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Sowk Lab 4

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  • 1. Individuals & Families Below Poverty Level: Number & Rate in Alabama 2000 & 2005 Erin Johnson SOWK 300 Tuskegee University Fall 2008
  • 2. Variables & Values Individuals Families Subject Control Variable 2000 2005 Year Independent Variable 15.6 12.4 17.0 13.7 Percent Below Poverty Level Dependent Variable Values Name Variables
  • 3. Hypotheses, Casual Model, and Rationale
    • Individuals in Alabama are more susceptible to falling under that poverty level than are families. There was an increase in both individuals and families earning incomes below the poverty level from 2000 to 2005. In 2000, 15.6% of Alabamian individuals fell below the line while only 12.4% of families did. Both categories, individuals and families, experienced an increase in percentages, 17% and 13.7% respectively by 2005.
    Year % Below Bivariate Individuals & Families Year % Below Multivariate
  • 4. Hypotheses, Casual Model, and Rationale Cont.
    • The issue of household incomes affects the entire nation. It affects the economy, standard of living, education and social interactions between individuals. Money affects every aspect of American life, there is absolutely no avoiding coming into contact with money or something worth monetary value.
    • The number of Alabamians living below the poverty level has actually increased from 2000 to 2005. Not only is this an issue for the individuals and families in this predicament, but it is also an indicator to the rest of us that perhaps our economy is weakening and the termination and downsizing of companies and corporations is driving people to take jobs that do not pay well enough to support their families or themselves in a manner that is socially acceptable.
  • 5. Findings: Bivariate & Multivariate Tables Percentage of Alabamians Earning Salaries Below Poverty Level 30.7% 2005 28% 2000 Percentage Below Poverty Level Year
  • 6. Bivariate & Multivariate Tables Cont. Percentage of Alabamians Earning Salaries Below Poverty Level 30.7% 28% Totals 13.7% 12.4% Families 17.0% 15.6% Individuals 2005 2000
  • 7. Bivariate Graph & Discussion The percentage of people in Alabama earning salaries considered below the poverty level in 2000 was 28%. This figure had increased almost three percent to 30.7% by 2005.
  • 8. Multivariate Graph & Discussion According to the graph, almost 16% of the individuals and about 13% of the families living in Alabama in 2000 were earning annual incomes below the poverty level. In 2005 the numbers increased with 17% of individuals and almost 14% of families finding themselves below the poverty level. One should remember that children are affected in situations and households where the income level is not acceptable. Because the percentages are increasing this means that the economy can not sufficiently support Alabama families. One must also wonder if government aid is providing enough relief to those families affected.
  • 9.  

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