"Kids tell us they power down to come to school.”-Julie Evans, CEO of Project Tomorrow (2008)
Speak up 2010 Report 100,000+ students For the first time since 2003, when asked to identify the major obstacle to prevent use of technology in school, students in grades 6–12 said “I cannot use my own cell phone, smart phone or Mp3 player in school.”
Mobile More Accessible Than Computer/Internet 73% of U.S. household’s have Internet access 57% have broadband 43% have dial-up 30% of U.S. citizens do not use the Internet at all 63% of people with a household income of <49K have no Internet 87% of U.S. Citizens own Cell phones. 13% of U.S. citizens do not own a cell phone 94% of U.S. Citizens 18-45 own a cell phone 18% of U.S. Citizens with an income of <50K do not have a cell phone Park Associates and CTIA wireless association, both 2007
How Student’s Use Cell Phones for Personal Productivity
Research on cell phones in learning says… 1) "The proportions of textisms that kids used in their sentence translations was positively linked to verbal reasoning; the more textspeak kids used, the higher their test scores” 2) "The younger the age at which the kids had received mobile phones, the better their ability to read words and identify patterns of sound in speech.” http://www.britac.ac.uk/news/news.cfm/newsid/14
PBS: Ready to Learn Study Parent’s cell phones loaded with literacy software Parents living at or below poverty line Findings: Participants found the intervention to be a positive experience, especially for their children. They reacted enthusiastically to receiving early literacy content via cell phone. Most importantly, participants reported that their children enjoyed and benefited from the program. Child participants, for the most part, were eager and excited to view the letter video clips. They frequently requested to view the videos. Some parents reported that each time the phone rang, their children came running, hoping the call was from Elmo.
Mobile Note taking and Organization Project: Student’s Mobile Scheduling High School Technology Students Created a Google Calendar where all assignments are posted and sent via cell phones Also use Remember the Milk to set up “To Do lists” for students via cell phone Used http://dial2do.com http://coolcatteacher.blogspot.com/2008/08/kicking-off-school-year-web-20-style-w.html
Summer Text Program Norwich Free Academy (Connecticut) Text of the week! Monday is vocabulary day Tuesday is science facts Wednesday is mathematics Thursday is history Friday covers a variety of topics including general knowledge and cultural literacy Each day is a theme Parents and Students Opt in http://txtblaster.com
Create a whole text message novel of Romeo and Juliet
140 Characters or less… "Is there no pity sitting in the cloudsThat sees into the bottom of my grief?O sweet my mother, cast me not away!Delay this marriage for a month, a week,Or if you do not, make the bridal bedIn that dim monument where Tybalt lies."- William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, 3.5 Send to:
Autistic Children in Akron OH Use pictures for parents/children to communicate Social stigma associated with this Parents & teachers now use cell phones to take pictures and show pictures to children (to communicate w/out social stigma)
Fundamental Shift in 21st Century Workforce Technological changes are displacing low-skilled workers and making room for more high-skilled creative and innovative workers. Employers are calling for schools to integrate new skills into education
Mobile Podcasting Project: Field Trips High School Chemistry Students on a field trip at Cranbrook Science Museum in MI. Cell Phones pictures documented chemical elements. Used: Camera on cell phone and sent to drop.io at http://drop.io/CKCHEM4
Mobile Podcasting: Songs about elements in Periodic table Chemistry Periodic Table High School http://sarahdi.blogspot.com/
Mobile Podcasting Project: Live Radio Broadcasts High School Students Community Live Radio Show in Maine Used http://blogtalkradio.com Web link: http://www.blogtalkradio.com/lobstertalk
Mobile Podcasting Project: Live Radio Broadcasts Advanced Spanish Don Quixote Discussion Each week different students in charge of discussion http://talkshoe.com
Mobile Surveys and Quizzes http://mobiode.com/ Create surveys and quizzes online and send to phones via text message (cost) or mobile Internet Take Liz’s Survey http://techtools.mobiode.mobi
Avatar Project: Spanish Oral Exams High School Spanish 2 & 3 Students Developed an Avatar to take oral exams Used http://voki.com Focus: Engagement in oral speaking, oral speaking exams, culture representation with images Interview with Katie Titler
QRcodes Bar codes for cell phones. Take a picture of a bar code and receive information on your phone. Need to download a free reader on your phone http://kaywa.com http://www.i-nigma.com/CreateBarcodes.html http://zxing.appspot.com/generator/
Life Consequences: Sexting Six teens face child porn (13 to 15) charges after being caught "sexting" each other. Criminal Charge! IN PA, 3 girls (12, 12, 16) charged with child pornography for sexing. Picture of them in bras. 15% of teenagers have risqué photos of themselves or their friends on their cell phones. 1 in 5 sext recipients report that they have passed the images along to someone else http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/bestoftv/2009/01/15/pn.sexting.teens.cnn
"If you take a picture, you can be accused of producing child pornography; if you send it to somebody, you can be accused of distributing child pornography; and if you keep a picture, you can be accused of possessing child pornography. Anywhere along this chain of transmission of the images, you can be charged as a registered sex offender." -Parry Aftab, an Internet privacy and security lawyer.
Cyberbullying Most Popular in… Online gaming and virtual worlds Chat/discussion rooms Social Network Sites Instant Messengers Text messages Video sharing sites like Youtube
“The girl’s parents, wild with outrage and fear, showed the principal the text messages: a dozen shocking, sexually explicit threats, sent to their daughter the previous Saturday night from the cellphone of a 12-year-old boy. Both children were sixth graders at Benjamin Franklin Middle School in Ridgewood, N.J. “
Punish him, insisted the parents. “I said, ‘This occurred out of school, on a weekend,’ ” recalled the principal, Tony Orsini. “We can’t discipline him.”
COPPA If a children’s information is posted online, and they are under the age of thirteen, notify the Web site or online service that the children are under thirteen and that COPPA (the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act) requires that they remove the information immediately. If they don’t respond right away, contact email@example.com privacy [at] wiredsafety.org or the FTC directly, at http://www.ftc.gov/. CyberLaw Enforcement http://cyberlawenforcement.org/
Be a Proactive Teacher Talk about cyberbullying and what it is and why it is not tolerated. Send home information to parents reminding the monitor their child’s online and mobile activities. Review the school’s policy on bullying and harassment Talk about consequences for bullying behavior
Discuss Mobile Safety & Appropriate Use Part of digital footprint Your digital dossier that includes Internet activity such as social networking, email, chat rooms, YOU can’t erase this!!! Permanent record EVERYTHING you send via text message (pictures, videos, text, audio…etc) is PUBLIC!!! Example: Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Mobile “bullying” and “sexting” is public MTV Special on Sextingand Quiz Students should know their plans Bring in their cell phone plan and a bill Discuss what is charged and how much Give Students a Survey Learn more specific safety tips at Connectsafely
Rules and Consequences Cell Phone to Cheat Enforce school policy on cheating Cell Phone as Distraction Enforce school policy on tardiness Cell Phone as Bully Enforce school bully/harassment/violence/threat policy Cell Phone to send inappropriate pics/videos Enforce school policy on harassment/threat
Tips for Social Contract The teacher should explain to the students that there should be some rules concerning how their cell phones will be used in the classroom, and students have an opportunity to be part of the rule making process (the goal is to have no more than 5 simple rules to follow and a consequence for non-compliance). Students should be asked to brainstorm rules. During the brainstorm, students should be encouraged to support their rule with reasons why it should be implemented (such as “cell phones should be on vibrate at all times”, the student should then explain why this is important. If they can’t, ask for other students to help explain it.) Once there is a workable list of rules, students should be encouraged to narrow the list to about five rules. The teacher may want to do this himself, or to use the analogy of a professional job where one is given a cell phone and a contract. One could ask the students to imagine that they were given a professional contract, hen they could be asked which“rules” they think should be implemented in their classroom. Using this analogy may also help to eliminate some redundant or unnecessary rules. Once the rules have been selected. The students should be asked to brainstorm consequences for not following the rules. Once again, asking students to decide on the best option. The teacher should let the students know that she will be adding these rules and consequences to a permission form that will be sent home to have parents and the students sign.
5 Rules for Cell Phones in Schools Set rules based on business regulations for cell phone use (look at business contracts) Social contract with students
Must be on vibrate at all times
Keep them in the front of the room until you are going to use them.
All messages/media sent or published must be related to lesson.
If you are referencing someone else in class, you must have their approval before posting or publishing.
Create a permission form (in addition to the School’s AUP)
Step 4: Permission Form
Dear Parents and Guardians, We are starting a new project this year in our biology course. The students will be taking pictures of different biological species that they encounter in their everyday lives and posting on a private class website. In order to capture the species in the everyday lives of the students, I have given them the option of using their cell phones to take the pictures and send them to the class website. While the students are not required to have a cell phone for the project, they are welcome to use their own if they choose to and if you allow them. In class, we will be discussing issues of mobile safety and etiquette before starting the project. I will be using the ConnectSafely Guidelines for Mobile Safety (http://www.connectsafely.org/safety-tips-and-advice.html ). If you would like to participate in this conversation, please feel free to attend the class sessions on March 5th and 6th during any of the biology class periods: 8:00-9:00 9:10-10:10 2:10-3:10
In addition, I will be holding an information night about mobile safety and the project on March 3rd at 7:00pm. I will go over the project in detail, show you how it works, and also answer any questions you may have about using cell phones in learning.
There is some research that supports the need for using student cell phones in learning and teaching students how cell phones can be a productive and important tool for their future professional growth. This will be discussed in detail at the information night as well as during the March 5th and 6th class sessions.
Finally, you are welcome to participate in this project! We are using a private space in a photo-sharing site called Flickr, where all the photos will be sent and eventually posted to a map at the exact location they were uncovered. You are welcome to take a picture of a biological species that you encounter, send it to firstname.lastname@example.org along with a short text message on what you think the species is and the location of where you took the picture! Feel free to check the website each week to see the learning progress. Login: Kolbbiology Password: Biokid
I hope to see you in class and/or on the March 3rd information night. In the meantime if you have any questions or concerns do not hesitate to contact me at email@example.com or by phone 777-222-5777. I give permission for my child to use their cell phone for phone calling for this project: ______________________________________________________. (parent signature) **They can only use _____ number of calling minutes for this project I give permission for my child to use their cell phone for text messaging for this project: ______________________________________________________. (parent signature) **They can only use _____ number of text messages for this project I give permission for my child to use their cell phone for mobile Internet for this project: ______________________________________________________. (parent signature) I give permission for my child to use their cell phone for taking and sending pictures and/ or videos (circle one or both) for this project: ______________________________________________________. (parent signature) **They can only send _____ number of media messages for this project
Rules agreed upon by students and teacher Cell Phones Must Be on Vibrate at All Times Cell phones should be placed in the front of the room at the beginning of class (at the designated table in your numbered slot) and whenever they are not needed for instruction All mobile messages or media sent from your phone during class MUST be related to the lesson or activity If you are referencing someone else in class, you must have their (recorded verbal or written) approval before posting or publishing.
Consequences The student will be asked to write a letter home to you and explain why they did not follow the rules in class. They will also be asked to come up with better class guidelines around cell phones use in schools so this does not occur again.
I will adhere to the classroom rules for cell phone use ___________________________________________________. (student signature)
Alternative Ideas Select an online resource that couples with cell phones, but also has web-based options for uploading or sharing. For example if you use Flickr to send pictures to and from mobile phones to a private place online, students who do not have a cell phone, can still upload to Flickr via the web. Grouping students. Purposely putting students in groups or pairs where the teacher knows that at least one of the group members has a cell phone that can be used for the project is a simple way to keep the students who do not have cell phones anonymous (because the teacher can say, “someone in each group should take out their cell phone to use for this activity.”) Allow students to use your own cell phone. Landlines (many web-based cell phone resources have toll free calling numbers) for phone calling activities. Center activities for K-8 students where the teacher can use one cell phone with all the students during center time. Allow students to use hardcopy options that they hand in to you, and you upload the work to the online resource. This is important since a few parents do not want their children using cell phones in any capacity.
Parent Night Ideas An overview of why you are using the student cell phones. Mobile Safety for Parents http://www.whereoscope.com/ (track your kids via cell phone) http://www.safetyweb.com/ (monitor mobile use) http://www.picture-alert.com (parental control on mobile pics) Describe the project(s) that will revolve around cell phone use, and any cost associated with the project and student cell phone use. Alternatives that the students have for completing the project without using cell phones Any change in school cell phone policy as a result of the project(s). Rules of the cell phone use during the project and the consequences for the students who do not follow the rules. Parents should be invited to participate in the activity (within reason). Provide parents with multiple ways for feedback (email address, a text message number, a voicemail (Google Voice would be great for this), and an online anonymous survey (such as Google Form).