Welcome to the presentation on “T Beam Design: Singly & Doubly by USD method” Presented By -
S. M. Rahat Rahman
USD (Ultimate Strength Design Method)
T - Beam acts Like Singly Reinforced Beam
T – Action vs rectangular Action
Effective Flange width of t-beam
Nominal moment for t section
2. USD : Based on the ultimate strength of the structure member assuming a failure condition , due to concrete crushing or yielding of steel. Although there is additional strength of steel after yielding (strain hardening zone) which will not be considered in the design.
Actual loads are multiplied by load factor to obtain the ultimate design loads. ACI code emphasizes this method.
3. T Beam : For monolithically casted slabs, a part of a slab act as a part of beam to resist longitudinal compressive force in the moment zone and form a T-Section. This section form the shape of a "T“ . It can resist the longitudinal compression
4. Occurrence and Configuration of T-Beams
• Common construction type
• The slab forms the beam flange, while the part of the beam projecting below the slab forms is what is called web or stem.
5. Singly Reinforced Reinforcement is provided in tension zone only
6. Doubly Reinforced > Concrete can not develop the required compressive force to resist the maximum bending moment
> Reinforcement is provided in both compression and tension zone.
7. T-Beam Act As a Singly Reinforced Beam
8. Continuous T Beam :
When T-shaped sections are subjected to negative bending moments, the flange is located in the tension zone. Since concrete strength in tension is usually neglected in strength design, the sections are treated as rectangular sections.
On the other hand, when sections are subjected to positive bending moments, the flange is located in the compression zone and the section is treated as a T-section.
9. Effective Flange Width
10. Strength analysis of T beam
11. Analysis of T beam
12. T Beam moment calculation