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Pockets of Potential: How Schools Are Using Students Own Phones for enhancing and extending Learning Liz Kolb, Ph.D. University of Michigan firstname.lastname@example.org http://cellphonesinlearning.com Twitter: lkolb Presentation Link: tiny.cc/kolbmus Liz’s Mobile Business Card Send a new text: 50500 In message: kolb http://contxts.com
Agenda: Affordances of using Student Cell Phones 8:30-9:00 Increase Participation Wiffiti 9:00-10:00 Extending Learning Beyond the School Day Pulse.to & Zannel iPadio Studyboost 10:15-10:45 Access: Bridge Digital Divide Polleverywhere Twitter SMS 10:45-11:30 Step by Step Integration Guide LetsGoVote 12:00-12:45 Improving on Traditional Learning Textnovel QRcodes Remind101 12:45-1:15 Connecting to the “Real World” FreeconferencePro Tumblr 1:15-1:45 Improving on Oral Language Activities Google Voice 2:00-3:00 History Simulation with GroupME*
Fundamental Shift in Citizenship Practices 74% of all 18-24 year olds were politically active on the Internet during the 2008 campaign During the 2008 campaign, 49% of younger voters (18-24) shared information via text message about the campaigns. http://www.visiblevote.us
What you can do on your cell phone in 2011 Use it as a credit or debit card Identify people (facial recognition) Use it as personal identification Take and simultaneously post live video to the Internet or another phone Purchase or sell stocks Vote Diagnosis 340 different diseases Oh…and make a phone call
1:1 Programs have BIG impact on achievement when properly implemented Schools with one-to-one computing programs have fewer discipline problems lower dropout rates (related to social media use) higher rates of college attendance than schools with a higher ratio of students to computers Better home to school communication 85% of 1:1 schools in the study reported that their students’ achievement scores on high-stakes tests were on the rise. All of these schools employed certain strategies for success electronic formative assessments on a regular basis frequent collaboration of teachers in professional learning communities. Employ the use of social media and social networks http://projectred.org/news/?p=79
6 Word Memoirs http://www.polleverywhere.com/polls/ODg2ODQwNDYw/results
Chester NY Middle School Kids who used their cell phones to boil down the main points of the stanzas got 80% of the questions about a poem correct on a state test. Kids taught the same poem in the traditional way – reading, reciting and discussing – got only 40% of the questions right.
Text Message Poetry Stanza’s I am _________ and _________. I am fast and fun.I want to be a soccer star.I think hard about things.I wonder where we go when we fade.I feel so great when I help someone. http://polleverywhere.com
Extending Learning Beyond the School Day Homework, Snow Days, Breaks, and Field Trips
Summer Text Program Norwich Free Academy (Connecticut) Text of the week! Monday is vocabulary day Tuesday is science facts Wednesday is mathematics Thursday is history Friday covers a variety of topics including general knowledge and cultural literacy Each day is a theme Parents and Students Opt in
Alerts Project: Film on the Fly http://www.cellphonesinlearning.com/2009_04_01_archive.html http://www.koce.org/filmonthefly
Text Message Alerts! Sending out mass text messages to large or small groups of people. http://Pulse.to
Lesson 2: Picture/Video on the Fly! http://pulse.to http://zannel.com Send in picture with description
Picture/Video on the Fly Step 1: Set up a text alert in http://pulse.to , ask students to join the keyword alert Step 2: Create an account in http://zannel.com Step 3: You will be given an email address where you can send pictures and/or videos from your cell phone directly into Zannel. Step 4: Wait for the text assignment Step 5: Take a picture or video of the phenomena, send a text message of what you believe the phenomena to be (take a guess if needed). Send it to our Zannel account (with #@location) Step 6: Login to Zannel.com Step 7: Click on image to see it on the map
Join our Pulse "Join lizkolb" to (704) 323-7775 Zannel Address #@location in subject email@example.com
Homework: Poem in Your Pocket http://emsdigitalpoetry.wikispaces.com/Poem+in+Your+Pocket+Day Middle School English Poetry Via Phone http://google.com/voice
EXAMPLE: Mobile Podcasting Project: Field Trips High School Chemistry Students on a field trip at Cranbrook Science Museum in MI. Cell Phones pictures documented chemical elements. Used: Camera on cell phone and sent to drop.io at http://drop.io/CKCHEM4
Mobile Podcasting Project: Author Study Middle School 6th-7th Grade Used: http://hipcast.com Web link: http://541sparkes.blogspot.com/2007/07/author-blog-6.html
iPadio: Phonecasting http://ipadio.com Create personal podcasts (public or private) Attach to any blog RSS feeds No time limit Free!
PodcastActivity: NPR “This I Believe…” 10th Grade English Wrote their own This I Believe Recorded for HW via Cell Phone Submitted BEST to NPR Focus: Speaking Skills, Persuasive Writing Skills, Editing Skills
This I Believe Podcasting Project… Find a Partner (groups of 2 or 3) Set up an iPadio account http://ipadio.com Add one of your phones to the account Create a 1 minute “This I Believe…” Podcast Podcast should begin & end with “This I believe…” Topic of your choice Can be humorous, sad, inquisitive Sample NPR This I Believe Call in to your iPadio # Record your podcast
Text a Quiz or Study Cards https://studyboost.com/ Create a Math Text Flash Card Batch Add your batch name to http://kolbmacul.wikispaces.com/Study+Boost+Batch+Names
Internet v. Mobile 73% of U.S. household’s have Internet access 57% have broadband 43% have dial-up 30% of U.S. citizens do not use the Internet at all 63% of people with a household income of <49K have no Internet 87% of U.S. Citizens own Cell phones. 13% of U.S. citizens do not own a cell phone 94% of U.S. Citizens 18-45 own a cell phone 18% of U.S. Citizens with an income of <50K do not have a cell phone Park Associates and CTIA wireless association, both 2007
Follow Experts on Twitter via SMS To Follow via SMS send: “follow @twitterid” to 40404 (no twitter account needed) Politicians Breaking News (CNN, NPR…) Authors Scientists Historians Send “follow lkolb” to 40400
Text Messaging Safely and Appropriately Within Classroom Learning: Step by Step Integration Guide
Discuss Mobile Safety & Appropriate Use Part of digital footprint Your digital dossier that includes Internet activity such as social networking, email, chat rooms, YOU can’t erase this!!! Permanent record EVERYTHING you send via text message (pictures, videos, text, audio…etc) is PUBLIC!!! Example: Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Mobile “bullying” and “sexting” is public MTV Special on Sexting and Quiz LG Text Education Students should know their plans Bring in their cell phone plan and a bill Discuss what is charged and how much Give Students a Survey Learn more specific safety tips at Connectsafely
Life Consequences Students are sometimes “sexting” “to friends for their entertainment value, as a joke or for fun." Six teens face child porn (13 to 15) charges after being caught "sexting" each other. Criminal Charge! IN PA, 3 girls (12, 12, 16) charged with child pornography for sexing. Picture of them in bras. 15% of teenagers have risque photos of themselves or their friends on their cell phones. 1 in 5 sext recipients report that they have passed the images along to someone else http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/bestoftv/2009/01/15/pn.sexting.teens.cnn
"If you take a picture, you can be accused of producing child pornography; if you send it to somebody, you can be accused of distributing child pornography; and if you keep a picture, you can be accused of possessing child pornography. Anywhere along this chain of transmission of the images, you can be charged as a registered sex offender." -Parry Aftab, an Internet privacy and security lawyer.
School admissions officers and potential employers often look at online profiles …the repercussions of sending an inappropriate message could be endless
Dangers of Texting and Driving One in three (34%) texting teens ages 16-17 say they have texted while driving. That translates into 26% of all American teens ages 16-17; Half (52%) of cell-owning teens ages 16-17 say they have talked on a cell phone while driving. That translates into 43% of all American teens ages 16-17; 48% of all teens ages 12-17 say they have been in a car when the driver was texting; 40% say they have been in a car when the driver used a cell phone in a way that put themselves or others in danger.
PSA: Texting While Driving Lesson Activity 1: Take Quiz Are you a distracted driver? http://cartalk.com/ddc/ Show Videos http://www.oprah.com/oprahshow/Americas-New-Deadly-Obsession-Partial-Episode-Video http://www.psych.utah.edu/lab/appliedcognition/ Students in Groups Identify key risk behaviors in distracted driving (text to interactive Wiffiti.com board) Share with the class
Activity 2: Create a PSA for distracted driving Watch Sample PSA’s http://www.citizenglobal.com/harpoproductions/nophonezone/media Web Resources for Research Car Talk (NPR) Distracted Driving Center http://cartalk.com/ddc/ National Safety Council http://www.nsc.org/safety_road/Distracted_Driving/Pages/KeyResearch.aspx#cognitive PEW Internet Research http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2009/Teens-and-Distracted-Driving.aspx
Texting Location Safety Phone apps have location feature Typically, the subscriber must give permission and the cell phone must be enabled for tracking. Consult with your service providers for more detail. Some apps are very persistent and you have to turn them off after download…settings
Texting and Bullying When kids receive harassing or inappropriate text messages, there are several things they can do:
Never, ever respond to the message sender.
Report it as soon as possible to a trusted adult (and if that person doesn’t help, tell others until someone does).
Save or print the message to keep a record, then delete it from the phone.
Only keep contact information of close friends and family in their address book.
Talk to their wireless provider about how they can help (such as blocking the messages or changing their number).
Step 3: Social Contract
Tips for Social Contract The teacher should explain to the students that there should be some rules concerning how their cell phones will be used in the classroom, and students have an opportunity to be part of the rule making process (the goal is to have no more than 5 simple rules to follow and a consequence for non-compliance). Students should be asked to brainstorm rules. During the brainstorm, students should be encouraged to support their rule with reasons why it should be implemented (such as “cell phones should be on vibrate at all times”, the student should then explain why this is important. If they can’t, ask for other students to help explain it.) Once there is a workable list of rules, students should be encouraged to narrow the list to about five rules. The teacher may want to do this himself, or to use the analogy of a professional job where one is given a cell phone and a contract. One could ask the students to imagine that they were given a professional contract, hen they could be asked which“rules” they think should be implemented in their classroom. Using this analogy may also help to eliminate some redundant or unnecessary rules. Once the rules have been selected. The students should be asked to brainstorm consequences for not following the rules. Once again, asking students to decide on the best option. The teacher should let the students know that she will be adding these rules and consequences to a permission form that will be sent home to have parents and the students sign.
Text Etiquette http://www.mastersdegree.com/blog/30-text-etiquette-rules-every-addict-needs-to-know/
5 Rules for Cell Phones in Schools Set rules based on business regulations for cell phone use (look at business contracts) Social contract with students
Must be on vibrate at all times
Keep them in the front of the room until you are going to use them.
All messages/media sent or published must be related to lesson.
If you are referencing someone else in class, you must have their approval before posting or publishing.
Create a permission form (in addition to the School’s AUP)
Dear Parents and Guardians, We are starting a new project this year in our biology course. The students will be taking pictures of different biological species that they encounter in their everyday lives and posting on a private class website. In order to capture the species in the everyday lives of the students, I have given them the option of using their cell phones to take the pictures and send them to the class website. While the students are not required to have a cell phone for the project, they are welcome to use their own if they choose to and if you allow them. In class, we will be discussing issues of mobile safety and etiquette before starting the project. I will be using the ConnectSafely Guidelines for Mobile Safety (http://www.connectsafely.org/safety-tips-and-advice.html ). If you would like to participate in this conversation, please feel free to attend the class sessions on March 5th and 6th during any of the biology class periods: 8:00-9:00 9:10-10:10 2:10-3:10
In addition, I will be holding an information night about mobile safety and the project on March 3rd at 7:00pm. I will go over the project in detail, show you how it works, and also answer any questions you may have about using cell phones in learning.
There is some research that supports the need for using student cell phones in learning and teaching students how cell phones can be a productive and important tool for their future professional growth. This will be discussed in detail at the information night as well as during the March 5th and 6th class sessions.
Finally, you are welcome to participate in this project! We are using a private space in a photo-sharing site called Flickr, where all the photos will be sent and eventually posted to a map at the exact location they were uncovered. You are welcome to take a picture of a biological species that you encounter, send it to firstname.lastname@example.org along with a short text message on what you think the species is and the location of where you took the picture! Feel free to check the website each week to see the learning progress. Login: Kolbbiology Password: Biokid
I hope to see you in class and/or on the March 3rd information night. In the meantime if you have any questions or concerns do not hesitate to contact me at email@example.com or by phone 777-222-5777. I give permission for my child to use their cell phone for phone calling for this project: ______________________________________________________. (parent signature) **They can only use _____ number of calling minutes for this project I give permission for my child to use their cell phone for text messaging for this project: ______________________________________________________. (parent signature) **They can only use _____ number of text messages for this project I give permission for my child to use their cell phone for mobile Internet for this project: ______________________________________________________. (parent signature) I give permission for my child to use their cell phone for taking and sending pictures and/ or videos (circle one or both) for this project: ______________________________________________________. (parent signature) **They can only send _____ number of media messages for this project
Rules agreed upon by students and teacher Cell Phones Must Be on Vibrate at All Times Cell phones should be placed in the front of the room at the beginning of class (at the designated table in your numbered slot) and whenever they are not needed for instruction All mobile messages or media sent from your phone during class MUST be related to the lesson or activity If you are referencing someone else in class, you must have their (recorded verbal or written) approval before posting or publishing.
Consequences The student will be asked to write a letter home to you and explain why they did not follow the rules in class. They will also be asked to come up with better class guidelines around cell phones use in schools so this does not occur again.
I will adhere to the classroom rules for cell phone use ___________________________________________________. (student signature)
Alternative Ideas Select an online resource that couples with cell phones, but also has web-based options for uploading or sharing. For example if you use Flickr to send pictures to and from mobile phones to a private place online, students who do not have a cell phone, can still upload to Flickr via the web. Grouping students. Purposely putting students in groups or pairs where the teacher knows that at least one of the group members has a cell phone that can be used for the project is a simple way to keep the students who do not have cell phones anonymous (because the teacher can say, “someone in each group should take out their cell phone to use for this activity.”) Allow students to use your own cell phone. Landlines (many web-based cell phone resources have toll free calling numbers) for phone calling activities. Center activities for K-8 students where the teacher can use one cell phone with all the students during center time. Allow students to use hardcopy options that they hand in to you, and you upload the work to the online resource. This is important since a few parents do not want their children using cell phones in any capacity.
Parent Night Ideas An overview of why you are using the student cell phones. Describe the project(s) that will revolve around cell phone use, and any cost associated with the project and student cell phone use. Alternatives that the students have for completing the project without using cell phones Any change in school cell phone policy as a result of the project(s). Rules of the cell phone use during the project and the consequences for the students who do not follow the rules. Parents should be invited to participate in the activity (within reason). Provide parents with multiple ways for feedback (email address, a text message number, a voicemail (Google Voice would be great for this), and an online anonymous survey (such as Google Form).
Ideas For Parents http://www.safetyweb.com/ (monitor your child’s digital identity). Visit websites that have ideas on how to stay safe via the mobile phone. One example would be http://connectsafely.com Talk to your kids about text bullying and sexting, especially the short- and long-term consequences. Monitor their cell phone use: Who are they texting? Who is texting them? Suggest that everyone’s cell phone stay on the kitchen counter or another centralized place while they’re home. Set rules about the kind of behavior that is and is not acceptable—on a cell phone, or anywhere else. Remind kids of the rules periodically.
Ideas for Parents Model Appropriate Use: Try not to text or talk on the phone while driving, try to not interrupt conversations or dinners with cell phone activities. Also explain and point out to the children when you are modeling an appropriate use such as, “I am not answering the phone because we are having a family dinner and I want to give my full attention to my family for this hour.” Document Family Activities: Model how to capture pictures or videos of family vacations or family activities via the cell phone. Demonstrate how to capture reactions (via audio recording) to family activities. This is a great way to model data collection in the real world via cell phone. Get involved with the classroom projects. Since parents often have their mobile phones with them all day, they could capture images or send text messages into class for the school assignment along with their children. They could join the class text message alert in order to receive information from the teacher about homework or other class activities.
Step 7: start slowly, remind, Follow through, and Feedback
Research on cell phones in learning says… "The proportions of textisms that kids used in their sentence translations was positively linked to verbal reasoning; the more textspeak kids used, the higher their test scores” 2) "The younger the age at which the kids had received mobile phones, the better their ability to read words and identify patterns of sound in speech.” http://www.britac.ac.uk/news/news.cfm/newsid/14
Use a cell phone to write a private or collaborative novel, poem, chapter review, or short story to “publish” on a cell phone. Mobile Novels http://textnovel.com
Autistic Children in Akron OH Use pictures for parents/children to communicate Social stigma associated with this Parents & teachers now use cell phones to take pictures and show pictures to children (to communicate w/out social stigma)
Build Your Own QRcodes Bar codes for cell phones, iPods. Take a picture of a bar code and receive information on your phone. Need to download a free reader on your phone or ipod http://kaywa.com http://www.qrstuff.com/ http://zxing.appspot.com/generator/ http://keremerkan.net/qr-code-and-2d-code-generator/ Mobile Tag in iTunes
Create Courses with Reminders http://remind101.com FREE! Add assignments, quizzes, readings,…all activities in syllabus Students subscribe to ALL their courses and set their phone to personalize reminders Parents can subscribe as well
Authenticity: Connecting “Real World” to School Learning
Conference Recording http://Freeconferencepro.com Record up to 250 people on one phone call at one time. Bring in experts! Record group discussions for HW Record Open House Hold a 19th Century Salon
Avatar Project: Spanish Oral Exams High School Spanish 2 & 3 Students Developed an Avatar to take oral exams Used http://voki.com Focus: Engagement in oral speaking, oral speaking exams, culture representation with images
Web 2.0 Voicemail A cell phone that couples with a website in order to create MP3 files of voicemails, transcripts of voicemails, smart greeting for individual or groups of callers, and stores all calling information. http://google.com/voice (734) 408-4495
Google Voice in World Language http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Quarterly/EDUCAUSEQuarterlyMagazineVolum/CellPhonesintheLanguageClassro/192995
Audioboo on iPod for Podcasting or Oral Recording http://audioboo.fm/
Historical Figures with GroupME President’s Perspectives Everyone Selects a President
Create your Figure in GroupME Teacher creates a Group in http://GroupME.com Join the private by adding each cell phone and give them a President’s name Student’s Research the President Teacher sends out a topic for discussion