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Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
Other Health Impairment #2
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Other Health Impairment #2

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  • 1. Other Health Impairment Lolita Siguenza Eleanor Quichocho ED443G Adaptive Assistive Technology Dr. Jacqui Cyrus November 20, 2008
  • 2. IDEA Definition Other health impairment means having limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that: (i) is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, and sickle cell anemia; and (ii) adversely affects a child's educational performance [34 C.F.R. 300.7(c)(9)]
  • 3. Objectives <ul><li>At the end of this presentation, you should be able to: </li></ul><ul><li>Describe characteristics of other health impairments. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand causes of other health impairments. </li></ul><ul><li>Lists accommodations and strategies to implement in the classroom </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>These students are unable to function physically and/or academically with peers of the same age and grade expectancy level. They require the provision of specialized instructional services and modification in order to participate in the school program. </li></ul>
  • 5. Characteristics <ul><li>Child may miss school frequently for Dr. appointments or illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>May have physical restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Inattentiveness due to health impairment and/or medications </li></ul><ul><li>Other medication side effects, such as, increased thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Academic lags </li></ul>
  • 6. Common OHI <ul><li>Asthma </li></ul><ul><li>ADD </li></ul><ul><li>ADHD </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>These health conditions impair a student’s </li></ul><ul><li>ability to perform successfully in their </li></ul><ul><li>education UNLESS MODIFICATIONS ARE </li></ul><ul><li>MADE. </li></ul>
  • 7. ASTHMA <ul><li>Asthma is a chronic inflammatory </li></ul><ul><li>disease of the airway“ that causes </li></ul><ul><li>the following symptoms: </li></ul><ul><li>Shortness of breath </li></ul><ul><li>Tightness in the chest </li></ul><ul><li>Coughing </li></ul><ul><li>Wheezing </li></ul>
  • 8. Asthma continuation <ul><li>Asthma has no set pattern. Its symptoms: </li></ul><ul><li>Can be mild, moderate or severe </li></ul><ul><li>Can vary from person to person </li></ul><ul><li>Can flare up from time to time </li></ul><ul><li>Can vary from one episode to the next </li></ul><ul><li>The cause of asthma is not known, </li></ul><ul><li>and currently there is no cure. </li></ul>
  • 9. Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder <ul><li>ADHD: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is </li></ul><ul><li>a condition that can make it hard </li></ul><ul><li>for a person to sit still, control </li></ul><ul><li>behavior, and pay attention. These difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>usually begin before the age of seven, </li></ul><ul><li>but often may not be noticed until </li></ul><ul><li>the child is older. </li></ul>
  • 10. Diabetes <ul><li>Diabetes is a chronic illness in which </li></ul><ul><li>the body does not produce insulin (type 1) </li></ul><ul><li>or does not produce enough insulin or </li></ul><ul><li>properly use it (type 2). </li></ul><ul><li>Insulin converts sugar, starches or other food </li></ul><ul><li>into energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Diabetes is the sixth deadliest disease in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>HYPERGLYCEMIA (high blood sugar) </li></ul><ul><li>Increased urination, thirst, blurry vision , nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Bathroom breaks, water, insulin </li></ul>
  • 11. Less common Health Impairments <ul><li>Epilepsy </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Hemophilia </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>HIV </li></ul><ul><li>“ These health conditions impair a student’s </li></ul><ul><li>ability to perform successfully in their </li></ul><ul><li>education UNLESS MODIFICATIONS ARE </li></ul><ul><li>MADE.” </li></ul>
  • 12. Epilepsy? <ul><li>Seizures with sudden alterations in behavior </li></ul><ul><li>or motor function caused by an electrical </li></ul><ul><li>discharge from the brain. Most single </li></ul><ul><li>seizures do not recur or require treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>Seizures may be provoked by acute events </li></ul><ul><li>including infection, head injury, chemical </li></ul><ul><li>imbalance, stroke or brain tumor. </li></ul>
  • 13. Absence Seizure (Petit Mal Seizure) <ul><li>A form of generalized seizure that causes a brief clouding or loss of consciousness. </li></ul><ul><li>Occur in young children and are commonly </li></ul><ul><li>mistaken for daydreaming. </li></ul><ul><li>Child stares blankly, and their eyes blink or roll upward </li></ul><ul><li>They recover quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Can occur many times a day and </li></ul><ul><li>can be brought on by hyperventilation </li></ul><ul><li>The child doesn’t know that he just had a seizure. </li></ul>
  • 14. Generalized tonic-clonic seizures (Grand Mal) <ul><li>Before a seizure begins, aura. </li></ul><ul><li>During the tonic phase: </li></ul><ul><li>The child goes unconscious </li></ul><ul><li>Eyes rolled back, body goes stiff </li></ul><ul><li>The child may breathe irregularly </li></ul><ul><li>Drool and lose bladder control </li></ul><ul><li>usually lasts 10 to 30 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>During the clonic phase: </li></ul><ul><li>jerking of the muscles </li></ul><ul><li>usually sleepy or disoriented and may have a headache </li></ul>
  • 15. Heart Conditions <ul><li>Congenital present at birth </li></ul><ul><li>Acquired - developed over time </li></ul><ul><li>Develop during childhood and are temporary </li></ul><ul><li>Many heart conditions are chronic </li></ul><ul><li>Others are acute — they happen suddenly, with severity, and end quickly. </li></ul>
  • 16. Hemophilia <ul><li>Hemophilia is a condition that involves </li></ul><ul><li>problems with coagulation or clotting of </li></ul><ul><li>blood, leading to easy bruising and </li></ul><ul><li>bleeding. Children with clotting disorders </li></ul><ul><li>bruise easily after minor trauma and in </li></ul><ul><li>areas that you don't commonly see bruises </li></ul><ul><li>or they may bleed for hours or days after a </li></ul><ul><li>minor cut or surgical procedure. </li></ul>
  • 17. Cancer <ul><li>All kinds of cancer cells </li></ul><ul><li>grow out of control, </li></ul><ul><li>develop abnormal sizes and shapes, </li></ul><ul><li>ignore their typical boundaries inside the body, </li></ul><ul><li>destroy their neighbor cells, and can </li></ul><ul><li>ultimately spread (or metastasize) to other </li></ul><ul><li>organs and tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>As cancer cells grow, they demand more </li></ul><ul><li>and more of the body's nutrition. Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>takes a child's strength, destroys organs and </li></ul><ul><li>bones, and weakens the body's defenses against </li></ul><ul><li>other illnesses. </li></ul>
  • 18. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) <ul><li>A serious virus that damages the immune </li></ul><ul><li>system and attacks the brain, resulting in </li></ul><ul><li>developmental delay and increased </li></ul><ul><li>susceptibility to infection. HIV is transmitted </li></ul><ul><li>when the virus enters the bloodstream, and </li></ul><ul><li>can be passed to a fetus by her mother. HIV </li></ul><ul><li>causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Syndrome) </li></ul>
  • 19. Lead Poisoning <ul><li>Illness caused by ingesting or inhaling </li></ul><ul><li>lead that can result in anemia and </li></ul><ul><li>damage to many organs, including the </li></ul><ul><li>brain, kidneys, liver, and </li></ul><ul><li>gastrointestinal system. </li></ul>
  • 20. Rheumatic Fever <ul><li>A disease in which there is tissue </li></ul><ul><li>inflammation, especially of the larger </li></ul><ul><li>joints of the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Fever and pain </li></ul><ul><li>Stiffness of the joints </li></ul><ul><li>Small, solid nodules under the skin </li></ul><ul><li>Involuntary movements that affect the gait, arm movements and speech. </li></ul>
  • 21. Leukemia <ul><li>Refers to cancers of the white blood </li></ul><ul><li>cells. When a child has leukemia, large </li></ul><ul><li>numbers of abnormal white blood cells are </li></ul><ul><li>produced in the bone marrow. These </li></ul><ul><li>abnormal white cells crowd the bone </li></ul><ul><li>marrow and flood the bloodstream, but they </li></ul><ul><li>cannot perform their proper role of </li></ul><ul><li>protecting the body against disease because </li></ul><ul><li>they are defective. </li></ul>
  • 22. Accommodations <ul><li>Flexible time limits </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom to use bathroom or drinking fountain </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent breaks </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative assignments when absent frequently </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative grading scale </li></ul><ul><li>Safe Place </li></ul><ul><li>Include School Nurse and Social Worker in IEP process </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease distractions </li></ul>
  • 23. Strategies <ul><li>Build a caring, nurturing classroom environment </li></ul><ul><li>Teach students about the health impairment </li></ul><ul><li>Use of visuals </li></ul><ul><li>Hands-on learning </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative learning </li></ul><ul><li>Buddy system </li></ul><ul><li>Give short, concise directions </li></ul><ul><li>Teach lessons that allow for movement </li></ul><ul><li>Allow for frequent, positive feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Help build on his strengths and be successful </li></ul><ul><li>Give ADHD student frequent breaks or allow to go on errands </li></ul>
  • 24. References <ul><li>Nichcy </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.nichcy.org/Disabilities/Specific/Pages/Epilepsy.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>CEC http://www.cec.sped.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=About_CEC </li></ul>

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