Libraries
 and the
 Cloud
Ellyssa Kroski
 Bookmarks
What About Cloud Computing?
      What is it?
      Why does it Matter?
      Types of Cloud Services
      Benefits
     ...
Bookmarks
Photos
Photo Editing
= Internet
Videos
Wikis
Presentations
File Storage
Office Applications
Mobile Devices
Game Systems
“Many of us now spend more time using
  new Web services than we do running
traditional software apps from our hard
      ...
An
   IT
Revolution
An
   IT
Revolution
“A shift from a product to a service.”
                  Simon Wardley, OSCON 2009
Why Does IT Matter?
69%
“Annual global market for
cloud computing will surge to
    $160 billion by 2011.”
                Merrill Lynch


       ...
“$8 out of $10 of technology budgets in
corporations goes to maintaining systems
        rather than innovating.”
        ...
Why Now?
     Broadband
     Social Networks
     Internet-Enabled Devices
     User Expectations
     Economies of Scale
SaaS
PaaS
IaaS
SaaS
   Software as a Service
   Cloud Applications
   Applications delivered over the Internet as a Service
   Subscripti...
“Nearly every traditional business
application now has an equivalent offered
            over the Internet."
             ...
Libraries
   and
  SaaS
YouTube
Google Apps
Libguides
WordPress
Wikis
IM Services
Facebook
Flickr
Twitter
Pageflakes
Microsoft Sharepoint
LibraryThing
WorldCat
Biblios
Enterprise Koha
PennTags
PaaS
   Platform as a Service
   Cloud Development Platforms
   Development environments provided over the Internet
   as ...
PaaS
Libraries
   and
  PaaS
Catalog & Database FB Apps
OCLC Web Services
Yahoo Pipes
Google App Engine
IaaS
       Infrastructure as a Service
       aka HaaS or Hardware as a Service
       Storage services and computing pow...
Amazon Web Services EC2
Amazon Web Services S3
Sun Cloud
Libraries
   and
  IaaS
“The days of each library operating its own
  local servers have largely passed. This
 approach rarely represents the best...
Library of Congress
LibLime
University of Arizona Libraries
My Kansas Library
Kent State University Libraries
DCPL
DCPL – ILS
Boston Public Library
British Library
Benefits
Cost        Scalability   Usability

Reliability    Benefits     Security


Portability Collaboration    Green
“The company saved roughly $500,000 in
planned disk drive expenditures in 2006 and cut
      its disk storage array costs ...
“The University of Westminster estimates it has
avoided a spend of £1million in moving to the cloud,
cutting expenditure o...
Cost        Scalability   Usability

Reliability    Benefits     Security


Portability Collaboration    Green
Cost        Scalability   Usability

Reliability    Benefits     Security


Portability Collaboration    Green
Cost        Scalability   Usability

Reliability    Benefits     Security


Portability Collaboration    Green
Cost        Scalability   Usability

Reliability    Benefits     Security


Portability Collaboration    Green
Cost        Scalability   Usability

Reliability    Benefits     Security


Portability Collaboration    Green
Cost        Scalability   Usability

Reliability    Benefits     Security


Portability Collaboration    Green
Cost        Scalability   Usability

Reliability    Benefits     Security


Portability Collaboration    Green
Drawbacks
Privacy     Security   Reliability

Obsolete   Drawbacks     Data
                       Ownership

Lock-In     Control
Privacy     Security   Reliability

Obsolete   Drawbacks     Data
                       Ownership

Lock-In     Control
Privacy     Security   Reliability

Obsolete   Drawbacks     Data
                       Ownership

Lock-In     Control
Major Outages
     July 20, 2008 Amazon Web Services S3 - up to 8
       hours
     Aug 15, 2008 Google Gmail, Apps - 24 h...
Privacy     Security   Reliability

Obsolete   Drawbacks     Data
                       Ownership

Lock-In     Control
“I don't see a major difference between hardware
      obsolescence and service obsolescence.”
                        Mic...
Privacy     Security   Reliability

Obsolete   Drawbacks     Data
                       Ownership

Lock-In     Control
Privacy     Security   Reliability

Obsolete   Drawbacks     Data
                       Ownership

Lock-In     Control
Customers should push for standard data formats so
       they can move from cloud to cloud.
Privacy     Security   Reliability

Obsolete   Drawbacks     Data
                       Ownership

Lock-In     Control
“Cloud computing is a "“tradeoff between cost
               and control”
                     Nicholas Carr, The Big Swit...
Libraries and the Cloud
     Not All-or-Nothing
     Start Small
     Cloud Storage
     Cloud Applications
     Use Major...
Resources
  Carr, Nicholas G. The Big Switch: Rewiring the
    World, from Edison to Google. New York: W. W.
    Norton & ...
Libraries
                  and the
                  Cloud
    ellyssakroski@yahoo.com
                  Bookmarks
http:/...
Libraries and the Cloud
Libraries and the Cloud
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Libraries and the Cloud

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Presented at the IT-faggruppen interest group of the The Danish Librarian (Workers) Union: http://blog.it-faggruppen.dk in Copenhagen, Denmark on March 15, 2010.

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Libraries and the Cloud

  1. 1. Libraries and the Cloud Ellyssa Kroski Bookmarks
  2. 2. What About Cloud Computing? What is it? Why does it Matter? Types of Cloud Services Benefits Drawbacks How are Libraries Using it?
  3. 3. Bookmarks
  4. 4. Photos
  5. 5. Photo Editing
  6. 6. = Internet
  7. 7. Videos
  8. 8. Wikis
  9. 9. Presentations
  10. 10. File Storage
  11. 11. Office Applications
  12. 12. Mobile Devices
  13. 13. Game Systems
  14. 14. “Many of us now spend more time using new Web services than we do running traditional software apps from our hard drive.” Nicholas Carr, The Big Switch
  15. 15. An IT Revolution
  16. 16. An IT Revolution
  17. 17. “A shift from a product to a service.” Simon Wardley, OSCON 2009
  18. 18. Why Does IT Matter?
  19. 19. 69%
  20. 20. “Annual global market for cloud computing will surge to $160 billion by 2011.” Merrill Lynch “By 2013, the cloud computing market will reach $150.1 billion.” Gartner
  21. 21. “$8 out of $10 of technology budgets in corporations goes to maintaining systems rather than innovating.” Daryl Plummer, Managing VP, Gartner
  22. 22. Why Now? Broadband Social Networks Internet-Enabled Devices User Expectations Economies of Scale
  23. 23. SaaS PaaS IaaS
  24. 24. SaaS Software as a Service Cloud Applications Applications delivered over the Internet as a Service Subscription Services One Size Fits All
  25. 25. “Nearly every traditional business application now has an equivalent offered over the Internet." Nicholas Carr, The Big Switch
  26. 26. Libraries and SaaS
  27. 27. YouTube
  28. 28. Google Apps
  29. 29. Libguides
  30. 30. WordPress
  31. 31. Wikis
  32. 32. IM Services
  33. 33. Facebook
  34. 34. Flickr
  35. 35. Twitter
  36. 36. Pageflakes
  37. 37. Microsoft Sharepoint
  38. 38. LibraryThing
  39. 39. WorldCat
  40. 40. Biblios
  41. 41. Enterprise Koha
  42. 42. PennTags
  43. 43. PaaS Platform as a Service Cloud Development Platforms Development environments provided over the Internet as a service Pay-as-you-go or subscription pricing model Apps are developed for that one platform
  44. 44. PaaS
  45. 45. Libraries and PaaS
  46. 46. Catalog & Database FB Apps
  47. 47. OCLC Web Services
  48. 48. Yahoo Pipes
  49. 49. Google App Engine
  50. 50. IaaS Infrastructure as a Service aka HaaS or Hardware as a Service Storage services and computing power delivered over the Internet as a service Metered pricing Not "dedicated"
  51. 51. Amazon Web Services EC2
  52. 52. Amazon Web Services S3
  53. 53. Sun Cloud
  54. 54. Libraries and IaaS
  55. 55. “The days of each library operating its own local servers have largely passed. This approach rarely represents the best use of library space and personnel.".” Marshall Breeding Director for Innovative Technologies and Research, Jean and Alexander Heard Library, Vanderbilt University
  56. 56. Library of Congress
  57. 57. LibLime
  58. 58. University of Arizona Libraries
  59. 59. My Kansas Library
  60. 60. Kent State University Libraries
  61. 61. DCPL
  62. 62. DCPL – ILS
  63. 63. Boston Public Library
  64. 64. British Library
  65. 65. Benefits
  66. 66. Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
  67. 67. “The company saved roughly $500,000 in planned disk drive expenditures in 2006 and cut its disk storage array costs in half.” SmugMug (using Amazon Web Services) “In the first 12 months since launch, Zoopla estimates it has saved at least £200,000 in the areas of data- centre costs, server cap-ex, server upgrade/maintenance costs, sys admin salaries, network equipment, etc" Zoopla (using Amazon Web Services)
  68. 68. “The University of Westminster estimates it has avoided a spend of £1million in moving to the cloud, cutting expenditure on new hardware and software upgrades.” University of Westminster (using Google Apps)
  69. 69. Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
  70. 70. Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
  71. 71. Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
  72. 72. Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
  73. 73. Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
  74. 74. Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
  75. 75. Cost Scalability Usability Reliability Benefits Security Portability Collaboration Green
  76. 76. Drawbacks
  77. 77. Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
  78. 78. Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
  79. 79. Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
  80. 80. Major Outages July 20, 2008 Amazon Web Services S3 - up to 8 hours Aug 15, 2008 Google Gmail, Apps - 24 hours Oct 16, 2008 Google Gmail - 30 hours Mar 13, 2009 Microsoft Azure - 22 hours Dec 9, 2009 Amazon Web Services EC2 45 mins - 5 hours (limited to 1 zone on East Coast) Jan 30, 2009 Ma.gnolia complete data loss
  81. 81. Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
  82. 82. “I don't see a major difference between hardware obsolescence and service obsolescence.” Michael Klein Digital Initiatives Librarian Boston Public Library
  83. 83. Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
  84. 84. Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
  85. 85. Customers should push for standard data formats so they can move from cloud to cloud.
  86. 86. Privacy Security Reliability Obsolete Drawbacks Data Ownership Lock-In Control
  87. 87. “Cloud computing is a "“tradeoff between cost and control” Nicholas Carr, The Big Switch “The biggest cultural component is that organizations have to become more willing to use platforms, technology, and services that they don't directly control " Carl Frappaolo Co-founder, Information Architected, Inc.
  88. 88. Libraries and the Cloud Not All-or-Nothing Start Small Cloud Storage Cloud Applications Use Major Providers: Amazon, Google, Salesforce, Microsoft, Facebook
  89. 89. Resources Carr, Nicholas G. The Big Switch: Rewiring the World, from Edison to Google. New York: W. W. Norton & Co, 2008. Kroski, Ellyssa. "Library Cloud Atlas: A Guide to Cloud Computing and Storage", Library Journal 9/10/2009. http://tinyurl.com/yc479ko Katz, Richard N. The Tower and the Cloud: Higher Education in the Age of Cloud Computing. [Boulder, CO]: EDUCAUSE, 2008. Buck, Stephanie. "Libraries in the Cloud: Making a Case for Google and Amazon." Computers in Libraries 9/2009. Arnold, Erik. "Leveraging Clouds to Make You More Efficient: How SaaS-Y Are You? " Online. 32. 3 6/2008. ReadWrite Cloud: http://www.readwriteweb.com/cloud
  90. 90. Libraries and the Cloud ellyssakroski@yahoo.com Bookmarks http://www.slideshare.net/ellyssa

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