Characters • Banquo • Fleance • Macbeth• Servant (enters with Macbeth but does not speak)
Fleance and Banquo Banquo could not sleep. Tells Fleance “Merciful powers,/ enter Restrain in me the cursed thoughts that nature / Gives way to in repose.” Means: Angels protect me from the evil thoughts that arise when at rest Macbeth and Banquo talk amongst Macbeth and one another. Macbeth hints at Servant enter murder (“If you shall cleave to my consent, when ‘tis / It shall makehonor for you”) Macbeth is asking for Banquo’s support when the time comes. Also, Banquo dreamt of the witches. Fleance and Banquo exit Macbeth has his soliloquy about the dagger. A bell rings to which he says “I go, and it is done. The bell invites me. / Hear it not, Duncan, for it is a knell / That summons thee to Heaven or to Hell.
Overview• Suspension of time. No one knows what time it is• Banquo and Fleance’s discussion is merely about sleep and time (suspension of time)• Banquo’s knowledge of the witches’ prediction makes him either an ally or a foe• Macbeth hints to Banquo about the deed by his comments on time• Macbeth’s soliloquy is about a dagger that appears in front of him which may or may notphysically be there. It is here Macbeth is able to convince himself to do it. His soliloquy consistsof darker aspects: witchcraft, sleep, allusion to Sextus Tarquin, and savage animalisticcharacteristics. Motifs• sleep• blood• time• Hallucinations
CharactersMacbeth Lady Macbeth
Enter Lady Macbeth Lady Macbeth is talking to herself Says if Duncan did not resemble her father she would have done the Macbeth has done Macbeth enters deed herself the deed (not shown in writing) They discuss who’s Macbeth thinks he’s Lady Macbeth says she in the second heard someone say saw an owl chamber “Murder” (he himself still (foreshadows death) (Donalbain) does not call it murder). “Methought I heard a voice cry, “Sleep no more! / Macbeth does murder sleep” the innocent sleep, / Sleep He couldn’t say amen that knits up the raveled sleave of care, / The death of when someone said each day’s life, sore labor’s bath, / Balm of hurt minds, “God bless us” great nature’s second course, / Chief nourisher in life’s feast.” 111 Macbeth Lady Macbeth takes Macbeth won’t go daggers to put in place Lady Macbeth wants back and essentially calls daggers put on servants to Macbeth a coward. She frame them comes back with her hands red of blood.
With consistent knocking,Lady Macbeth tells him toput on a night gown andwash his hands clean
Overview•Consistent knocking throughout passage. It is ironic because as we learn in Scene 3, it isMacduff knocking (Macduff is the one to kill Macbeth later on)• Start of Macbeth’s guilt• Characterizes Lady Macbeth’s sense of power of him• Both are paranoid, but more so Macbeth than Lady Macbeth• Macbeth’s paranoia is emphasized through his struggle to say “amen” and his ordeal with thevoices he heard• Potential allusion to Oedipus (Pg 113) – “What hands are here? Ha! They pluck out mine eyes.”• Allusion to Neptune – “With all great Neptune’s ocean wash this blood / Clean from my hand?No, this my hand will rather / The multitudinous seas incarnadine, / Making the green one red. (Page 113 as well) Motifs• Night• Blood• Empowerment• Loss of Innocence/Never being able to go back• Sleep• Violence
Characters• Porter• Macduff• Macbeth• Lennox• Lady Macbeth• Banquo• Donnalbain• Malcolm
Porter enters Porter’s Soliloquy where he pretends to be a gatekeeper at hell. Yes, he is Enter Macduff and Lennox extremely intoxicated Alcohol is good for nose Macduff and Porter talk. PorterMacbeth enters painting, sleep, and urine talks about what alcohol provokes, it can be an equivocator. Also discusses time.Macduff asks where Macbeth takes him to his Lennox talks about howDuncan is door everything’s out of whack Macduff is freaking out Macduff enters after checking on because Duncan is dead DuncanMacduff is callingeveryone in themansion to come Macduff rings bell – screams Lady Macbeth enterstogether because TREASON AND MURDER.they are in the state Macbeth and Lennox leave atof an emergency one point
Lady Macbeth acts Banquo Enters Banquo is surprisedcluelessDonalbain and Malcom Macbeth is saying if he had Macbeth Ross andenter time he would have saved him Lennox enter Macbeth digs himself a deepThey learn their father is Macbeth states he killed hole because he hints that hedead chamberlains knew about the murder Both now in danger, Malcom has a side Lady Macbeth “faints,” to and decide it’s best conversation with distract the men from to flee to avoid any Donnalbain asserting his Macbeth. potential conflict suspicion with the murder
Overview• Macbeth has dug himself a hole, in which he raises suspicion upon himself• Allusion to hell with the porter• Lennox discusses on page 123 “The night has been unruly … Some say the earth / Wasfeverous and did shake.” This deals with the assumption that spheres of existence areconnected, so if one aspect is falling apart, the rest of existence will fall with it.• Macduff asserts his authority over Malcolm. Is the only character shown with having a directsuspicion – making him a threat to Macbeth Motifs• Equivocating• Sleep• Night• Weather (in correlation with story’s events)
Ross enters with Old man has lived long, and said Ross talks about howold man, in 70 years this has been the although it is day, the dark worst day his eyes have laid upon stifles the sun Ross talks about how Duncan’s Old man talks about how its horses went crazy unnatural and mentions how AMacduff enters falcon was killed in the air by a mousing owlMacduff asserts it was They discuss how Duncans Macduff is to go to Fife.Macbeth who hath done sons left and now look Macbeth is going to Sconethy deed suspicious to be crowned the King
OverviewEverything is out of order – the universe is becoming unraveled• Macduff has especially become a strong character• Old man is a symbol for the wise and all knowing – represents the eyes of the narrator Motifs •Night •World sucks