Mitosis/Cellular Division

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Brief explanation of Mitosis.

Brief explanation of Mitosis.

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  • 1. Mitosis. Created by E. Green 09/03/2014
  • 2. Mitosis is also called Cell Division, why? During mitosis, the nucleus of the cell divides, forming two nuclei with identical genetic information.
  • 3. Why is Mitosis important?  Allow an organism to grow.  Repairs damaged cells/tissue.  Replace dead cells/tissue.  Reproduction organisms. in some simple
  • 4. Where does Mitosis take place?  In all somatic cells (include all body cells and excludes the sex cells – sperm/egg cells)
  • 5. The process of Mitosis consists of a few phases: INTERPHASE PROPHASE METAPHASE ANAPHASE TELOPHASE
  • 6. Interphase:  Cell builds up enough energy for division process.  DNA replication occurs  Cell look normal, like before division
  • 7. Prophase:  Nuclear envelope and nucleolus disappear.  Chromatin become more tightly coiled, and condenses into individual chromosomes. Chromosomes arrange randomly in the cell.
  • 8. continue  Centrioli move to opposite poles, with spindle fibers stretching between them.
  • 9. Metaphase:  The centrioli reached the opposite poles with the spindle fibers in between.  The chromosomes arrange randomly on the equator, each single chromosome attaching to a separate spindle fiber by means of the centromere.
  • 10. Anaphase:  The spindle fibers pull tight.  The centromeres attaching the chromatids of the chromosomes split in half.  Daughter chromosomes move to opposite poles.
  • 11. Telophase:  Daughter chromosomes reach poles.  Nuclear envelope surrounds chromosomes.  Nucleolus reappear at each pole.  Chromosomes become less condense forming chromatin.  Two identical nuclei has been formed.
  • 12. Continue…  Invagination of the cytoplasm and plasma membrane occurs. (Cleavage furrow forms in animal cells and a cytoplasmic plate forms in plant cells)  Continues until the cell in divided into 2 separate cells. (Identical to one another and to the original cell)
  • 13. The Mitosis process:
  • 14. Tips:  Definition of mitosis.  Know where it occurs.  Know importance of mitosis.  Name and discuss the different phases.  Draw and label each phase.
  • 15. Something interesting! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DD3IQknCEdc
  • 16. Sources: Images:  http://obsickboy2.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/mitosis.jpg  http://www.lentigen.com/images/somatic_overview_graph ic.jpg  http://www.lentigen.com/images/somatic_overview_graph ic.jpg  http://img.tfd.com/dorland/thumbs/mitosis.jpg  http://media-cacheec0.pinimg.com/736x/50/f2/a3/50f2a33d2e5648cfb58883d8 5b90173b.jpg  http://media-cacheak0.pinimg.com/736x/e9/8a/59/e98a5923fb6cd584c37d4b e42db0ca55.jpg
  • 17. Continue…      http://www.slideshare.net/mnorthrup2718/mitosis10163181?qid=f0c8e355-a3d4-4847-aad61ba169a63d8c&v=default&b=&from_search=2 http://www.slideshare.net/SSpencer53/mitosis25337539?qid=f0c8e355-a3d4-4847-aad61ba169a63d8c&v=default&b=&from_search=7 http://www.slideshare.net/farrellw/mitosispowerpoint-11216292 http://www.slideshare.net/kpytel/mitosis-notes-5227298621 Williamson,J.,(2013). Class notes.