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  • Middle School Science “What do you know about elements, compounds, and mixtures?”
  • 4 different groups with questions about matrix in Math. roup A:  1. Who "coined" the term matrix?2. When did the matrix first appear?3. Name 3 other contributors to matrix mathematics. Group B: Name 4 real world uses of matrices.  Group C:Name 5 different math operations that work with matrices. Group D:1. What is a matrix?2. What is a determinant?3. What is a square matrix?4. What axiom did Russell and Whitehead use the word matrix with?
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  • Etlo Charleston

    1. 1. Connecting Student Cell Phones to Classroom Instruction<br />Liz Kolb<br />University of Michigan<br />Madonna University<br />November11th, 2009<br /><br /><br />Liz’s Business Card<br />Send a new Text Message to:<br />50500<br />In Message:<br />Kolb<br />Using<br />
    2. 2. Preservice teachers, ages 19 & 20, were asked: “What Technology Tools and Resources would you like in your future classroom?”<br />
    3. 3. What I learned in Education Technology in 1996<br />
    4. 4. A Vision of 21st Century Students<br /><br />
    5. 5. 8 years ago…We thought we succeeded with technology integration in schools.<br />K–12 schools, state and federal governments have spent around $6.9 billion on computer hardware, Internet access, wiring, software, servers, and other digital equipment to make today’s technology available to students and teachers<br />100% of Schools wired for Internet access by 2003<br />Kleiman, G.M. (2000). Myths and Realities about Technology in K-12 Schools.<br />Leadership and the New Technologies. Retrieved April 7, 2004, from<br />
    6. 6. Findings: Access to educational software and hardware did not lead to widespread use in classroom learning.<br />Cuban, L., Kirkpatrick, H., and Peck, C. (2001). High Access and Low Use of Technologies in High School Classrooms: <br /> Explaining an Apparent Paradox.American Educational Research Journal, 38(4), 813-834.<br />
    7. 7. What is the Problem????<br />If there is so much access to technology in schools, why is it underused? <br />
    8. 8. Solution: Keep spending…<br />End of 2008 Education Technology Spending will reach 47.7 billion dollars.<br />Fall 2008, the Federal Budget for one year of Education Technology will be $272 million<br />Retrieved:<br />
    9. 9. 8 years later…<br />“Still a digital disconnect”<br /><ul><li>Between amount of technology in schools and how it is used.
    10. 10. Technology available in schools is still underused
    11. 11. Between students and adults
    12. 12. Between school technology and student’s everyday technology use.</li></ul>Speak Up 2007 Report. Retrieved:<br />
    13. 13. WHY??????<br />In 1986 & again in 2001, Larry Cuban Found:<br />“Technology traditionally infused from top-down”<br />Cuban, L. (1986). Teachers and machines: The classroom use of technology since 1920. <br />New York: Teachers College Press.<br />
    14. 14. A Solution… <br />
    15. 15. Bottom-Up<br />What is in<br />Your <br />Backpack?<br />My<br />iPod<br />My<br />Gameboy<br />My<br />Cell<br />
    16. 16. Raise your hand if you have a cell phone?<br />
    17. 17. How many of you have used or seen cell phones for learning in K-12?<br />
    18. 18. How many of you have used or seen the Internet for learning in K-12?<br />
    19. 19. 71% of U.S. household’s have Internet access<br />82% of U.S. Citizens own Cell phones.<br />Park Associates and CTIA wireless association, both 2007<br />
    20. 20. How many 17 year olds girls (11the graders) in the U.S. have a cell phone?<br />91%<br />Dickson, F. (2008). The U.S. Wireless Teen Market. Multimedia Intelligence.<br />
    21. 21. How many 17 year olds boys (11the graders) in the U.S. have a cell phone?<br />78%<br />Dickson, F. (2008). The U.S. Wireless Teen Market. Multimedia Intelligence.<br />
    22. 22. How many 13 year olds (7th graders) in the U.S. have a cell phone?<br />57%<br />Dickson, F. (2008). The U.S. Wireless Teen Market. Multimedia Intelligence.<br />
    23. 23. What is the average age in the U.S. to receive a new cell phone?<br />11 (5th grade)<br /><br />
    24. 24. “Kristi and Claudio Lai turned around for just one minute and their son had disappeared at Sea World. After frantically searching the park, they found him 15 minutes later on a jungle gym. That was when the California, couple knew they wanted to get their son a GPS-equipped cell phone.”<br />Their son is 3 years old.<br /><br />
    25. 25. Cell Phone companies are marketing the next generation of cell phones primarily to 12 and under!<br /><br />
    26. 26. Educational Software for Cell Phones<br />Educational Software for Cell<br />PBS Ready to Learn Study<br /> (Mobile Downloads for Preschoolers )<br />Mobile Math (<br />
    27. 27. By 2010 it is estimated …<br />54% of 8 year olds will have their own cell phone! <br />Over 90% of Secondary Students will have cell phones <br />Amoroso, (2006). Tween Market has the potential to double by 2010. Yankee Group Retrieved from<br />
    28. 28. Connecting Student Cell Phones to Classroom Instruction<br />Liz Kolb<br />University of Michigan<br />Madonna University<br />November11th, 2009<br /><br /><br />Liz’s Business Card<br />Send a new Text Message to:<br />50500<br />In Message:<br />Kolb<br />Using<br />
    29. 29. Send a new text message To: 87884 In message: @loca8462 yourmessage<br />What is your biggest question or concern about using cell phones in online learning?<br /><br />
    30. 30. CPSProject: Brainstorming<br />
    31. 31.
    32. 32.
    33. 33. Why Cell Phones?<br />Accessibility<br />71% of U.S. population have Internet access at home<br />55% have broadband<br />84% of U.S. population own cell phones<br />Low Cost<br />End of 2012 education technology spending will reach 56.2 billion dollars.<br />How Students’ View Cell Phones<br />3 Generations of Cell Phone Users (NPR)<br />How Students View Learning<br />Free Agent Learners<br />Anywhere, anytime, any place at any pace<br />1-800-2chacha OR Text CHACHA<br />The 21st Century Professional World<br />Future jobs require mobile skill<br />% of U.S. Adults believe that schools are preparing students for 21st Century workforce?<br />
    34. 34. Mobile Job Opportunities<br />
    35. 35. Companies Go Mobile<br />Mobile Advertising<br />Latest News on Mobile Marketing<br />SMS & QRcodes & Call Ins<br /><br />Mobile Coupons<br />SMS & MMS<br /><br />
    36. 36. Search for “cell phone skills” on <br />
    37. 37. Cell Phones Accepted Globally as Learning Tool<br />In Asia, India, & Africa a student can…<br />take entire courses via cell phone (including dance & art)<br />write and read novels via mobile devices. <br />use text messaging for homework, quizzes, and communicating with their instructors.<br />learn to become a teacher through mobile devices, using text messaging to support teacher training. <br />use cell phones as a tool for their exams.<br />Motlik, S. (2008). Mobile Learning in Developing Nations. International Review of <br />Research in Open and Distance Learning, 9(2), 1-7. Retrieved:<br />
    38. 38. Why cell phones should NOT be integrated in learning.<br /><br />
    39. 39.  <br />Cheating is a problem…<br /><ul><li>26% of teenagers admitted to using their cell phone to store information to look at during a test or a quiz.
    40. 40. 25% have text messaged their friends about answers during a test or quiz.
    41. 41. 20% have searched the Internet via their mobile phone during a test or quiz.
    42. 42. 17% have taken pictures of a test or quiz with the cell phone in order to send the pictures to their friends.</li></ul>Common Sense Media 09<br />
    43. 43. Even MORE of a problem<br />Most students do not envision these activities as cheating. <br />More than half of the students surveyed did not think these acts were serious offenses of cheating, rather they think of it as just “helping out a friend.” <br />Common Sense Media 09<br />
    44. 44. 70% of U.S. schools completely ban cell phones from campus <br />63% of students admitted to sneaking in cell phones and using them during class anyway. <br />In a seven class a day, five day school week, the average student sends at least three text messages per class. <br />Common Sense Media 09<br />
    45. 45. Life Consequences<br />A 14-year-old Wisconsin girl who refused to stop texting during a high school math class was arrested and charged with disorderly conduct.<br />Six teens face child porn (13 to 15) charges after being caught &quot;sexting&quot; each other. Criminal Charge!<br /><br />
    46. 46. Current Banning and Structures are NOT working<br />Students still “cheating”, “Off-task”, or “inappropriately” using cell phones in schools<br />Students still bring them to schools and use them when told not to.<br />Students still do not understand consequences of their use<br />Students have no idea how to use them in future job force!<br />
    47. 47. How do we change?<br />
    48. 48. 2007: Middle School Principal’s Journey<br />“Last year the school ran out of calculators needed for a math exam, So I let a student use the calculator function on his cell phone. The student was excited<br />to use a phone instead of a calculator. I found 19 of my 22 students had phones.”<br />-Kipp Rogers, Principal at Passages Middle School in Virginia<br />
    49. 49. Student Statistics (850 6th-9th grade students)<br /><ul><li>70-80% of students own a cell phone.
    50. 50. 100% of those students can send a text message
    51. 51. 90-95% can take and send a picture from their cell phone.
    52. 52. 80% have Bluetooth or GPS options on their cell phone.
    53. 53. 20-30% of the students with cell phones have access to mobile Internet. </li></li></ul><li>Mary Passage Middle School Cell Phone Policy<br /> <br />1. Students will talk on their cell phone only to complete assignments that are related to the instructional lesson.<br />2. Students will keep cell phones turned off or left in lockers when they are not being used for instructional purposes in class.<br />3. Students will only send text- messages, pictures or video- messages to others outside of the classroom with permission and directions from the teacher.<br />4. Students will not record still or moving images or voices of students or the teacher without permission from the teacher.<br />5. Students will not post recordings of still or moving images or voice recordings of students or the teacher to online websites without their permission.<br />6. Students will practice internet safety with online resources.<br />7. Students will post only appropriate text, audio and visual media to on-line websites.<br /> <br />I _____________________ understand that violation of our class acceptable cell phone use policy may result in my not being able to participate in additional class activities that involve using the cell phone. I also understand that I may receive disciplinary consequences for violating school board policies regarding cyber-bullying.<br /> <br />I _______________________ have gone over the Cell Phones in Class Acceptable Use Policy with my child and agree to allow my child to participate.<br /> <br />
    54. 54. Addressing: Safety & Access<br />Dr. Kipp Rogers Says…<br />&quot;For the most part, the kids respect the rules. I never had any problems with kids using them inappropriately in my class. We spent a lot of time talking about their digital footprint and that what they do can be tracked.&quot;<br />He said he initially worried about &quot;the haves and have nots,&quot; but students work in teams for most assignments requiring cell phones, so there is always at least one phone among the group.<br />
    55. 55. First Project<br />How to use Google to find information with their phones. (GOOGLE (466453).<br /><br />Using key words, students can look up definitions, download weather, get directions, search for information about a location or object, translate a word or phrase into Spanish or French or receive the latest sports scores for their favorite teams.<br />
    56. 56. iReporting<br />Students also use their phones to take photos and assemble reports and story projects on<br />Some classes have blogs developed by the students with uploaded text, photos and audio clips. <br />Most of the programs he and the other teachers use are free.<br />
    57. 57. Reviewing<br />“Students sat in small groups in the classroom, staring intently at a projected image at the front of the class. A question popped onto the screen. I gave the students a six-digit number and said, ‘Go.’ Instantly thumbs began dancing over cell phone keypads. Within seconds, phones trilled the signal that a text message had been sent. At the same time, answers began dropping into view on the screen, one answer for each group of students, identified by a student&apos;s cell phone screen name.” – Tony Neeley, Science Teacher<br />In less than an hour, the students worked their way through more than 70 questions for a semester exam review, with every eighth-grader participating!<br />
    58. 58. Student’s Reaction<br />Sixth-grader Cassie Garn said her English teacher uses cell phones for several exercises.<br />&quot;This is more interesting and people pay attention,&quot; she said. &quot;It&apos;s fun. It beats writing stuff down and everybody likes to try to be first.&quot;<br />“My teacher roams the room to make sure students are sending answers and not texts to friends.”<br />&quot;It&apos;s all related to work,&quot; Garn said. &quot;We&apos;re not texting other people.&quot;<br />
    59. 59. Teacher’s Reactions<br />Teachers said participation is up and discipline problems are down in classes using cell phones. <br />Rogers is looking for ways to expand the phones&apos; uses. &quot;It&apos;s fighting a losing battle to ask them to leave them at home.”<br />Learn more from Dr. Rogers:<br />
    60. 60. 5 Rules for Cell Phones in Schools<br />Set rules based on business regulations for cell phone use (look at business contracts)<br />Social contract with students<br /><ul><li>Must be on vibrate at all times
    61. 61. Keep them in the front of the room until you are going to use them.
    62. 62. All messages/media sent or published must be related to lesson.
    63. 63. If you are referencing someone else in class, you must have their approval before posting or publishing.
    64. 64. Create a permission form (in addition to the School’s AUP)</li></li></ul><li>Discuss Mobile Safety & Appropriate Use<br />Part of digital footprint<br />Your digital dossier that includes Internet activity such as social networking, email, chat rooms, <br />YOU can’t erase this!!! Permanent record<br />EVERYTHING you send via text message (pictures, videos, text, audio…etc) is PUBLIC!!!<br />Example: Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick<br />Mobile “bullying” and “sexting” is public<br />Students should know their plans<br />Bring in their cell phone plan and a bill<br />Discuss what is charged and how much<br />Give Students a Survey<br />Learn more specific safety tips at Connectsafely<br />
    65. 65. The Benefits for Online Teaching<br />Real-time Learning Documentation<br />Communication & Productivity<br />Group Work<br />Research & Data Collection<br />Students who do not have Internet access can still participate and learn<br />
    66. 66.
    67. 67. Documentation<br />When off line, students can use their cell phones to take pictures, videos, send text messages, and record audio files to document learning<br />
    68. 68. How Students Can Document Learning<br />SMS Texting<br />Group Brainstorming, alerts, polls, surveys, quizzes,<br />MMS Texting<br />Send pictures/videos to instructor & other students<br />Phone Call<br />Record interviews, observations, brainstorms, quizzes…etc.<br />
    69. 69. Save/Post Audio, Text Message, Images, and Videos<br /><br />Assignment<br />Call in to: Drop Number<br />Name of your location and landmark or what it is known for..<br />Take a picture of something that represents your “location” <br />Send it to: Drop Email<br />
    70. 70. What can students do with a basic cell phone?<br />Phone Call<br />Send a Text Message (SMS)<br />Take a Picture<br />Ringtones<br />Wallpaper<br />
    71. 71. #1 Mobile Podcasting/Live Radio<br />Using a cell phone to record and then posting the recording to a public or private website that has an RSS feed and can be downloaded as an MP3 file.<br />
    72. 72. #1 Mobile Podcasting Project: Field Trips<br />High School Chemistry Students on a field trip at Cranbrook Science Museum in MI. <br />Cell Phones pictures documented chemical elements.<br />Used: Camera on cell phone and sent at<br />
    73. 73. #1 Mobile Podcasting Project: Radio Theater<br />Elementary School 3rd-6th graders<br />Used:<br />Web link:<br /><br />
    74. 74. #1 Mobile Podcasting Project: Author Study<br />Middle School 6th-7th Grade<br />Used:<br />Web link:<br /><br />
    75. 75. #1 Mobile Podcasting Project: Science Inquiry Questions<br />High School Earth Science<br />Used<br />Web link:<br /><br />
    76. 76. #1 Mobile Podcasting Project: Connecting Algebra to Real World<br />High School Algebra<br />Used<br />Web link:<br /><br />
    77. 77. #1 Mobile Podcasting Project: Live Radio Broadcasts<br />High School Students Community Live Radio Show in Maine<br />Used<br />Web link:<br /><br />
    78. 78. #2 Avatar Project: Spanish Oral Exams<br />High School Spanish 2 & 3 Students<br />Developed an Avatar to take oral exams<br />Used<br />Focus: Engagement in oral speaking, oral speaking exams, culture representation with images<br />
    79. 79.
    80. 80. #3 Mobile Note taking and Organization<br />Using your cell phone to create speech to text reminders, emails, twitters, scheduled items on web-based calendars, get translations, and more!<br />
    81. 81. #3 Mobile Note taking and Organization<br /> Create an account<br />Send Emails<br />Transcription<br />Translation<br />Post to your Google Calendar, get SMS reminders of your events.<br />Create reminders<br />Listen to any website or news feed<br />
    82. 82. #3 Mobile Note taking and Organization Project: Student’s Mobile Scheduling<br />High School Technology Students<br />Created a Google Calendar where all assignments are posted and sent via cell phones<br />Also use Remember the Milk to set up “To Do lists” for students via cell phone<br />Used<br /><br />
    83. 83. #4 Mobile Photo and Video blogging or Posting<br />Posting an image, video, or text message to a web blog or private photo place on the web directly from your cell phone.<br />
    84. 84. Flickr Mobile: Post Pics/Videos to Internet<br />Add as a new Email Contact:  <br />
    85. 85. #4 PhotoPosting Project: Documenting Lab Activities<br />Mathematics teacher has students document their mathematical steps and lab activities, then put them into a slideshow along with process explanation.<br />Web link:<br />
    86. 86. #4 PhotoPosting Project: Cell Phones & Facebook to Document Everyday Culture<br />Psychology teacher in Michigan has students document everyday cultural experiences with cell phone and sends them to class Facebook account.<br />Web link:<br />Protected in Facebook<br />
    87. 87. #4 PhotoPosting Project: Send Videos of Homework to Cells<br />Physical Education Teacher in Australia<br />Used: <br /><br />Web link:<br /><br />
    88. 88. #4 PhotoPosting Project: Documenting Australian Environment<br />9th Grade Geography students in Australia<br />Used: <br /><br />Web link:<br /><br />
    89. 89. #4 Photoblogging Project: iReporting<br /> Mobile Citizen Journalism<br /><br />
    90. 90. #4 Photoblogging Project: iReporting<br />Mobile Journalism<br />High School Students Document Inauguration<br />Tools: Flickr, Twitter, YouTube<br /><br />
    91. 91. #6 Location Mobile Blogging<br />Posting an image, audio file, or text message to a specific location on a map directly from your cell phone.<br />
    92. 92. #6 Location Mobile Blogging Project: North American Lighthouses<br /><br />
    93. 93. #7 Text Message Alerts!<br />Sending out mass text messages to large or small groups of people. <br />
    94. 94. #7 Text Message Project: Text politicians, ask questions <br />Canadian Election<br /><br />
    95. 95. #7 Alerts Project: Film on the Fly<br /><br />
    96. 96. #7 Text Alert Project: Text-An-Expert<br />9th Grade High School Social Studies<br />“Who was the first man to walk on the moon”<br />Power of Networks in Digital World<br />
    97. 97. 9th Graders Text Messaging Romeo and Juliet<br /><ul><li>9th Grade English in Michigan
    98. 98. Translating Romeo and Juliet to “text speak”
    99. 99. Start in class with translating a few lines to a wiffiti board.
    100. 100. Voting on best “translations”
    101. 101. Move to Homework
    102. 102. Create a whole text message novel of Romeo and Juliet</li></li></ul><li>Text Message Principal<br />“Principal Michael Bregy told all 2,400 students in the building to take out their cell phones and save his personal cell phone number.”<br /><br />
    103. 103. #8 Mobile Novel Project: Cell Phone Bestseller<br />Popular in Asia to Read Novels Via Cell.<br /><br />
    104. 104. Use a cell phone to write a private or collaborative novel, poem, chapter review, or short story to “publish” on a cell phone.<br />#8 Mobile Novels<br />
    105. 105. #9 Survey or Quiz Audio Blast!<br />Send an audio quiz or survey to multiple cell phones at once.<br />Receive instant feedback as they take quiz/survey<br />Results all compiled in private account.<br />Hey Cosmos: Blaster<br />
    106. 106. Listen to Any Podcast or RSS Feed Via Phone<br /><br />Get a phone number for ANY Internet podcast<br />
    107. 107. Call and Listen to MOMA’s latest galleries<br />1 (801) 349-3832<br />
    108. 108. #12 Web 2.0 Voicemail<br />A cell phone that couples with a website in order to create MP3 files of voicemails, transcripts of voicemails, smart greeting for individual or groups of callers, and stores all calling information.<br /><br />(734) 408-4495<br />
    109. 109.
    110. 110. Geo-Blogging Project: Orienteering<br /><br />
    111. 111.<br />
    112. 112. Follow a teacher in his first year of using cell phones<br />George Engel (HS Math Teacher)<br /><br />
    113. 113. Getting Started<br />DO NOT attempt to change policy (yet)<br />Survey Students on Cell Phones<br />Who has one? What is their plan? Preference for Communication?<br />Talk with students about cell phone safety & etiquette<br />Create a social contract for cell phone use with school assignments<br />Show Digital Dossier Video<br />Start with OPTIONAL homework/EC projects outside of classroom.<br />Start with what YOU are comfortable with (such as phone call resources like<br />