Allegory of the Cave

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Allegory of the Cave

  1. 1. Allegory of the Cave Going up...
  2. 2. Inside the Cave...
  3. 3. JUST KIDDING.
  4. 4. FormObjects in Formour world Limitations of our world/knowledge Us
  5. 5. What does this mean?Within the initial set up and symbolism of the Allegory of the Cave, Plato hopes to demonstrate the flawed existence of human beings.We are all trapped within our world of sense experience, which Plato compares to ‘shadows’ or mere representations of truth.Thus Plato hopes to illustrate, that by accepting these shadows a reality we are remaining in the lower forms of epistemic states, pistis and eikasia. Plato advocates that we should move from this towards pure noesis... But how?
  6. 6. The acquisition of Knowledge In the next stage of the Allegory Plato describes how one of the slaves might be freed and dragged outside the cave. The Form of the The Sun Good At first the slave would be blinded by the bright light and would only be able to look at the shadows of the objects. Next, the slave may look at reflections of the Objects object in water. The Formsthemselves Then, the objects themselves and finally after time to acclimatise he may look at the sun itself. This part of the Allegory is symbolic for the ReasoningReflection ascension of a mortal through the epistemic states to true knowledge and understanding. And thus he becomes a philosopher. Shadows Philosopher Representations. Mortal King
  7. 7. So...By demonstrating how noesis may be gained, and thus how a mortal may gain true knowledge Plato begins to outline his distinction of philosopher kings above all others.The interesting points in this part of the allegory is Plato’s specific illustration of the slave being forcibly dragged from the cave. Suggesting that acquisition of knowledge is difficult, Plato believed that becoming a philosophy took one’s whole effort and hours of study.Plato also believed that only some people were suited to the role of Philosopher Kings, as others may be suited to being musicians or crafters.(However, all of Plato’s arguments revolving around the allegory are drawn from similes and thus may be considered flawed. But this is cos Plato’s a bit silly. )
  8. 8. QUESTIONS?

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