Uploaded on

 

More in: Spiritual , Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
400
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Elizabeth lopez corrales
  • 2. U1.Questionforms
    *Directquestions:
    a)yes/no questions
    1.Use do/does/did
    2.Verbs whitbe, can, have(got) dontneedtheauxiliary
    3.Negatives yes/no questionsexpect a particular answer.
    e.g.didyoulikethemovie?
    b)wh-questions
    1.Question words(who,where,when,why,whose,what,how,which) at thebeginning.
    2.If who,what,whichisthesubject, wedont use theauxiliary
    3.If thereis a prepositionit comes at theend of thequestion
    e.g.whogaveyouthe tickets?
    c)Alternativequestions
    There are 2 types of alternativequestions, yes/no type & wh-type
    e.g. =do youwanttogooutoryou are goingtostudy?
    = which color youlikethemostpinkorblue ?
    INDIRECT QUESTIONS
    Use statementwordorder, tobe more polite
    Commonways of startingindirect q.:
    I’dliketoknow,couldyoutell me, wouldyoumindtelling me, do youknow.
    e.g.: =i’dliketoknowifyoulike pizza, =couldyoutell me whenistheexam.
  • 3. c)Alternativequestions
    There are 2 types of alternativequestions, yes/no type & wh-type
    e.g. =do youwanttogooutoryou are goingtostudy?
    = which color youlikethemostpinkorblue ?
    INDIRECT QUESTIONS
    Use statementwordorder, tobe more polite
    Commonways of startingindirect q.:
    I’dliketoknow,couldyoutell me, wouldyoumindtelling me, do youknow.
    e.g.: =i’dliketoknowifyoulike pizza, =couldyoutell me whenistheexam.
    QUESTION TAGS..
    Short questions at theend of a statement
    1.Positive statement + negativequestiontag
    e.g.youlikepizza,dontyou?
    2.Negative statement + positive questiontag.
    e.g.youdidntunderstand me, didyou ?
  • 4. Prepositions of place,time& movement
    *In time:
    At= use forclocktime,weekends,holidays
    e.g.Atmidnight,at christmas
    In=usedforthemainparts of theday,months, year,seasons,..
    e.g.in april, in thesummer
    On=use forspecificdates & days
    e.g.onSaturday, on23rd april
    *place
    At=shows a point in spacewheresthis happening
    e.g.Atschool, at home
    In=shows thatsthtaking place isinside.
    e.G in bed, in the new york
    On= shows thatsthtaking place isoutside.
    e.g.on page, on tv.
    *movement..
    At= to show thepersonorthingtheactionisaimed at.
    e.g.everybody look at me,hethrewtheball at me
    To= e.g.whosendthehwtoyou, i traveltohermosillolastweek.
    Into=i walkedinto my home, i gotintotheclassroom
    Towards= he walktowards me, thedogruntowardstheboy
  • 5. *movement..
    At= to show thepersonorthingtheactionisaimed at.
    e.g.everybody look at me,hethrewtheball at me
    To= e.g.whosendthehwtoyou, i traveltohermosillolastweek.
    Into=i walkedinto my home, i gotintotheclassroom
    Towards= he walktowards me, thedogruntowardstheboy
    *at theend/in theend
    e.g. at theend of theday i wastired, in theendwefound my home
  • 6. U.2.Present simple& presentcontinuous
    **Present simple…
    We use p.s :
    1.with routineactions
    2.in time caluseswith a futuremeaningafterwhen,assoon as, if, until.
    3.when we are talkingaboutpermanentsituations
    4.when we are talkingaboutthefuture
    5.with scientificfacts
    6.with stateverbswhich are notnormallyused in cont.forms
    E.g. i gotoschooleveryday, do youlikethemovie?
    **presentcontinuous
    We use p.cwhen:
    1.actions happening now
    2.changing situations
    3.temporary situations
    4.plans in thefuture
    5.annoying habitswithalways
    E.g.. I’mdoing my hw., he alwaysannoys me.
  • 7. Modifiers..
    **Fairly…
    Usuallymodifiesadjectives &adverbs, itdoesntsuggest a highdegree.
    e.g..i fairlylike pizza but i wanttoeat sushi.
    **quite..
    Suggest a higherdegreethan fairly.it can beusedwith a/an + noun.it can modifyverbs&nouns as well as adjetives and adverbs.
    e.g..she’s quite smartforherage.
    **pretty..
    Isstrongertha quite.it can suggest more thanwasexpected.
    e.g.its a prettybighouse.
  • 8. **bit…
    Isoftenusedwiththesamemeaning as a little.
    e.g..He is a little bit tallthan me
    **really..
    Isusedto show emphasis.
    e.g. i reallyenjoy my party
    **extremelly, incredebly,terribly…
    They are used in a similar waytovery, butthey are strongerthanvery.
    e.g.iwasterriblyscared at the film.
  • 9. U.3comparison
    *to a higherdegree(comparativeform + than)
    e.g.im olderthan my brother.
    *Tothesamedegree(as..as)
    e.g.My camera is as expensive as my sister camera
    *to a lowerdegree(withless + than & theleast)
    e.g.sheisthelessinterestedongoingtothepartythanshewas.
    *(not)as..as
    We use not as..as to compare thingswhich are different.
    e.g.This short isnot as expensive as itusedtobe.
    We use as..as.. To compare thingswhich are thesame.
    e.g. he is as intellingent as hisbrother.
  • 10. Reflexives&own
    *reflexives
    There are 3 waysto use reflexives:
    1.When theobjectisthesame as thesubject.
    2.When youwanttoemphasisethesubject
    3.With byto mean alone.
    e.g.istudymyselffortheexam, they do theworkbythemselves.
    *own
    We use own:
    1. To mean withoutthehelppfothers.
    2.To mean alone
    3.To mean belongingto no otherperson
    e.g. i organizethepartyon my own, i found my own bag.
  • 11. U.4.
    *Past simple. (verb + ed)
    We use p.s.:
    1.To talkaboutevents in thepastthat are nowfinished.
    2.To talkabouthabits in thepast
    3.To talkaboutsituations in thepast
    4.In reportedspeech
    e.G . Theteachersaidthatthe final projectwasfortomorrow.
    *pastcontinuous..(was/were+ -ing)
    Totalkabountactions in progress in thepast
    totalkabouttemporarysituations in thepast
    totalkaboutanticipatedeventsthtadidnothappen
    totalkaboutaneventthatwas in progresswhenanothereventhappened.
    totalkaboutactions in progress at thesame time in thepast.
    e.g. i washavingdinnerwhen he called me.
  • 12. ** pastperfect simple(had + pastparticiple)
    1.To referto a time earlierthananotherpast time
    2.In reportedspeech
    e.g. he said he hadalreadyfinishtheproject.
    *pastperfectcontinuous.(hadbeen + -ing)
    1.To talkaboutactionswhichhadcontinued up ti thepastmomentthatwe are thinkingabout
    e.g.ihadbeenworkingon my final project.
  • 13. Time conjunctions
    *WHILE..
    Describe towlongeractionsgoingon at thesame time..
    e.G .. While i wasplaying, my momwascooking me sth.
    *AS..
    Talkabouttwosituationswhichchangetogether
    e.g. As i getolder , my parentsgive me more freedom.
    *WHEN..
    Torefertoperiods of life
    e.g.when i wasonvacations i slepttoo late.
    *EVENTUALLY, FINALLY..
    Mean in theend. Tosaythatsthhappensafter a long time oreffort.
    e.g.iwastoonervousbecausetheexam,eventuallyitwasveryeasy.
  • 14. *AT FIRST & TO BEING WITH
    Refertothebeginning of a situation, tomakecontrastwithsthdifferentthathappenslater.
    e.g. At firstwewereverystressedabouttheexam. Butafterdoingitwewererelaxed
    *AS SOON AS AND THEN
    Totalkabouttowactionsoreventsthathappenveryquicklyoneaftertheother.
    e.g. as soon as i lefttheparty, he arrived.
    *AFTER..
    Isnotusuallyusedalone.insteadwe use otherexpressionslikeasterwardsorafterthat.
    e.g.we are goingtohavedinnerafterthatwe are goingto a party
    *BY THE TIME…
    Meansnotlaterthan.
    e.g. i willhavefinisheddoing my projectbythe time youstartdoingyours.
  • 15. U.5modals
    *CAN..
    Toaskfor & givepermission.
    e.g. Can i borrowyourpencil ?
    *COULD..
    Toaskforpermissionwhenyou are notsurewhattheanswerwillbe
    e.g.couldyoucall my mom ?
    *MAY.
    Toaskfororgivepermission in formal situations.
    e.g.May i come in ?
    *SHOULD AND OUGHT TO..
    Totalkaboutobligations and duties in thefuture, present, past.
    e.g.Youshouldgotothe doctor, yououghtbuy a birthdaypresenttoyourfather.
    *MUST..
    1.To talkaboutpresent & futurestrongobligationsthat come fromthe speaker.
    2.Ask aboutwhatthelistenerwantsyouto do.
    3.Tell peoplenotto do things.
    e.g.youmuststudyforyouexams.
    *NEEDNT,DONT NEED TO, DONT HAVE TO..
    Totalkabout a lack of obligation in thepresentorfuture.
    e.g.youdontneedtostayaftertheexam.
  • 16. Usedto & would
    *Usedto …
    Totalkaboutpasthabits and statesthat do notoccurnow.
    e.G.. When i wasyoung i usedtoplaywithdolls.,, when i was at primaryschool i usedtoplayvolleyball.
    *Would..
    Isalsousedtotalkaboutpasthabits and repeatedactionsbutnotaboutpaststates.
    e.g. .. Afterthe semestral exams i wouldgotohavebreakfast..,, when i wasyoung i wouldgototheranchafterschoolonfridays.