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    Other Health Impairment #2 Other Health Impairment #2 Presentation Transcript

    • Other Health Impairment Lolita Siguenza Eleanor Quichocho ED443G Adaptive Assistive Technology Dr. Jacqui Cyrus November 20, 2008
    • IDEA Definition Other health impairment means having limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that: (i) is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, and sickle cell anemia; and (ii) adversely affects a child's educational performance [34 C.F.R. 300.7(c)(9)]
    • Objectives
      • At the end of this presentation, you should be able to:
      • Describe characteristics of other health impairments.
      • Understand causes of other health impairments.
      • Lists accommodations and strategies to implement in the classroom
      • These students are unable to function physically and/or academically with peers of the same age and grade expectancy level. They require the provision of specialized instructional services and modification in order to participate in the school program.
    • Characteristics
      • Child may miss school frequently for Dr. appointments or illnesses
      • May have physical restrictions
      • Inattentiveness due to health impairment and/or medications
      • Other medication side effects, such as, increased thirst
      • Academic lags
    • Common OHI
      • Asthma
      • ADD
      • ADHD
      • Diabetes
      • These health conditions impair a student’s
      • ability to perform successfully in their
      • education UNLESS MODIFICATIONS ARE
      • MADE.
    • ASTHMA
      • Asthma is a chronic inflammatory
      • disease of the airway“ that causes
      • the following symptoms:
      • Shortness of breath
      • Tightness in the chest
      • Coughing
      • Wheezing
    • Asthma continuation
      • Asthma has no set pattern. Its symptoms:
      • Can be mild, moderate or severe
      • Can vary from person to person
      • Can flare up from time to time
      • Can vary from one episode to the next
      • The cause of asthma is not known,
      • and currently there is no cure.
    • Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
      • ADHD: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is
      • a condition that can make it hard
      • for a person to sit still, control
      • behavior, and pay attention. These difficulties
      • usually begin before the age of seven,
      • but often may not be noticed until
      • the child is older.
    • Diabetes
      • Diabetes is a chronic illness in which
      • the body does not produce insulin (type 1)
      • or does not produce enough insulin or
      • properly use it (type 2).
      • Insulin converts sugar, starches or other food
      • into energy.
      • Diabetes is the sixth deadliest disease in the U.S.
      • HYPERGLYCEMIA (high blood sugar)
      • Increased urination, thirst, blurry vision , nausea
      • Bathroom breaks, water, insulin
    • Less common Health Impairments
      • Epilepsy
      • Heart Conditions
      • Hemophilia
      • Cancer
      • HIV
      • “ These health conditions impair a student’s
      • ability to perform successfully in their
      • education UNLESS MODIFICATIONS ARE
      • MADE.”
    • Epilepsy?
      • Seizures with sudden alterations in behavior
      • or motor function caused by an electrical
      • discharge from the brain. Most single
      • seizures do not recur or require treatment.
      • Seizures may be provoked by acute events
      • including infection, head injury, chemical
      • imbalance, stroke or brain tumor.
    • Absence Seizure (Petit Mal Seizure)
      • A form of generalized seizure that causes a brief clouding or loss of consciousness.
      • Occur in young children and are commonly
      • mistaken for daydreaming.
      • Child stares blankly, and their eyes blink or roll upward
      • They recover quickly
      • Can occur many times a day and
      • can be brought on by hyperventilation
      • The child doesn’t know that he just had a seizure.
    • Generalized tonic-clonic seizures (Grand Mal)
      • Before a seizure begins, aura.
      • During the tonic phase:
      • The child goes unconscious
      • Eyes rolled back, body goes stiff
      • The child may breathe irregularly
      • Drool and lose bladder control
      • usually lasts 10 to 30 seconds
      • During the clonic phase:
      • jerking of the muscles
      • usually sleepy or disoriented and may have a headache
    • Heart Conditions
      • Congenital present at birth
      • Acquired - developed over time
      • Develop during childhood and are temporary
      • Many heart conditions are chronic
      • Others are acute — they happen suddenly, with severity, and end quickly.
    • Hemophilia
      • Hemophilia is a condition that involves
      • problems with coagulation or clotting of
      • blood, leading to easy bruising and
      • bleeding. Children with clotting disorders
      • bruise easily after minor trauma and in
      • areas that you don't commonly see bruises
      • or they may bleed for hours or days after a
      • minor cut or surgical procedure.
    • Cancer
      • All kinds of cancer cells
      • grow out of control,
      • develop abnormal sizes and shapes,
      • ignore their typical boundaries inside the body,
      • destroy their neighbor cells, and can
      • ultimately spread (or metastasize) to other
      • organs and tissues.
      • As cancer cells grow, they demand more
      • and more of the body's nutrition. Cancer
      • takes a child's strength, destroys organs and
      • bones, and weakens the body's defenses against
      • other illnesses.
    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
      • A serious virus that damages the immune
      • system and attacks the brain, resulting in
      • developmental delay and increased
      • susceptibility to infection. HIV is transmitted
      • when the virus enters the bloodstream, and
      • can be passed to a fetus by her mother. HIV
      • causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency
      • Syndrome)
    • Lead Poisoning
      • Illness caused by ingesting or inhaling
      • lead that can result in anemia and
      • damage to many organs, including the
      • brain, kidneys, liver, and
      • gastrointestinal system.
    • Rheumatic Fever
      • A disease in which there is tissue
      • inflammation, especially of the larger
      • joints of the body.
      • Fever and pain
      • Stiffness of the joints
      • Small, solid nodules under the skin
      • Involuntary movements that affect the gait, arm movements and speech.
    • Leukemia
      • Refers to cancers of the white blood
      • cells. When a child has leukemia, large
      • numbers of abnormal white blood cells are
      • produced in the bone marrow. These
      • abnormal white cells crowd the bone
      • marrow and flood the bloodstream, but they
      • cannot perform their proper role of
      • protecting the body against disease because
      • they are defective.
    • Accommodations
      • Flexible time limits
      • Freedom to use bathroom or drinking fountain
      • Frequent breaks
      • Reduced assignments
      • Alternative assignments when absent frequently
      • Alternative grading scale
      • Safe Place
      • Include School Nurse and Social Worker in IEP process
      • Decrease distractions
    • Strategies
      • Build a caring, nurturing classroom environment
      • Teach students about the health impairment
      • Use of visuals
      • Hands-on learning
      • Cooperative learning
      • Buddy system
      • Give short, concise directions
      • Teach lessons that allow for movement
      • Allow for frequent, positive feedback
      • Help build on his strengths and be successful
      • Give ADHD student frequent breaks or allow to go on errands
    • References
      • Nichcy
      • http:// www.nichcy.org/Disabilities/Specific/Pages/Epilepsy.aspx
      • CEC http://www.cec.sped.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=About_CEC