Open and Libraries


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Part 1 of the Open and Libraries Presentation Series

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  • Open and Libraries

    1. 1. Ellyssa Kroski
    2. 2. What’s the big deal about Open?
    3. 4. Over half of all websites worldwide are hosted by the Open-Source Apache Web Server - Netcraft September 2008 Web Server Survey
    4. 5. An estimated 29 million people use Linux, an Open Source operating system - Linux Counter (2005)
    5. 6. Open Source Software represents a 23% share of the software market in the US and Europe - 2007 Gartner Open Source Summit
    6. 7. There are over 135,000 Open Source Software applications available today.
    7. 8. <ul><li>&quot;As we enjoy great Advantages from the Inventions of others we should be glad of an Opportunity to serve others by any Invention of ours, and this we should do freely and generously.&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Benjamin Franklin </li></ul></ul>
    8. 10. <ul><li>“ He who receives an idea from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine, receives light without darkening me.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Thomas Jefferson </li></ul></ul>
    9. 11. The Theory of Relativity is on YouTube
    10. 12. The Theory of Evolution is on iTunes
    11. 13. 31% of MIT freshmen knew about MIT OCW before applying… – and it was a significant influence in their decision for 35% of them.
    12. 15. <ul><li>“ Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge. That's what we're doing.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Jimmy Wales </li></ul></ul>
    13. 16. Wikipedia topped 10 million articles in 2008
    14. 17. The National Institute of Health mandated in December 2007 that all funded researchers make their publications openly accessible on the Web.
    15. 18. In January 791 universities in 46 European countries unanimously voted for Open Access mandates
    16. 19. Harvard faculty unanimously voted in February 2008 to make their scholarly articles openly available to the public online.
    17. 21. <ul><li>If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Sir Isaac Newton </li></ul></ul>
    18. 22. Copyright <ul><li>Intended for public good to encourage creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Now 70 years minimum </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 120 years </li></ul><ul><li>Terms of copyright have been extended 11 times over last 40 years </li></ul><ul><li>1998 – Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act (CTEA) added 20 years to term </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No new works will enter the public domain until 2018 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poems of Emily Dickinson – 2050 </li></ul><ul><li>Compositions of George Gershwin – 2019-2030 </li></ul>
    19. 23. &quot;Just at the time that technology is enabling all sorts of new creativity, to build on this material and do stuff with it, the law is getting in the way and locking it up.&quot; - Lawrence Lessig.
    20. 24. <ul><li>General Public License </li></ul><ul><li>The freedom to use the software for any purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>The freedom to change the software to suit your needs. </li></ul><ul><li>The freedom to share the software with your friends and neighbors,. </li></ul><ul><li>The freedom to share the changes you make. </li></ul>GNU GPL
    21. 25. GFDL <ul><li>GNU Free Documentation License </li></ul><ul><li>All authors, current and previous must be attributed </li></ul><ul><li>All edits and changes must be listed </li></ul><ul><li>All derivative versions must be licensed under GFDL </li></ul><ul><li>The full text of the the license and previous copyright notices must be included </li></ul><ul><li>No DRM or other technical restrictions may be applied </li></ul>
    22. 26. <ul><li>Started in 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Founded by Lawrence Lessig, Eric Saltzman, and others </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts to straddle the gap between full copyright and the public domain </li></ul><ul><li>Many free licenses to choose from </li></ul><ul><li>June 2008 – 130 million creative works licensed with CC </li></ul>
    23. 27. Open Licenses Interview <ul><li>Jimmy Wales </li></ul><ul><li>Founder Wikipedia </li></ul>
    24. 28. Image Credits <ul><li>Slide 24: </li></ul>