The Elements of a
Story – Double Luck
Plot, Characters, Settings, Conflict, Themes, Point of View,
Elements of a Story
• Stories often contain structural and character elements that
should be familiar to you.
• These elements can be used as guides to help you think about
the actions, themes, and contexts of the story.
• Setting= time and place
• Puts the reader in the story by giving the
reader the feeling of being in the
• Creates atmosphere by the positive or
negative feelings associated with the
• What is the setting for Double Luck?
• Is there more than one?
• The sequence or order of events in a story. The plot
• Exposition Statement - The part of the plot that tells how
the story begins.
• How does Double Luck begin?
• Rising Action - The action in the story leading up to the
• What are some of the rising actions so far in the book?
• Conflict - Struggles or problems between opposing forces.
• In Double Luck, there are many struggles, name one of them.
• Climax - The point of crisis in the plot. It may be the
reader’s point of highest interest.
• Have you reached this yet in Double Luck?
• Falling action - The action in the story after the climax is
• We haven’t reached the falling action, but are getting closer.
• Resolution - The part of the plot that reveals the final
• We also haven’t reached the resolution.
• Main or Minor
• Protagonist or Antagonist
• Protagonist: the leading hero or heroine
• Antagonist: the adversary (or enemy) of the hero(s); opponent,
• Who is/are the protagonist(s) in Double Luck?
• Who is/are the antagonist(s)?
• Round or Flat
• Flat: a character who reveals only one, maybe two, personality
traits in a story or novel, and the trait(s) do not change
• Who are the flat characters in the book?
• Round: a well developed character who demonstrates varied
and sometimes contradictory traits. Round characters are
usually dynamic (change in some way over the course of a
• Are there any round characters?
• Dynamic or Static
• Static: a character that remains primarily the same throughout a
story or novel. Events in the story do not alter a static character’s
outlook, personality, motivation, perception, habits, etc.
• Dynamic: a character which changes during the course of a story
or novel. The change in outlook or character is permanent.
Sometimes a dynamic character is called a developing character.
• *Stereotypes=Stock Characters*
• a special kind of flat character who is instantly recognizable to
most readers. Possible examples include the “ruthless
businessman”, “shushing old librarian” or “dumb jock.” They are
not the focus nor developed in the story.
• In literature, theme is a perception about life or
human nature that the writer wants to share
with the reader.
• In most cases, the theme is not stated directly
but must be inferred.
• Themes can be revealed by
• a story’s title
• key phrases and statements about big ideas
• the ways the characters change and the lessons they learn about
Point of View
• (Who’s telling this story anyway?)
• The vantage point from which the story is told.
• Determines how much we, the readers, know about the
Point of View
• 1st Person
• Narrator is a character in the story.
• Narrator uses first-person pronouns, I, me, my, we, us, our to
refer to himself or herself.
• Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of one character and
speaks directly to reader.
• 3rd Person Limited
• Narrator does not participate in action of story.
• Narrator does not refer to himself or herself.
• Narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of one character, but
readers are able to maintain some emotional distance from the
• A symbol is a person, a place, an activity, or an object that
stands for something beyond itself.
• What is Chi Fa’s blanket symbolic of?