Other Health Impairment #2

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  • 1. Other Health Impairment Lolita Siguenza Eleanor Quichocho ED443G Adaptive Assistive Technology Dr. Jacqui Cyrus November 20, 2008
  • 2. IDEA Definition Other health impairment means having limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that: (i) is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, and sickle cell anemia; and (ii) adversely affects a child's educational performance [34 C.F.R. 300.7(c)(9)]
  • 3. Objectives
    • At the end of this presentation, you should be able to:
    • Describe characteristics of other health impairments.
    • Understand causes of other health impairments.
    • Lists accommodations and strategies to implement in the classroom
  • 4.
    • These students are unable to function physically and/or academically with peers of the same age and grade expectancy level. They require the provision of specialized instructional services and modification in order to participate in the school program.
  • 5. Characteristics
    • Child may miss school frequently for Dr. appointments or illnesses
    • May have physical restrictions
    • Inattentiveness due to health impairment and/or medications
    • Other medication side effects, such as, increased thirst
    • Academic lags
  • 6. Common OHI
    • Asthma
    • ADD
    • ADHD
    • Diabetes
    • These health conditions impair a student’s
    • ability to perform successfully in their
    • education UNLESS MODIFICATIONS ARE
    • MADE.
  • 7. ASTHMA
    • Asthma is a chronic inflammatory
    • disease of the airway“ that causes
    • the following symptoms:
    • Shortness of breath
    • Tightness in the chest
    • Coughing
    • Wheezing
  • 8. Asthma continuation
    • Asthma has no set pattern. Its symptoms:
    • Can be mild, moderate or severe
    • Can vary from person to person
    • Can flare up from time to time
    • Can vary from one episode to the next
    • The cause of asthma is not known,
    • and currently there is no cure.
  • 9. Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
    • ADHD: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is
    • a condition that can make it hard
    • for a person to sit still, control
    • behavior, and pay attention. These difficulties
    • usually begin before the age of seven,
    • but often may not be noticed until
    • the child is older.
  • 10. Diabetes
    • Diabetes is a chronic illness in which
    • the body does not produce insulin (type 1)
    • or does not produce enough insulin or
    • properly use it (type 2).
    • Insulin converts sugar, starches or other food
    • into energy.
    • Diabetes is the sixth deadliest disease in the U.S.
    • HYPERGLYCEMIA (high blood sugar)
    • Increased urination, thirst, blurry vision , nausea
    • Bathroom breaks, water, insulin
  • 11. Less common Health Impairments
    • Epilepsy
    • Heart Conditions
    • Hemophilia
    • Cancer
    • HIV
    • “ These health conditions impair a student’s
    • ability to perform successfully in their
    • education UNLESS MODIFICATIONS ARE
    • MADE.”
  • 12. Epilepsy?
    • Seizures with sudden alterations in behavior
    • or motor function caused by an electrical
    • discharge from the brain. Most single
    • seizures do not recur or require treatment.
    • Seizures may be provoked by acute events
    • including infection, head injury, chemical
    • imbalance, stroke or brain tumor.
  • 13. Absence Seizure (Petit Mal Seizure)
    • A form of generalized seizure that causes a brief clouding or loss of consciousness.
    • Occur in young children and are commonly
    • mistaken for daydreaming.
    • Child stares blankly, and their eyes blink or roll upward
    • They recover quickly
    • Can occur many times a day and
    • can be brought on by hyperventilation
    • The child doesn’t know that he just had a seizure.
  • 14. Generalized tonic-clonic seizures (Grand Mal)
    • Before a seizure begins, aura.
    • During the tonic phase:
    • The child goes unconscious
    • Eyes rolled back, body goes stiff
    • The child may breathe irregularly
    • Drool and lose bladder control
    • usually lasts 10 to 30 seconds
    • During the clonic phase:
    • jerking of the muscles
    • usually sleepy or disoriented and may have a headache
  • 15. Heart Conditions
    • Congenital present at birth
    • Acquired - developed over time
    • Develop during childhood and are temporary
    • Many heart conditions are chronic
    • Others are acute — they happen suddenly, with severity, and end quickly.
  • 16. Hemophilia
    • Hemophilia is a condition that involves
    • problems with coagulation or clotting of
    • blood, leading to easy bruising and
    • bleeding. Children with clotting disorders
    • bruise easily after minor trauma and in
    • areas that you don't commonly see bruises
    • or they may bleed for hours or days after a
    • minor cut or surgical procedure.
  • 17. Cancer
    • All kinds of cancer cells
    • grow out of control,
    • develop abnormal sizes and shapes,
    • ignore their typical boundaries inside the body,
    • destroy their neighbor cells, and can
    • ultimately spread (or metastasize) to other
    • organs and tissues.
    • As cancer cells grow, they demand more
    • and more of the body's nutrition. Cancer
    • takes a child's strength, destroys organs and
    • bones, and weakens the body's defenses against
    • other illnesses.
  • 18. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
    • A serious virus that damages the immune
    • system and attacks the brain, resulting in
    • developmental delay and increased
    • susceptibility to infection. HIV is transmitted
    • when the virus enters the bloodstream, and
    • can be passed to a fetus by her mother. HIV
    • causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency
    • Syndrome)
  • 19. Lead Poisoning
    • Illness caused by ingesting or inhaling
    • lead that can result in anemia and
    • damage to many organs, including the
    • brain, kidneys, liver, and
    • gastrointestinal system.
  • 20. Rheumatic Fever
    • A disease in which there is tissue
    • inflammation, especially of the larger
    • joints of the body.
    • Fever and pain
    • Stiffness of the joints
    • Small, solid nodules under the skin
    • Involuntary movements that affect the gait, arm movements and speech.
  • 21. Leukemia
    • Refers to cancers of the white blood
    • cells. When a child has leukemia, large
    • numbers of abnormal white blood cells are
    • produced in the bone marrow. These
    • abnormal white cells crowd the bone
    • marrow and flood the bloodstream, but they
    • cannot perform their proper role of
    • protecting the body against disease because
    • they are defective.
  • 22. Accommodations
    • Flexible time limits
    • Freedom to use bathroom or drinking fountain
    • Frequent breaks
    • Reduced assignments
    • Alternative assignments when absent frequently
    • Alternative grading scale
    • Safe Place
    • Include School Nurse and Social Worker in IEP process
    • Decrease distractions
  • 23. Strategies
    • Build a caring, nurturing classroom environment
    • Teach students about the health impairment
    • Use of visuals
    • Hands-on learning
    • Cooperative learning
    • Buddy system
    • Give short, concise directions
    • Teach lessons that allow for movement
    • Allow for frequent, positive feedback
    • Help build on his strengths and be successful
    • Give ADHD student frequent breaks or allow to go on errands
  • 24. References
    • Nichcy
    • http:// www.nichcy.org/Disabilities/Specific/Pages/Epilepsy.aspx
    • CEC http://www.cec.sped.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=About_CEC