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Us and the world
Us and the world
Us and the world
Us and the world
Us and the world
Us and the world
Us and the world
Us and the world
Us and the world
Us and the world
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Us and the world

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  • 1. The US and the World Dr. John Holmes History 121, U.S After 1877 Diablo Valley College San Ramon, Summer 2013
  • 2. Traditional US Foreign Policy What is foreign policy? Lack of U.S. foreign policy in late 19th Century Monroe Doctrine Isolationism Protecting U.S. citizens Transformation in 1890s
  • 3. Before the Civil War “Manifest Destiny” “from sea to shining seas” Achieved through Mexican- American War Opposed by Lincoln “54-40 or fight” Sets stage for Civil War Southern interest in Latin American conquest to expand slavery William Walker and Nicaragua Confederate refugees in Brazil
  • 4. After the Civil War Rapid economic expansion Promotion of immigration Little interest in foreign affairs Reaction to immediate events Unfriendly to European imperialism Foreign acquisitions no longer automatically become states Alaska, “Seward’s Folly” Hawaii: transition to colonialism Philippines: colonial war Puerto Rico, still a colony
  • 5. From Isolationism to Imperialism- Economic Reasons Overproduction - US industry exceeding domestic market Navalism Alfred Thayer Mahan Friend of Teddy Roosevelt The Influence of Sea Power upon History
  • 6. Other reasons 1890-end of the frontier Frederick Jackson Turner Racism and imperialism Liberty and foreign intervention Cuban revolt vs. Spain Spanish atrocities Protecting Americans the sinking of the Maine
  • 7. Anti-Imperialist movement Foner p. 321: Rev. Ames Traditional American values Element of racism Democrats support, Republicans oppose 1900 election and Bryan Business supports imperialism, labor silent Prominent intellectuals oppose imperialism Sumner and Mark Twain
  • 8. Mark Twain vs. Teddy Roosevelt Twain on the Phillipines:"the American flag should be replaced not with the stars and stripes, forget them, it should be the Jolly Roger, the skull and crossbones, because we bring murder wherever we go." Charge of the Rough Riders up San Juan Hill
  • 9. Results of the Spanish-American War U.S. now a world power The Phillipines Cuba: the Platt Amendment Panama Canal Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine U.S. interventions in Caribbean and Latin America: Cuba 1906; Nicaragua 1909; Haiti 1915; Dominican Republic 1916
  • 10. Next Class: The Progressive Era and World War I Readings: Foner, Chapters 18 and 19, Johnson, rest of Ch. 21 and 22 Group Meetings to work on Division of Labor statement Student Teachin Research Guide to be posted over the weekend Tuesday, First Quiz, on Chapter 18 in Foner

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