Context Clues
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Context Clues

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An introduction to how to use context clues.

An introduction to how to use context clues.

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  • Emily Kissner 2011
  • Emily Kissner 2011

Context Clues Context Clues Presentation Transcript

  • Understanding Context Clues Keys to becoming a better reader
  • Essential Questions
    • What is context?
    • How can I use context to learn new words?
  • What does context mean?
    • Context is the set of ideas that surround a word or situation
    Look at the picture. What words or phrases might fit the context?
  • What does context mean?
    • Context is the set of ideas that surround a word or situation
    tropical warm stormy hot palm trees These words fit the context. They go along with the idea of the picture.
  • What does context mean?
    • Context is the set of ideas that surround a word or situation
    A word like “icy” would not fit the context. Why not?
  • Using context clues
    • We can use a word’s context to help us understand text.
    The waves crashed along the _____. What is the missing word? How do you know?
  • Using context clues
    • We can use a word’s context to help us understand text.
    The waves crashed along the beach . How did the context help you to figure out the missing word?
  • Using context clues
    • A black snake ___________ out from the underbrush.
    This one’s a little harder! Several words could fit the context. slithered, poked, crawled…
  • Using context clues
    • A black snake ___________ out from the underbrush.
    But all of these words have something in common. They show movement.
  • Using context clues
    • A black snake ___________ out from the underbrush.
    A word like “leaf” would not fit the context. Why not?
  • Context clues and reading
    • Sometimes, context clues can help us to understand new words.
    A purple coneflower bloomed in the meadow. What is a purple coneflower? Why do you think so?
  • Context clues and reading
    • A purple coneflower bloomed in the meadow.
    How did the context help you to figure out the word?
  • Context clues and reading
    • A purple cone flower bloomed in the meadow.
    How did the context help you to figure out the word?
  • Using context clues
    • We can take what we know to help us understand new words in text.
    The purple coneflowers bloomed profusely in the garden, their purple blooms clustered together.
  • Using context clues
    • What might profusely mean? Look at the context clues!
    The purple coneflowers bloomed profusely in the garden, their purple blooms clustered together.
  • Using context clues
    • What might profusely mean? Look at the context clues!
    The purple coneflowers bloomed profusely in the garden, their purple blooms clustered together . Profusely tells about how the flowers are blooming
  • Using context clues
    • What might profusely mean? Look at the context clues!
    The purple coneflowers bloomed profusely in the garden, their purple blooms clustered together . Profusely shows that the flowers are blooming in great number .
  • Using context clues
    • What might profusely mean? Look at the context clues!
    The purple coneflowers bloomed profusely in the garden, their purple blooms clustered together . We used the context to figure out the meaning.
  • Think about it!
    • What have you learned about context so far?
  • Using context clues
    • When we try to figure out words from their context, we have to use our prior knowledge. We can make inferences about what the word might mean.
  • Try using context clues
    • The waves destroyed the elaborate sand castle, turning it into a simple sand mound.
    What might the word elaborate mean?
  • Try using context clues
    • The waves destroyed the elaborate sand castle, turning it into a simple sand mound.
    What might the word elaborate mean? Try to visualize the sentence. It seems to say that the castle once was elaborate, but now is not.
  • Try using context clues
    • The waves destroyed the elaborate sand castle, turning it into a simple sand mound.
    What might the word elaborate mean? Elaborate probably means the opposite of simple— fancy or complex.
  • Try using context clues
    • The waves destroyed the elaborate sand castle, turning it into a simple sand mound.
    How did the context help you to understand the word?
  • Try using context clues
    • The waves destroyed the elaborate sand castle, turning it into a simple sand mound.
    How did you use what you know to figure out the meaning of elaborate ?
  • Understanding context
    • Sometimes, one sentence isn’t enough. A reader might need to look at the next sentence to figure out the target word.
  • Understanding context
    • Like a giraffe, an okapi has a prehensile tongue.
    Hmm…this sentence really doesn’t include enough to explain what prehensile means .
  • Understanding context
    • Like a giraffe, an okapi has a prehensile tongue. This tongue helps it to grasp the branches and leaves that it eats.
    How does the second sentence give us more information about the context?
  • Understanding context
    • Like a giraffe, an okapi has a prehensile tongue. This tongue helps it to grasp the branches and leaves that it eats.
    A prehensile tongue must be a tongue that can grasp. The context can help us to figure that out.
  • When you read
    • When you are reading on your own, remember that you might sometimes have to read on for a sentence or two to figure out the meaning of a word.
  • Context clues on tests
    • On tests, you might be asked to choose a word that can replace another word in a sentence.
    If you don’t know the words, don’t panic—use context clues to help you out!
  • Which word?
    • Which word can replace the underlined word in the sentence below?
    • Carl was perplexed by the maze’s many twists and turns.
    • sorry
    • relieved
    • concerned
    • confused
  • Which word?
    • Think about the context . Which word goes along with how you might feel in a maze?
    • Carl was perplexed by the maze’s many twists and turns.
    • sorry
    • relieved
    • concerned
    • confused
  • Which word?
    • Think about the context . Which word goes along with how you might feel in a maze?
    • Carl was perplexed by the maze’s many twists and turns.
    • sorry
    • relieved
    • concerned
    • confused
  • Which word?
    • Try substituting confused in the sentence. Does it make sense?
    • Carl was perplexed by the maze’s many twists and turns.
    • sorry
    • relieved
    • concerned
    • confused
  • Which word?
    • You have used the context to figure out a word that you didn’t know!
    • Carl was perplexed by the maze’s many twists and turns.
    • sorry
    • relieved
    • concerned
    • confused
  • Which word?
    • The park at sunset was a tranquil place, disturbed only by the sounds of the chirping birds.
    • peaceful
    • wet
    • noisy
    • silent
    Hint: Try substituting each word into the sentence. Does it make sense? Does it sound right?
  • Which word?
    • The park at sunset was a tranquil place, disturbed only by the sounds of the chirping birds.
    • peaceful
    • wet
    • noisy
    • silent
    Why do the other words not fit the context of the sentence?
  • Which word?
    • The miniscule toads hopped all around our feet, making walking difficult. We were afraid we would accidentally step on one!
    • exotic
    • enormous
    • dangerous
    • tiny
    Be sure to read both sentences. Try to visualize what is going on.
  • Which word?
    • The miniscule toads hopped all around our feet, making walking difficult. We were afraid we would accidentally step on one!
    • exotic
    • enormous
    • dangerous
    • tiny
    Try substituting each word into the sentence. Does it still make sense?
  • Which word?
    • The miniscule toads hopped all around our feet, making walking difficult. We were afraid we would accidentally step on one!
    • exotic
    • enormous
    • dangerous
    • tiny
    Does the picture match your mental image? Why or why not?
  • What have you learned?
    • What does the word context mean?
    How can context clues help you to learn new words?