The Crisis of the 1890s
Dr. John Holmes
U.S. History After 1877, History 121,
Diablo Valley College San Ramon
Summer 2013
The Farm Crisis and Populism
America a rural nation--small farmer
as backbone of America
Tremendous expansion of farming
a...
Economic roots of Populism
Farmers not peasants-landowners
Credit basis of agriculture
Dependence on bankers and
railroads...
Populist program
Platform, doc. 20-1
Opposition to monopoly
Lloyd and George documents
Return to American values before
th...
The Populist Movement
The Farmers’ Alliance
Alliance with labor
“Producerism” and Knights of
Labor
Alliance of black and w...
Populism in California
The Octopus, Frank Norris
The Mussel Slough Tragedy
Deadliest gunfight in California history
Conflict between farmers and railroad
The checkerboard
...
California Populism
Different, because California different
Alliance between anti-railroad farmers
and urban workers
State...
The South: Populism and the
Rise of Jim Crow
Black-white economic alliance
Breakdown on race lines
Colored Farmers’ Allian...
Industrial Crisis in the North
The Great Depression of 1890s
Overproduction then and now
Reader 18-3 and 18-5: Lloyd and
G...
Homestead: Industrial War
Reader document 20-1
Coxey’s Army
Army starts marching in Ohio
Few contingents reach Washington
William Hogan contingent
commandeers train, app...
The Pullman Strike
Train wreck in California
Strike leader Eugene Victor Debs
becomes leader of American
Socialism
Political Crisis of 1890s
Grover Cleveland and Democratic
Party blamed for Great Depression
Labor does not join Populists
...
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Week three, crisis of 1890s

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Week three, crisis of 1890s

  1. 1. The Crisis of the 1890s Dr. John Holmes U.S. History After 1877, History 121, Diablo Valley College San Ramon Summer 2013
  2. 2. The Farm Crisis and Populism America a rural nation--small farmer as backbone of America Tremendous expansion of farming after Civil War Homestead Act and Indian removal Populism largest social movement in American history in 19th century Jeffersonian values vs. values of Gilded Age
  3. 3. Economic roots of Populism Farmers not peasants-landowners Credit basis of agriculture Dependence on bankers and railroads Drastic decline in crop prices wheat bushels: 63 to 36 cents cotton: 11 to 4.6 cents a pound Causes: overproduction; erosion; overseas competition Farmers’ Alliance in West and South
  4. 4. Populist program Platform, doc. 20-1 Opposition to monopoly Lloyd and George documents Return to American values before the Gilded Age Railroads: nationalization or regulation Bankers: expand currency to reduce interest rates
  5. 5. The Populist Movement The Farmers’ Alliance Alliance with labor “Producerism” and Knights of Labor Alliance of black and white farmers in South
  6. 6. Populism in California The Octopus, Frank Norris
  7. 7. The Mussel Slough Tragedy Deadliest gunfight in California history Conflict between farmers and railroad The checkerboard Prison photo, Arrested farmers, 1880
  8. 8. California Populism Different, because California different Alliance between anti-railroad farmers and urban workers State legislator Marion Cannon, prosperous farmer Calls for nationalizing “the Octopus” Adolph Sutro, mayor of San Francisco Wants to municipalize streetcars
  9. 9. The South: Populism and the Rise of Jim Crow Black-white economic alliance Breakdown on race lines Colored Farmers’ Alliance and 1891 cotton picker’s strike North Carolina: Populist- Republican alliance Reader document 20-2 Disenfranchisement of blacks Jim Crow Plessy v. Ferguson
  10. 10. Industrial Crisis in the North The Great Depression of 1890s Overproduction then and now Reader 18-3 and 18-5: Lloyd and George on overproduction dot.com collapse, housing collapse Conditions of urban workers: Reader Chapter 19 Industrial warfare of 1890s Document 20-4: “Conflicting Views about Labor Unions”
  11. 11. Homestead: Industrial War Reader document 20-1
  12. 12. Coxey’s Army Army starts marching in Ohio Few contingents reach Washington William Hogan contingent commandeers train, apprehended in Montana
  13. 13. The Pullman Strike Train wreck in California Strike leader Eugene Victor Debs becomes leader of American Socialism
  14. 14. Political Crisis of 1890s Grover Cleveland and Democratic Party blamed for Great Depression Labor does not join Populists Populism and food prices Populism vs. immigration Populists merge with Democrats William Jennings Bryan “Critical election” of 1896 Republican Party dominance And then, the war…

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