"SMOKING"Smoking is injurious to health .But still its addiction is increasing very rapidly .This topic reallyinterests me that why do teenagers and students start smoking?.Even when they know that it isnothing good but injurious to health . Many teenagers start smoking because of physiologicalproblems, social problems and their life styles.INTRODUCTION:-Every one dislikes smokers, but no one tries to know why did they start smoking. Truth is thatsociety is responsible for this habit. It may be ignorance, parental attitude, peer pressure, burdenof study etc. In my research I tried to find why teens still smoke in spite of all the warning andknowledge , that it is injurious to health. Many people begin smoking when they are teenagers torelief their stress; they found it in a pack of cigarette. Ninety percent of smokers start smoking ator before 18 (Evans, 2006) . Approximately 3,000 teens will smoke their first cigarette, today. Ofthose teens, 1,000 will end up dying as a result of smoking. The majority of people who smokewish they had never started it. In my survey when i asked questions to teens , majority said: Itrelaxes me, It keeps me thin and I can quit any time I want.PHYSIOLOGICAL PROBLEMS:-The reasons why most teenagers begin to smoke deal mostly with physiological problems. Thereare many type of physiological problem like following :
1. IGNORANCE EFFECT:-If teens cannot get attention from their parents, love and friends they will try to get attention bysmoking (Teens and Smoking Tobacco , 2005). Teens that are ignored or are not accepted into agroup of peers often turn to cigarettes. Even with all the awareness of the harmful effects ofsmoking. Teenagers sometimes feel that they will eventually quit before anything happens tothem even though 50 percent of adult smokers started before they turned 18, according to theAmerican Lung Association website (Teens and Smoking Tobacco , 2005). 2. SELF MEDICINE TO IMPROVE MOOD:-Some teens use cigarettes to self-medicate. But it isn’t well-known whether using cigarettes toimprove mood or functioning is associated with changes in depressive symptoms. Cigarettetemporary decreases stress level and improve mood but it have long term effects on teenagers. Itincreases depression (Cigarette Habit and Depression in Teens who Smoke, Sep 2010). 3. DEPRESSION:-When teenagers get depressed and wants relief from stress, they find it in a pack of cigarette(Gill, Despite Serious Consequences, Teens Still Start Smoking, 2004). To reduce stress Teensget worried about their appearance, their feelings, and their roles. They must continuously dealwith their emerging sexuality, independence and personal values (Gill, Despite SeriousConsequences, Teens Still Start Smoking, 2004). All this uncertainty, as well as the attempts ofestablishing their own independent identities and generating complex emotional, physical andpsychological turbulence in their day to day lives. Presence or absence of adequate, non-drugways of coping with various mood issues (feeling tense, sad, angry, and bored, etc.) increaseschances to use tobacco to change their mood and feel relaxing (Sep 2007). Many teens report
they smoke because it makes them feel better when theyre under stress; when theyre tense,angry or worry.SOCIAL PROBLEMS:- People began smoking socially (at parties, after going out to eat, etc.)with no intention of becoming addicted. They may have started by only smoking cigarettes thataddicted smokers offered to them in social situations, justifying it with statements like “well, aslong as I’m not buying my own and smoke all the time, it’s okay.” While some people can pullthis off, others cannot, and for them social smoking is just a greased chute leading to full-blownaddiction. Following are some social problems for which teenagers start smoking: 1.PARENTAL INFLUENCE:-The family is full of energy in providing best conditions for the growth and health of children.Love and affection are necessary for the psychological development of the child. The moreparents smoke and/or drink, the more their sons or daughters are likely to smoke and/or drink asstudents. The mothers smoking appears to exert a stronger influence than the fathers (Flower,May 2010). Teenagers who have parents who smoke are more likely to take it up. In fact,according to the Family First Aid Organizations website, 98 percent of teenage smokers haveparents who smoke (Flower, May 2010). 2.PEER PRESSURE:-Growing up age is a confusing period in a persons lifetime. Young people challenge authority,refuse parental control and adopt the behavior of their peers (Gill, Despite SeriousConsequences, Teens Still Start Smoking, 2004). Another reason people start smoking is peer
pressure. While everyone responds to peer pressure differently, most kids are highly susceptibleto its influences when they are in their early teens. This is when they care more about theopinions of their friends than anything else and will do almost anything to stay in their friends’good grace. A strong motivator to start smoking is a feeling of being left out, so teens start tosmoke just to fit in with the crowd. Often they feel encouraged and pressured or even teased andtaunted into smoking. Many times their peers encourage them to start, and even show them howit is done, even how to do things such as blowing smoke rings etc. Teens smoke because theirfriends do. If a teenager spends most of his time with friends who smoke, there is a good chancehe will start as well. Good old-fashioned peer pressure is still one of the strongest forces thatcompels teenagers to start the habit (Cigarette Habit and Depression in Teens who Smoke, Sep2010) 3.ADVERTISEMENT/FILM STAR ATTRACTION:-Advertising Still Attracts growing up teenagers to start Smoking. Watching their favorite moviestars light up is having significant impacts on young people. The images of Hollywood stars andmusicians smoking have had an influence on peoples decisions to start smoking (Smoking -Exploiting Children, Oct 2004). People, and especially young people, see these images, andimagine how cool they would look if they smoked. In a research numbers of cigarette smokingactivity in 601 popular films released in the U.S. from 2001 to 2009, and they found an averageof five occurrences of tobacco use per movie. Kids are twice as likely to be influenced byadvertising as they are from peer pressure. They are three times more sensitive to advertisingthan adults. Norway banned advertising and reduced by half the number of children who startedsmoking.
4.PERSONAL INCOME/PART TIME JOB:-High-school students who take part-time jobs for pocket money may be more likely to startsmoking than teens that dont join the after-school and weekend workforce, a study suggests.What we found were the kids who worked more than 10 hours a week on average had an earlierage of initiation. So they started to smoke ahead of their peers. Second is that they can now buycigarettes, as before they may have not had the means, the money, to buy cigarettesLIFE STYLE:- 1. FEEL MORE MATURE OR ADULT:-Teens smoke because it makes them feel older and more mature. Theyre on the trajectory tobecoming an adult smoker." Smoking is allowed only after teenage so they feel mature or adultwhile smoking. 2. LOOK COOL & FASHIONABLE:-By far the biggest reason people start smoking is the desire to look cool. To a twelve-to-sixteen-year-old kid without much life experience, smoking a cigarette feels like a cool, “mature” thingto do (Flower, May 2010). This is especially true if most of the adults in his or her life (parents,relatives, bosses at work, etc.) smoke cigarettes and have for most of their lives. Teenagers arestill creatures of imitations, and if they perceive cigarette smoking as the “adult” thing to do, theywill do it. Teens also want to fit in with peer groups , they admire-the "cool" kids-and many ofthem will do what "cool" kids do. Some teens believe that smoking makes them more popular,"cool", attractive, sexy or rugged (Evans, 2006).
3. RISK BEHAVIOR:-In most of studies on the multiple risk behaviour, tobacco smoking is considered as one of themain components. Teens are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviors and do unfriendlythings than other age groups. Because they typically feel strong, impossible to get harm, fearlessto deal with accidents and illnesses. They often feel that nothing bad will happen to them(Samilian, 2007). The belief that a few cigarettes cant hurt and make them addicted, they thinkthat they could quit at any time. It is about image more than anything else as most people wouldagree that the first cigarette is certainly not pleasant. It becomes a challenge to overcome thecoughing, burning throat, the choking, the burning of the eyes (Newell, 2010).FOR WEIGHT CONTROL:Many studies have reported that teenager girls and young women smoke to control their weight(Samilian, 2007). In high school, smokers were no more likely than nonsmokers to be trying tolose weight. 85 percent of informants replied that they had never smoked as a way to controltheir weight. One-half of informants at age 21 believed that smoking as a weight-control strategy(Newell, 2010). Many studies have reported that teenager girls and young women smoke tocontrol their weight. In high school, smokers were no more likely than nonsmokers to be tryingto lose weight. 85 percent of informants replied that they had never smoked as a way to controltheir weight. One-half of informants at age 21 believed that smoking as a weight-controlstrategy. The image of what is considered beautiful is stick-thin, Having boney arms and legs. Itis the model that most women right now are trying so hard to lose weight, so much that theywould do anything to lose the extra weight.Some of these women subscribe to various diets, While some exert all effort to burn away the
extra weight. some take diet teas and diet pills, and some even go through surgical process just tosuck the fat out of their bodies.Unfortunately, Some of those women use smoking to lose weight. Why smoking? It is becausesmoking is one of the fastest ways out there to lose weight. Smoking accelerates weight lossbecause it kills the desire for food and quickly burns the extra weight off the bodys system. Conclusion : Smoking is injurious to health no doubt , but still teens and students get addictedto it .The reasons for it are that they start smoking due to the physiological problems includingdepression ,tensions and social problems .As far as their life styles are concerned , then it alsocauses teens to smoke .
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