ALSO KNOWN AS LYMPHATIC120 MILLION ARE INFECTED ELEPHANTIASIS FILARIASIS WORLDWIDE
elephantiasisCAUSES:• Elephantiasis is caused by parasitic filarial worms that feed off the human through the lymphatic system TREATMENT• These worms live for 6-8 years • Recommended single doses of and produce millions of two medicines together: microfilariae during their lifetime albendazole with ivermectin or that circulate the blood. diethylcarbamazine.• It can also be transmitted by • Mosquito control through different types of mosquitos. insectide-treated nets or indoorSYMPTOMS: spraying.• The worms cause swelling in the limbs and genitals• These deformities can lead to social stigmas that lead to financial hardship and socioeconomic burdens.
ascariasisCAUSES:• Ascariasis is transmitted through the contact with soil infested with human feces that contain ascaris TREATMENT: eggs • Medications: albendazole, ivermectine, mebendazole • Surgery is also a possibilitySYMPTOMS: if the worms have caused extreme damage.• Swelling of abdomen• Severe abdominal pain• Malnutrition• Anemia• Impaired physical growth
ALSO41 MILLION ARE KNOWN AS RIVER ONCHOCERCIASIS INFECTED WORLDWIDE BLINDNESS
onchocerciasisCAUSES• Onchocerciasis is an infectious disease of the eye spread by TREATMENT: contact either with an infected • A drug has been developed that person or through the bites of kills the microfilariae. It infected blackflies. alleviates symptoms and• It will usually occur in clusters reduces transmission. within families and the • Spraying of blackfly breeding community since it is spread sites through contact.SYMPTOMS• Preventable blindness• Skin rashes Fourth leading cause of preventable• Lesions blindness• Itching• Skin depigmentation
hookwormCAUSES:• Hookworm is caused by an intestinal parasite TREATMENT: • Medication: mebendazole,SYMPTOMS: albendazole, levamisole,• Abdominal discomfort and pyrantel• Diarrhea• Anemia • A hookworm vaccine is in• Severe weight loss development.• Loss of appetite• Fatigue and weakness
ALSOMILLION ARE INFECTED 207 KNOWN AS SNAIL FEVER SHISTOSOMIASIS WORLDWIDE
shistosomiasisCAUSES:• Shistosomiasis is transmitted through any TREATMENT: contact with infested water • Periodic, targeted treatment with praziquantelSYMPTOMS:• Swelling of the abdomen• Kidney disease• Liver disease• Bladder cancer• Enlargement of the spleen Most deadly of the NTDs• Intestinal damage
604 MILLION ARE TRICHURIASISALSO KNOWN AS WHIPWORM INFECTED WORLDWIDE
trichuriasisCAUSES: TREATMENT:• Trichuriasis is transmitted • Medication: bendazole and through the accidental mebendazole consumption of contaminated soil or unwashed vegetables • Iron supplements fertilized in human feces.SYMPTOMS:• Malnutrition• Anemia• Swelling of the abdomen• Physical growth retardation Children are at especially high risk because they often play in the dirt and soil.
trachomaCAUSES:• It is caused by an organism called Chlamydia TREATMENT: trachomatis.• Trachoma is transmitted • Medication: tetracycline through the contact either eye ointment and with an infected person or zithromax flies.• Like onchocerciasis, it occurs • Surgery may be required in clusters.SYMPTOMS:• Itching/Irritation of the eyes World’s leading cause of• Discharge from the eyes preventable blindness• Blurred Vision• Eye pain• Preventable blindness
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