IELTS Writing – Task 1 - OverviewIn Task One, you have to write a short report of 150 words about a graph, chart, table, diagram or a process. You are advised to spend 20 minutes on this part of the test.
IELTS Writing – Task 1 – Line graph This is a simplified example of a Writing Task 1 focusing on a line graph. In Task 1 you are required to present a report which gives an overview of the main trends in the graph, along with some of the key details. Before moving on, think about what you would write. Fantasian Oil Exports (millions of barrels/year) 120 100 80 60 Oil 40 20 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
IELTS Writing – Task 1 – Bar chart The data in the Task 1 might also be presented as a bar graph. Fantasian Oil Exports (millions of barrels) 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
IELTS Writing – Task 1 – Pie chartInformation from one particular year can also be shown on a pie chart Exports from Fantasia 2005 15.00% 35.00% 10.00% Oil Rubber Tea 15.00% 5.00% Cotton Coffee Paper 20.00%
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Process Diagram The Production of Cocoa Powder
IELTS Writing – Task 1 – Line graph Fantasian Oil Exports 1960-2000 This line graph shows the amount of oil exported from Fantasia in the period 1960 to (millions of barrels) 2000. It is clear that there was an overall rise in120 oil exports from this country, although they began to fall towards the end of this period.100 Looking in more detail, it can be observed that from 1960 to 1970 there was a slight rise in exports, from 10 million to 20 million barrels. 80 From 1970 to 1980 there was a moderate increase in exports, to 45 million barrels, and then a dramatic rise to 100 million barrels in 60 Oil 1990. From 1990 to 2000, however, exports fell moderately to 80 million barrels per year. 40 Nevertheless, in 2000, exports were still eight times higher than they were at the start of this period. 20 Introduction 0 Overview 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Detail
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Useful Language (for reporting changes over time)1. 1. There was a slight rise in X. X rose slowly. 2. There was a moderate rise in X.2. X rose moderately 3. There was a dramatic rise in X. X rose dramatically.3.
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Useful Language (for reporting changes over time)1. 1. There was a slight fall in X. X fell slightly.2. 2. There was a moderate fall in X. X fell moderately3. 3. There was a dramatic fall in X. X fell dramatically.
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Useful Language (for reporting changes over time)1. 1. X was stable There was no change in X X remained steady2. 2. X fluctuated There was a fluctuation in X
IELTS Writing – Task 1 – Bar chart The data in the Task 1 might also be presented as a bar graph. Fantasian Oil Exports (millions of barrels)12010080604020 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
IELTS Writing – Task 1 – Bar graph Bar charts can give data over a time period (e.g. 1960 to 2000) or they can give data from one particular time. The following bar chart gives data on Fantasian exports in 2005 as a percentage of total export value. How would you write about this chart? Would you use words like ‘fall’ and ‘rise’? Exports from Fantasia 200540.00%35.00%30.00%25.00%20.00% 200515.00%10.00% 5.00% 0.00% Oil Rubber Tea Cotton Coffee Paper
IELTS Writing – Task 1 – Bar graph This bar chart shows the various products Exports from Fantasia 2005 which were exported from Fantasia in 2005 as40.00% a percentage of total exports from that country. It is clear that oil is by far the most35.00% important of the six export products. Looking in closer detail at the chart, it can be observed that oil accounts for 35% of all exports in30.00% 2005. This is 15% higher than the next most important export, which is tea, at 20%. Cotton25.00% and paper were equally important to the Fantasian economy in 2005. They made up20.00% 30% of the total figure, while coffee and rubber were relatively minor contributors to the export figure, at 10% and 5% respectively.15.00% Fantasia is clearly a country that relies heavily on its natural resources and agriculture.10.00% 5.00% Introduction Overview 0.00% Detail Oil Rubber Tea Cotton Coffee Paper
IELTS Writing – Task 1 – Pie chartInformation from one particular year can also be shown on a This pie chart shows the various products whichpie chart were exported from Fantasia in 2005 as a percentage of total exports from that country. It is Exports from Fantasia 2005 clear that oil is by far the most important of the six export products. Looking in closer detail at the chart, it can be observed that oil accounts for 35% of all exports in 2005. This is 15% higher than the 15.00% Oil next most important export, which is tea, at 20%. Rubber Cotton and paper were equally important to the 35.00% 10.00% Tea Fantasian economy in 2005. They made up 30% of the total figure, while coffee and rubber were Cotton 15.00% relatively minor contributors to the export Coffee figure, at 10% and 5% respectively. Fantasia is Paper clearly a country that relies heavily on its natural 20.00% 5.00% resources and agriculture. Introduction Overview Detail
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Useful Language (for reporting situations at one particular time) •Language of simple description •Language of comparison & contrast
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Useful Language (for reporting situations at one particular time, or over time) Simple description In 2005, oil accounted for 35% of total exports from Fantasia. Coffee exports were 10% of total exports. Cotton and tea represent 30% of the total export figure. Superlatives Oil was the most important export in 2005, at 35% of total exports. At 15%, cotton was the second most important export. The least valuable export was rubber, at only 5%. Coffee and rubber were the least significant exports, at 10% and 5% respectively. Comparison & Contrast Cotton and paper were equally important exports, at 15% each. Oil was 15% more valuable than cotton, at 35% of total exports. Cotton was more valuable than coffee as an export from this country in 2005. Oil was 35% of total exports in 2005, whereas rubber was only 5%. There was a 15% difference between exports of oil and cotton. In 2000, oil exports were eight times higher than they were in 1960.
Writing Task 1 – Process DiagramSometimes, instead of a graph or table, theTask 1 may be a diagram which shows aprocess (the way something works, or howsomething is done). The language used in thiskind of task is different from the language weuse in writing about graphs or tables.
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Process Diagram This diagram shows various stages in theThe Production of Cocoa Powder production process for cocoa powder, from the tree to the finished confectionery product. Firstly, the cocoa pods are grown on the plantation, which takes between 8 and 40 years. When each pod contains 20- 50 beans, they are harvested. Next, the fruit is opened up and the beans are removed. They are then put into wooden containers to ferment for a few weeks. After that, the beans are spread out on tables and left to dry in the sun for a week before being sorted to remove any bad ones, and packed into sacks. The cocoa beans are then loaded onto ships and exported to overseas manufacturers. The manufacturers clean and grind the beans and then roast them. Next, various kinds and qualities of cocoa powder are combined in the blending Introduction & Overview process. The resulting cocoa powder is used Detail in the manufacture of chocolate drinks, cakes, biscuits and other confectionary items.
IELTS Writing Task 1 – Useful Language (for describing processes) PASSIVE VOICE SEQUENCING WORDS In describing processes we can use active Because we are writing about stages in a or passive voice. However, the present process, we need words to link these stages. simple passive is used more. Look at the sequencing words in these We can say: sentences: –“The plantation workers harvest the Firstly, the cocoa pods are grown. cocoa pods” (active) OR Next, they are harvested. –“The cocoa pods are harvested (by the plantation workers) (passive) They are then dried in the sun. The present simple passive is formed as follows: Before being shipped, the beans are packed in sacks. Noun + present simple of ‘be’ + Past participle (pp) The beans are ground after being sorted and cleaned Cocoa beans are harvested (notice in the last two examples that ‘before’ and ‘after’ are followed by ‘being + pp’ because this is a phrase)
IELTS Writing Task 1 Key points to remember1. Read the question very carefully. Highlight the key words in the question and on the diagram (you can write on the test paper). Look for and highlight the overall trends.2. You must write at least 150 words. If you write fewer than 150 words, you will be penalized. You should know before the exam roughly what 150 words looks like in your own handwriting. (Don’t waste time counting them in the exam).3. Paraphrase the prompt – do not copy it. If you copy phrases or sentences from the prompt, they will not be included in the word count.4. Make sure you write an overview. You should report the overall trends. You can highlight the most significant information on the diagram. This can come at the start or the end of your writing.
IELTS Writing Task 1 Key points to remember5. Make sure you organise your ideas in a logical fashion. Group related information together in separate paragraphs.6. You do not have to write a conclusion. An overview can be used as a conclusion.7. Be careful to use the figures and data correctly.8. You should spend only 20 minutes on Task 1 (it is worth less than Task 2). Wear a watch to help you time yourself.