Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Nathan Fisher
Phase 0.1 – End Of Phase Re...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Innovation Development
technology
( feasi...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Innovation Development
technology
( feasi...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Innovation Development
technology
( feasi...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Innovation Development
technology
( feasi...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Category
Tech
Market
Product
Price
Develo...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Smart Blocks Project may adopt various Lo...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
$/BLOCK $/STATION 100 BLOCKS 500 BLOCKS
1...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
$/BLOCK $/STATION 100 BLOCKS 500 BLOCKS
1...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
User Experience (UX)
• common features – ...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
User Experience
Common Features
• quantit...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
User Experience
Common Features
Quantity ...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
• 100 piece kit size
• 0.3x0.3” minimum b...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Common Features
quantity – large block...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Common Features
form factor – large vs...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
User Experience
Common Features
Data Proc...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Common Features
data processing
17
• g...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Common Features
data processing
18
• r...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Common Features
data processing
19
• g...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
User Experience
Common Features
Technolog...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Common Features
technology – must have...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Common Features
technology – nice to h...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Common Features
technology – detectabl...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
User Experience
Unique Features
• used to...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
User Experience
Unique Features
Power Sou...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Unique Features
power source
26
NONE
P...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
User Experience
Unique Features
Direction...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Unique Features
directionality
28
NON ...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
User Experience
Unique Features
Visibilit...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Unique Features
visibility to computer...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Unique Features
visibility to computer...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Unique Features
visibility to computer...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Unique Features
visibility to computer...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
User Experience
Unique Features
Play Area...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Unique Features
play area
35
• may req...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Unique Features
play area
36
• play mu...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
UX/Unique Features
play area
37
• play mu...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Technology Concepts
• 6 concepts that mee...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Technology Concepts
1. Capacitive Grid
39
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
The
“Cloud”
Base:
• Grid measures capacit...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
1. Board Game act as Capacitive Grid and ...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 1. Capacitive Grid
PRO/CON
PRO
• r...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 1. Capacitive Grid
electronics bil...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Technology Concepts
Fixed Camera
44
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
The
“Cloud”
Cameras (4):
• Take bitmap im...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
1. 2 or more cameras are arranged around ...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 2. Fixed Camera
PRO/CON
PRO
• low ...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 2. Fixed Camera
electronics bill o...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Technology Concepts
3. RFID
49
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
The
“Cloud”
PC:
Collects grid data and
re...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
1. Game Board act as Intelligent board an...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 3. RFID
PRO/CON
PRO
• lots of data...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 3. RFID
electronics bill of materi...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Technology Concepts
4. Conductive Contact...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 4. Conductive Contact
overview
Blo...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
1. Master block is plugged into PC via US...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 4. Conductive Contact
PRO/CON
PRO
...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 4. Conductive Contact
electronics ...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Technology Concepts
5. QR Code
59
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 5. QR Code
overview/operational se...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 5. QR Code
PRO/CON
PRO
• cheap
• p...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 5. QR Code
electronics bill of mat...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Technology Concepts
6. Smart Phone (Digit...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 6. Smart Phone
overview
Blocks:
• ...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
1. Photo is taken from one side
2. Screen...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 6. Smart Phone
PRO/CON
PRO
• cheap...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – 6. Smart Phone
electronics bill of...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Tech – Camera Based Digitizing Example
Au...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Technology Concepts
Overview
69
2. Fixed ...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
1 2 3 4 5 6
Capacitive
Grid
Fixed Camera ...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Desirability
Feature Summary
71
1 2 3 4 5...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Desirability
Feature Summary
72
1 2 3 4 5...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Desirability
Feature Summary
73
1 2 3 4 5...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Technology vs. Cost
Refined Cost Comparis...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Technology vs. Cost
Refined Cost Comparis...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Innovation Development
Summary
76
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Innovation Development
Summary
77
1 2 3 4...
Nathan Fisher
Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review
07. 25. 2013
Summary
78
Fixed Camera RFID
Conductive C...
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Nectr nathan fisher ph01 eop review 2013-0725

  1. 1. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Nathan Fisher Phase 0.1 – End Of Phase Review Agenda • Preliminary User Interaction Concepts • Technology Schematics • ROM Cost Analysis Goals for this meeting • Confirm market feasibility and user experience • Choose direction/s for further development 1
  2. 2. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Innovation Development technology ( feasibility ) brainstorm concepts 2
  3. 3. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Innovation Development technology ( feasibility ) economics ( profitability ) 3
  4. 4. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Innovation Development technology ( feasibility ) market ( desirability ) economics ( profitability ) 4
  5. 5. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Innovation Development technology ( feasibility ) market ( desirability ) economics ( profitability ) innovation target 5
  6. 6. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Category Tech Market Product Price Development Proximity sensor, RF, LED Pro-sumer NA AudioCubes M-Tran Development Servo, various electronics NA NA Snap Circuits Consumer Product Misc electronics Children $20-$80 Radica Cube World Consumer Product Magnets, , motion sensor, various electronics Children $25 Scrabble Flash Consumer Product “Smartlink” technology All Ages $15 Sifteo Consumer Product Motion sensor, proximity sensor, USB, ect… All ages $140 Life if George Consumer Product Smart phone camera an app. Kids-Teens $25 Mindstorm Consumer Product PC, various electronics Kids-Teens $460 Cubelets Consumer Product Various mechanical and electrical. Kids-Adults $160-$520 B-Squares Consumer Product Arduino platform, various electrics. Pro-sumer $8-$170 Competitive Research 6
  7. 7. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Smart Blocks Project may adopt various Localizations technique such as Contact Technology, Contact less Technology, Hybrid Technology, or Triangulation for Detection, Tracking & Identification of each Block. Smart Blocks Contact MechanicalActuation, Physical Proximity Smart Floor ElectricalActuation ElectricalProximity Wired Mesh , Smart Grid Electro MechanicalActuation MEMS Sensors, Gyroscope, Accelerometer,Tilt Sensors Hybrid Computer Vision, Digital Imaging Time of Flight Measurement , Triangulation Contactless Infrared, RFID, Ultrasound Satellite Communication NFC, Wi-Fi/BT, Zigbee Technology Tree 7
  8. 8. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 $/BLOCK $/STATION 100 BLOCKS 500 BLOCKS 1 Depth sensor $0.05 $95 2 2 Smart Grid $0.65 $85.00 1 3 LASER LINE $0.05 $125.00 2 4 Wired Mesh $2.20 $11.00 1 5 Passive Inductive Sensing (Passive RFID) $1.95 $60.00 3 6 Conductive Contact $2.20 $25.00 2 7 IR (Single TX-RX Combo) $1.75 $35.00 1 8 Capacitive Signaling & Inductive Powering $1.80 $40.00 2 9 Active RFID $4.50 $100.00 2 10 MEMS Sensor + Wireless, RF Transmitter $4.85 $35.00 1 11 GPS Navigation System $2.30 $285.00 3 12 Digital Imager $2.65 $1,500.00 2 TECHNOLOGYITEM $150.00$130.00 $410.00 $940.00 $1,111.00 $255.00 $210.00 REASON DEVELOPMENT RISK $520.00 $2,460.00 $231.00 $1,765.00 $2,825.00 $515.00 $1,435.00 $550.00 $2,350.00 $1,035.00 BOM COST $100 $220.00 $120 $150.00 STARTER KIT COST $910.00 $245.00 $1,125.00 Technology vs. Cost Initial Brainstorming Concepts Cost Comparison 8 note: costs based on ROM estimating, not quotations at high volume $$forcomparisonpurposesonly
  9. 9. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 $/BLOCK $/STATION 100 BLOCKS 500 BLOCKS 1 Depth sensor $0.05 $95 2 little potential to reduce cost 2 Smart Grid $0.65 $85.00 1 simplify concept to reduce cost 3 LASER LINE $0.05 $125.00 2 can use a cheaper camera to do same 4 Wired Mesh $2.20 $11.00 1 potential for lower cost 5 Passive Inductive Sensing (Passive RFID) $1.95 $60.00 3 modify to use cheaper components 6 Conductive Contact $2.20 $25.00 2 streamline to reduce parts 7 IR (Single TX-RX Combo) $1.75 $35.00 1 user interaction suffers with lower cost 8 Capacitive Signaling & Inductive Powering $1.80 $40.00 2 little potential to reduce cost 9 Active RFID $4.50 $100.00 2 can be done with passive RFID 10 MEMS Sensor + Wireless, RF Transmitter $4.85 $35.00 1 little potential to reduce cost 11 GPS Navigation System $2.30 $285.00 3 resolution too low, high part count 12 Digital Imager $2.65 $1,500.00 2 excessive quality, can be done with camera $1,765.00 $2,825.00 $550.00 $2,350.00 $520.00 $2,460.00 $515.00 $1,435.00 $245.00 $1,125.00 $210.00 $910.00 $220.00 $940.00 $130.00 $150.00 $231.00 $1,111.00 $255.00 $1,035.00 REASON $100 $120 $150.00 $410.00 ITEM TECHNOLOGY BOM COST STARTER KIT COST DEVELOPMENT RISK Technology vs. Cost Initial Brainstorming Concepts Cost Comparison 9 note: costs based on ROM estimating, not quotations at high volume $$forcomparisonpurposesonly
  10. 10. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 User Experience (UX) • common features – found in all concepts • unique features – what makes one experience different from another 10
  11. 11. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 User Experience Common Features • quantity of blocks • form factor - small vs. large • data processing • technology – basic functionality 11
  12. 12. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 User Experience Common Features Quantity and Size of Blocks • what can you build with a starter kit? • perceived value 12
  13. 13. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 • 100 piece kit size • 0.3x0.3” minimum block size • small technology is good for design flexibility note: • a basic block is 1x1x1, the smallest detectable unit or “voxel” • each Lego block may represent several voxels • cost of larger blocks varies by technology UX/Common Features quantity – small blocks 13
  14. 14. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Common Features quantity – large blocks • 100 piece kit size • 1.75x1.75” block size • provides more space for technology note: • examples show simple blocks with no mechanical attachment • simple stacks shown without bridges or overhangs 14
  15. 15. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Common Features form factor – large vs. small Large = perceived value for a smaller kit Small = desire for more pieces 15
  16. 16. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 User Experience Common Features Data Processing • turning raw scan data into a 3D database • turning a 3D database into a viewable display 16
  17. 17. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Common Features data processing 17 • gaming base or block process data into 3D database • database is sent to Cloud via PC with little or no additional processing • viewable 3D model generated by PC in real time or by Cloud via web based viewer Hardware Based Processing PRO • single software platform • less setup and versioning CON • adds cost • best for digital detection techniques • impractical to generate viewable image
  18. 18. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Common Features data processing 18 • raw data is set to PC to be processed by customers hardware using proprietary software • 3D database is uploaded to cloud for sharing • viewable 3D model generated by PC in real time PC/Mac PRO • speed - serious processing power • can handle data intensive detection technologies • shifts cost away from game CON • customer may not own a PC (tablets) • multiple software platforms • unpredictable user experience (speed)
  19. 19. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Common Features data processing 19 • gaming service provider accepts raw data • data is processed into 3D database and stored • viewable 3D model generated by cloud and sent in simplified form to customer, viewed via browser type software PRO • total control over software platform • minimum BOM cost • not dependent on customer having a PC (can use a phone or tablet) • known customer experience CON • expensive to scale • slow – not real time The Cloud
  20. 20. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 User Experience Common Features Technology – Basic Functionality • what is the technology expected to do as a “Smart Block”? • what can be sacrificed to save cost? 20
  21. 21. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Common Features technology – must have 21 blocks stacked one on top of another in a grid pattern blocks that are more than one cube in size detached bodies on a grid
  22. 22. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Common Features technology – nice to have 22 ½ offset blocks randomly positioned blocks not normal to a grid odd shapes
  23. 23. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Common Features technology – detectable vs. actual block size 23 smallest detectable unit size or “voxel” each piece can be several units in size may cost more per block block can be any size large enough to fit technology
  24. 24. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 User Experience Unique Features • used to compare and contrast brainstorm concepts – power source (if any) – directionality of blocks – visibility to the computer – play area 24
  25. 25. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 User Experience Unique Features Power Source • does the block require power – dumb vs. smart? • how to supply power to activate circuitry inside the block • may also act as a data transmission path • affects cost and reliability 25
  26. 26. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Unique Features power source 26 NONE PRO • cheap • small CON • dumb BATTERY PRO • reliable • smart CON • cost • limited life • replacement INDUCTIVE PRO • reliable • never runs out • provides signal path CON • very little power CONTACTS PRO • unlimited • can act as sensor • provides signal path CON • reliability • cost
  27. 27. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 User Experience Unique Features Directionality • does the block need to be oriented a certain way? • flexibility is desirable • flexibility tends to add cost 27
  28. 28. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Unique Features directionality 28 NON DIRECTIONAL PRO • freedom CON • hard to detect • complex joints ANY VERTICAL PRO • simple joints • direct com path CON • less freedom MONO DIRECTIONAL PRO • minimum components • simple joints CON • fussy to use best good less desirable
  29. 29. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 User Experience Unique Features Visibility to Computer • how accurately does the computer reproduce the structure? – full reproduction – net shape – line of sight – other attributes 29
  30. 30. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Unique Features visibility to computer 30 AS BUILT WHAT THE COMPUTER SEES each block separately recognized orientation and construction details reproduced nothing is hidden FULL REPRODUCTION best
  31. 31. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Unique Features visibility to computer 31 AS BUILT WHAT THE COMPUTER SEES filled space distinguished from empty nothing is hidden NET SHAPE can’t detect what shape blocks were used good
  32. 32. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Unique Features visibility to computer 32 AS BUILT WHAT THE COMPUTER SEES may not detect what shape blocks were used hidden areas missed requiring more camera positions LINE OF SIGHT filled space distinguished from empty only where visible to camera less desirable may detect color and visible attributes
  33. 33. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Unique Features visibility to computer 33 BRIDGES overhanging structures & what is above OTHER SHAPES non square COLOR & ATTRUBUTES details other than presence classification UNIQUE ID USER INTERACTION touch, motion, speedREAL TIME UPDATES see it as you build it OTHER ATTRIBUTES
  34. 34. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 User Experience Unique Features Play Area • what sort of surface base is needed to detect the blocks? 34
  35. 35. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Unique Features play area 35 • may require blocks to be physically connected • may require a master block or cable connection in each structure • detects the structure, not what is within a given space Any Clean Surface
  36. 36. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Unique Features play area 36 • play must be contained within a pre-defined area • places blocks in a predictable grid to facilitate accurate scanning • may contain electronics that are not physically connected to blocks Mechanical Grid
  37. 37. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 UX/Unique Features play area 37 • play must be contained within a pre-defined area • provides power and/or data transmission to blocks • physically aligns block to power/data connection points Electro/Optical Grid
  38. 38. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Technology Concepts • 6 concepts that meet cost and performance targets – overview – operational sequence – PRO/CON – electronics bill of materials 38
  39. 39. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Technology Concepts 1. Capacitive Grid 39
  40. 40. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 The “Cloud” Base: • Grid measures capacitance of each stack and converts to a number representing stack height PC: • Collects grid data and represents as 3D for user interaction Processed data is uploaded to The “Cloud” Conductive Block: • Has a conductive contact top and bottom • Each block adds capacitance to the stack similar to a touch screen monitor User Interaction: • Grid may detect human touch as well • Dirt and contamination may reduce effectiveness Tech – 1. Capacitive Grid overview 40
  41. 41. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 1. Board Game act as Capacitive Grid and has Mesh Network of Copper Wires. 2. Each Junction point of Wired Mesh act as Weak Capacitance. 3. All Column Wires are Transmitter & All Row Wires act as Receiver. 4. Few KHz of Pulsating Square wave is send through Transmitter, at receiving end the same wave is analyzed including weak capacitance. 5. When Conductive pad is being kept on Smart Grid it introduces more capacitance to Receiver and recorded as Placement of block at specific location, adding more will add capacitance and vice versa. Smart Block Tech – 1. Capacitive Grid operational sequence 41
  42. 42. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 1. Capacitive Grid PRO/CON PRO • real time updates • shows user interaction • reliable 42 CON • stacks only – limited shapes • blocks not very smart • base may be sensitive to dirt
  43. 43. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 1. Capacitive Grid electronics bill of materials 43
  44. 44. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Technology Concepts Fixed Camera 44
  45. 45. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 The “Cloud” Cameras (4): • Take bitmap image of play area from 4 perspectives and send raw data back to PC • Update speed depends on processing speed of PC PC: • PC processes bitmap image data into 3D reconstruction • Provides user interaction Processed data is uploaded to The “Cloud” Play area: • Mechanical grid keeps blocks in a known orientation to facilitate optical block recognition • Not required but lowers processing burden Tech – 2. Fixed Camera overview 45
  46. 46. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 1. 2 or more cameras are arranged around play area. Laser may be used to enhance block detection. 2. Picture is taken at each camera location. 3. Bitmap images are compared and processed (possibly using licensed software). 4. Meshing Smart Block#1 Smart Block#2 Smart Block#3 Smart Block#4 Smart Block#5 Smart Block#6 Smart Block#7 Smart Block#8 LASER (low cost option to improve reliability) Sample Geometry of Blocks Camera Focus Camera Tech – 2. Fixed Camera operational sequence 46
  47. 47. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 2. Fixed Camera PRO/CON PRO • low cost/block • no cell phone needed • local processing option 47 CON • line of sight • dumb blocks • heavy software development
  48. 48. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 2. Fixed Camera electronics bill of materials 48
  49. 49. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Technology Concepts 3. RFID 49
  50. 50. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 The “Cloud” PC: Collects grid data and represents as 3D for user interaction Processed data is uploaded to The “Cloud” smart cube with RFID BASE: • Has reference RFID for calibration • Has mechanical grid RFID Reader: • Emits an EM wave to power blocks and reads reply • Triangulates position based on relative signal strength RFID: • Stores information about each block • Broadcasts a signal back to reader Tech – 3. RFID overview 50
  51. 51. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 1. Game Board act as Intelligent board and has Reference RFID Tags and Readers fixed on it. 2. Each Smart Block is Equipped with RFID Tag with unique ID. 3. Each Reader is sending energy to RFID Tags & Tags sends signal back to reader. 4. Using Received Signal Strength Identification (RSSI), followed by some Algorithm each Block can uniquely identified. 5. PC processes the data received into 3D coordinates relative to reference tags, rounding to the nearest voxel. RFID Reader RFID Ref Tag#1 RFID Ref Tag#9 RFID Ref Tag#8 RFID Ref Tag#7 RFID Reader RFID Ref Tag#4 RFID Ref Tag#3 RFID Ref Tag#2 Block 1 Antenna Antenna Antenna Antenna RFID Ref Tag#4 RFID Ref Tag#5 RFID Ref Tag#10 RFID Reader RFID Ref Tag#11 RFID Reader RFID Ref Tag#12 Block 5 Block 3 Block 2 Block 4 Block 6 Tech – 3. RFID operational sequence 51
  52. 52. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 3. RFID PRO/CON PRO • lots of data from block • low cost of larger blocks • low cost/block 52 CON • high cost/risk of development • positional data is basic • rectangular blocks only
  53. 53. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 3. RFID electronics bill of materials 53
  54. 54. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Technology Concepts 4. Conductive Contact 54
  55. 55. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 4. Conductive Contact overview Block: • Has electrical contacts on each face to relay power and data • Creates digital data packets based on each signal coming from each side Note: LEGO style shape for illustration only, blocks can be non-directional Master Block: • same as other blocks but has a USB to connect with PC • block can be attached to multiple structures (no relative position) Larger blocks: • one chip per block • one contact set per row/column PC: • processes block data packets into 3D reconstruction for UI The “Cloud” Processed data is uploaded to The “Cloud” 55
  56. 56. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 1. Master block is plugged into PC via USB 2. Power is passed from master block to each block as it is added. 3. Each block creates a data packet containing its unique ID and sends this information to each set of active contacts 4. Each block that receives a data packet adds it’s own ID and information based on which contact set it received data from 5. Data travels around gaps in the structure and dirty contacts by mesh networking with all working contact sets 6. The data packets are relayed to the PC, which reconstructs the shape of the build based on the data packets Tech – 4. Conductive Contact operational sequence Master Block Block 1 USB Block 3 Block 5 Block 9 Block 6 Block 2 Block 4 Block 7 Block 8 56
  57. 57. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 4. Conductive Contact PRO/CON PRO • smartest of all blocks • no base plate required • future expansion • uses existing technology • strong IP on hardware 57 CON • high cost/block • reliability cost of contacts
  58. 58. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 4. Conductive Contact electronics bill of materials 58
  59. 59. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Technology Concepts 5. QR Code 59
  60. 60. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 5. QR Code overview/operational sequence 60 1. Smart phone is positioned over top of first block until QR code is recognized 2. QR code and MEMS data are sent to cloud 3. Process is repeated for each stack of blocks 4. Cloud interprets MEMS data to reconstruct the position and elevation for the top block of each stack 5. QR code data is used enhance cloud reconstruction with color or other attributes 6. Cloud sends 3D representation back to smart phone
  61. 61. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 5. QR Code PRO/CON PRO • cheap • pretty smart for a dumb block 61 CON • tedious user interaction • cell data usage • what age has a smart phone? • easy product to copy
  62. 62. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 5. QR Code electronics bill of materials 62
  63. 63. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Technology Concepts 6. Smart Phone (Digital Camera) • handheld camera can also be used with a PC using same technology • smart phone may add user instructions and feedback, and can display results directly • smart phones provide MEMS data which may help in processing 63
  64. 64. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 6. Smart Phone overview Blocks: • dumb • shape and color selected for ease of recognition • all blocks located on a grid Play Area: • visible lines used to aid interpretation of position, distance and perspective Smart Phone: • Used with parents permission • 4 or more photos are taken and uploaded to cloud • more photos may be needed RAW data is uploaded to The “Cloud” Processed data returns The “Cloud” 64
  65. 65. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 1. Photo is taken from one side 2. Screen shows user a diagram showing where to stand next 3. User moves to next position, aims, and takes another picture 4. Photos are uploaded to cloud after each shot 5. Process is repeated 4 times 6. Cloud computer compares the photos and constructs a 3D representation 7. Cloud sends a 3D image back to cell phone for user to check 8. If necessary, user returns to step 3 to fill in missing details Tech – 6. Smart Phone operation sequence Block 1 Block 3 Block 5 Block 9 Block 8 2. 1. 2. 3.4. 65
  66. 66. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 6. Smart Phone PRO/CON PRO • cheap • can be done with existing blocks • can scan anything into 3D 66 CON • high software development cost • cloud processing power • high data usage rate • what age has a smart phone? • dumb blocks
  67. 67. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – 6. Smart Phone electronics bill of materials 67
  68. 68. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Tech – Camera Based Digitizing Example Autodesk 123D Catch software 68 • basic service is free download • 3D printing services offered • turns photos of anything into 3D mesh • test above required 76 photos • accuracy is low 3D mesh generated by cloud based server
  69. 69. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Technology Concepts Overview 69 2. Fixed Camera 3. RFID 4. Conductive Contact 6. Smart Phone (Digital Camera) 1. Capacitive Grid 5. QR Code
  70. 70. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capacitive Grid Fixed Camera RFID Conductive Contact QR Code Smart Phone NONE BATTERY INDUCTIVE POWER CONTACT ANY VERTICAL MONO FULL REPRODUCTION NET SHAPE OF COMPLETE STRUCTURE NOT LIMITED BY LINE OF SIGHT SIMPLE STACK BRIDGES NON-GRID SHAPED STRUCTURES REAL TIME UPDATES DETECTION OF NON- ATTACHED BLOCKS BLOCK SHAPE OR COLOR CONTIGUOUS, ANY CLEAN SURFACE MECHANICAL GRID ELECTRO/OPTICAL GRID DATA DATA PROCESSING AD/converter on base PC PC blocks cell phone cloud SIZE MINIMUM (mm) 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller 10x10x10 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller PLAYAREAPOWERSOURCE BLOCK ORIENTATION VISIBILITYTO COMPUTER COMPLEX STRUCTURES BLOCKDATA DETECTION Desirability Feature Summary 70
  71. 71. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Desirability Feature Summary 71 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capacitive Grid Fixed Camera RFID Conductive Contact QR Code Smart Phone NONE BATTERY INDUCTIVE POWER CONTACT ANY VERTICAL MONO FULL REPRODUCTION NET SHAPE OF COMPLETE STRUCTURE NOT LIMITED BY LINE OF SIGHT SIMPLE STACK BRIDGES NON-GRID SHAPED STRUCTURES REAL TIME UPDATES DETECTION OF NON- ATTACHED BLOCKS BLOCK SHAPE OR COLOR CONTIGUOUS, ANY CLEAN SURFACE MECHANICAL GRID ELECTRO/OPTICAL GRID DATA DATA PROCESSING AD/converter on base PC PC blocks cell phone cloud SIZE MINIMUM (mm) 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller 10x10x10 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller PLAYAREAPOWERSOURCE BLOCK ORIENTATION VISIBILITYTO COMPUTER COMPLEX STRUCTURES BLOCKDATA DETECTION
  72. 72. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Desirability Feature Summary 72 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capacitive Grid Fixed Camera RFID Conductive Contact QR Code Smart Phone NONE BATTERY INDUCTIVE POWER CONTACT ANY VERTICAL MONO FULL REPRODUCTION NET SHAPE OF COMPLETE STRUCTURE NOT LIMITED BY LINE OF SIGHT SIMPLE STACK BRIDGES NON-GRID SHAPED STRUCTURES REAL TIME UPDATES DETECTION OF NON- ATTACHED BLOCKS BLOCK SHAPE OR COLOR CONTIGUOUS, ANY CLEAN SURFACE MECHANICAL GRID ELECTRO/OPTICAL GRID DATA DATA PROCESSING AD/converter on base PC PC blocks cell phone cloud SIZE MINIMUM (mm) 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller 10x10x10 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller PLAYAREAPOWERSOURCE BLOCK ORIENTATION VISIBILITYTO COMPUTER COMPLEX STRUCTURES BLOCKDATA DETECTION
  73. 73. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Desirability Feature Summary 73 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capacitive Grid Fixed Camera RFID Conductive Contact QR Code Smart Phone NONE BATTERY INDUCTIVE POWER CONTACT ANY VERTICAL MONO FULL REPRODUCTION NET SHAPE OF COMPLETE STRUCTURE NOT LIMITED BY LINE OF SIGHT SIMPLE STACK BRIDGES NON-GRID SHAPED STRUCTURES REAL TIME UPDATES DETECTION OF NON- ATTACHED BLOCKS BLOCK SHAPE OR COLOR CONTIGUOUS, ANY CLEAN SURFACE MECHANICAL GRID ELECTRO/OPTICAL GRID DATA DATA PROCESSING AD/converter on base PC PC blocks cell phone cloud SIZE MINIMUM (mm) 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller 25x25x25 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller PLAYAREAPOWERSOURCE BLOCK ORIENTATION VISIBILITYTO COMPUTER COMPLEX STRUCTURES BLOCKDATA DETECTION
  74. 74. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Technology vs. Cost Refined Cost Comparison 74 note: BOM costs based on component quotes in 1million quantities $/BLOCK Enclosure $/BLOCK Electronics $/STATION 100 BLOCKS 500 BLOCKS 1 Capacitive Grid $0.01 $0.09 $11 1 Wired grid base plate scans rows and columns for capacitance at each grid intersection. Higher capacitance means more blocks stacked on top. 2 Fixed Camera $0.01 $0.00 $26 2 Base station consists of Four cameras, additional cameras reduce blind spots, laser improves performance in low light 3 RFID $0.01 $0.10 $15 3 3 or more RFID readers send out pulses and uses response signal strength to triangulate position. Possible limits due to number of RFID used and resolution of position. 4 Conductive Contact $0.01 $0.27 $0.40 2 Each block has a chip and contacts on all sides forming a mesh network. Data is reported back to PC via a master block with USB cable. 5 QR Code $0.01 $0.06 $0 2 Smart Phone MEMS sensor can be used with Marker to identify unique coordinates , Indoor Location Maps 6 Smart Phone Camera $0.01 $0.00 $0 3 Pictures sent to cloud with MEMS info, cloud processes into 3D map. BOM COST STATER KIT COST LARGE KIT COST $21 $61 ITEM TECHNOLOGY REASON $7 $35 DEVELOPMENT RISK NOTES $28 $140 $1 $5 $27 $31 $26 $70
  75. 75. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Technology vs. Cost Refined Cost Comparison 75 note: BOM costs based on component quotes in 1million quantities $/BLOCK Enclosure $/BLOCK Electronics $/STATION 100 BLOCKS 500 BLOCKS 1 Capacitive Grid $0.01 $0.09 $11 1 Wired grid base plate scans rows and columns for capacitance at each grid intersection. Higher capacitance means more blocks stacked on top. low feature set relative to cost 2 Fixed Camera $0.01 $0.00 $26 2 Base station consists of Four cameras, additional cameras reduce blind spots, laser improves performance in low light emerging technology may not be available to liscence, very high cost to adapt or develop 3 RFID $0.01 $0.10 $15 3 3 or more RFID readers send out pulses and uses response signal strength to triangulate position. Possible limits due to number of RFID used and resolution of position. very high development cost to create antenna capable of transmitting power and receiving signal with positional data 4 Conductive Contact $0.01 $0.27 $0.40 2 Each block has a chip and contacts on all sides forming a mesh network. Data is reported back to PC via a master block with USB cable. cost mitigated by rich feature set 5 QR Code $0.01 $0.06 $0 2 Smart Phone MEMS sensor can be used with Marker to identify unique coordinates , Indoor Location Maps 6 Smart Phone Camera $0.01 $0.00 $0 3 Pictures sent to cloud with MEMS info, cloud processes into 3D map. emerging technology may not be available to liscence, very high cost to adapt or develop BOM COST STATER KIT COST LARGE KIT COST $21 $61 ITEM TECHNOLOGY REASON $7 $35 DEVELOPMENT RISK NOTES $28 $140 $1 $5 $27 $31 $26 $70
  76. 76. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Innovation Development Summary 76
  77. 77. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Innovation Development Summary 77 1 2 3 4 5 6 Capacitive Grid Fixed Camera RFID Conductive Contact QR Code Smart Phone NONE BATTERY POWER CONTACT ANY VERTICAL MONO FULL REPRODUCTION NET SHAPE OF COMPLETE STRUCTURE NOT LIMITED BY LINE OF SIGHT SIMPLE STACK BRIDGES NON-GRID SHAPED STRUCTURES REAL TIME UPDATES DETECTION OF NON- ATTACHED BLOCKS BLOCK SHAPE OR COLOR CONTIGUOUS, ANY CLEAN SURFACE MECHANICAL GRID ELECTRO/OPTICAL GRID DATA DATA PROCESSING AD/converter on base PC PC blocks cell phone cloud SIZE MINIMUM (mm) 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller 25x25x25 5x5x5 or smaller 5x5x5 or smaller PLAYAREA Technology Feature Comparison Chart POWER SOURCE BLOCK ORIENTATION VISIBILITYTO COMPUTER COMPLEX STRUCTURES BLOCKDATA DETECTION $/BLOCK Enclosure $/BLOCK Electronics $/STATION 100 BLOCKS 500 BLOCKS 1 Capacitive Grid $0.01 $0.09 $11 1 Wired grid base plate scans rows and columns for capacitance at each grid intersection. Higher capacitance means more blocks stacked on top. low feature set relative to cost 2 Fixed Camera $0.01 $0.00 $26 2 Base station consists of Four cameras, additional cameras reduce blind spots, laser improves performance in low light emerging technology may not be available to liscence, very high cost to adapt or develop 3 RFID $0.01 $0.10 $15 3 3 or more RFID readers send out pulses and uses response signal strength to triangulate position. Possible limits due to number of RFID used and resolution of position. very high development cost to create antenna capable of transmitting power and receiving signal with positional data 4 Conductive Contact $0.01 $0.27 $0.40 2 Each block has a chip and contacts on all sides forming a mesh network. Data is reported back to PC via a master block with USB cable. cost mitigated by rich feature set 5 QR Code $0.01 $0.06 $0 2 Smart Phone MEMS sensor can be used with Marker to identify unique coordinates , Indoor Location Maps 6 Smart Phone Camera $0.01 $0.00 $0 3 Pictures sent to cloud with MEMS info, cloud processes into 3D map. emerging technology may not be available to liscence, very high cost to adapt or develop BOM COST STATER KIT COST LARGE KIT COST $21 $61 ITEM TECHNOLOGY REASON $7 $35 DEVELOPMENT RISK NOTES $28 $140 $1 $5 $27 $31 $26 $70
  78. 78. Nathan Fisher Nathan Fisher | Smart Blocks | phase 0.1 – EOP review 07. 25. 2013 Summary 78 Fixed Camera RFID Conductive Contact Smart Phone (Digital Camera) Capacitive Grid QR Code

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