Cell Phones in K-12 Liz Kolb, Ph.D. University of Michigan firstname.lastname@example.org http://cellphonesinlearning.com http://tiny.cc/kolbboston (presentation) Twitter: lkolb Liz’s Mobile Business Card Send a new text: 50500 In message: kolb http://contxts.com
"Kids tell us they power down to come to school.”-Julie Evans, CEO of Project Tomorrow (2008)
Speak up 2010 Report 100,000+ students For the first time since 2003, when asked to identify the major obstacle to prevent use of technology in school, students in grades 6–12 said “I cannot use my own cell phone, smart phone or Mp3 player in school.”
Government Says: use them! http://tinyurl.com/yzvr944
Why Cell Phones?
Mobile More Accessible Than Computer/Internet 73% of U.S. household’s have Internet access 57% have broadband 43% have dial-up 30% of U.S. citizens do not use the Internet at all 63% of people with a household income of <49K have no Internet 87% of U.S. Citizens own Cell phones. 13% of U.S. citizens do not own a cell phone 94% of U.S. Citizens 18-45 own a cell phone 18% of U.S. Citizens with an income of <50K do not have a cell phone Park Associates and CTIA wireless association, both 2007
98% of Secondary Students Have Their Own!
Speak up 2009
Speak Up 2009
By the end of 2010 it is estimated that… 54% of 8 year olds will have their own cell phone! Amoroso, (2006). Tween Market has the potential to double by 2010. Yankee Group Retrieved from www.yankeegroup.com/researchdocument.dorid=14058
Millennials Rising (Neil Howe and William Strauss) How 21st century students learn best… Collaboratively Anytime, anyplace, anywhere, any pace Structured activities Relevancy with real world *They want to do this with the TECHNOLOGY of their generation
WELCOME To The Era of the…Free Agent Learner Technology enabled bottom up learner ANYTIME ANYWHERE ANYPLACE ANY PACE
Send text Query to 36266 1-800-2chacha
Example: Mobile Note taking and Organization
http://dial2do.com Create an account
Post to your Google Calendar, get SMS reminders of your events.
Listen to any website or news feed
Fundamental Shift in 21st Century Workforce Technological changes are displacing low-skilled workers and making room for more high-skilled creative and innovative workers. Employers are calling for schools to integrate new skills into education
Partnership for 21st Century Skills 12%
Mobile Job Opportunities for Students
Search for “cell phone skills” on Monster.com
Fundamental Shift in Citizenship Practices During the 2008 campaign, 49% of younger voters (18-24) shared information via text message about the campaigns. http://www.visiblevote.us
Research on cell phones in learning says… "The proportions of textisms that kids used in their sentence translations was positively linked to verbal reasoning; the more textspeak kids used, the higher their test scores” 2) "The younger the age at which the kids had received mobile phones, the better their ability to read words and identify patterns of sound in speech.” http://www.britac.ac.uk/news/news.cfm/newsid/14
PBS: Ready to Learn Study Parent’s cell phones loaded with literacy software Parents living at or below poverty line Findings: Participants found the intervention to be a positive experience, especially for their children. They reacted enthusiastically to receiving early literacy content via cell phone. Most importantly, participants reported that their children enjoyed and benefited from the program. Child participants, for the most part, were eager and excited to view the letter video clips. They frequently requested to view the videos. Some parents reported that each time the phone rang, their children came running, hoping the call was from Elmo.
Parent’s Say YES to Cell Phones for Learning
Speak up 2009
Why Are We Reluctant? The elephant in the room
Cheating is a problem…
26% of teenagers admitted to using their cell phone to store information to look at during a test or a quiz.
25% have text messaged their friends about answers during a test or quiz.
20% have searched the Internet via their mobile phone during a test or quiz.
17% have taken pictures of a test or quiz with the cell phone in order to send the pictures to their friends.
Common Sense Media 09
Even MORE of a problem Most students do not envision these activities as cheating. More than half of the students surveyed did not think these acts were serious offenses of cheating, rather they think of it as just “helping out a friend.” Common Sense Media 09
70% of U.S. schools completely ban cell phones from campus 63% of students admitted to sneaking in cell phones and using them during class anyway. In a seven class a day, five day school week, the average student sends at least three text messages per class. Common Sense Media 09
Life Consequences Students are sometimes “sexting” to friends for their entertainment value, as a joke or for fun." Six teens face child porn (13 to 15) charges after being caught "sexting" each other. Criminal Charge! IN PA, 3 girls (12, 12, 16) charged with child pornography for sexing. Picture of them in bras. 15% of teenagers have risqué photos of themselves or their friends on their cell phones. 1 in 5 sext recipients report that they have passed the images along to someone else
"If you take a picture, you can be accused of producing child pornography; if you send it to somebody, you can be accused of distributing child pornography; and if you keep a picture, you can be accused of possessing child pornography. Anywhere along this chain of transmission of the images, you can be charged as a registered sex offender." -Parry Aftab, an Internet privacy and security lawyer.
One in three (34%) texting teens ages 16-17 say they have texted while driving.
Current Banning Structures are NOT working Students still “cheating”, “Off-task”, or “inappropriately” using cell phones in schools Students still bring them to schools and use them when told not to. Students still do not understand consequences of their social media use Students have no idea how to use mobile phones or social media in future job force!
Case Study: Teacher Change
2007: Middle School Principal’s Journey “Last year the school ran out of calculators needed for a math exam, So I let a student use the calculator function on his cell phone. The student was excited to use a phone instead of a calculator. I found 19 of my 22 students had phones.” -Kipp Rogers, Principal at Passages Middle School in Virginia
Mary Passage Middle School Cell Phone Policy
1. Students will talk on their cell phone only to complete assignments that are related to the instructional lesson. 2. Students will keep cell phones turned off or left in lockers when they are not being used for instructional purposes in class. 3. Students will only send text- messages, pictures or video- messages to others outside of the classroom with permission and directions from the teacher. 4. Students will not record still or moving images or voices of students or the teacher without permission from the teacher. 5. Students will not post recordings of still or moving images or voice recordings of students or the teacher to online websites without their permission. 6. Students will practice internet safety with online resources. 7. Students will post only appropriate text, audio and visual media to on-line websites.
I _____________________ understand that violation of our class acceptable cell phone use policy may result in my not being able to participate in additional class activities that involve using the cell phone. I also understand that I may receive disciplinary consequences for violating school board policies regarding cyber-bullying.
I _______________________ have gone over the Cell Phones in Class Acceptable Use Policy with my child and agree to allow my child to participate.
What Passages is doing now…
iReporting with Blogger.com
Polling with Polleverywhere
Text Google for Information (466453)
Recording audio with iPadio
Hear from Kipp: http://www.blogtalkradio.com/elikeren/2009/10/22/Middle-School-Principal-Kipp-Rogers-has-Teachers-Using-Cell-Phones-and-Tweeting
Passages Middle School Cell Phone Book http://passage.nn.k12.va.us
Katie’s Avatar Project: Spanish Oral Exams High School Spanish 2 & 3 Students Developed an Avatar to take oral exams Used http://voki.com Focus: Engagement in oral speaking, oral speaking exams, culture representation with images
Voki’s in elementary Writing and Fluency 1st and 2nd grade http://connect.pulaski.k12.wi.us/faculty/saellner/stuproj.cfm
Voki’s for epals http://anzaconnection.wikispaces.com/Introductions
Discuss Mobile Safety & Appropriate Use Part of digital footprint Your digital dossier that includes Internet activity such as social networking, email, chat rooms, YOU can’t erase this!!! Permanent record EVERYTHING you send via text message (pictures, videos, text, audio…etc) is PUBLIC!!! Example: Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Mobile “bullying” and “sexting” is public MTV Special on Sextingand Quiz Students should know their plans Bring in their cell phone plan and a bill Discuss what is charged and how much Give Students a Survey Learn more specific safety tips at Connectsafely
5 Rules for Cell Phones in Schools Set rules based on business regulations for cell phone use (look at business contracts) Social contract with students
Must be on vibrate at all times
Keep them in the front of the room until you are going to use them.
All messages/media sent or published must be related to lesson.
If you are referencing someone else in class, you must have their approval before posting or publishing.
Create a permission form (in addition to the School’s AUP)
EXAMPLE: Mobile Podcasting Project: Field Trips High School Chemistry Students on a field trip at Cranbrook Science Museum in MI. Cell Phones pictures documented chemical elements. Used: Camera on cell phone and sent to drop.io at http://drop.io/CKCHEM4
Mobile Podcasting Project: Connecting Algebra to Real World High School Algebra Used http://yodio.com Web link: http://www.yodio.com/yo.aspx?cardId=LvAhgDUPZd6UbBgsTMN2aC
Mobile Podcasting Project: Author Study Middle School 6th-7th Grade Used: http://gabcast.com Web link: http://541sparkes.blogspot.com/2007/07/author-blog-6.html
Podcasting and Oral Interviews
Mobile Podcasting Project: Radio Theater Elementary School 3rd-6th graders Used: http://hipcast.com Web link: http://stjosephschooltrenton.com/blog/
Podcast Activity: NPR “This I Believe…” 10th Grade English Wrote their own This I Believe Recorded for HW via Cell Phone Submitted BEST to NPR Focus: Speaking Skills, Persuasive Writing Skills, Editing Skills
Mobile Podcasting Project: Live Radio Broadcasts High School Students Community Live Radio Show in Maine Used http://blogtalkradio.com Web link: http://www.blogtalkradio.com/lobstertalk
Elementary Spanish 3rd-6th graders use Google Voice to call in oral language assignments http://elementaryspanish.wikispaces.com/Google+Voice
Film/picture on the Fly Projects http://www.cellphonesinlearning.com/2009_04_01_archive.html http://www.koce.org/filmonthefly
Text Message Alerts! Sending out mass text messages to large or small groups of people. http://txtblaster.com
Summer Text Program Norwich Free Academy (Connecticut) Text of the week! Monday is vocabulary day Tuesday is science facts Wednesday is mathematics Thursday is history Friday covers a variety of topics including general knowledge and cultural literacy Each day is a theme Parents and Students Opt in
Use a cell phone to write a private or collaborative novel, poem, chapter review, or short story to “publish” on a cell phone. Mobile Novels http://textnovel.com
Create Your Own Mobile Scavenger Hunt http://www.scvngr.com
SCVNGR Example High School History Class Scavenger Hunt on Constitution http://vimeo.com/9348372
Mobile Blogging Tumblr http://www.tumblr.com/ Phone call, picture, text or video post directly to blog Goodies
Tumblr Example School of Performing Arts http://brindschool.tumblr.com/
iReporting Resources http://blogger.com Send pictures, text, and video directly to blog http://flickr.com Send pictures and video to private or public media storage site. http://youtube.com Send video to private or public media storage
Phone Conference recoding http://freeconferencepro.com Record up to 250 people at one time on one call Host controls Private storage
Create your own QRcodes for assignments
QRcodes Bar codes for cell phones. Take a picture of a bar code and receive information on your phone. Need to download a free reader on your phone http://kaywa.com http://www.i-nigma.com/CreateBarcodes.html http://zxing.appspot.com/generator/
Qrcode 2nd grade trip to zoo
Qrcode Book Reviews
Student’s Say… "The whole having to hide the cell phone is really why so many students are not able to pay attention. If we were allowed our cell phones as we work, we would pay a lot more attention, since we don't have to keep glancing down at the cell phone we are currently hiding under a table. I am able to avoid the whole messaging thing during school, but if they allowed it I have the feeling my grades would go higher, and my learning would improve” -Thomas, high school student