Hse 6 revision_2

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Hse 6 revision_2

  1. 1. HEALTH, SAFETY, AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANUAL C & C Technologies, Inc. 730 E. Kaliste Saloom Road Lafayette, LA 70508 Phone: 337.261.0660 Fax: 337.261.0192 May 2005 Controlled copy Copy Number :__________________________ Date Of Issue: ___________________________
  2. 2. Manual Number: Custodian: HSE Manager Manual Title: Custodian: HSE Manual Rev. No. HSE Manager Description Prepared By Reviewed By 7-01-05 1 2 Effective Date Re-formatted Manual – Added Audit & Review, Firearms, Office Security, Small Boat Launching, Smoking & Sub-Contractor Policies. Added Sections on – Management Commitment, Goals & Objectives, Legislation & Industry Compliance, Audit & Review, Emergency Response, Risk Management, Document Control, Incident Investigation & Small Boat Operations, Bomb Threat Checklist, Model Project HSE Plan & Model Project Emergency Response Plan Dave Goodman Ross Heard 7-01-05 7-08-05 Format Insert forms Denise Douglas Denise Douglas Latest Revision Approved By Thomas Chance – President 2
  3. 3. TABLE OF CONTENTS Document Control - Distribution Table of Contents 3 Corporate Vision 6 Safety Policy Statement 7 Leadership & Commitment 8 1.1 Management Commitment 8 1.2 Goals & Objectives 8 1.3 1. 2 Legislation & Industry Compliance 9 2. Policies & Strategic Objectives 11 2.1 Health, Safety & Environmental Policies 11 2.2 Environmental Policy Statement 12 2.3 Drug & Alcohol Policy 13 2.4 Sexual Harassment Policy 13 2.5 Facial Hair Policy 14 2.6 Short Service Employee Policy 14 2.7 Smoking Policy 14 2.8 Office Security Policy 14 2.9 Firearms Policy 15 2.10 Disciplinary Policy 15 2.11 Violations Examples 15 2.12 Disciplinary Actions 16 2.13 Audit & Review Policy 16 2.14 Small Boat Launching Policy 18 2.15 Management Of Sub-contractors Policy 18 3. Organization & Responsibilities 20 3.1 Responsibilities 20 3.2 Organizational Flow Chart 23 3.3 Document Control 24 3
  4. 4. 4. Evaluation & Risk Management 27 4.1 Risk Management 27 4.2 Safety Meetings, Training & Drills 33 4.3 Job Safety Analysis Documentation 34 5. Planning & Implementation 35 5.1 Personal Protective Equipment 35 5.2 Personnel Safe Work Procedures 38 5.3 Fall Protection Program 39 5.4 Offshore Travel & Work Orientation 45 5.5 Air Transportation 49 5.6 Personal Flotation Devices 55 5.7 Emergency Escape Vessels & Flotation Equipment 58 5.8 Personal Training 60 5.9 Transportation 65 5.10 Driving & Vehicle Operation 66 5.11 Fire Protection 73 5.12 Permit To Work System 75 5.13 Lock-Out / Tag-Out System 81 5.14 Hazard Communication Program 83 5.15 Hazardous Materials 90 5.16 Respiratory Protection Program 92 5.17 Hearing Conservation Program 97 5.18 Management of Change 102 5.19 Behavioral Based Safety Program 106 5.20 General Safety Procedures 116 5.21 Emergency Response Procedure (EMOT) 123 5.22 Emergency Action Plan 136 5.23 Incident Investigation 141 5.24 Small Boat Operations 143 5.25 All Terrain Vehicle (ATV) Policy 152 5.26 Food Handling 154 5.27 Vessel Intruder Security 159 4
  5. 5. 6. Implementation & Monitoring 160 6.1 Accident Reporting Procedures 160 6.2 Supervisors Accident Investigation Report 163 6.3 First Aid Program 163 6.4 Disciplinary Program 167 7. Audit & Review 168 7.1 Audit Procedure 168 7.2 Inspections 203 8. Appendices 204 8.1 Model Emergency Response Plan - Sample 205 8.2 Model Site Specific HSE Plan – Sample 216 8.3 Emergency Response Data Sheet 234 8.4 Accident/Injury Report Form 235 8.5 Confined Space Entry Permit Form 238 8.6 Hot Work Permit Form 239 8.7 MSDS Data Sheets 241 9. Specialized Safety Report Forms 247 5
  6. 6. Corporate Vision To be a Growing Company Earning Clients for Life Utilizing Technology to our Clients’ Benefit Doing It Right Being a Great Place to Work _______________________ Thomas Chance, President __________________ Date 6
  7. 7. Health & Safety Policy Statement It is the policy of C & C Technologies, Inc. to meet its safety and health responsibilities and to continually strive to maintain a safe working environment at each location where work activities are occurring. C & C Technologies, Inc. Senior Management is committed to providing a safe and healthy working environment for all employees. The goal of the safety and health process is the prevention of accidents and injuries, the preservation of equipment and capital, and the achievement of safe working practices. In order to accomplish these goals, it is C & C Technologies, Inc. to: • Avoid accidents that result in injury to employees, interruption of production, or damage to equipment or property. • Take all action necessary in engineering, planning, designing, assigning, supervising, and performing work operations that establish and maintain a safe and healthy working environment. C & C Technologies, Inc. procedures and directives are designed to be an integral part of the development of sit-sensitive safety processes. It is the responsibility of each C & C Technologies, Inc. managers, supervisors and employees to effectively implement these processes. These safety procedures shall be considered as minimum guidelines. There will be times when the requirements can and must be exceeded. Management provides employees with the authority to carry out the assigned task and holds the employee accountable for successfully completing the task safely. Employees shall be expected to perform their jobs, as they were trained and according to established law, company rules, procedures, etc. Management shall not tolerate employees who are unwilling to conform to policies and procedures established by the C & C Technologies, Inc. and/or regulations set forth by the various government agencies. Remember, it is a C & C policy that requires anyone to prevent work from starting or stop any work where adequate controls of HSE risks are found not to be in place. Thomas Chance President _________________ Date 7
  8. 8. 1. Leadership & Commitment 1.1 Management Commitment Visible management commitment to HSE is considered the most important element of the HSEMS. Without the initiative and continued support of top management, the HSEMS will not be successful. Within C & C Technologies, HSE management is an essential part of each manager's daily responsibilities. Senior management's commitment is demonstrated through visible leadership, which translates into providing the resources needed to develop, operate, and maintain the HSEMS and to attain our HSE policy and strategic objectives. Commitment is demonstrated by ensuring that full account is taken of the HSE policy requirements and that necessary support is provided to protect the health and safety of our employees and the environment. This commitment is based on: Belief in C & C’s desire to improve HSE performance. The high priority that is placed on HSE performance when planning and evaluating projects. Motivation to improve personal HSE performance by making it clear that working safely is a condition of employment and this is as significant as other performance criterion. Acceptance of individual responsibility and accountability for HSE performance. Participation and involvement at all levels of HSEMS development. Promoting HSE in company publications and including HSE issues on the agendas of staff and management meetings, and Requiring subcontractors to comply with C & C's HSE requirements and expecting them to be involved in similar HSE directives within their companies. C & C Technologies and its subcontractors will ensure that: All personnel can carry out their designated tasks with full knowledge of the risks involved and the proper methods for controlling them in accordance with industry standards and to C & C’s satisfaction. There is a system in place for creating and maintaining a positive HSE culture within their organization and that HSE awareness is given a high priority, and All accidents are reported promptly and are investigated in a timely manner followed by recommendations to prevent further accidents/incidents. 1.2 Goals & Objectives Goals and objectives identify the activities that are needed to achieve effective risk management and develop and maintain HSE policies, performance standards, and hazard controls. Corporate HSE goals are set annually. Each division and crew should set goals and objectives that are specific to their operation. Current conditions and standards on the crew need to be assessed to determine HSE goals and objectives. Goals and objectives should be specific, measurable, attainable targets. They should include estimates of time to completion. 8
  9. 9. Everyone who is involved in setting the goals must believe that t e goals and time h estimates are realistic. If the goal or objective is not reached within the scheduled time, the crew should determine why the objective was not met. Activity-related goals may include, but are not limited to: Ensuring that all employees, whether new or transferred, subcontractors, clients, or visitors, receive an HSE orientation. Conducting a set number of self audits and inspections that focus on health, safety, and environmental issues. Ensuring that accident investigations and follow-up are completed by line managers. Establishing contingency plans and conducting drills as if there were an actual emergency. Scheduling set numbers of personnel to receive HSE training. Establishing safety promotion activities such as Safe Crew, Employee of the Month, Safety Suggestion, or Best Driver programs. Reducing the amount of waste generated by the crew by recycling or substitution. Implement area-specific policies and monitor their effectiveness. Reduce occupational illness. Minimize environmental impact. Continued and/or increased HSE awareness in employees and others. Departmental, safety committee, and tailgate meetings. Emergency drills and exercises. 1.3 Legislation & Industry Compliance C & C Technologies will comply with all relevant local, state and Federal regulations. Business activities are covered primarily by the following regulations: • • • • • • • • • • • OSHA (Code of Federal Regulations). United States Coast Guard. SOLAS. MARPOL. Environmental Protection Act. Minerals Management Service. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Environmental Protection Act. International Maritime Organization (IMO). Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). U.S. Department of Transportation. The Company considers the following recognized associations’ regulations, guidelines and additional materials relevant to the Company’s operations: • • • • International Association of Geophysical Contractors (IAGC). Offshore Marine Services Association (OMSA). American Petroleum Institute (API). Petroleum Education Council (PEC). 9
  10. 10. • • • • • International Maritime Organization (IMO). American National Standards Institute (ANSI). International Maritime Organization (IMO). International Association Of Oil &Gas Producers (OGP) U.S. Army Corps of Engineers HSE Manual (EM 385-1) The Company will comply with relevant applicable international and foreign shipping regulations while engaged in overseas operations. All chartered vessels will also be required to adhere to these regulations in conjunction with the Company HSEMS. 10
  11. 11. 2. POLICIES AND STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES 2.1 Health, Safety and Environmental Policy The welfare of all personnel working on C & C Technologies Inc. (C & C) premises, including our employees as well as employees of our contractors and their subcontractors, is of strong interest to us. Accordingly, it is important that each individual recognize certain rules when doing his/her job. These rules are basic and general in nature and cannot cover every possible working condition. Therefore, the cooperation of each person is a necessity so that operating procedures and work methods do not expose you or your coworkers to injury. Remember, safety is a team effort in which each individual must share to eliminate or reduce the risk of loss or damage to personnel or property. Good judgment and common sense are required to supplement any rules. If you have any doubt at any time, consult your supervisor. Report all accidents, injuries and near misses as soon as possible to your supervisor. Health, Safety and Environmental Policy and Commitment In the management of our activities, C & C Technologies is committed to the following principles: • • • • • Pursue the goal of no harm to people Protect the environment Manage HSE matters as any other critical business activity Promote a culture in which all C & C employees share this commitment Promote the well-being of employees as an essential part of business activities C & C HSE policy requires everyone to stop any work, or prevent work from starting, where adequate controls of HSE risks are found not to be in place. 11
  12. 12. Environmental Policy Statement C & C Technologies is committed to protecting our natural environment and resources in all areas where we conduct business. Implementation of this policy is a primary management objective and is the responsibility of every employee. It is C & C Technologies, Inc. policy to comply with all applicable environmental laws and regulations and cooperate with all local, state and federal agencies in their inspection and enforcement activities. Incorporate environmental considerations in the Company’s planning and operational decisions. Develop and communicate environmental objectives throughout the Company so that all employees understand their individual responsibilities and are properly trained in carrying out these objectives. Manage operations in a responsible manner and respond effectively to avoid and/or mitigate adverse environmental impacts associated with operations. Conduct periodic assessments of operations to evaluate, measure and assure environmental performance and compliance. Participate in the formulation of prudent and responsible environmental laws and regulations that may impact our business and foster a constructive working relationship with environmental organizations and agencies. Promote and encourage energy efficiency and environmental protection through new and existing technologies. Commit the resources needed to implement these principles. Senior management is committed to the implementation of these principles. Thomas Chance President ______________ Date 12
  13. 13. 2.3 Drug & Alcohol Policy SCOPE: All persons employed by C & C or affiliated companies are subject to the terms and conditions of this policy. For the safety of our employees and our customers, C & C prohibits the use, possession, being under the influence or distribution of illegal drugs, alcohol, other intoxicants, firearms, or contraband, when reporting t work, while at work, while on company premises, in o company vehicles or vessels, or on customer or third party property, vessels or vehicles. C & C and its customers have the right to test for the presence of drugs and/or alcohol in our employees. This policy does not bar the moderate use of alcohol at company-sponsored functions approved by the president of C & C. The laws of many foreign countries in which C & C operates have extremely severe drug laws, which include the death penalty for some drug violations. It is understood that if you and/or your family violate any of the foreign country's drug laws, C & C, your embassy, high commission or counsel are virtually powerless to come to your aid. The primary purpose of this policy is to promote the safety and well being of all employees. It would be inconsistent to promote a strong safety effort while allowing the use of drugs and/or alcohol or the possession of firearms to undermine the safe and effective performance of employees on the job. As a maritime and pipeline contractor, the company will comply with the United States Department of Transportation requirements of 46 CFR, Part 16 and 49 CFR, Part 40 for all vessel personnel (DOT). The provisions of Texas R.S., 49:100, Parts I through III, shall apply to non-maritime employees (non-DOT). All collections shall be conducted in accordance with 49 CFR, Part 40. Note: The entire Drug and Alcohol program is available for review in the HR Department or Safety Department. 2.4 Harassment Policy C & C Technologies, Inc. is committed to providing a place to work in an environment free of sexual and racial harassment. Where sexual or racial harassment is found to have occurred, C & C will act to stop the harassment, to prevent its recurrence, and to discipline those responsible in accordance with C & C’s disciplinary policies. No employee in the workplace should be subject to unwelcome verbal or physical conduct that is sexual or racial in nature. Sexual harassment does not refer to occasional compliments of a socially acceptable nature. It refers to behavior of a sexual nature that is not welcome, that is personally offensive, and that interferes with performance. It is expected that all C & C personnel will treat one another with respect. 13
  14. 14. 2.5 Facial Hair Policy Employees engaged in activities that may necessitate the use of a respirator must be clean-shaven on the area of the face where a mask seal is affected. A positive seal cannot be accomplished if more than one day’s growth of facial hair is present in the seal area. Subsequently, employees must adjust their personal grooming practices to conform to this requirement. This policy is necessary to protect the safety and health of all C & C employees in compliance with OSHA 29 CFT 1910.134 - Respiratory Protection, Sec. 93), subpart (i): Respirators shall not be worn where conditions prevent a good face seal. Such conditions may be a growth of a beard, side burns, or skull cap that projects under the face-piece, or temple pieces on glasses. This policy is applicable to all C & C employees and subcontractors. 2.6 Short Service Employee Policy It is the policy of C& C to train and manage new employees (short service employees) in a manner to minimize their possibility of injury during the most critical first six months of employment with the company. A mentor will be assigned to each short service employee. The mentor will ensure that the short service employee is aware of all safety requirements. The mentor will also serve as an on the job trainer to ensure that the employee learns the proper job skills and techniques. The mentor will monitor the short service employee’s performance to ensure that products and services are up to C & C Technologies quality standards. C & C will comply with our customer’s SSE policy and provide notification of use or other requirements of the customer to fulfill our responsibility to them. 2.7 Smoking Policy In recognition of the responsibility to protect employees from the hazards that exist when smoking is freely permitted, C & C Technologies has implemented a ban on smoking in certain environments. Smoking is permitted in designated areas and on designated equipment only. All employees of C & C Technologies, contract personnel, and visitors to C & C Technologies worksites must comply with this policy. 2.8 Office Security Policy Access to Company offices by persons who are not full time employees of Company will be controlled. All visitors will be required to sign in on arrival & out on departure. Any employee seeing an unknown person will establish their identity and whom they are visiting. 14
  15. 15. If a bomb threat is received, follow this procedure: Stay calm- it may be a prank, but there is always the possibility that it is the real thing. Try to ascertain: When will it go off Where it is located Write down exactly what was said. Personnel such as receptionists and administrators should keep a copy of the bomb threat checklist close at hand. When the caller hangs up, take a very brief moment to complete the checklist and call Security at XXXX and explain what happened. The Security person in charge will contact the City oh Lafayette bomb division and report the incident and request assistance. Bomb threat evacuation procedures will be initiated. 2.9 Firearms Policy In general, the possession or carrying of firearms on company premises is prohibited at all times. For purposes of this section, company premises includes not only company-owned or leased property, vessels, and vehicles, but also field camps, installations, and work areas on company premises. Some states and localities have laws that authorize carrying concealed firearms by properly permitted or licensed individuals. C & C Technologies policy takes precedence in such cases. That is, possessing or carrying firearms on company premises is prohibited. This prohibition does not apply to law enforcement officers or security guards who are duly authorized by the company. 2.10 Disciplinary Policy The discipline statement below is quoted from C & C Technologies Policy and Procedures Manual. This discipline applies to HSE as well as all C & C policies and procedures. The HSE Manager, Department Managers, Project Managers and Party Chiefs are responsible for the enforcement of the disciplinary program. Supervisors identified, as showing an overall lack of commitment to C & C HSE goals by a physical HSE inspection shall be held to the same level of disciplinary actions listed below. 2.11 Violation Examples The following examples of unacceptable behavior that result in safety violations: • Not following verbal or written safety procedures or guidelines • Abuse of safety equipment • Failure to use proper Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) • Horse play 15
  16. 16. 2.12 Disciplinary Actions C & C can only be as good as its employees. C & C expects the highest business and ethical conduct from you. It is impossible to define all the actions that may or may not comprise this level of conduct. Over time, the “dos” and “don’ts” are spelled out in verbal communications, memos or policy statements. Violations, depending on the severity, must be handled in one, if not more of the following manners: • Oral or Written Warning • Reduction in Pay • Suspension Without Pay • Disciplinary Demotion • Termination 2.13 Audit & Review Policy C & C considers audits and performance reviews essential parts of the HSE management system. A wide range of personnel is involved in the audit/review process, which encompasses all field operations and facilities. This policy describes C & C’s internal HSE auditing process. It is a guide for those who will conduct audits and submit reports. All audits should be constructive and supportive. Audits help improve the HSE management system by: Assessing HSE policies and improving the control of specific hazards; Obtaining information on the validity and reliability of HSE controls; Assessing the achievement of specific HSE objectives; Ensuring that the appropriate remedial action is taken to deal with specific issues and that progress in implementing remedial action is followed through according to plan; Measuring the current process against predetermined standards and goals. Note the following types of audits: Internal company audits Crew self-audits Cross-auditing between crews, areas, facilities, or disciplines C & C audits of subcontractor vessels, operations, Safety Management System, facilities, or policies Client audits. For the audit process to be successful, follow-up audits must be conducted in a timely manner. Frequency Area management will schedule internal company audits so that all participants can commit time and resources. Each crew will undergo internal company audits at least every 12 months, with follow-up audits every 6 months. Area, country, self, and cross audits should be conducted on a regular basis. 16
  17. 17. Composition of the Audit Team To maximize the internal audit process, audit teams are recommended. Local and crew management and HSE personnel should comprise the teams. The audit team should meet with local management before the audit is conducted to structure and organize the audit. After the audit is complete, the audit team should meet with local management to discuss the results and follow-up procedures. The audit team should include people who have been trained in auditing. The work should be equally divided among team members. Report Presentation The recommended action items are presented to crew management before the audit team leaves. The final report should be produced and distributed promptly. The report should specify why action items are listed and structured to facilitate follow-up. Follow up A table of action items is created that clearly identifies the recommendations, action items, and the responsible parties, target date for completion, and current status. Appoint a coordinator to monitor and record progress on the action taken. Follow-up Audit An essential element of the auditing process is the follow-up. The follow up is an audit of the response to the original audit. This should be conducted by at least one of the original team members accompanied by local management. Self-audits are an effective way to monitor HSE performance. Self-audits should be part of each crew’s HSE program. Crewmembers should conduct crew self-audits on a regular basis. Various formats are available to document these audits. Crew self-audits can be accomplished by: Unsafe act auditing Substandard procedure auditing Cross-departmental auditing Interdepartmental auditing. All crews should participate in crew self-audits. Audits can be scheduled and reviewed by the HSE committee and discussed at crew safety meetings. Divisional HSE Reviews Each of C & C’s divisions will review the HSEMS to ensure its continuing suitability, adequacy, and effectiveness. These are formal management reviews set at intervals determined by the division. The divisional vice-presidents are responsible for holding the formal reviews. Senior line management is responsible for participating in the review and acting on the results. Senior line management will prepare (or request others to prepare) information and summaries to be presented and discussed. The formal management reviews will examine HSE performance and HSE program effectiveness, continuing suitability of overall HSEMS, especially against the published company HSE policies and objectives. 17
  18. 18. Summary reviews and analyses of the following items typically will form the basis for the meeting agenda. HSE performance statistics - current year versus the previous two years. Occupational illness and injury trends HSE audit findings and follow-up status HSE training and staff development Results of accident investigations to ensure that corrective actions have been taken to prevent recurrence HSE performance versus stated company and division goals and objectives HSE objectives for the forthcoming period. Senior Management HSE Review The President and Senior Management of C & C Technologies will review HSE performance each year. This review will highlight performance in the past year through measurable indicators so that HSE performance can be assessed and targets and objectives can be set for the next year. The reviews are written and distributed to the appropriate vice-presidents and managers. The reviews focus on divisional HSE performance, divisional HSE goals and objectives, accident statistics and trend analyses, individual crew HSE performance and accident frequency rates, areas needing improvement and management attention, and HSE goals and objectives for the next year. 2.14 Small Boat Launching Policy Under no circumstances will a work-boat be launched to conduct routine work-boat activities unless another suitable vessel is on standby status for use as a safety vessel. This vessel may be a Fast Rescue Craft (FRC) or a chase boat. If the vessel is an FRC, then it must be fully manned by its assigned crew, ready for immediate launching. In this circumstance, the high-speed rescue craft must be deployed into the water and be away from the ship in less than five (5) minutes. High-speed rescue craft must comply with SOLAS 1974, Chapter 3, Section V, Regulation 47, subsections 3.3 through 3.10, inclusive. Lifeboats are specifically excluded from assignment as routine, standby rescue boats. In an emergency situation, at the discretion of the Master, the work-boat may be launched without the above safeguards in place. 2.15 Management Of Sub-Contractors Policy The purpose of this policy is to provide guidance on HSE requirements to sub-contractors. Sub-contractors who work on C & C’s property or under C & C’s prevailing influence must conduct their activities in a manner that is consistent with safe, healthy and environmentally friendly operating practices and in accordance with all the applicable health, safety and environmental rules and regulations. This policy applies to all sub-contractors who are expected to perform work or provide services for C & C. 18
  19. 19. Requirements The HSE program and record of sub-contractors will be considered by C & C during the selection process. At C & C’s request, subcontractors may be required to provide their current HSE incident rates and/or such other information as determined by C & C to be necessary or desirable to judge their prior safety performance. It is the primary responsibility of each sub-contractor to provide a safe and healthy workplace for their employees. All sub-contractors must perform their work in accordance with all applicable local and national governmental regulations, as well as with the HSE policies and procedures of C & C or C & C’s clients. All sub-contractors will provide their employees with appropriate medical examinations, personal protective equipment (PPE), and necessary HSE training before beginning work. All sub-contractors are responsible for ensuring that their equipment is in proper working condition and that any unsafe conditions will be corrected as soon as possible. All sub-contractors will conduct safety meetings for their employees or have their employees attend C & C safety meetings, as well as monitor their work activities to help ensure safe working practices and conditions. The sub-contractor must document each safety meeting, stating the time, place, and subject discussed, and include each employees signature. All sub-contractors will notify a C & C supervisor immediately about all accidents involving their employees on C & C’s property or under C & C’s prevailing influence. All sub-contractors will comply with C & C’s Alcohol and Drug Policy when performing work for C & C or its clients. All sub-contractors must comply with C & C’s Policy for Sub-contractors and communicate it to their employees. C & C reserves the right to audit/inspect the sub-contractors’ HSE program, equipment, and operations before and during performance of the work. Implementation Local C & C management is responsible for implementing this policy at each of its facilities. If a sub-contractor violates this policy, then the sub-contractor will take prompt action to correct such violation to the satisfaction of C & C management. Violation of C & C’s Policy for Sub-contractors, or any applicable policy of a C & C client, or any applicable government law or regulation may be cause for immediate removal and revocation of access by the offending person to any C & C or client property. 19
  20. 20. 3. ORGANIZAT ION & RESPONSIBILITIES 3.1 Responsibilities This section defines the overall organization that will be utilized in the company and the roles and responsibilities of the people involved. Detailed roles and responsibilities for control mechanisms and safety initiatives are included in later sections, when applicable. The President shall be responsible for all business undertaken and entered into by C & C and for the formulation, promulgation, and enforcement of C & C Safety Policy. The VP/General Manager (Jeff Sides) shall have oversight responsibility for all operations activities; including Project Management, Asset Management, Engineering, Procurement, Marketing/Sales, and Operations. Contact Number +1 (337)-261-0660 Main Office Lafayette LA. The Project M anagers shall be ultimately responsible for the projects their people are involved with and will oversee the activities of the key personnel listed hereafter. Contact Number 337-261-0660 Main Office. The Project Managers responsibilities include but are no limited to: • Ensuring that all work activities, whether onshore or offshore, are undertaken in a healthy and safe working environment • Administering the Services Contracts undertaken by C & C and ensuring that the services being provided meet the requirements of the contract • Reviewing manning levels and ensuring that suitably qualified personnel are available for employment at the various worksites • Maintaining C & C standards in the operation and maintenance of the systems in his control • Administration of the Contract, including but not limited to, Planning, Scheduling, Cost Control, and Personnel Administration • Maintaining reporting, liaisons, and communications to and from the Client • Ensuring the smooth operation of the Service Contract The Party Chief, Shop Foreman, Office Department Managers shall be responsible for: • Communicating expectations • Being good role models • Actively participating in safety plan activities • Ensuring the safety of personnel under their supervision • Continually reinforcing desirable behaviors • Providing constructive feedback as needed • Championing policies, procedures, and processes 20
  21. 21. • Ensuring competence of personnel under their supervision • Equally emphasizing safety, productivity, and quality • Ensuring that jobs are pre-planned with safety as a priority • Enhancing workforce morale • Identifying and correcting unsafe behavior and conditions • Being safety resources and informal trainers • Knowing the abilities and limitations of their personnel The Survey Crew shall be responsible for: • Being good role models to fellow co-workers • Actively participating in safety plan activities • Looking after their own safety and the safety of fellow co-workers • Continually providing feedback to supervisors and management • Evaluating their own competence • Pre-planning jobs and tasks with safety as a priority • Identifying and correcting unsafe behaviors and conditions • Reporting all injuries and near misses • Knowing their fellow co-workers abilities and limitations • Using the appropriate safety equipment • Complying with Project and C & C policies and procedures • Asking questions when in doubt 21
  22. 22. C & C Safety Department shall be responsible for: • Providing off-site technical support and guidance • Providing regulatory interpretations • Supporting assessment and evaluation processes Employee Responsibilities Each employee, including contractors, shall be individually responsible for complying with the rules contained in this manual and with all applicable federal, state a local laws, nd regulations, rules and ordinances. Employee must read, be thoroughly familiar with, and understand the contents of this handbook. You will be required to sign the back page of the manual and keep the handbook for future reference and documentation. Each employee shall be responsible for following safe procedures for the work being performed, conducting operations safely and reporting any unsafe conditions or practices immediately to his supervisor. Every employee shall assist new employees in performing their work in accordance with safe work procedures. Each employee shall immediately report to his supervisor any injury, regardless of the nature of the injury. 22
  23. 23. 3.2 Organization C & C Organizational Chart President VP/ General Manager HSE Manager Project/Department Managers Party Chief Office Supervisors Field and Office Personnel KEY = Direct Project Authority = Safety Communications/Interface Coordination 23
  24. 24. 3.3 Document Control The C & C Technologies Safety Management System (SMS) is the documented procedure for all activities that relate to the safety of the individual, the vessel, and property, and protection of the environment. Document control verifies compliance with the Company’s stated objectives and/or statutory regulations. The purpose of this procedure is to describe the generation and control of documentation within C & C Technologies. Scope This procedure shall apply to the generation and control of all internal C & C documents generated from the date of issue of this procedure. Definitions Document A sheet of statements, a procedure, a work instruction, or a standard form developed for use within the Company. Procedure A document detailing the purpose and scope of an activity and specifying by whom and what is to be performed a. Task A series of actions that produces a particular service or product. Work instruction A document giving step-by-step instructions of how a task shall be performed. b. Article The smallest part of a document which can be updated without affecting the rest of the document. c. Custodian Person responsible for holding the Master copy of the document, for its update and for distribution. d. Manual A collection of documents. e. Manual Holder Position issued with a controlled copy of a manual. 24
  25. 25. Responsibilities a) The Line manager initiating documents and revisions is responsible for ensuring adequate review and comments, final approval and implementation. b) It is the responsibility of the authors to ensure that the correct format is adhered to; the HSE Manager shall not accept procedures and work instructions produced in incorrect formats for inclusion in the manual. c) It is the responsibility of the HSE Manager to maintain a master list of document numbers in use, and their revision status. d) The HSE Manager shall be responsible for the distribution of revised documents for review and approval and for document release and distribution. e) The Project Manager and Party Chief are responsible for ensuring that only current documents are contained in the manual being used on their project. Obsolete documents must be removed and destroyed. Actions Identification and authorization Once the need for a new document or a revision to an existing document has been identified, the HSE Manager will authorize production of a new or modified document. The HSE Manager shall be responsible for having the revised or new document produced and updated. Manuals a) Publishing Manuals shall be published for each project recorded on CD-ROM and in hard copy if required. Manuals shall be sent to the field crew with an acknowledgement form. The Party Chief will sign this form acknowledging receipt of the CD-ROM and/or manual and return it to the HSE Manager. The HSE Manager will be responsible for tracking and filing these forms. b) Format The cover page to show manual title, “CONTROLLED COPY”, copy number, manual holder and date of issue Layout The manual shall be laid out in the following manner: • Cover page • Page 1 - Manual Title, manual number, custodian, revision history, • Page 2 - Distribution list Development and Approval a) New documents shall be prepared to the standard style and format, and a draft version distributed for comment. b) Existing documents shall be modified to the standard style and format when being revised and a draft version distributed for comment. 25
  26. 26. c) A vertical red bar in the left margin of the hard copy shall identify modifications to existing documents. The bar can be located in front of a text line (single line update), or a title (full article, subsection or section updated) Revision Identification a) Revision identification shall always be 2 characters starting at 00 and shall be visible in the document history table. Distribution a) Documents shall not be distributed until final review and approval has taken place. b) Distribution of documents is the responsibility of the HSE Manager. Maintenance a) Manuals shall only contain current documents, and the `Contents’ page shall accurately define the contents of the manual. b) All obsolete copies of documents shall be removed from the manual by the manual holder and be destroyed. In exceptional circumstances, when a specific obsolete document is retained for reference purposes, it shall be clearly marked `OBSOLETE’. 26
  27. 27. 4. EVALUATION & RISK MANAGEMENT 4.1 Risk Management Risk is present in all aspects of society. Risk is defined as "the product of chance that a specified undesired e vent will occur and the severity of the consequence of the event" (OGP, July 1994). In other words, Risk = Level of Exposure X Severity of Consequences. For example, the level of exposure (probability) for irreversible impact to an endangered species habitat as a result of a geophysical survey may be low; however, the severity of the consequences would be very high. In this case, the company would need to design the project to reduce the probability of impact to near zero, or reject the project. Risk management is at the base of C & C's management structure and processes. Management of risk is integrated into all facets of our business, including: HSE policies, HSE standards, HSE procedures and training, HSE modules, and Applicable government regulations. All of these are part of the process used to manage inherent risk. In today's economy, a company without an effective risk management process will not be successful. C & C's six-step risk identification and assessment process is as follows: Step 1 - Identify the risks/hazards Step 2 - Estimate risk severity and exposure (Risk Assessment) Step 3 - Confirm assessment with HSE Step 4 - Identify mitigation measures (Repeat Risk Assessment Process) Step 5 - Compare risk potential with decision levels (Risk Assessment) Step 6 - Implement risk reduction strategy. Each step is described in detail in the following sections. Action: Using the resources identified below, the Project Manager identifies key HSE risks that may be posed by the operation Identification of risk needs to start early in the project, preferably at the proposal stage, then continue until the job is completed. By continually identifying and processing risk throughout the project, HSE performance improves, encouraging the client to work again with C & C. Depending on the type and complexity of the project and the location (i.e., international versus domestic), a number of sources can be used to identify potential risk: Environmental Guidelines for World-Wide Geophysical Operations (IAGC) Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) Generic Hazards Register for Geophysical Operations (OGP) Government agencies 27
  28. 28. Job Safety Analyses (JSAs) Land Geophysical Safety Manual (IAGC) Marine Geophysical Safety Manual (IAGC) Previous similar project experience. The International Association of Geophysical Contractors' (IAGC) Environmental Guidelines and Safety Manuals contain lists of common HSE risks encountered by seismic surveys. Additionally, the American Petroleum Institute (API) and OGP offer information on risk management. The World Bank Environmental Sourcebook, Vol. III, and OGP’s 1997 Environmental Management in Oil & Gas Exploration and Production contain lists of environmental issues typically associated with on- and off-shore oil exploration. Land and marine hazards and mitigation measures are available in EIAs. Client companies typically conduct the studies. It is important that C & C's project manager request EIAs for review during the proposal and project-planning stages. JSAs and previous project experience are useful sources of information within C & C. JSAs are an excellent way to build on the lessons learned from previous projects; they often can be tailored to cover all HSE concerns. The Internet is a source for risk information. The U.S. State Department publishes travel warnings that should be referenced when evaluating a project for risk. The U.S. State Department Travel Services website features a direct link to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC website (www.cdc.gov) contains health information for international travel, an important potential risk when considering an international project. In many cases, the client has identified key HSE risks and proposed risk management measures through EIAs or other studies performed in advance of the survey. It is the responsibility of C & C's operations manager to review these documents to ensure that all of the key risks have been identified. If not, additional investigation may be warranted. Action: The operations party chief/party manager categorizes key HSE risks involved in the operation based on information gathered. The following examples show how to quantify HSE risk so that project decisions can be made consistently and without prejudice. 28
  29. 29. Figure 1 PROBABILITY A 1 Incident/10 kHrs 1 incident-1 project B 1 Incident/10 0kHrs 1 incident10 projects C 1 Incident/1,0 00kHrs 1 incident100 projects D 1 Incident/10, 000kHrs 1 incident1,000 projects E 1 Incident/10 0,000kHrs 1 incident10,000 projects 1 C O N S E Q U E N C E 2 3 4 Note that post mitigation classifications for all known project hazards have been posted. One example of estimating risk severity and exposure would be conducting a highresolution geophysical survey in a congested production field without simultaneous operations procedures in place. From Figure 1, because of high consequences and significant probability, this example would rate as B-1 or C-1, depending on the level of activity at the time of the survey. With simultaneous operations procedures in place this would fall to an acceptable D-3. Another example is the fact that the majority of field crews will have a first aid injury while working on a project. By definition, first aid cases are low impact and the person quickly recovers with no loss in productivity. From Figure 1, this rates as a C-4 because of high probability and low impact. 29
  30. 30. It is more difficult to categorize environmental risk since it often is not understood as well, nor is it as evident as a safety risk. Nonetheless, the same rules of severity and exposure apply when ranking environmental risk. For example, C & C may be working in a nature reserve or other environmentally sensitive area in which excessive clearance of vegetation would threaten the already sensitive balance of valuable ecological resources. With the appropriate operational controls in place to limit the likelihood and severity of impact, risk might be rated D -3. Without such controls, the risk probably would be rated C-2, since the likelihood and severity of impact would increase. Similarly, spilling the contents of a barrel of diesel fuel into a completely enclosed, impervious fuel storage containment structure would be rated B-4 (moderate likelihood, but no actual consequence to the environment). Spilling the contents of a barrel of diesel fuel into a small stream serving, as the water supply for a nearby village would be rated B-2, a significantly higher consequence. Examples Injury/Illness: 1 Minor injury or damage to health - first aid treatment. 2 Moderate injury or damage to health - medical treatment. Treatment required by medical personnel, but injury does not restrict movement or ability to do the job. 3 Major injury or damage to health - extended treatment required. Injury results in restricted duty or lost time with no permanent disability. 4 Severe injury or health effect - permanent disability or fatality. Property Damage: 1 Minor damage - no disruption of production. 2 Moderate damage - slight disruption of production. Damaged equipment repairable on the crew with minimal time and money spent on repairs. 3 Major damage - major disruption of production. Damaged equipment must be removed from service and major repairs made either on or off the crew. 4 Total loss - severe disruption of production, possibly permanent. Damaged equipment must be removed from service. Environment: 1 Minor effect - no permanent impact to the environment. Immediate restoration or full restoration possible in several weeks. 2 Localized effect - no permanent impact to the environment, but restoration takes several months. 3 Major effect - large impact on the environment for the short term (less than 5 years) or small/local permanent impact for the long term (more than 5 years). 4 Massive effect - permanent impact (more than 5 years) on the environment on a large scale. 30
  31. 31. Company Reputation: 1 Minor impact - little or no public awareness or concern. 2 Local impact - some local public concern. Some local media and/or political attention with potentially adverse aspects for the company. 3 Regional/national impact - regional or national public concern. Extensive adverse attention in the national media. Regional/national policies with potentially restrictive measures and/or impact on grant of permits. 4 International impact - international public attention. Extensive adverse attention in international media. National/international policies with potential severe impact on access to new areas, grants of permits or licenses. Action: The Project Manager sends his/her assessment of risk to the HSE Manager for review. The HSE Manager will review assessments and may ask for more information to clarify and redefine the risk for mitigation and planning. For example, a Project Manager may rate a risk as a D-4; after review, the HSE Manager may rate the risk as a C-3. This correction may be warranted after considering additional information on the ecological resources at risk. Similarly, the HSE Manager may rate the exposure higher because similar resources on another job were impacted similarly with higher consequences. Action: The Project Manager, in cooperation with the appropriate risk level authority within C & C, identifies measures to mitigate key risk in the operation based on the sources identified below. Mitigation measures lower the potential risk(s) involved with a project. For example, C & C's HSEMS is designed to lower the risk of injury to personnel. Site-specific environmental management and/or HSE plans are applied to lower risks associated with a particular project. For example, if a survey area contains a sensitive public water supply, then fuel storage and refueling should not be done in the area. Similarly, if a project is being conducted in an area that could contain hydrogen sulfide, then special personal protective equipment (PPE) and training may be needed. These measures should be identified in the environmental management or HSE plan. As noted in Step 1, C & C should review these plans to ensure that key HSE risks and best practices have been identified and implemented. For more information and lists of appropriate mitigation measures, refer to: Project-specific environmental assessments (EAs) or an environmental management plan Project-specific HAZOP or HSE plan IAGC, API, E&P Forum, and/or other industry/group HSE guidelines The World Bank Sourcebook, Vol. III. 31
  32. 32. The appropriate authority will determine whether the mitigation measure is appropriate so that the operation can proceed. For example, an C-3 risk might be lowered to an D-4 risk by applying a different technique or acquiring a new piece of equipment; this would give the authority sufficient justification to proceed with the project. Action: The Project Manager, in cooperation with the appropriate risk level authority within C & C, determines the appropriate risk management practice based on guidance from the Risk Potential Matrix. Figure 1 is the risk potential matrix with corresponding risk actions and authorities. These authorities help determine whether the project is continued or cancelled. For example, a risk rating of B-2 for a geophysical survey in a protected zone without proper operational controls would be an unacceptable risk for the company. However, with proper operational controls applied, the risk would fall to a more manageable C-4. The level of management needed to approve a project with estimated risk is given in the category box. The decision to proceed should be made after applying mitigation measures to lower risk. Action: The operations Party Chief ensures that the risk mitigation measures are applied for each key HSE risk and that an overall risk reduction strategy is implemented for all risks, according to guidelines given below. Line management will audit periodically to ensure that these actions are being taken. The Project Manager will ensure that the approved risk reduction measures are implemented. Mitigation measures typically are applied within normal operating procedures. The risk identification and ranking exercises in the previous steps will help ensure that these measures are applied. Line management is responsible for auditing mitigation measures. Some measures may require follow-up. For example, a field crew is required to wear PPE (a respirator with protective suit/gloves). This equipment is hot and uncomfortable. A crew that is not used to wearing this level PPE may decide not to wear all of it, which would increase the hazard and raise risk. It is management's responsibility to audit (and follow-up) to ensure that the crew wears the appropriate PPE. Management is responsible for conducting periodic operations audits and reviewing the effectiveness of risk reduction measures as part of a project. Lessons learned from the audits will be disseminated across the company. Finally, risk reduction measures can be identified and implemented during any phase of a project. All personnel are responsible for identifying potential risks; they must not b e satisfied until adequate answers are provided and/or appropriate mitigation measures are taken. This shared responsibility creates an open atmosphere in which performance continually improves and risk is reduced. There is one more category of risk. It involves complying with international and countryspecific HSE regulations and guidelines. Local management and area HSE managers/supervisors will compile and keep current any special requirements that are not covered by company procedures. Line management will not assume that country-specific requirements have remained unchanged since the last job. Requirements change over time, sometimes rapidly. 32
  33. 33. Pertinent regulatory requirements are described in the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) or environmental review documents prepared by C & C’s clients. C & C employees who are involved in the planning process should obtain up-to-date information on all regulations that could affect the proposed prospect. Sources of this information include the national petroleum ministry's environmental officers, the national environmental ministry, nongovernmental organizations (NGO), and publications or websites from the U.S. State Department, the United Nations Environment Program, and the World Bank. In accordance with C & C's audit procedures, periodic HSE audits are performed to ensure compliance with the applicable regulations, internal procedures, and good management practices. 4.2 Safety Meetings, Training & Drills Safety meetings are required to educate and train as part of the Safety Program. Employee attendance at safety meetings is mandatory. Job Safety Analysis meetings should be held at the commencement of all offshore operations for all involved employees. In addition, Safety Meetings will be scheduled frequently. The meetings should be well organized, and specific safety problems with suggested solutions should be presented. Although the Supervisor and/or lead worker will guide the safety meeting, there should be participation by each employee. Employee participation is important to make sure everyone gets a complete understanding of the subjects discussed. Some ideas for topics to discuss in the safety meetings along with the scheduled Safety Topics are: • • • • • • Particular sections of this Safety Program on specific equipment or operating procedures. Recent near-miss accidents. Recent accidents, the causes, and corrective action that can be taken to avoid accidents of this type in the future. Employee safety suggestions. Recent equipment and tool failures, which may have had accident potential. Recent company communications. All items in the safety meeting must be documented. and reported on the safety meeting form or a similar form. These reports, including a list of those attending, will provide documented proof of reporting hazards and safety training. It is the supervisor's responsibility to get each employee attending to sign the form. The original copy of this report must be retained for five (5) years in permanent files at the Lafayette office. In addition to the formal safety meetings, the crew will hold a job safety analysis meeting each job before the work starts. These meetings will keep safety on the minds of the crew on a daily basis, and can be used to point out specific hazards that may be anticipated during the upcoming job. When on our customer's location, C & C employees will attend safety meetings held by our customer or their subcontractors. Fire, abandonment and man overboard drills will be held routinely aboard C & C vessels. The drill should be documented in the vessel's logbook. 33
  34. 34. 4.3 Job Safety Analysis Documentation C & C Technologies has developed a Job Safety Analysis Worksheet to assist you in job safety review and the sharing of safety information for the job to be completed. This Safety Meeting topic provides the Job Safety Analysis worksheet example as well as an example of a completed worksheet for your review The Job Safety Analysis worksheet is simple to use. It has the following major headings: • Department/Operations • Facility/Location • Prepared By • Job Analyzed • Reviewed By • Personnel Involved in Job • Approved By • Principle Job Steps • Tools and Materials Used • Potential Accidents or Hazards • Safe Procedures and PPE The boxes are self-explanatory for the most part. As you begin the Job Safety Analysis PRINCIPLE JOB STEPS, it is suggested that you: 1. Number the job steps in the order that they will occur, and follow the job steps horizontally across the page. 2. Use as much space as you need in each column to get down on paper all the tools, materials, potential hazards, safe procedures and PPE that may be needed to fully address the identified Principle Job Step. Be sure to break down the job into the level of detail needed to examine as many of the risk possibilities as you can determine. When writing down the Principle Job Steps, be sure to make the discussion one in which all members in the crew have an opportunity to speak. If the discussion is controlled too tightly, then different perspectives about the job, job tasks, methods of performance and safety may be overlooked. SPEAK UP AND BE HEARD! As a member of the production team, your perspective must be heard. Do not sit quietly if you have suggestions about any topic on the JSA or during the JSA process. The more complete the JSA is the better the opportunity for a safe and productive job to be performed. 34
  35. 35. 5. 5.1 PLANNING & IMPLEMENTATION Personal Protective Equipment Personal protective equipment is provided for your protection. Failure to wear prescribed equipment may result in personal injury to you or others. Remember that you are expected to work in a safe manner, which includes wearing the proper personal protective equipment. Employee cooperation is essential if personal protective equipment is to provide the protection for which it is designed. Employees must maintain the provided PPE in reliable and sanitary condition. Defective or damaged PPE shall not be used. Supervisors/Party Chiefs/Boat Captains will conduct hazard assessments to determine if there are hazards associated with the task to be performed that would require PPE. This will be documented on a JSA, signed and dated. The reasons for selected PPE will be discussed in pre-job/tailgate safety meetings and documented as such. Employee Training The Safety Manager/supervisor provides training for each employee who is required to use personal protective equipment. Training includes: • When PPE is necessary • What PPE is necessary • How to properly don, doff, adjust and wear assigned PPE • Limitations of PPE • The proper care, maintenance, useful life, and disposal of assigned PPE Employees must demonstrate an understanding of the training and the ability to use the PPE properly before they are allowed to perform work requiring the use of the equipment. Employees are prohibited from performing work without donning appropriate PPE to protect them from the hazards they will encounter in the course of that work. If the Safety Manager has reason to believe an employee does not have the understanding or skill required, the employer must retrain. Since an employee's supervisor is in the best position to observe any problems with PPE use by individual employees, the Safety Manager will seek this person's input when making this determination. Circumstances where retraining may be required include changes in the workplace or changes in the types of PPE to be used, which would render previous training obsolete. Also, inadequacies in an affected employee's knowledge or use of the assigned PPE, which indicates that the employee has not retained the necessary understanding or skills, would require retraining. Note: Employee owned PPE is not permitted. 35
  36. 36. Selection Guidelines Once any hazards have been identified and evaluated through hazard assessment, the general procedure for selecting protective equipment is to: • • • • Become familiar with the potential hazards and the type of protective equipment (PPE) that are available, and what they can do. Compare types of equipment to the hazards associated with the environment. Select the PPE that ensures a level of protection greater than the minimum required to protect employees from the hazards. Fit the user with proper, comfortable, well fitting protection and instruct employees on care and use of the PPE. It is very important that the users are aware of all warning labels for and limitations of their PPE. It is the responsibility of the Safety Manager to reassess the workplace hazard situation as necessary, to identify and evaluate new equipment and processes, to review accident records, and reevaluate the suitability of previously selected PPE. This reassessment will take place as needed, but at least annually. Elements that should be considered in the reassessment include: • • • • • • • • • • Adequacy of PPE program Accidents and illness experience Levels of exposure (this implies appropriate exposure monitoring) Adequacy of equipment selection Number of person hours that workers wear various protective ensembles Adequacy of training/fitting of PPE Program cos ts The adequacy of program records Recommendation for program improvement and modification Coordination with overall safety and health program Life Jackets Life jackets or work vests Personnel Floatation Devices (PFD) must be worn by all personnel during the over-water transfers between vessels and structures. A PFD shall be worn by all personnel working on barges, vessels, on well jackets that do not have handrails, on bottom walkways of platforms and decks when guard rails are not present on all sides, and in other similar situations when there is exposure to falling into the water. Foot Protection Safety shoes or boots with non-skid soles shall be worn at all times while working. As a minimum, safety footwear shall be worn whenever you are outside the office or living quarters. You are responsible for inspecting your safety shoes or boots to make sure they are in good condition. 36
  37. 37. Head Protection It is mandatory that all personnel wear a safety helmet whenever they are outside of the living quarters or offices or when they are performing work inside the living quarters or offices that presents a hazard to their head. All safety helmets should be regularly inspected by the wearer for signs of deterioration, damage, or wear. Hearing Protection (Earmuffs, plugs, etc.) You shall use personal hearing protection devices in areas that have been designated "High Noise Level Areas" and where "Hearing Protection Required" signs are posted. Eye and/or Face Protection Protective eye and face equipment will be required where there is a reasonable possibility of injury that can be prevented by such equipment. Check with your supervisor to be sure of eye protection requirements at your work location. The minimum protective eyewear shall be safety spectacles with firmly secured side shields. All employees who normally wear corrective spectacles shall be required to wear either industrial safety spectacles or coverall goggles over regular prescription spectacles if their duties expose them to eye h azards or if they are required to visit locations where eye hazards exist. Safety glasses are not suitable for all operations; therefore, other eye/face protection requirements may be required. Anyone in the vicinity of operations requiring special eye/face protection (i.e., goggles, face shields, etc.) shall wear equipment appropriate for the operations being performed. C & C shall provide any eye/face protection including eye wash equipment as required. Such protection equipment shall comply with the aforementioned requirements and shall be worn in accordance with the items listed above. Protective Clothing Protective clothing shall be worn when handling chemicals, when such is specified by the chemical's Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Shirt and trousers are considered as protective clothing in preventing overexposure to the rays of the sun and in providing significant protection from the heat of a flash fire or from a minor chemical splash. Loose, floppy clothing and jewelry should not be worn around rotating/moving equipment due to the danger of entanglement. 37
  38. 38. Respiratory Protection Respirator protection is required when working in areas subject to the potential release into the atmosphere of chemicals such as hydrogen sulfide or chlorine and/or where galvanized pipe welding, sandblasting, or asbestos insulation or removal is in progress. Respirator protection may also be necessary for emergency evacuation and control of accidental releases. When there is a chance personnel may be required to wear respirators, beards/long sideburns will not be permitted. Under no circumstances should personnel be permitted to enter equipment in which life support depends on the use of breathing equipment. Equipment entry should always be planned to include purging to an atmosphere that is not life threatening. Respirators may be worn inside equipment only as an additional safety precaution or for emergency rescue. In an emergency evacuation, respirators may be the only protection; therefore, proper hair length and your participation in training drills are essential. See chapter 24, of this manual for specifics of C & C Technologies’ Respiratory Protection Program. Gloves Protective gloves shall be worn to protect against burns, sharp edges, hazardous chemicals or similar exposure when handling material. You should not wear gloves around machinery where there is a danger of entanglement or where the gloves may be pulled into rotating or moving parts. 5.2 Personnel Safe Work Procedures On-The-Job Safety Meetings You are to attend formal on-the-job safety meetings for locations with two or more employees. All employees are expected to attend and C & C will maintain a roster of all who attend. If you work alone at a given location, you are required to attend the safety meeting held by C & C or a major contractor in the area employed by C & C. You are also to attend safety meetings for the work to be performed including informal safety briefings, particularly, prior to undertaking any activity or perform any work, which is unusual or not routine. Unless specifically instructed otherwise by a C & C representative, all contract personnel will attend C & C safety meetings. It is required that all visitors be invited to attend as well. Work Permits Before performing work at a C & C location that is unusual or that could cause a fire or explosion, a "Fire and Safety Work Permit" from the proper C & C representative is required. You shall be responsible to follow local C & C work permit procedures strictly. You shall assure yourself that it is safe to proceed with assigned work prior to signing the work permit as contractor's representative. If you believe that a hazard or danger has developed or is developing, it is your duty to cease all operations, to secure them and to report it to your supervisor. Isolated Work Areas If you work alone or in small groups in isolated areas, you shall frequently and regularly "check in" with your supervisor and if possible, the client representative. 38
  39. 39. 5.3 Fall Protection Program C & C Technology is dedicated to the protection of its employees from on-the-job injuries. All employees of C & C Technologies have the responsibility to work safely on the job. The purpose of this plan is: (a) To supplement our standard safety policy by providing safety standards specifically designed to cover fall protection on this job and; (b) to ensure that each employee is trained and made aware of the safety provisions which are to be implemented by this plan prior to the start of the project. It is a mandatory requirement that C & C employees are to exercise 100 % tie-off at all times while performing work at heights. This plan is designed to enable employers and employees to recognize the fall hazards on the job and to establish the procedures that are to be followed in order to prevent falls to lower levels or through holes and openings in walking/working surfaces. Each employee will be trained in these procedures and strictly adhere to them except when doing so would expose the employee to a greater hazard. If, in the employee's opinion, this is the case, the employee is to notify the supervisor of the concern and have the concern addressed before proceeding. It is the responsibility of the supervisor to implement this Fall Protection Plan. The supervisor is responsible for continual observational safety checks of their work operations and to enforce the safety policy and procedures. The supervisor also is responsible to correct any unsafe acts or conditions immediately. It is the responsibility of the employee to understand and adhere to the procedures of this plan and to follow the instructions of the supervisor. It is also the responsibility of the employee to bring to management's attention any unsafe or hazardous conditions or acts that may cause injury to either themselves or any other employees. The HSE Manager must approve any changes to this Fall Protection Plan. General Employees, who are required to work or be exposed to varied elevations, have a potential for injury from falls. C &C Technologies must ensure that a fall protection system is in place when employees work at elevations greater than 6 feet (1.8 meters) Each employee on a walking/working surface (horizontal and vertical surface) with an unprotected side or edge which is 6 feet (1.8 m) or more above a lower level shall be protected from falling by the use of guardrail systems, safety net systems, or personal fall arrest systems...1926.501(b)(2). If a guardrail system is chosen to provide the fall protection, and a controlled access zone has already been established for leading edge work, the control line may be used in lieu of a guardrail along the edge that parallels the leading edge. (b)(3) Each employee required to climb masts on boats or do “high work” shall wear an approved fall protection apparatus. The “buddy system” shall be used wherein an observer shall monitor the climber or “high worker” to assist him and help assure that the job is being done safely. Fall protection systems include (in order of priority): 1) guard rails 2) safety belts or full body harnesses with related equipment 3) horizontal life lines 4)control zones 39
  40. 40. Definitions Anchor: a secure point of attachment for lifelines or lanyards that is capable of withstanding the loads: • • fall restraint - 800 lbs. fall arrest - 5000 lbs. Control zone: the area between an unguarded edge and a defined line that is set back a safe distance.(Minimum 2 m or 6 1/2 ft) Control Zone Exceptional Hazard: an additional hazard over and above the normal hazard of falling to the surface below, for example, falling onto a moving conveyor or onto protruding reinforcing steel. Fall distance: the distance from the point where the worker would fall to the point where the fall would be arrested. (maximum of 4 ft without a shock absorber, 6 1/2 ft with a shock absorber) Fall arrest: stopping a fall that has occurred before the worker hits the surface below. Fall Restraint: the use of a work positioning system to prevent workers from falling from the position in which they are working or a travel restriction system to prevent workers from traveling to an edge from which they may fall. 40
  41. 41. Free Fall: The distance from the point where the worker would begin to fall to the point where the fall arrest system begins to cause deceleration of the fall. Full body Harness: a configuration of connected straps to distribute a fall arresting force over at least the thigh, shoulders and pelvis, with provisions for attaching a lanyard, lifeline or other components. Full Body Harness 41
  42. 42. Horizontal Lifeline : a rail, wire rope or synthetic cable that is installed in a horizontal plane between two anchors and used for attachment of a worker's lanyard or lifeline while permitting the worker to move horizontally. Fall restraint - ultimate load capacity of at least 800 lbs. per worker Fall arrest - certified by a professional engineer Lanyard: a flexible line of webbing, rope, or cable used to secure a safety belt or full body harness to a lifeline or anchor. Lifeline : a line from a fixed anchor or between two horizontal anchors and used for attachment of a worker's lanyard, safety belt, full body harness or other device. Personal Fall Protection System: a fall protection system, which uses a safety belt or full body harness to secure each worker to an individual anchor by means of lanyards, vertical lifelines, or other connecting equipment. Safety Belt: a body support component comprised of a strap with a means for securing it about the waist and for attaching it to other components. Used only for fall restraint systems. Shock absorber: a component whose primary function is to dissipate energy and limit deceleration forces which are imposed on the body during fall arrest. With a shock absorber in place a free fall of 6 1/2 feet is permitted in a fall arrest system. Swing Fall Hazard: the hazard of swinging and colliding with an obstruction or the ground following a fall by a worker connected to a lifeline at an angle to the anchor location. Work Procedures: the prevention of fall injuries by the control zone or safety monitor systems under this system or other systems established by an employer to minimize the risks from not using a fall protection system. 42
  43. 43. Responsibilities Supervisors Ensure employees working at C & C comply with fall protection instructions Identify workplace fall hazards through job safety analysis. Hold pre-job planning meetings to discuss the fall protection required. Provide approved fall protection equipment for employees including: fall restraint and fall arresting equipment. Provide procedures for maintenance and inspection of fall protection equipment. “Lanyards" available through Safety and Security) Provide training in the use of fall restraint and fall arresting equipment. Employees Use workplace-specific job procedures provided when working in fall hazard locations. Control or restrict access, or apply engineering controls, if necessary, when working below or around others working overhead. Understand the requirements and use of the Fall Protection System and fall restraint and fall arrest equipment. Understand the requirement for working on a leading or fixed edge. (see control Zones section in this statement.) Fall Restraint Restraint protection is rigged to allow the movement of employees only as far as the sides and edge of the walking/working surface. Temporary anchorage points used for fall restraint must be engineered to be capable of supporting four times the intended load, with a minimum strength requirement of 364 kg (800 lbs.). Work within the confines of a perimeter (standard) guardrail. Wear an approved safety belt or harness attached to securely rigged restraint lines where: 1. Safety belt and/or harness conform to all current industry standards 2. Rope-grab devices must be used in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations and instructions. 3. Inspect fall restraint components before each use, for wear, damage and other deterioration. Remove defective components from service when the component's function or strength has been adversely affected fall restraint components must be compatible 4. Tie restraint lines, independently of other lines, to the anchorage point. 5. Employees exposed to a free fall distance of 3 m (10ft) or more (without restraint) must wear fall arresting equipment, using a full-body harness system. 43
  44. 44. 6. Inspect components of the fall arrest system before each use for wear, damage and other deterioration. Defective components are removed from service when the components' function or strength has been adversely affected. 7. Fall arrest equipment must meet the minimum criteria: A. Hardware used must be drop-forged, pressed or formed steel, with a corrosion-resistant finish, with surfaces and edges smooth to prevent damage to the attached body harness or lanyard; B. Vertical life-lines must have a breaking strength specified by the manufacture as 27 kN (6000lbs); termination knots or splices can not reduce the strength of lifeline to less than 22 kN (5000lbs) C. Horizontal life-lines must be 12 mm diameter wire rope with a manufactures specified breaking strength of at least 89 kN (20000 pounds); D. Increase the above forces by 25% if two workers are connected to the same horizontal static line. E. Lanyards must have a minimum tensile strength of 2449 kg (5400lb) body harness components must be CSA-approved. 8. Secure full-body harness systems to anchorage points capable of supporting 2272 k (5000lbs.). 9. Protect safety lines and lanyards against cuts or abrasion. 10. Limit the free fall distance (through rigging) to a maximum of 1.2 m (4 ft) without a shock absorber or 6 1/2 ft with a shock absorber. 11. Only one employee may be attached to any one vertical life-line. Connect only one snap hook to any one D-ring. 12. Snap hooks must not be connected to one another. Control Zones * NOTE: The use of a Control Zone is prohibited on a surface where the slope exceeds 4 vertical and 12 horizontal or for scaffold erection and removal. A Control Zo ne is used for leading edge or fixed edge work where: A minimum distance from the edge of 2 m (6.5 ft) is used to protect employees not wearing fall arrest or fall restraint equipment. *NOTE: The Control Zone should be expanded during adverse condition, (eg. slippery roof) or when working at an additional elevation within the "Safe Zone" (eg. on a step ladder) Employees or working within the "control zone" must be using appropriate fall arrest or fall restraint equipment. 13. If work is to be conducted inside the Control Zone warning lines must be installed to identify the Control Zone. The lines must be highly visible and maintained at a height of between 0.85 m and 1.15 m (34" and 45") at intervals not exceeding 1.8 m (6 ft.). 44
  45. 45. 5.4 Offshore Travel & Work Orientation Over Water Operations General Information Safety Orientations Personnel should receive a site-specific safety orientation, at their destination. If an orientation is not given, personnel should read prominently posted information as it pertains to: Emergency procedures, availability of life-saving equipment [personal flotation devices (PFD's), survival craft, etc.], alarm systems, crafts attendant to facility (boats, helicopters). Should any employee have any questions or does not understand any procedure, operation or policy, they should ASK their supervisor. Safety Equipment All personnel, whether on-duty or off-duty, must wear required safety equipment when entering the operating area of the facility. All personnel must be fully clothed at all times while working. Swimming Swimming from any facility for the purpose of recreation is prohibited. PFD requirements A personal flotation device (PFD) must be approved, the correct type for the individual, situation, and service and fastened when worn. On manned and unmanned facilities, Type I PFD should be available for each person in attendance or assigned on a regular basis. There are other types of PFD available. Following is a list of approved types of PFD's: 45
  46. 46. TYPES DESCRIPTION I Life Preserver Ø Ø Kapok or Fibrous glass must provide a minimum buoyant force of 25 pounds (adult) or 16½ pounds (child). Unicellular plastic foam must provide a minimum buoyancy force of 22 Pounds (adult) or 11 pounds (child). This type is the most effective of all types in rough water. II Buoyant Vest or Buoyant Device Ø Kapok or Fibrous glass buoyant vest must provide a minimum buoyant force of 16 pounds (adult), 11 pounds (medium child) or 7¼ pounds (small child). A Unicellular plastic foam or unicellular polyethylene foam buoyant vest or any other buoyant device must provide a minimum buoyant force of 15½ (adult), 11 pounds (medium child) or 7 pounds (small child). This type is normally sized for ease of emergency donning. III Buoyant Vest or Buoyant Device Ø IV Buoyant Cushion or Ring Buoy Minimum Buoyancy of not less than 16½ pounds for ring life buoys, 18 pounds for foam cushions and 20 pounds for any other device (kapok and fibrous glass). This type is designed to be grasped and held by the user until rescued as well as to be thrown to a person who has fallen overboard. V Work Vest Only ? Unicellular plastic foam and provides a minimum buoyancy force of 17½ pounds. This type is designed as a work vest only and must be marked accordingly. It is not approved for use on recreational boats. Minimum Buoyant force of 15½ pounds (adult), 11 pounds medium child), or 7 pounds (small child). Type III is the most comfortable and is recommended in areas of probable quick rescue. As a minimum, each individual must wear an approved Type III or Type V PFD when: • • • • • • Transferring material or personnel to and from marine transportation (i.e. vessel to vessel, swing rope, personnel net) Working alone on small platforms Working beneath decks or outside protective handrails Working over water near unguarded edges Working or going below the cellar deck Working or riding on deck of boat or barge Fall Protection A full-body safety harness, shock absorbing lanyard and PFD must be worn when working above water and outside protective handrails. A double lanyard may be required for operations requiring personnel to disengage the lanyard to move around equipment or obstacles. Water Entry from a Height Structures with living quarters must have an emergency evacuation plan. This plan should be a part of the facilities Station Bill or otherwise posted in a prominent place. C & C Technologies, Inc. personnel should receive a briefing by Company personnel on the procedures contained in the plan. If you do not receive a briefing, ASK for one. 46
  47. 47. Water entry should be one of the last considerations for survival in an emergency. When evacuating a facility helicopters, vessels attendant to the facility, life rafts, life floats, survival capsules, and even suspending oneself by a rope from the side of a facility should be considered before entering the water. Again, jumping into the water is hazardous and should be done, only, if there is no other means of escape. The following procedures should be used if it is necessary to jump into the water from a facility or vessel: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Remove your safety hard hat. Put on and firmly secure your PFD. Get as close as possible to the water. Look to see that your targeted landing area is clear of personnel, protruding objects, and other debris. Secure your PFD by clamping one arm across your chest and grasping the shoulder strap of the PFD. Protect your mouth and nose by placing the palm of your free hand directly over your mouth and pinch your nose shut with your thumb and forefinger. Look directly ahead at the horizon and stand straight. Take a deep breath and jump feet first. Keep your body erect and your ankles crossed. DO NOT DIVE ! Should water entry be chosen, personnel should be knowledgeable of techniques used to survive. If water entry is accomplished with a PFD: Orient yourself in the water, then move away from any vessels. Look for rescue equipment and listen for instructions. Let rescuers come to you. Avoid swimming a distance if possible because survival may depend on conserving energy. If water entry is accomplished without a PFD: Turn your back to the wind or waves, keep your head out of the water and swim using a breaststroke. In the event of a oil or fuel fire on the water, swim under the water. Before you surface, use your hand to splash a breathing hole above your head. Surface with your eyes closed; take a deep breath, and re-submerge feet first. Keep your head up and out of the water when swimming in oil and debris. Push oil and debris away from you by crossing your hands in front of you. Sweep your hands to the side as you swim forward with a modified breaststroke. Protect your eyes, ears, and mouth. Minimizing your movements in cold water, to conserve your body heat and prevent immersion hypothermia. 47
  48. 48. Marine Vessel Transfer Procedures Personnel Nets • Transfer by personnel nets should be used when transfer by rope is impractical because of high winds and rough seas. These nets must be used only with the approval of the Company person in charge. Always follow company procedures, otherwise, • The deck of the vessel must be clear of materials to ensure sufficient room to land the net. Only personnel who will ride the net on the next trip or the person assisting in the transfer should be allowed on the deck of the vessel during transfer operations. • The number of persons allowed to ride the personnel net at one time must not exceed the manufacturer's recommendation. This recommended number should appear on the floor and on each quadrant of the of the personnel net base. Only a limited amount of light luggage is permitted in the net when personnel are being transferred. Cargo should not be loaded on personnel nets. Occupants using personnel nets should stand, facing inward, on the outer rim of the net in the open area designed in the netting. Approved type PFD's must be worn. • Personnel should anticipate the landing on the deck of the vessel or facility by slightly bending their knees so as not to sustain a possible injury. They should not get off the net until it is settled on the deck of the vessel or facility. Swing Ropes • Ropes are usually a 1-inch diameter manila rope. Ropes with knots tied every two feet will be used to swing from a marine vessel to a landing. Knots are provided to prevent personnel from slipping down the rope during transfer. • The same diameter rope, only unknotted, will be used to swing from the landing onto the marine vessel. The slick rope application allows personnel to slide down the rope should the vessel descend in the water during transfer. • Should you encounter situations where both ropes are unknotted, transfer to the facility should be with the rope nearest to the structure. Transfer to the vessel should be with the rope farthest from the structure. Vessels involved in swing rope transfers must be in proper position prior to the transfer of personnel. The captain of the vessel will determine when and where personnel will board or debark the vessel. A crewmember of the vessel should and must be available to assist in the transfer of personnel. Transfer by rope should be made as nearly as possible at the peak of the vessel's rise and never while the vessel is falling. Always use both hands during transfer on swing ropes. Hand held articles and luggage must be transferred separately. If a person finds it too dangerous to board a vessel or platform in rough seas, you will not be required to try. Remember - only YOU can make the decision to swing. 48
  49. 49. 5.5 Air Transportation General • The following guidelines will apply to helicopter as well as other types of aircraft. Personnel should always ask for either special instructions or a briefing on any type of aircraft they are not familiar with. • The pilot has the final decision regarding loading of personnel, loading of cargo, weight and distribution of the load and flight operations. • Transporting of explosives or flammables (liquid or gas) on a helicopter is prohibited while passengers are being carried. Smoking by passengers or the pilot is usually prohibited at any time while on or near an aircraft. • Passengers must follow the pilot's instructions. • Upon arrival at the staging area, passengers must report their personal weight, report their luggage weight, report their company of employment and be ready to board the aircraft before the scheduled departure time. • Passengers should receive a briefing before takeoff so as to familiarize them with the aircraft and its safety equipment. In some cases read the specific aircraft's briefing card (if available). Passengers must not touch any of the aircraft's controls. Passengers should learn the location and proper use of emergency equipment such as life rafts, emergency equipment kits and fire extinguishers. • Passengers must not inflate the life raft or life vest inside the aircraft; these must be inflated outside. • While in flight, passengers must never open the doors or throw anything out of the aircraft and never move about the cabin of an aircraft while in flight. Loading and Unloading • Do not approach an aircraft without the pilot's knowledge when the rotor blades or propellers are turning. Wait for a signal from the pilot before approaching. Approach and leave a helicopter in a crouched position so that you are well below the rotating rotor tips. Use caution, as the front portion of helicopter rotor blades can dip dangerously low and can strike personnel. Always approach and leave the aircraft at a 90o angle, from the sides and in view of the pilot. Do this only after directed to do so visually and/or verbally by the pilot. • Many aircraft have sharp pilot tubes located on the nose of the aircraft. These tubes can be hot (in excess of 400° F). Passengers should use caution when near the tube and avoid contact. • Never walk near or under the tail boom or tail rotor or approach from the rear of helicopter. Passengers must not disembark an aircraft until instructed to do so by the pilot. Before boarding, passengers should make sure all clothing and footwear is free of oil, grease and grime. Helicopter passengers wearing glasses should be aware of the down draft 49
  50. 50. • from helicopter rotors and secure the glasses when boarding or disembarking. Passengers must hand-carry hard hats, caps, or other light items that can be blown into the rotor or engine intake. • When loading or unloading passengers or cargo with the helicopter rotors turning, use the following precautions: • Passengers or cargo handlers must be aware of their position in relation to the rotor. If baggage compartments are opened by the passenger, passengers should ensure they are correctly closed and latched. • • Under no circumstances will passengers approach or depart helicopters on the up slope side if the helicopter has landed on a slope. • Cargo loaded on any type of aircraft must be properly packaged, weighed, and reported on the manifest. Cargo over 36 inches in length should be carried horizontally to the ground to avoid contacting the helicopter rotor blades. • Cargo must not be allowed to strike the rotors or propellers or scrape the landing gear or the body of the aircraft. When cargo is transported inside the cabin, it must be secured with cargo nets or placed under the seats. Survival and Safety Equipment • In H2S prone areas Title 30 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) only requires that each helicopter crewmember be provided with emergency breathing apparatus. Do not assume a breathing apparatus will be available for you in the event you have to evacuate a platform during an emergency by helicopter. • Hearing protection should be worn during all aircraft flights. • When flying over water in aircraft (regardless of distance from land) the following rules apply. • FAA approved PFD's must be worn by all passengers. • Life rafts capable of holding all passengers and crew will be carried on the aircraft. • Seat belts and shoulder harnesses, if equipped, must be worn and fastened by all passengers of aircraft before takeoff and remain fastened until after the aircraft has landed. Aircraft Emergencies • When preparing for an emergency helicopter landing: • Tighten your seat belt. • Remove and secure your glasses, dentures, pens and other personal items. • Observe the location of life rafts and survival kits. Note: Be prepared to deploy them should the pilot not be in position to do so. 50
  51. 51. • Select an orientation point (a fixed part of the helicopter such as the bracing underneath the seat). Note: This should not be a movable part such as a door handle. • Grasp the orientation point tightly during an emergency so that you will maintain a reference point. • Keep one hand firmly on your seat belt, near the buckle, but not on it. Note: Keep your other hand on your orientation point. • Brace for impact. Notes: After the initial jolt, a second strong jolt may be felt as the helicopter rotor blades hit the water or land. • Do not evacuate the aircraft before the rotor blades have stopped turning unless told to do so. After an emergency aircraft landing: • Remain inside the helicopter unless it begins to tip or sink. • If time permits, wait for the pilot’s command to open windows or doors and to deploy life rafts. Note: If the helicopter does not remain upright after touchdown or begins to sink, survival becomes an individual responsibility. • DO NOT panic or hamper the survival of others. As water fills the cabin, take a normal breath and hold it. After the initial rush of water has ceased (normally five to 10 seconds), release the belt buckle with one hand, keeping your other hand on the orientation point. • • The passengers seated near doors should open the emergency exits as the pilot had briefed before departure. Note: Sliding doors on many helicopters can puncture aircraft flotation devices. These doors have push out windows, which should be utilized. • Pull yourself hand over hand along the preplanned escape route. Note: DO NOT let go and attempt to swim with both hands. Maintain contact with the helicopter. • Exit the helicopter with the emergency kits and life raft(s). After raft inflation, enter the life raft, if possible. Could you enter the life raft? If yes, be prepared to assist others who may be disoriented or incapacitated. Procedure ends here. If no, stay with a group of people and look to see if the helicopter will stay afloat. If may even float if the emergency flotation gear has not been deployed. Go to the next step. If possible, crawl on to the helicopter but do not tie yourself to it, as it may sink without warning. Notes: Under rough conditions, it may be advantageous to move away from the helicopter to avoid bodily injury. Be prepared to assist others who may be disoriented or incapacitated. • • • • Refueling Aircraft • Since C & C Technologies, Inc. personnel are not trained to refuel aircraft; this operation shall not be performed. 51
  52. 52. BELL 212/412 1. When the floats are inflated, do not slide the doors open. Use emergency panel exits only. If sliding doors open when floats are inflated, they will puncture the floats. 2. When flying in a helicopter, you may not have a passenger-loading coordinator, so be careful when loading or unloading. 3. The last passenger to load or unload bags from the baggage compartment must make sure the door is secured before the helicopter takes off. 52
  53. 53. BELL 206B Cabin Layout A. Emergency Exits - The handles found on all doors are for both normal and emergency exits. To open the exit door, turn the handle. To close the exit door, leave the handle in the open position and pull firmly on the door. To lock the door, turn the handle to a horizontal position. B. Fire Extinguishers - Two fire extinguishers are located in the cabin of the helicopter; one on the cockpit side, the other on the passenger-compartment side. To operate the fire extinguishers, release the safety, aim the extinguisher at the base of the fire and press the handle. C. Emergency Kits - Emergency kits containing day/night signaling devices are located in the forward cabin area between the two seats. D. Life Raft - The life raft is located in the rear passenger compartment. To inflate the raft, move outside the cabin area. The raft is inflated by a CO. cartridge when you pull the operating handle. Never inflate the raft inside the cabin. 53
  54. 54. SIKORSKY S-76 Approaching and Departing Helicopter 1. Never approach or leave a helicopter from directly in front of it because of low blade clearance. Always approach from the side. Stay clear of the rear of the helicopter. 2. Be aware of the tip path of the main rotor blades and stay well below this path. Some wind conditions cause the main rotor blades on the Sikorsky S-76 to dip below the 5foot level. 3. On Sikorsky S-76 helicopter flights, one pilot will always help load and unload passengers and cargo. 4. A pilot will act as passenger-loading coordinator and is the only one allowed to open, close, and secure the baggage-compartment doors. 5. Air-speed indicators may develop temperatures in excess of 400°F. Do not touch Pilot tubes located in the nose of the helicopter. SIKORSKY S-76 54

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