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A Good Presentation
A Good Presentation
A Good Presentation
A Good Presentation
A Good Presentation
A Good Presentation
A Good Presentation
A Good Presentation
A Good Presentation
A Good Presentation
A Good Presentation
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A Good Presentation

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  • 1.
  • 2. THE CULTURAL MEANING OF DREAMS<br /><ul><li> Dreams have been described physiologically as a response to neural processes during sleep
  • 3.  Psychologically as reflections of the subconscious
  • 4. Spiritually as messages from gods, the deceased, predictions of the future, or from the Soul.</li></li></ul><li>The Neurobiology of dreaming<br /><ul><li> Activation synthesis theory asserts that the sensory experiences are fabricated by the cortex as a means of interpreting chaotic signals from the Pons
  • 5. The continual-activation theory of dreaming proposes that dreaming is a result of brain activation and synthesis; at the same time, dreaming and REM sleep are controlled by different brain mechanisms
  • 6. Dreams are ever-present excitations of long-term memory , even during waking life</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Illogical locations, characters, and dream flow may help the brain strengthen the linking and consolidation of semantic memories
  • 7. Dreams are a need and that they have the function to erase :</li></ul>sensory impressions which were not fully worked up,  <br /> ideas which were not fully developed during the day,<br /><ul><li>dreams may be the simple consequence of neural oscillation</li></li></ul><li>Psychology of sleep and dreams<br /><ul><li>Dreams modify and test mental schemas during sleep during a process called emotional selection
  • 8. Dreams serve some adaptive function for survival
  • 9. Dreams are a product of "dissociated” imagination</li></li></ul><li>Other hypotheses on dreaming<br /><ul><li>Bad dreams let the brain learn to gain control over emotions resulting from distressing experiences
  • 10. Dreams may compensate for one-sided attitudes held in waking consciousness
  • 11. Dream may communicate something that is not being said outright
  • 12. Dreams regulate mood</li></li></ul><li>Dream content<br /><ul><li>Visuals</li></ul>The visual nature of dreams is generally highly phantasmagoric; that is, different locations and objects continuously blend into each other. <br /> The visuals (including locations, characters/people, objects/artifacts) are generally reflective of a person's memories and experiences, but often take on highly exaggerated and bizarre forms.<br />
  • 13. The most common emotion experienced in dreams is anxiety. <br /> Other emotions include abandonment, fear, joy, happiness, etc. <br /> Negative emotions are much more common than positive ones.<br /><ul><li>Emotions</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Sexual themes</li></ul> The Hall data analysis shows that sexual dreams occur no more than 10% of the time and are more prevalent in young to mid-teens.<br /> Another study showed that 8% of men's and women's dreams have sexual content. In some cases, sexual dreams may result in orgasms or nocturnal emissions. These are colloquially known as wet dreams<br />
  • 14. <ul><li>Color vs. black and white</li></ul>A small minority of people say that they dream only in black and white.<br /><ul><li>Recurring dreams</li></ul> While the content of most dreams is dreamt only once, many people experience recurring dreams—that is, the same dream narrative is experienced over different occasions of sleep. Up to 70% of females and 65% of males report recurrent dreams.<br />
  • 15. Thank you for your attention!<br />

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