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Libraries and the Cloud
 

Libraries and the Cloud

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Presented at the IT-faggruppen interest group of the The Danish Librarian (Workers) Union: http://blog.it-faggruppen.dk in Copenhagen, Denmark on March 15, 2010.

Presented at the IT-faggruppen interest group of the The Danish Librarian (Workers) Union: http://blog.it-faggruppen.dk in Copenhagen, Denmark on March 15, 2010.

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    Libraries and the Cloud Libraries and the Cloud Presentation Transcript

    • Libraries and the Cloud Ellyssa Kroski Bookmarks
    • What About Cloud Computing? What is it? Why does it Matter? Types of Cloud Services Benefits Drawbacks How are Libraries Using it?
    • Bookmarks
    • Photos
    • Photo Editing
    • = Internet
    • Videos
    • Wikis
    • Presentations
    • File Storage
    • Office Applications
    • Mobile Devices
    • Game Systems
    • “Many of us now spend more time using new Web services than we do running traditional software apps from our hard drive.” Nicholas Carr, The Big Switch
    • An IT Revolution
    • An IT Revolution
    • “A shift from a product to a service.” Simon Wardley, OSCON 2009
    • Why Does IT Matter?
    • 69%
    • “Annual global market for cloud computing will surge to $160 billion by 2011.” Merrill Lynch “By 2013, the cloud computing market will reach $150.1 billion.” Gartner
    • “$8 out of $10 of technology budgets in corporations goes to maintaining systems rather than innovating.” Daryl Plummer, Managing VP, Gartner
    • Why Now? Broadband Social Networks Internet-Enabled Devices User Expectations Economies of Scale
    • SaaS PaaS IaaS
    • SaaS Software as a Service Cloud Applications Applications delivered over the Internet as a Service Subscription Services One Size Fits All
    • “Nearly every traditional business application now has an equivalent offered over the Internet." Nicholas Carr, The Big Switch
    • Libraries and SaaS
    • YouTube
    • Google Apps
    • Libguides
    • WordPress
    • Wikis
    • IM Services
    • Facebook
    • Flickr
    • Twitter
    • Pageflakes
    • Microsoft Sharepoint
    • LibraryThing
    • WorldCat
    • Biblios
    • Enterprise Koha
    • PennTags
    • PaaS Platform as a Service Cloud Development Platforms Development environments provided over the Internet as a service Pay-as-you-go or subscription pricing model Apps are developed for that one platform
    • PaaS
    • Libraries and PaaS
    • Catalog & Database FB Apps
    • OCLC Web Services
    • Yahoo Pipes
    • Google App Engine
    • IaaS Infrastructure as a Service aka HaaS or Hardware as a Service Storage services and computing power delivered over the Internet as a service Metered pricing Not "dedicated"
    • Amazon Web Services EC2
    • Amazon Web Services S3
    • Sun Cloud
    • Libraries and IaaS
    • “The days of each library operating its own local servers have largely passed. This approach rarely represents the best use of library space and personnel.".” Marshall Breeding Director for Innovative Technologies and Research, Jean and Alexander Heard Library, Vanderbilt University
    • Library of Congress
    • LibLime
    • University of Arizona Libraries
    • My Kansas Library
    • Kent State University Libraries
    • DCPL
    • DCPL – ILS
    • Boston Public Library
    • British Library
    • Benefits
    • Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
    • “The company saved roughly $500,000 in planned disk drive expenditures in 2006 and cut its disk storage array costs in half.” SmugMug (using Amazon Web Services) “In the first 12 months since launch, Zoopla estimates it has saved at least £200,000 in the areas of data- centre costs, server cap-ex, server upgrade/maintenance costs, sys admin salaries, network equipment, etc" Zoopla (using Amazon Web Services)
    • “The University of Westminster estimates it has avoided a spend of £1million in moving to the cloud, cutting expenditure on new hardware and software upgrades.” University of Westminster (using Google Apps)
    • Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
    • Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
    • Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
    • Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
    • Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
    • Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
    • Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
    • Drawbacks
    • Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
    • Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
    • Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
    • Major Outages July 20, 2008 Amazon Web Services S3 - up to 8 hours Aug 15, 2008 Google Gmail, Apps - 24 hours Oct 16, 2008 Google Gmail - 30 hours Mar 13, 2009 Microsoft Azure - 22 hours Dec 9, 2009 Amazon Web Services EC2 45 mins - 5 hours (limited to 1 zone on East Coast) Jan 30, 2009 Ma.gnolia complete data loss
    • Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
    • “I don't see a major difference between hardware obsolescence and service obsolescence.” Michael Klein Digital Initiatives Librarian Boston Public Library
    • Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
    • Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
    • Customers should push for standard data formats so they can move from cloud to cloud.
    • Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
    • “Cloud computing is a "“tradeoff between cost and control” Nicholas Carr, The Big Switch “The biggest cultural component is that organizations have to become more willing to use platforms, technology, and services that they don't directly control " Carl Frappaolo Co-founder, Information Architected, Inc.
    • Libraries and the Cloud Not All-or-Nothing Start Small Cloud Storage Cloud Applications Use Major Providers: Amazon, Google, Salesforce, Microsoft, Facebook
    • Resources Carr, Nicholas G. The Big Switch: Rewiring the World, from Edison to Google. New York: W. W. Norton & Co, 2008. Kroski, Ellyssa. "Library Cloud Atlas: A Guide to Cloud Computing and Storage", Library Journal 9/10/2009. http://tinyurl.com/yc479ko Katz, Richard N. The Tower and the Cloud: Higher Education in the Age of Cloud Computing. [Boulder, CO]: EDUCAUSE, 2008. Buck, Stephanie. "Libraries in the Cloud: Making a Case for Google and Amazon." Computers in Libraries 9/2009. Arnold, Erik. "Leveraging Clouds to Make You More Efficient: How SaaS-Y Are You? " Online. 32. 3 6/2008. ReadWrite Cloud: http://www.readwriteweb.com/cloud
    • Libraries and the Cloud ellyssakroski@yahoo.com Bookmarks http://www.slideshare.net/ellyssa