First, you know, a new theory is attacked as absurd.
Then it is admitted to be true, but obvious and insignificant.
Finally it is seen to be so important that its adversaries claim that they themselves discovered it.
Donora Wire Mill, 1910 “ It smelled like money.”
Jean Langer, my mother, 1933
Arlene Bret Cindy Dennis Emily Franklin Gert Harvey Irene Jose 2005 Storm Names Katrina Lee Maria Nate Ophelia Philippe Rita Stan Tammy Vince Wilma
Donora, Pennsylvania, Topology Donora
London, England, 1952
Westminister Abbey, Claude Monet
Hydropower Three Gorges Dam, China, 2002
London Killer Smog, December 1952-February 1953
Point source exposures
Targets & Outcomes
Age- & job-related
The Pollutants: Petrochemicals Formaldehyde Vinyl Chloride Dioxins and furans PCB’s PAH’s Heavy metals Releases were 10-10,000x greater than what available technology enabled and what the law in Israel called for. This means that some factories emit thousands of tons of carcinogens to the air every year. Others operated with no pollution control equipment whatsoever.
Carcinogens in cigarette smoke can disturb hormones, damage genes, or alter the capacity of cells to repair themselves.
Clarence Cook Little headed the American Cancer Society until 1954, when the geneticist became the founding Director of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Tobacco Industry Research Council.
Chapter 7: Saving Cigarettes
Get slide of Kent filters with asbestos
The Secret Ingredient in Kent Cigarettes???? Crocidolite Asbestos
Uses of Asbestos
Sand, including play sand in U.S.
Bystander Damage Clementine Szukis, of Bridgewater New Jersey, pictured in 1988. As a hairdresser she regularly brushed white flakes of asbestos from the heads of asbestos workers. Her fingers show a distinct deformity called “clubbing” that occurs when asbestos-filled lungs do not distribute sufficient oxygen to the hands.
Leigh Carlisle died of mesothelioma 1982-2008
only known exposure from playing /walking past contaminated worksite
Photo courtesy of Laurie Katz-Allen
Raven Thundersky lost 3 sisters and both parents to mesothelioma Household exposures to zonolite insulation mandated by Canadian government in 1970s
Residential and other non-work related risks of mesothelioma
1 in 3 mesotheliomas without any workplace history of exposure to asbestos in industrial nations (Maule et al., 2007)
30 million U.S. homes insulated with zonolite, containing tremolite asbestos fibers
Production banned in Brasil but supplies plentiful and use continues throughout Latin America
Residential risks significantly elevated in nearby residents (1 4.94 (8.37–26.67) (Pan et al., 2005)
Cell Signals Penetrate the Brains of Children More than Adults
Marketing Cell Phones For Children glowPhone Gift Package glowPhone everything active kids and parents need to keep in touch during their increasingly busy days. The glowPhone features a full color screen, built in games, customizable ringtones and wallpapers also has a flashlight. $74.98 Show Color:
Marketing to Five Year Olds
Special Packaging for Children
French billboard warning of the dangers to children
Finnish Authorities Warn of Cell Phone Risks to Children and Those with Pacemakers
Use text messages rather than calls
Use hands-free devices, with phone kept away from the body,
Avoid talking in an area with low connectivity
Disruption of pacemakers is usually harmless, but can increase heart beat
Finnish Authorities Warn of Cell Phone Risks to Children “ Although research to date, has not demonstrated health effects from mobile phone’s radiation, precaution is recommended for children as all of the effects are not known.”
Brain tumor risk doubled or more in studies in those countries where phones have been regularly and heavily used for a decade
Nick Naylor—Moral Flexibility
Truth is Stranger Than Fiction
“Gentlemen, practice these words in front of the mirror: Although we are constantly exploring the subject, currently there is no direct evidence that links cell phone usage to brain cancer.”
French Government Restrictions on Cell Phones
All advertising of the devices to children under 12 is to be prohibited
under the legislation – announced by the Environment Minister, Jean-Louis
Borloo, last week – and he will also take powers to ban the sale of any
phone designed to be used by those under six.
The French government will also introduce new limits for radiation from the
phones and make it compulsory for handsets to be sold with earphones, so
that users can avoid irradiating their heads and brains. And one of the
country's largest cities last month started an advertising campaign to
discourage the use of the phones by children.
Many governments advise against children using cell phones: would you allow your children to smoke or play Russian roulette?