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Upper Pri A - Key parts of speech and introduction to phrases
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Upper Pri A - Key parts of speech and introduction to phrases

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  • 1. Writing 101Key Parts of Speech
  • 2. Learning Objectives To understand the roles of words called Parts of Speech in a sentence. To recognise the key Parts of Speech in a sentence.
  • 3. Introduction A movie has many people working to make it happen. There are some who play more important roles like the Director, Producer, Main Actor and Actress. The same applies in a sentence too. There are many words but some are more important than others as they provide key ideas.
  • 4. IntroductionA part of speech describe the job a word does in asentence. Lets take the simplest sentence for astart: John wept. John is a name and is called a Noun whereas wept is an action and is called a Verb. A Noun and a Verb form a complete sentence. Hence, they are the key words in a sentence as they give key ideas.
  • 5. Simple Sentence Simple sentence, as the name implies, is the simplest sentence in English. It only has a Noun and a Verb.1) David stopped.2) He shouted.3) Angel sighed. It is used specially for dramatic or exciting moments in a story. Often, our sentences are longer than that.
  • 6. Expanding Simple Sentences Simple sentences – with a Noun and a Verb – can be made longer – or expanded – through the use of 2 other Parts of Speech: Those describing Nouns are called Adjectives.1) Poor Alex wept.2) Little Angel sighed. Those describing Verbs are called Adverbs.1) Alex wept loudly.2) Angel sighed bitterly.
  • 7. 4 Key Parts of Speech Sentences with all 4 key Parts of Speech carry greater meaning:1) Poor Alex wept loudly. (Adj) (N) (V) (Adv)2) Little Angel sighed bitterly. (Adj) (N) (V) (Adv) They express more while still keeping your sentences simple.
  • 8. 4 Key Parts of Speech Together, Noun, Verb, Adjective and Adverb form the key parts of speech in a sentence. They give the key ideas in a sentence. To help you remember them easily, these 4 key Parts of Speech are called NAVA. N – Noun (name) A – Adjective (describes noun) V – Verb (action) A – Adverb (describes verb)
  • 9. Expansion with Phrases Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives and Adverbs can be expanded to become phrases too. Phrases are made up of two or more words that does not express a complete idea like a sentence does. Adjectival Phrases Poor, poor Alex wept. (Compare: Poor Alex wept) The little Angel sighed. (Compare: Little Angel sighed) Adverbial Phrases Poor Alex wept loudly at night. Little Angel sighed bitterly in the room.
  • 10. Learning Activity Identify the 4 Key Parts of Speech (P/S) – NAVA – in the following sentences.1) Glenda is a very successful violinist locally.2) Peter hymns his favourite tunes loudly.3) Raina works diligently in her job.4) The professional dancers performed often in Esplanade.5) We need to get moving soon.● Note: Not all questions have all 4 P/S and some are phrases, such as noun phrase.
  • 11. Learning Activity Answers (Part 1) The 4 Key Parts of Speech – NAVA – in the following sentences are:1) Glenda is a very successful violinist locally. (N) (V) (Adj) (N) (Adv)2) Peter hymns his favourite tunes loudly. (N) (V) (Adj) (N) (Adv)3) Raina works diligently in her job. (N) (V) (Adv) (N)
  • 12. Learning Activity Answers (Part 2) The 4 Key Parts of Speech – NAVA – in the following sentences are:1) The professional dancers performed often in Esplanade. (Adj) (N) (V) (Adv) (N)2) The massive cruise liner need some time to get moving. (Adj) (N Phrase) (V) (Adv. Phrase) (V) (N – Gerunds are Verbal Nouns)
  • 13. Discussion What are Parts of Speech and the 4 Key Parts of Speech? Why are they the most important words in a sentence? What can be used to expand sentences besides using all four Key Parts of Speech?
  • 14. In Summary Parts of Speech describe the job a word does in a sentence. The 4 key Parts of Speech are Noun, Verb, Adjective and Adverb. They describe the key ideas in a sentence. To expand sentences, phrases can be used, besides using all 4 key Parts of Speech.