Uploaded on

collocation

collocation

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
4,200
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
233
Comments
0
Likes
3

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. I think, …
  • 2. When one door closes, …… another one is slammed in your face.
  • 3. When the going gets tough, …… the tough get going – right out thenearest exit.
  • 4. When life hands you lemon, … … be careful what you drink.
  • 5. Collocations
  • 6. What is a COLLOCATION? A COLLOCATION is a bundle of words. It is better to learn the “bundle of words” instead of just the word by itself.
  • 7. What is a COLLOCATION? A collocation is two or more words that often go together. These combinations just sound "right" to native English speakers, who use them all the time. On the other hand, other combinations may be unnatural and just sound "wrong".
  • 8. What is a COLLOCATION?
  • 9. Why learn collocations? Your language will be more natural and more easily understood. You will have alternative and richer ways of expressing yourself. It is easier for our brains to remember and use language in chunks or blocks rather than as single words.
  • 10. What is a “bundle of words” MAKE is an often used word. But WHEN can you use it.
  • 11. MAKE bundles MAKE a profit MAKE money MAKE a telephone call MAKE a mess
  • 12. Learn the “bundle” It is more useful to learn the bundle than just the single vocabulary item. DO the cooking DO your homework DO the housework
  • 13. Learning prepositions in abundle Prepositions like IN, ON, TO, AGAINST are very difficult to use correctly. It will be easier if you learn them together with NOUN or a VERB.
  • 14. Verbs with a PREPOSITION DISCRIMINATE is a verb you will be using a lot this summer. When you use this word, don’t forget the preposition AGAINST. People DISCRIMINATE AGAINST African Americans.
  • 15. Some other common VERB +PREPOSITION bundles REFUSE TO He REFUSED TO answer the questions. REASON FOR What is his REASON FOR being late. ADAPT TO We must ADAPT TO change.
  • 16. VERB + NOUN bundles TAKE A VACATION PLACE AN ORDER PLAY A GAME RAISE A QUESTION RAISE AN OBJECTION
  • 17. ADJECTIVE + NOUN The Adjective LIGHT LIGHT RAIN LIGHT BEER LIGHT WORKLOAD LIGHT JACKET
  • 18. ADVERB + VERB COMPLETELY FORGOT COMPLETELY RUINED COMPLETELY MISUNDERSTOOD COMPLETELY BROKEN COMPLETELY COVERED
  • 19. ADVERB ADJECTIVE TOTALLY AWESOME TOTALLY WRONG TOTALLY DIFFERENT TOTALLY ARTIFICIAL TOTALLY HAPPY
  • 20. NOUN + NOUN A BUSINESS DEAL A BUSINESS PARTNER A BUSINESS LETTER A BUSINESS SUIT
  • 21. Some common collocations Take take a break take an exam take a chance take notes take a look take someones place take a rest take a seat take a taxi
  • 22. Some common collocations Break break a habit break the law break a leg break the news to someone break a promise break the ice break a record break the rules break a window break someones heart
  • 23. Some common collocations Catch catch a ball catch fire catch a bus catch the flu catch a chill catch a thief catch a cold catch sight of catch someones attention catch someones eye
  • 24. Some common collocations Pay pay a fine pay the bill pay attention pay the price pay by credit card pay your respects pay cash pay interest pay someone a compliment pay someone a visit
  • 25. Some common collocations Time bang on time past few weeks dead on time right on time early 12th century run out of time free time save time from dawn till dusk spare time great deal of time spend some time late 20th century take your time make time for time goes by next few days waste time
  • 26. Some common collocations Business English annual turnover draw a conclusion bear in mind lay off staff break off negotiations go bankrupt cease trading make a loss chair a meeting make a profit close a deal market forces close a meeting sales figures come to the point take on staff dismiss an offer
  • 27. Some common collocations Classifiers a ball of string a bar of chocolate a bottle of water a bunch of carrots a cube of sugar a pack of cards a pad of paper
  • 28. Exercises