilonggo people and inhabitants of Panay Island. There is no argument that the roots of the word "Barangay" came from "Balangay" the boat used by the Ten Bornen Datu and their families. Until now, the head of the Barangay is a "Barangay Captain" the only head of a government unit in the world named after a captain of a boat.
  • 4. Visayas Region
  • 5. Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Western Visayas
  • 6. Western Visayas (Region VI)
  • 7. Province Capital Festival Aklan Kalibo Ati-Atihan Antique San Jose de Buenavista Binirayan (biray-sailboat) Capiz Roxas City Sinadya sa Halaran, Diwal Guimaras Jordan Manggahan Iloilo Iloilo City Dinagyang Negros Occidental Bacolod MassKara Bacolod — Iloilo City —
  • 8. NICKNAMES Antique-Land Where the Mountains Meet the Sea Capiz-Seafood Capital of the Philippines Negros Occidental- Sugarbowl of the Philippines
  • 9. Languages The languages native to the inhabitants of Western Visayas are: Hiligaynon, spoken in Iloilo, Negros Occidental, Guimaras, and Capiz. Capiznon, spoken in Capiz Kinaray-a, spoken in Antique and parts of Iloilo, Capiz and Aklan. Akeanon, spoken in Aklan. Malaynon, spoken in Aklan. Cebuano, spoken in the northern parts of Negros Occidental and its municipalities and cities which are facing Tañon Strait towardsCebu.
  • 10. Other regional languages used include; • Ati • Hiligaynon • Kinaray-a • Capiznon
  • 11. Panay Island- composed of the provinces of Iloilo, Aklan. Antique Capiz and island of Guimaras. The name of Panay was given by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi which literally “there is food” in Spanish.
  • 12. Aklan- It is the oldest province in the Philippines. Aklan is famous for Boracay, a resort island one kilometre north from the tip of Panay
  • 13. Ethnic groups • Aklananon-The main inhabitants of the province. • Negrito- locally known as the Ati • Sulod, a lesser known tribal group living in the hinterlands of Panay. • Karay-a • Hiligaynon • Capiznon.
  • 14. Languages Akeanon -spoken by a majority of the people Malaynon- spoken in Malay Buruanganon - spoken in Buruanga, Aklan .
  • 15. Ati-Atihan Festival – it is originally celebrates the treaty between the Ati and the Malayan tribes who settled in the Island but when the Spaniards settled in the region. It is converted to honor the Santo Niño (Infant Jesus), concluding on the third Sunday, in the island and town of Kalibo, Aklan in the Philippines. The name "Ati-Atihan" means "to be like Aetas" or "make believe Ati's." Aetas were the primary settlers in the islands according to history books. They too are the earliest settlers of Panay Island where the province of Aklan is situated.
  • 16. Arts and crafts Aklan- known for weaving cloth made from pinya fibers. Bastos- the first set of pinya fibers. Linawan- the finer set of pinya fibers. Sangget- cutting instrument similar to kawit or harabas used for gathering bariw leaves. Kulhadan- simple machine with blades used for stripping bariw leaves .
  • 17. Antique- The province's capital, San Jose, is located in the western portion of Panay Island Before the coming of the Spaniards it is called as ―Hantik‖", -a large red ants found on the island.The Spanish chroniclers, however, were influenced by the French when they recorded the name as "Hantique," and later established the formal name "Antique" after removing the "h."
  • 18. Binirayan festival- is an event celebrated in the province of Antique in the Philippines. "Binirayan" literally means "where they sailed to".It commemorates the legend of the arrival of the ten Bornean datus on the island of Aninipay now known as Panay.
  • 19. Capiz -is a 1st class province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. It is known as the Seafood Capital of the Philippines.Its capital is Roxas City and is located at the northeastern portion of Panay Island. Capiz is known for the Placuna placenta oyster shell that has the same name locally and is used for decoration, and for making lampshades, trays, window doors.
  • 20. Sinadya sa Halaran Festival -is the joint festival of the City of Roxas and the Province of Capiz. It is a mixed festival in that it is celebrated for both cultural and religious reasons. It is celebrated every first weekend of December in commemoration of the Feast of the Virgin of the Immaculate Concepcion who also happens to be the patroness of the City of Roxas
  • 21. Arts and Crafts Capiz is known for the brilliant Capiz shell produced here, it is used in making windows, lanterns, decorations, vases, etc. The Capiz shell has a luster similar to mother of
  • 22. Guimaras [ɡimaˈ is a fourth ɾas] class island province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. Among the smallest provinces, its capital is jordan. It is formerly known as Himalus, was a sub-province of Iloilo until it was made an independent province on May 22, 1992.
  • 23. The Manggahan Festival (the Mango Festival).[Guimaras' largest event of the year is The variety of mangoes produced are also best for making dried mangoes, jam and other delicacies.
  • 24. Iloilo is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region.. Iloilo's capital is Iloilo City though the city itself is independent and not governed by the provincial government of Iloilo. People from Iloilo are called Ilonggos.
  • 25. Dinagyang - is a religious and cultural festival in Iloilo City, Philippines held on the fourth Sunday of January, or right after the Sinulog In Cebu and the Ati-Atihan in Aklan. It is held both to honor the Santo Niño and to celebrate the arrival on Panay of Malay settlers and the subsequent selling of the island to them by the Atis.
  • 26. Arts and Crafts Patadyong- important industry in Iloilo. -Wrap- around piece of cloth worn by women features linear and geometric designs. Paghahabol- a term used for weaving in Badiangan, Iloilo.
  • 27. Negros Occidental Its capital is Bacolod City and it occupies the northwestern half of Negros Island. Known as the "Sugarbowl of the Philippines", Negros Occidental produces more than half the nation's sugar output. Negros Island was originally known to the natives as "Buglas". When the Spaniards arrived in April 1565, they named it "Negros" because of the dark-skinned natives they found.
  • 28. Masskara Festival - is a festival held each year in Bacolod, Philippines, every third weekend of October nearest October 19, the city's Charter anniversary
  • 29. Arts and Crafts Negros Island- it is called ―buglas‖ during the preHispanic times. Buglas- type of grass similar to sugar cane that grows abundantly in the island of Negros Maskara festival- one of the famous festival in Bacolod.
  • 30. Central Visayas (Region VI)
  • 31. Province Capital Festival Bohol Cebu Negros Oriental Siquijor Cebu City¹ Lapu-Lapu City¹ Mandaue City¹ Tagbilaran City Sandugo , Sinulog Cebu City Sinulog Dumaguete City Buglasan Siquijor _ — — —
  • 32. NICKNAMES Cebu City - Queen City of the South Mandaue City¹ —Furniture Capital of the Philippines; Industrial Capital of Southern Philippines
  • 33. Bohol is a first income class island province of the Philippines. Consisting of Bohol Island and 75 minor surrounding islands.Its capital is Tagbilaran City. Bohol is the tenth largest island of the Philippines. It is the home province of Carlos P. Garcia, the eighth president of the Republic of the Philippines (1957–1961) who was born in Talibon, Bohol.
  • 34. ATTRACTIONS IN BOHOL Chocolate Hills- numerous mounds of limestone formations, is the most popular attraction.
  • 35. Panglao Island -located just southwest of Tagbilaran City, is famous for its diving locations and routinely listed as one of the top ten diving locations in the world
  • 36. Philippine Tarsier- is considered the secondsmallest primate in the world, is indigenous to the island.
  • 37. Cebu is a province in the Philippines, consisting of Cebu Island and 167 surrounding islands. Its capital is Cebu City, the oldest city in the Philippines, Cebu is one of the most developed provinces in the Philippines, with Cebu City as the main center of commerce, trade, education and industry in the Visayas. Condé Nast Traveler Magazine named Cebu the 7th best island destination in the Indian Ocean-Asia region in 2007, 8th best Asian-Pacific island destination in 2005, 7th in 2004 and in 2009.
  • 38. Cebu International Airport, located in Mactan island- is the second busiest airport in the Philippines
  • 39. Sinulog is an annual festival held on the third Sunday of January in Cebu City, Maasin City, Southern Leyte, and Balingasag, Misamis Oriental in Philippines[1] The festival commemorates the Filipino people's pagan origin, and their acceptance of Roman Catholicism.The word Sinulog comes from the Cebuano adverb sulog which roughly means "like water current movement;" it describes the forwardbackward movement of the Sinulog dance.
  • 40. Negros Oriental also called Oriental Negros or "Eastern Negros is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. Dumaguete City -is the capital, seat of government, and most populous city. Cebuano-The primary spoken language. Apo Island — a popular dive site for both local and foreign tourists.
  • 41. Siquijor is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. Its capital is the municipality also named Siquijor. Siquijor is the third smallest province in the country, in terms of population as well as land area (after Camiguin and Batanes). For a time it was part of Negros Oriental. Cebuano-The main spoken language in the island province. Meanwhile such as English, Spanish and Tagalog languages are also spoken and understandable by the native Siquijodnons.
  • 42. Eastern Visayas (Region VI)
  • 43. Province Capital Biliran Naval Eastern Samar Tacloban City Northern Samar Catarman Samar Catbalogan City Southern Leyte Maasin Tacloban City ----- Festival Sangyaw
  • 44. Biliran During the early Spanish era, what is now called Biliran Island was known as Isla de Panamao. The term refers to an ethnic fishing net.The present name, believed to be adopted sometime between the late 17th century and the early 18th century, was, according to many publications, derived from a native grass called borobiliran which once grew abundantly on the island's plains. A contending theory states that the name came from the word bilir, which was defined in an old Visayan dictionary to be the ―corner or edge of a boat, vase or anything protruding, like veins, or the furrow made by the plow.‖ The dictionary also gives biliran as an alternate spelling for bilir. This theory is supported by the fact that Biliran was site of the first large-scale shipyard, built in the 17th century. Galleons were built to support the Galleon trade between Manila and Acapulco in Mexico. The first town, named Biliran, was founded in 1712. During this time, the island was a part Cebu Province. Biliran, together with the islands of Samar and Leyte were constituted into a separate province in 1735. Later when Samar and Leyte were split into two provinces in 1768, Biliran became part of Leyte Province.
  • 45. Eastern Samar is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. Its capital is the city of Borongan. The common language is Waray.
  • 46. Northern Samar is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. Its capital is Catarman and is located at the northern portion of the island of Samar.
  • 47. Leyte is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. Its capital is Tacloban City and occupies the northern three-quarters of the Leyte Island.
  • 48. Name the provinces of Visayas region
  • 49. 11 11 2 13 12 6 8 14 3 4 15 5 7 10 9 Central Visayas Eastern Visayas Western Visayas
  • 50. ANSWER 1.AKLAN 2. CAPIZ 3. ANTIQOE 4. ILOILO 5. GUIMARAS 6. NEGROS OCCIDENTAL 7. NEGROS ORIENTAL 8.CEBU 9. BOHOL 10. SIQUIJOR 11. NORTHERN SAMAR 12. WESTERN SAMAR 13. EASTERN SAMAR 14. LEYTE 15. SOUTHERN LEYTE
  • 51. Name the festival and where it is celebrates?
  • 52. ANSWER 1.ATI-ATIHAN FESTIVAL- AKLAN 2. BINIRAYAN FESTIVAL- ANTIQUE 3. MANGGAHAN FESTIVALGUIMARAS 4.MASSKARA FESTIVAL- NEGROS OCCIDENTAL 5. SINULOG- CEBU
  • 53. TELL SOMETHING ABOUT THE PICTURE
  • 54. Discuss the legend of the ten Bornean datus. What is the importance of this legend to the lives of Visayan people?