Cordillera ppt1
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  • 1. Cordillera- a name given by the Spanish Conquistadors when they first saw the mountain ranges. Meaning "knotted rope", the Spanish term refers to the jumbled rolls and dips of this long- range traversing the northern part of Luzon Island.
  • 2. Cordillera Central- is a massive mountain range situated in the northern central part of the island of Luzon, in the Philippines.
  • 3. CORDILLERA CENTRAL
  • 4. It is divided into six provinces and seven ethno-linguistic groups: Abra (Tingguian), Apayao (Isneg), Benguet (Kankanaey and Ibaloi), Ifugao (Ifugao), Kalinga (Kalinga, Isneg), Mountain Province (Kankanaey).
  • 5. Cordillerans ('people from the mountains')- group of indigenous people of Cordillera. They are called as “Igorot”.
  • 6. The Cordilleras The region is dubbed as the “Watershed Cradle of North Luzon”.
  • 7. Hosts 6 major rivers that provide continuous water for irrigation and energy for northern Luzon. Chico River Ahin River Siffu River Abra River Amburayan River Agno River
  • 8. It is the country's only land- locked region.
  • 9. Landlocked means that the land is surrounded by other land and it has no shore or anything else landlock means not alot of water but surrounded by mountains.
  • 10. The Cordilleras Major Festivals Panagbenga or Baguio Flower Festival the Ulalim Festival in Kalinga Lang-ay Festival in Mountain Province Banaue Imbayah Festival Tabuk Matagoan Festival.
  • 11. Industries  Mining  The region is abundant with mineral reserves. Includes metallic ores such as gold, copper, silver, zinc, and non- metallic minerals like sand, gravel and sulfur.  Agriculture  Vegetable crop production is well developed in Benguet  Rice production in Ifugao and Abra  Corn production in Mountain Province and Kalinga  Tourism
  • 12. ABRA PROVINCE  Capital- Bangued
  • 13. Known as the "Natural Dye Capital of the Philippines“ Natural dyes are extracted from the barks, leaves, fruits, and roots of these plants, and used to color food, beverages, textiles, cosm etics, furniture, and pharmaceutical products.
  • 14. Abra Major Industries: Bamboo and Rattan craft making, The natural dye industry Loom weaving Embroidery Other popular industries are piggery and poultry, garment craft, and needlecraft
  • 15. Abra Tourist Attractions
  • 16. Don Mariano Marcos Bridge along the Abra Kalinga National Road - third longest bridge in the Philippines
  • 17. DON MARIANO MARCOS BRIDGE
  • 18. Tangadan Tunnel -a 40-meter tunnel along the Abra-Ilocos Sur National road
  • 19. TANGADAN TUNNEL
  • 20. Don Teodoro Brillantes Family Museum It is a private museum which houses the collections and mementos of the Brillantes family with a strong manifestation of the Spanish culture.
  • 21. Don Teodoro Brillantes Family Museum
  • 22. Abra River This is the biggest, longest and most popular river among the numerous rivers criss-crossing the valleys of the province. It is where all rivers and streams congregate together. This is a perfect place for swimming and fishing.
  • 23. ABRA RIVER
  • 24. ABRA RIVER
  • 25. Sibud-Sibud Cave is located along the newly constructed road of Tineg, Abra, Philippine s.
  • 26. Tugot ni Angalo Translated as “Footprints of Angalo” (the Adam in Abra mythology) Found in Kabaruyan, San Quintin. a perpetual monument of Angalo. The people believe this is a real giant footprint in San Quintin, around fifteen meters long, five meters wide and ten feet deep. On a clear day, it can be seen visibly even from a distance.
  • 27. Abra: Festival Arya Abra  Celebrated every March 9  Celebrates the creation of the province Cupped by a grand cultural parade depicting Abra in its historical stages starting, from the early pre-Spanish era to the present times.
  • 28. APAYAO PROVINCE Basic Facts Capital: Kabugao Total Land Area: 4,351.23 km2 Total Population: 103,633 Political Division: 7 Municipalities, 133 baranggays Language Spoken: Ilocano, Isneg and Tagalog
  • 29. Dubbed as “Cordillera’s Last Frontier for Nature Richness.”  Here, underground rivers, majestic waterfalls, magnificent lakes hug a unique land that is replete with captivating caves, picture-pretty parks, and exotic wildlife.
  • 30. Major Industries Furniture Garment craft Food processing Gifts and house wares Agricultural support
  • 31. ApayaoTourist Attractions Apayao River The unpolluted waters of Apayao River render fish and wildlife visible along its banks. Along the river can be found an array of picture-pretty waterfalls that are varying in sizes. Traversing six Apayao municipalities, from Calanasan to Luna, Apayao River is navigable by
  • 32. The Lussok Crystal Cave is located in Luna, Apayao Philippines. It is a perfect example of the beauty of the natural wonders of the country. With its 3 room cave that holds various stalagmite formations, it’s a must see for anyone visiting Apayao
  • 33. Apayao: Tourist Attractions  Lizardo Brooks  Picturesque Lizardo Brooks is located in the municipality of Pudtol.  Malabisin Lake and Underground River  A wealth of underwater beauties await you in scenic Malabisin. It is located in Paco Valley.
  • 34. Apayao: Tourist Attractions  Spanish Church  located at Barangay Mataguisa in Pudtol is considered to be one of the oldest in the Philippines.  Spanish Church Ruins  The site of these church ruins is located at Barangay Emilia in Pudtol.
  • 35. Apayao: Festivals  Annual Apayao Day Celebration (February 14)  Cultural and sports activities as well as pageants.  Say-Am-Talip-Tadoc  A festival featuring ethnic songs, dances, and rituals.  Pudtol Town Fiesta (every last Thursday, Friday, and Saturday of May)  Agro-trade fair, pageant, and sports activities.
  • 36. BENGUET PROVINCE
  • 37. Well-known for its mummy caves which contain naturally mummified bodies.
  • 38. Political Subdivision: 1 independent city 13 municipalities 140 barangays
  • 39. Major Industries Agriculture Mining Tourism
  • 40.  Benguet is the homeland of several tribes, collectively referred to as the Igorot.  Ibaloi in the southeast and the Kankana-ey in the northwest
  • 41. Benguet: Baguio City  Independent city within Benguet  Regional Center of CAR  Founded by the Americans in 1900 at the site of an Ibaloi village known as Kafagway.  The name of the city is derived from the word bagiw in Ibaloi meaning “Moss”
  • 42. Benguet: Baguio City Basic Facts  Total Land Area 57.51 km²  Total Population: 318,676 (2010)  Political Division: 120 Baranggays  Languages Spoken: ○ Ibaloi ○ Kankana-ey ○ Tagalog ○ English ○ Pangasinense ○ Ilocano
  • 43. Benguet: Baguio CityHow To get there?  By Air: via Loakan Airport  By Land: The three main access roads leads to Baguio from the lowlands: ○ Kennon Road ○ Aspiras-Palispis Highway (previously known as Marcos Highway) ○ Naguilian Road, also known as Quirino Highway.
  • 44. Baguio City: Tourist Attractions Baguio Cathedral The rose-colored Baguio Catholic Cathedral, located on top of a hill in the heart of the city, is one of the more familiar and most visited landmarks of Baguio. one of the most photographed buildings in the city.
  • 45. Baguio Country Club One of the oldest clubs in the Philippines Originally Built as an exclusive playground to the elite and vacationing Americans. An accommodation Facility that offers cottages and rooms Home of the Baguio Country Club Rasin Bread
  • 46. Baguio City: Tourist Attractions  BenCab Museum  Located in Tuba, Benguet  houses our National Artist Ben Cabrera's art collection  This is also where BenCab lives and where his actual workshop is located.  Exhibits include exciting contemporary artists in Manila.
  • 47. Baguio City: Tourist Attractions  Burnham Park  Baguio City's premier park.  Named in honor of its planner and architect, Daniel Burnham.  Contains a Man-made Lake in the middle
  • 48. Baguio City: Tourist Attractions  Camp John Hay  Originally a recreational camp for American soldiers.  It has become a popular destination for people who wish to see the pine forests in the city. It also boasts of a sprawling country club with a full 18-hole golf course, Restaurants and Shopping Centers
  • 49. Baguio City: Tourist Attractions  The Mansion  Used as residence of the president whenever he or she is in Baguio for their official visits and engagements.  The elaborate main gate of the Mansion is said to be a replica of that at Buckingham Palace in London.
  • 50. Baguio City: Tourist Attractions  Mines view Park  One of the most popular and most visited parks in the city.  The observation deck of the park offers a breathtaking panoramic view of Benguet's gold and copper mines  Has stalls selling native handicraft such as wood carvings, locally made silver products and jewelry, baskets, brooms, sw eaters, blankets, and a variety of other items. There are also canteens, snack stores, and street vendors selling food and beverages.
  • 51. Baguio City: Tourist Attractions  Philippine Military Academy  The premier military institution of the country and is the training ground for future officers of the Armed Forces of the Phillippines.  The 373-hectare compound in Loakan which is ten kilometers south of downtown Baguio City. Here it found its permanent home in a fort named after the young hero of the battle of Tirad Pass, Gen. Gregorio Del Pilar.  Fort Del Pilar is one of the most visited and photographed places in Baguio City.
  • 52. Baguio City: Tourist Attractions  Baguio Public Market  The market is located right at the lower end of Session Road and behind the Maharlika Center. It is here where they buy different souvenirs typical of Baguio. There are numerous other products and handicrafts sold at the Baguio public market which are brought in from other nearby provinces.
  • 53. Baguio City: Tourist Attractions Session Road The main thoroughfare of the city and the center of Baguio's commercial establishment.
  • 54. Baguio City: Festival Panagbenga Festival  A month-long Flower Festival in Baguio  Held during the month of February, created as a tribute to the city's flowers and as a way to rise up from the devastation of the 1990 Earthquake.
  • 55. KALINGA PROVINCE
  • 56. Declared as the Whitewater Rafting Capital of North Philippines Prince of the Highlands
  • 57.  Characterized in the western portion by sharp crested interlinking peaks of the steep slope, isolated flat lands, plateaus, and valleys.  The eastern portion has generally rolling, gradually sloping foothills. With interlocking wide tracks of flat lands and flood plains along its main drainage system.  Dubbed as the “Prince of the Highlands” in the Philippines.
  • 58. Kalinga  Major Industries  Loom weaving  rattan basketry  banana chips processing  animal feeds production  rattan furniture  gold jewelry manufacturing  coffee pre-processing
  • 59. Kalinga: Tourist Attractions  Mt. Mating-oy Dinayao (Sleeping Beauty)  These fabled mountain ranges that border the municipalities of Tinglayan and Tanudan take the form of a sleeping lady supinely lying at its back.  A vantage view of the profile can be seen from Sungang or Basao.
  • 60. Kalinga: Tourist Attractions Tinglayan Rice Terraces These rice terraces appear like an amphitheater along the whole mountain slopes.
  • 61. Lubo and Mangali Rice Terraces They surround the villages of Lubo, and the best time to view them is during the planting season and when the rice is already ready for harvest.
  • 62.  Mabilong Weavers Village  The center of Kalinga’s ethnic weaving industry. As the village is situated along the road, souvenirs can be bought straight from the weavers.
  • 63. Kalinga: Festivals  Ullalim Festival / Kalinga Day (Feb 13-16)  A highlight of the province’s founding anniversary, this cultural festival showcases the life of the Kalingas through sports, crafts, and indigenous food.  Salidummay Festival  Features the ethnic songs, dances, and rituals of the municipality of Lubuagan, Kalinga.
  • 64. Mountain Province
  • 65. Mountain Province  Known as the “Weaver’s Paradise” due to the presence of various weaving centers  This was a province that practiced the traditional parliamentary/participatory form of governance as evidenced by the presence of the Dap-ay/Ato, a traditional form of governance led by the respected elders in the community. Known for hanging coffins
  • 66.  Major Industries  The furniture industry  Bamboo and rattan  Backstrap weaving
  • 67. Mountain Province: Tourist Attractions  Ato/Dap-ay  Traditionally, a place where the council of elders hold various ceremonies, meetings, and happenings, which may be religious, social, or political in nature.  It is a public structure used as a dormitory by the bachelors, widowers, young boys, and visitors in the village.  A fireplace is built at the center and a wooden pole stands opposite it where heads of animals butchered and sacrificed are hung.
  • 68. Hanging Coffins Coffins arranged in high steep rock formations.
  • 69. Sagada Caves The town sits in a limestone valley riddled with over 60 known caves. The Sagada caves feature shimmering underground streams with golden or silvery stalactite and stalagmite formations and cool natural pools inside. Sumaging, the largest, can be explored by anyone with a local guide.
  • 70. Mountain Province: Tourist Attractions  Bontoc Village Museum  Located within the Catholic Sisters’ Convent and Saint Vincent's Elementary School.  it features a range of artifacts crafted by the Igorots for domestic purposes and traditional celebrations or practices.  Inside the museum, one could appreciate the distinct richness of the Igorots' way of life  Blackstrap and Loom Weaving Houses  Loom weaving is done in Sabangan and Sagada. Samoki, a village in Bontoc, specializes in backstrap weaving. Various colorful woven materials like knapsacks, placemats, bags, and purses are among the popular products.
  • 71. Mountain Province: Festivals  Mountain Province Foundation Day (April 7)  An- agro-industrial trade, tourism, and cultural affair with tribal dances and songs in full regalia.  Begnas (January, June, April, September, Novem ber)  Ethnic offering of thanksgiving for a bountiful harvest, where pigs or chicken are butchered for the family or clan members to partake of.
  • 72.  Chom-no or Chonno  The grandest and most expensive wedding celebration, which usually happens once in four or five years, where the number of carabaos butchered reflect the economic status of the family; accompanied by much dancing and singing.
  • 73. IFUGAO PROVINCE  Basic Facts  Capital: Lagawe  Total Land Area: 2,628.2 km2  Total Population: 180,711  Political Division: 11 Municipalities, 175 Baranggays  Languages Spoken: English, Ifugao, Iloc ano and Tagalog
  • 74. Ifugao  Ifugao is home to a thriving ancient culture and host to the famous rice terraces.  The famous terraces had been inscribed in UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1995 as “a continuing cultural landscape”  The Ifugao native huts could probably be among the world’s first prefabricated houses that do not use a single nail or metal to fasten their parts.
  • 75. Major Industries Farming trading industry (gift, toys & house wares) Services  Manufacturing (garments & textiles)  Food & beverages.
  • 76. Ifugao  How to Get There:  By Land:  By bus via Auto Bus, Dangwa Tranco Bus, and KMS Bus from Manila  from Baguio City: through Ohayami Bus, Dangwa Tranco Bus, and KMS Bus.
  • 77. Ifugao: Tourist Attractions Banaue Rice Terraces  Dubbed as the "Eight Wonder of the World," the Banaue Rice Terraces start from the base of the mountain range and reach up to several thousand feet high. It is said that their length, put end to end, would encircle half of the globe.  Made 2,000 years ago, these rice terraces manifest the engineering skill and ingenuity of the sturdy Ifugaos.  Streams and springs found in the mountains were tapped and channeled into irrigation canals that run downhill through the rice terraces.
  • 78. Batad Rice Terraces Located at Barangay Batad in Banaue, these rice terraces are shaped like an amphitheater.
  • 79. Bangaan Rice Terraces The rice terraces cluster and village both showcase the typical Ifugao community, where the livelihood activities are within the surroundings
  • 80. Ifugao: Tourist Attractions  Mayoyao Rice Terraces  These rice terraces can be found in Mayoyao, 44 kilometers away from Poblacion, Banaue. The poblacion of Mayoyao lies in the midst of these rice terraces  Hapao Rice Terraces  More of Ifugao's world-famous stone-walled rice terraces can be found in the municipality of Hungduan..
  • 81.  Philippine War Memorial Shrine  The enormous memorial shrine was built to commemorate the end of World War II.  A concrete pyramid-type structure that resembles an oversized Ifugao native house, it depicts historical events, from Filipino opposition to Spanish rule to the Death March, and the role of the Ifugao and American troops in the defeat of General Yamashita.
  • 82. Ifugao: Festivals  Banaue Imbayah  The Imbayah ethnic sports festival is a unique three-day affair that is celebrated only once every four years.  Activities include an ethnic parade portraying the evolution of the Ifugao culture. This is followed by ethnic games.
  • 83.  Gotad ad Kiangan  The festival, held in Kiangan, is actually a part of the Ifugao prestige rites.  Traditionally involves a festive celebration filled with singing, dancing, and drinking wine.  Gotad ad Hingyon  It is one special day in twelve feasts that are celebrated by the Ifugao royal class to please their gods.  Modern Ifugaos celebrate Gotad in April include cultural parades, ethno-modern sports, and a booth competition where the best of Ifugao crafts are displayed.