Other Health Impairment #2


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Other Health Impairment #2

  1. 1. Other Health Impairment Lolita Siguenza Eleanor Quichocho ED443G Adaptive Assistive Technology Dr. Jacqui Cyrus November 20, 2008
  2. 2. IDEA Definition Other health impairment means having limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that: (i) is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, and sickle cell anemia; and (ii) adversely affects a child's educational performance [34 C.F.R. 300.7(c)(9)]
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>At the end of this presentation, you should be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Describe characteristics of other health impairments. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand causes of other health impairments. </li></ul><ul><li>Lists accommodations and strategies to implement in the classroom </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>These students are unable to function physically and/or academically with peers of the same age and grade expectancy level. They require the provision of specialized instructional services and modification in order to participate in the school program. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Characteristics <ul><li>Child may miss school frequently for Dr. appointments or illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>May have physical restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Inattentiveness due to health impairment and/or medications </li></ul><ul><li>Other medication side effects, such as, increased thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Academic lags </li></ul>
  6. 6. Common OHI <ul><li>Asthma </li></ul><ul><li>ADD </li></ul><ul><li>ADHD </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>These health conditions impair a student’s </li></ul><ul><li>ability to perform successfully in their </li></ul><ul><li>education UNLESS MODIFICATIONS ARE </li></ul><ul><li>MADE. </li></ul>
  7. 7. ASTHMA <ul><li>Asthma is a chronic inflammatory </li></ul><ul><li>disease of the airway“ that causes </li></ul><ul><li>the following symptoms: </li></ul><ul><li>Shortness of breath </li></ul><ul><li>Tightness in the chest </li></ul><ul><li>Coughing </li></ul><ul><li>Wheezing </li></ul>
  8. 8. Asthma continuation <ul><li>Asthma has no set pattern. Its symptoms: </li></ul><ul><li>Can be mild, moderate or severe </li></ul><ul><li>Can vary from person to person </li></ul><ul><li>Can flare up from time to time </li></ul><ul><li>Can vary from one episode to the next </li></ul><ul><li>The cause of asthma is not known, </li></ul><ul><li>and currently there is no cure. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder <ul><li>ADHD: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is </li></ul><ul><li>a condition that can make it hard </li></ul><ul><li>for a person to sit still, control </li></ul><ul><li>behavior, and pay attention. These difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>usually begin before the age of seven, </li></ul><ul><li>but often may not be noticed until </li></ul><ul><li>the child is older. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Diabetes <ul><li>Diabetes is a chronic illness in which </li></ul><ul><li>the body does not produce insulin (type 1) </li></ul><ul><li>or does not produce enough insulin or </li></ul><ul><li>properly use it (type 2). </li></ul><ul><li>Insulin converts sugar, starches or other food </li></ul><ul><li>into energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes is the sixth deadliest disease in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>HYPERGLYCEMIA (high blood sugar) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased urination, thirst, blurry vision , nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Bathroom breaks, water, insulin </li></ul>
  11. 11. Less common Health Impairments <ul><li>Epilepsy </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Hemophilia </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>HIV </li></ul><ul><li>“ These health conditions impair a student’s </li></ul><ul><li>ability to perform successfully in their </li></ul><ul><li>education UNLESS MODIFICATIONS ARE </li></ul><ul><li>MADE.” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Epilepsy? <ul><li>Seizures with sudden alterations in behavior </li></ul><ul><li>or motor function caused by an electrical </li></ul><ul><li>discharge from the brain. Most single </li></ul><ul><li>seizures do not recur or require treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>Seizures may be provoked by acute events </li></ul><ul><li>including infection, head injury, chemical </li></ul><ul><li>imbalance, stroke or brain tumor. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Absence Seizure (Petit Mal Seizure) <ul><li>A form of generalized seizure that causes a brief clouding or loss of consciousness. </li></ul><ul><li>Occur in young children and are commonly </li></ul><ul><li>mistaken for daydreaming. </li></ul><ul><li>Child stares blankly, and their eyes blink or roll upward </li></ul><ul><li>They recover quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Can occur many times a day and </li></ul><ul><li>can be brought on by hyperventilation </li></ul><ul><li>The child doesn’t know that he just had a seizure. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Generalized tonic-clonic seizures (Grand Mal) <ul><li>Before a seizure begins, aura. </li></ul><ul><li>During the tonic phase: </li></ul><ul><li>The child goes unconscious </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes rolled back, body goes stiff </li></ul><ul><li>The child may breathe irregularly </li></ul><ul><li>Drool and lose bladder control </li></ul><ul><li>usually lasts 10 to 30 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>During the clonic phase: </li></ul><ul><li>jerking of the muscles </li></ul><ul><li>usually sleepy or disoriented and may have a headache </li></ul>
  15. 15. Heart Conditions <ul><li>Congenital present at birth </li></ul><ul><li>Acquired - developed over time </li></ul><ul><li>Develop during childhood and are temporary </li></ul><ul><li>Many heart conditions are chronic </li></ul><ul><li>Others are acute — they happen suddenly, with severity, and end quickly. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Hemophilia <ul><li>Hemophilia is a condition that involves </li></ul><ul><li>problems with coagulation or clotting of </li></ul><ul><li>blood, leading to easy bruising and </li></ul><ul><li>bleeding. Children with clotting disorders </li></ul><ul><li>bruise easily after minor trauma and in </li></ul><ul><li>areas that you don't commonly see bruises </li></ul><ul><li>or they may bleed for hours or days after a </li></ul><ul><li>minor cut or surgical procedure. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cancer <ul><li>All kinds of cancer cells </li></ul><ul><li>grow out of control, </li></ul><ul><li>develop abnormal sizes and shapes, </li></ul><ul><li>ignore their typical boundaries inside the body, </li></ul><ul><li>destroy their neighbor cells, and can </li></ul><ul><li>ultimately spread (or metastasize) to other </li></ul><ul><li>organs and tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>As cancer cells grow, they demand more </li></ul><ul><li>and more of the body's nutrition. Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>takes a child's strength, destroys organs and </li></ul><ul><li>bones, and weakens the body's defenses against </li></ul><ul><li>other illnesses. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) <ul><li>A serious virus that damages the immune </li></ul><ul><li>system and attacks the brain, resulting in </li></ul><ul><li>developmental delay and increased </li></ul><ul><li>susceptibility to infection. HIV is transmitted </li></ul><ul><li>when the virus enters the bloodstream, and </li></ul><ul><li>can be passed to a fetus by her mother. HIV </li></ul><ul><li>causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Syndrome) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Lead Poisoning <ul><li>Illness caused by ingesting or inhaling </li></ul><ul><li>lead that can result in anemia and </li></ul><ul><li>damage to many organs, including the </li></ul><ul><li>brain, kidneys, liver, and </li></ul><ul><li>gastrointestinal system. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Rheumatic Fever <ul><li>A disease in which there is tissue </li></ul><ul><li>inflammation, especially of the larger </li></ul><ul><li>joints of the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Fever and pain </li></ul><ul><li>Stiffness of the joints </li></ul><ul><li>Small, solid nodules under the skin </li></ul><ul><li>Involuntary movements that affect the gait, arm movements and speech. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Leukemia <ul><li>Refers to cancers of the white blood </li></ul><ul><li>cells. When a child has leukemia, large </li></ul><ul><li>numbers of abnormal white blood cells are </li></ul><ul><li>produced in the bone marrow. These </li></ul><ul><li>abnormal white cells crowd the bone </li></ul><ul><li>marrow and flood the bloodstream, but they </li></ul><ul><li>cannot perform their proper role of </li></ul><ul><li>protecting the body against disease because </li></ul><ul><li>they are defective. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Accommodations <ul><li>Flexible time limits </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to use bathroom or drinking fountain </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative assignments when absent frequently </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative grading scale </li></ul><ul><li>Safe Place </li></ul><ul><li>Include School Nurse and Social Worker in IEP process </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease distractions </li></ul>
  23. 23. Strategies <ul><li>Build a caring, nurturing classroom environment </li></ul><ul><li>Teach students about the health impairment </li></ul><ul><li>Use of visuals </li></ul><ul><li>Hands-on learning </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative learning </li></ul><ul><li>Buddy system </li></ul><ul><li>Give short, concise directions </li></ul><ul><li>Teach lessons that allow for movement </li></ul><ul><li>Allow for frequent, positive feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Help build on his strengths and be successful </li></ul><ul><li>Give ADHD student frequent breaks or allow to go on errands </li></ul>
  24. 24. References <ul><li>Nichcy </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.nichcy.org/Disabilities/Specific/Pages/Epilepsy.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>CEC http://www.cec.sped.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=About_CEC </li></ul>